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Discovery of Bathurst Plains including the First Crossing of the Blue Mountains

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— PRESENTED TO —

THE BOYAL AUSTRALIAN H ISTORICAL SOCIETY

S e p t e m b e r ,1947


m

E.T. No. 1.

Com m on w ealth of A u s t r a lia .

. ' — —■ ' ■■■■" St

| POSTMASTER-G&f EKAL' S DEPARTMENT, HEW SOUTH WALES.

f

TELEGRAM.

n .

t» This message has been received subject to the Post and Telegraph Act and Regulations.

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S

A ll co.uplainU to be addressed In writing to the Deputy Postmaster-General.

Station from, No. of words, check, and time lodged.

Remarks.

f* Q U s ^ v i^ ~ _____ ____ ___

ty^LchU ^ ‘i « ^ a /Ax ^

/

< ? £ >


LEGRAM.

S t 8481

MEtfT, NEW SOUTH WALES.

This message has been received subject to the Post and Telegraph Act and Regulations.

A ll coaiplainta to be addxe^ned in writing to th» Deputy Postmaster-General. \

Station from, No. of words, c h e c k , and time lodged.

Remarks.

9

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T F i r s f ( V o c ^ « _ p

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o r T r i e .

3 1 m e M o u . o f e i a s

1813

C o i r ^ J ^ i l e d b y T r < ^ b K W W l k e r .

I ^ W Q O d i l

— —


y ------ ‘ | (N fO (= X .— f >cu q e& . I 4

Advertisement, Sydney f e t i n g ... ... » 3

,, “ calling for Subscriptions ... 4

Article, Blue Mountain Centenary- (ff#W.4 ... 13,16

Address to School Children,- (F.W.) ... ... 18,21

Account of the Celebrations ... ......... ...26,31

Blaxland's Route Map ... ... ......... 17

,, , Wentworth, & Lawson, Article ... 22,26

,, ’s Journal, Review. ... ... ... 35

Centenary Celebrations ... ... ... ... 2,3,7

,i Preparations ... ... ... ... 4|35

,, Committee Meetings ... ... ... 5,7,8

,, of the Western Plains ... .......... ...38- 54

Cox, Willi am ... ... ... ... ... 41

Evans, George William, portrait ... .......... ...41

,, s Diary ... ... ... ... ... 4I*«46

,, s Map of Route ... ... ... ... 47

"Evans' Crown", Mountain near Parana .......... ...39,40

First Sydney Public Meeting ... ......... 1,2

Government Aid sought ... ... ........ . 8

Junction, Fish, and Campbell Rivers ......... 48

Lecture in Sydney, (F.Walker) ... ... ... 4

,, ,, Bathurst, ,, ,.. ... ... 32

Mount Biaxland located ... ... ........ ....10

,, ,, a Trip to ... ... ... ... XX

,, Correspondence. ... ... 11,12,13

Macquarie Rouse ................................ ...49-52

,, Governor ... ... ... ... ... 41

Meeting, Public, in Sydney ................. ...1,2

Our Benefactors * ... ... ... ......... ...35

08Connell Plains ... ... ... ......... ...48

Photo. B.M.C.C«mmittee .......... ......... ...33

Post-card View, Mt Victoria ... ......... ...34

Precedence, a question of ... ......... ...16

"Rosenthal", Little Hartley .................. 37

Settlers, the first in the W e s t ................. 53-54

•Vestera Road, Little Hartley ................. 37


I N l C l E X 7

I_H_ D B X - P a ges .55_ t o _ 1 0 7

A d d r e s s to s t u d e n t s at B a t h u r s t , F . W a l k e r

A l l Saints' C a t h e d r a l , B a t h u r s t

B i r t h d a y of the D i s c o v e r y of B a t h u r s t ........

" B r u c e d a l e " ,o ld r e s i d e n c e of S u t t o r F a m i l y . ...

Bushy, Mrs, P o r t r a i t .............................

C a s s i d y ,M a j o r , R e m i n i s c e n c e s of . ...

C e n t e n a r y C e l e b r a t i o n s , Bathurst, Hov. 1 5 - 2 2 , 1 5 8 3

, t ,, Documents,

,, ,, Bathurst,

C o a c h i n g Days, The ................... .....

D i s t r i c t of B a t h u r s t ,G r o w t h o f ........

E v a n s , G " ¥ . ,G r a n d s o n of the e xplorer . . .

" E v e n s ' C r o w n ”, Tarana .. .. .........

Evans, G e o r g e W i l l i a m , P o r t r a i t

F i r s t Settlers, The ..........

,, Church, 5 he ... ,Tirnm

G o l d D i s c o v e r y , The ..........

" H e r e f o r d ”,

H o l y T r i n i t y C h u r c h,Kelso,

H i s t o r y o f B a t h u r s t , E a r l y .. . ..

Lee, J o h n ......................

Lee, G e o r g e .................

M a c q u a r i e H o u s e ..........

M e t h o d i s t C h u r c h , B a t h u r s t

O b e l i s k , G e n e r a l Stewart

Old M e m o r i e s , B u i l d i n g of the R a i l w a y

P i o n e e r s , Some of the old ................

R e s i d e n c e of the early days, a ..

R u r a l Scene, B a t h u r s t .......................

R o m a n C a t h o l i c C a t h e d r a l , B a t h u r s t

R u t h e r f o r d , J a m e s , F a m i l y H o m e of ............

,, ,, P o r t r a i t ................

R a i l w a y B u i l d i n g of the l i n e to B a t h u r s t

S u t t o r Family, old r e s i d e n c e of ............

St J o s e p h ' s M o u n t , ...........................

S t e w a r t , J . H . R e s i d e n c e of .................

,, M a j o r General, .......................

,, J . H . ,P o r t r a i t .......................

S u t t o r Family, the . . .

St S t e p h e n ' s P r e s b y t e r i a n Church, B a t h u r s t

Turpin, M r s , D a u g h t e r o f G.7 . E vans

6 3 - 6 6


1

Z r K f

C R O S S IN G T H E MOUN-

.T A M S .

CENTENARY CELEBRATIONS.

S P E E C H B Y T H E GOVEBNOB.

. The proposed celebration ol tie centenary

ot the crossing of the Blue Mountains by Blaxland,

Wentworth, and Lawson, was discussed at

a public meeting in the Sydney Town Hall on

Tuesday alternoon.

The Lord Mayor presided, and amongst those

present were the Governor, Mr. Frank Walker,

(president o f the Celebration committee), Colonel

Rupert Carrington, C.V.O., D.S.O., the

Rev. Archdeacon Gunther, Mr. D. R. Nall,

M.L.C., Mr. J. Dooley, M .L .A ., Messrs. Collett

(Mayor of Parramatta), J. Ryan, J. W .

Eerghofer, H. G. Reinits, J. Bloome, and Captain

Lamb (the organising secretary).

The Lord. Mayor garve a brief histo*ical resume

of tho colony’s history prior to the expedition

of the three explorers, a?d pointed

out the benefits that had resulted to New

South Wales as a result o f the successful

crossing of the hitherto impassable range. He

hoped that a liberal response "•""''I be made

towards subscribing funds ±01 tua . proposedcelebration,

and stated that he had received

a cheque for £50 from Mr. W. Dixon.

Lord Chelmsford moved the following resolution:—That

afrangements be made to celebrate

ihe centenary of the gallant efforts of

Blaxland, Wentworth, and Lawson In crossing

the then impenetrable and unassailable Blue

Mountains 1n May, 1813, and thus assisting to

develop the present magniflc-nt pastoral and

farming lands.

His Excellency said:—“ We all travel so very

easily nowadays that we hardly reflect on the

difficulties involved in laying down a road or

railway, and moreover, are apt to forget all the

toil, Thought, knowledge, and care that have

to be exercised by the men who had planned

out the particular road or railway. One hundred

years ago the colony of New South Wales was

cribbed, cabined, and confined by an impenetrable

mountain range, over which many attempts

had been made to traverse. All sort*

of legends then prevailed as to the conditions

there prevailing,' and as to those who inhabited

the ranges. About that time the colony experienced

a drought, and Governor Macquari*

felt that the last stage was reached In the

colony’s existence unless something was done

In penetrating the mountains to the north and

West. In consequence thereof the three brave

meu. the centenary of whose success it was

| orop^scd to celebrate next year, set ont, and

a fto r. untold hardships, achieved their goal.

His Excellency reminded his hearers that

| when honoring ihc three explorers, the action

I of Governor Macquarie, in immediately taking

steps r.o have the road surveyed by Surveyor

Evuns. should not be overlooked.

There were certain outstanding features

which marked out the achievement as worthy

; ot commemoration—firstly, because it was the

I first successful attempt of exploration ever

| m rdt in Australia, also it was the first supcet'Sful

crossing o f the Blue Mountains, since

I wlita ini ether road has been followed over

those mountains, except the one travelled by

the explorers. There was, however, even a

sti onger reason. He did not believe in com ­

memorating the centenary of every eveni, and

before doing so, would apply the following

test: Was the event o f such importance that,

without it happening, history would have to

be written another way? .In this case no one

could doubt but that the crossing of the Blue

Mountains exercised a momentous influence on

the very existence of the continent. He had,

therefore, great pleasure In seconding the resolution.

. ■ I ___-------------

Councillor Berghofer (Blaxland Shire), having

f seconded the foregoing, Mr. Frank Walker

moved the second resolution, as follow s:—

"That it bo decided to formulate some practical

and workable schemes by which a consideraible

amount of money may be raised in

thu city, suburbs, and country towns.”

Mr. J. Ryan (Lithgow) in seconding briefly out

lined the proposed programme, which consisted

of (1) permanent improvements, (2) pavilion

Mount York, memorial at Mount Blaxland,

(•>) decoration of ouelisK at Mount York by the

trustees, (4) decoratiun of the marked tree by

the Katoomba Municipality, (5) banquet on the

day of celebration, at which two of the foremost

Australian orators were to make orations,

(G), general celebrations in all mountain cen-

1 tres from Penrith to Orange, (7) bonfires on

the principal peaks of the range.

Mr. Hall, Minister for Justice, in moving the

third resalutlon, stated that he had been asked

by the Premier to attend the meeting that afternoon,

and, to express the entire sympathy of

tiie Government with the movement. He therefore

had great pleasuru in moving that we establish

a permanent record for all time to

those intrepid explorers, Blaxland, Wentworth,

and Lawson. Mr. H. G. Remits, In seconding,

, said that he as treasurer had received the sum

of £125 to date.

Mr. Dooley proposed the last resolution,

which was seconded by the Rev. Archdeacon

Gunther, and was as follow s:—"That a strong

metropolitan and suburban sub-committee be

formed of influential citizens working in conjunction

with the present executive com m ittee."

On the proposal of the Lord Mayor, it was

decided that the Sydney committee should con ­

sist of the District Commander, Colonel W allack,

their W orships the Mayors of Mascot,

Hunters Hill, Botany, W averley, Granville, Balmain,

Glebe, W illoughby, lirumiuoyuc, Reufern,

and Lane Cove. Messrs. C. D. ratterson.

-T

(


I)

F. C. Govers, H. G. Braddon, C. G. Wade,

H. T. M. Badgery. W . Dixcon. S. Jones, S. N.

M'Lennan, R. Venning Thomas, and T. M.

Shakespeare, together with those then p resent,

and with power to add to their number.

It was decided to form a deputation, consisting

of the Presidents and Mayors of the

various shires and municipalities interested,

as well as’ leading citizens of Sydney and the

suburbs a n d . the members of the committee,

who should interview the Government with a

view of obtaining a subsidy

On the propositicm of Alderman Collett

(Mayor of Parramatta), seconded by Mr. J-

Bloome, it was decided to ask the Lord Mayor

to accept the joint treasurership; and also,

on the motion of Mr. Ryan, to ask His Excellency

whether he could see bis way clear to

accept the positipn of chairman ot the Sydney

com m ittee.

The date of the next meeting was left to too

president and the organising secretary to a r­

range.

BLUE MOUNTAIN PIONEERS.

MOVEMENT TO MEMORIALISE

EXPLORERS.

It was not a large gathering, but thorougsly

earnest one, which assembled in the Townhall

yesterday to continue a movement originated

in the Blue Mountain townships to

celebrate the centenary of the Blaxland, Wentworth,

and Lawson expedition to discover a

crossing over the main range.

The Lord Mayor, who presided over the

gathering, proposed the desirability of m aking

arrangements to celebrate the gallant

efforts of Blaxland, Wentworth, and Lawson

In crossing the then impenetrable and unassailable

Blue Mountains in May, 1813 and thus

assisting to develop t':e present magnificent

pastoral and farming lands.

The State Governor, Lord Chelmsford, cordially

supported the proposal. It was a hundred

years since the colony seemed to be going

to be “ cribbed, cabined, and confined” by the

mountains to the north and west. For 25 years

from the beginning of the settlement attempts

had been made to get through the6e formidable 1

barriers. Eight unsuccessful attempts were

made. At a critical period a severe drought

occurred, and Governor Macquarie realised that

something must be done in the way of opening

new grazing and agricultural land if the colony

were to be rescued from its deplorable condition.

Then, as was well known, three men

set out on a successful attempt to open up the |

back country, which feat it was proposed to

commemorate next year. While they proposed

to commemorate that fine achievement, ho

thought they should not forget that Governor

Macquarie backed up their successful work.

No one who was acquainted with the history I

of the crossing of the Blue Mountains and the

wonderful industrial development which had

followed it could doubt that the enterprise had

had an unusual influence upon the welfare of

the colony of New South Wales. (Applause.)

Mr. J. W. Berghofer supported the motion,

which was unanimously carried.

A large working committee, consisting of all

those present, besides the mayors of several

suburban and country municipalities, was

formed, and a plan of campaign arranged.

F R ID A Y , SE P T E M B E R 1 3 , 1912.

CENTENARY CELEBRATIONS.

If a p rogra m m e such as th a t ou tlin ed a t

K a to o m b a on S a tu rd a y can be ca rried ou t

a t M oj*n t 'Y ork n ext M ay, th e even t w ill b e

u niqu e in A u stra lia n h isto ry . T he p r o ­

gram m e is e q u a lly v a ried and com prehensive.

I t w ill b e sp ecta cu la r on a g rea t

scale, b u t it w ill a ls o com bin e m any item s

ca lcu la ted to p rod u ce perm anent effeet.^JL

m em orial p a v ilio n occu p ies ja—m o miineat

^ S t h t a T l o ^ i t e d in

such a b ea u ty s p o t as M ou nt Y o rk reserve,

w ill be a w ork o f perm anent u tility . X or

is M ou nt B la x la n d t o be fo r g o tte n . S om e­

th in g i n t h e w a y


3 13

w ill be m ustered t o sine A u stralian p a trio

tic son g s. A n effort w ill be m ade to h av e j

every section o f the C om m onw ealth defence

Iforces adequ ately represented, also the Xm- I

perial n av y, t o w hich, b eyon d all oth er

ea rth ly pow er, we ow e the p o s s ib ility of

being able to celebrate a trium ph of peaceful

co lo n iz a tio n achieved 100 years a go.

X o t on ly th rou g h ou t the d a y , but a lso

a t n ight, the celeb ra tion s w ill be con tin u ­

ed, and w hat w ith bonfires and general

illu m in ation s the m ou n tains w ill be a blaze

o f lig h t from P en rith t o ' O range. A lto g e ­

ther the scope o f the program m e is rem arkable,

and its successful rea lisa tion w ill entail

a g rea t expenditure of effort and or- ,

1ganisin g a b ility . There is, how ever, con - |

siderable enthusiasm behind the m o v e ­

m ent, and it is hoped th at this w ill tri ’ p !

the required m om entum . T he crossin g of

the m ou n tains in 1 8 1 3 was a d istin ct landm

ark in A u stra lia n h istory. I t was the

first successful attem p t to penetrate th e inte

r io r of th is S ta te , and its results A a v e a

trem endous stim ulus to settlem ent and p r o ­

d u ction in th ose ea rly days. Few A u stra - •

lian events in the first years o f the nineteenth

century are m ore w o rth y o f com ­

m em ora tion than this achievem ent o f B la x - ,

land, W entw orth, and L a w son , and every

A u stra lia n w ho realises its significance w ill

b e d isp osed t o a ssist in p rom o tin g th e success

o f the centenary celebrations. There

are, o f course, difficulties t o be overcom e,

and th e first o f these is financial. A la rge

sum w ill be required for perm anent mem -

} o ria ls and u n a void able incidental expenses.

I f citizen s gen erally w ill set th e exam ple b v

v o lu n ta rily subscribin g, the G overnm ent

m ay be m ore w illin g to give a su bstan tial

g ra n t in a id, im ost, if n ot all, of w hich j

w ould be spent in perm anent im provem ents

to a p op u la r and b ea u tifu lly situated reserve.

T h e m agnitude o f the celebrations

must depend en tirely on the extent o f the

financial su p p ort accord ed. S y m p a th y is

n a tu ra lly very g ra tify in g , b u t unless it develop

s a cash expression th e anxieties of

the com m ittee entrusted w ith the prepara- I

to r y w ork w ill be in no degree lightened.

CflOSSI{Jq THE BLUE MOUNTAINS.

Ce n t e n a r y c e l e b r a t io n s .

PROGRESS OF ARRANGEMENTS.

LITHGOW, Monday.—At a largely-attended

meeting of the executive of the Crossing of the

Blue Mountains Centenary Committee, on Saturi

day, Mr. Ryan reported that he had interviewed

Col. W allack, D istrict Commandant, during his

recent visit to lathgow. The Commandant

■was sympathetic and promised to give every

assistance towards the success of the proposed

military display at Mount York. Col. W aiiack

had promised to visit the site next month, and

was disposed to sanction the attendance of the

Garrison Band on celebration day.

The matter of arranging for children’ s choirs

was left in the hands of Mr. Laws and the

president (Mr. Frank W alker), the president

of the Historical Society, and Cr. Waterhouse,

who were requested to interview the conductors

of the Sydney Liedertafel. and other musical

societies. It was stated that the Minister for

Works had approved the rendering of assistance

by Mr. C. H. Caswell, C.E., in preparing

a sketch of the site at Mount York, plans for

the necessary road, and other improvements,

and locating the route taken by the explorers

from Mount York to Mount Blaxland. Mr.

Cormack promisad the support of the Tourist

Bureau in securing adequate publicity for the

celebrations.

Mr. Shakespeare, manager of the Country

Press Association, wrote that suitable articles

would be embodied in the literary supplement

Issued by the association, and published in 60

papers. ______________

r-i —-

________Meetings. __________

BOSSING OF THE BLUE MOUNTAINS CENTENARY.

O 4 PUBUC MEETING will be held in the Vestibule

ot the Town-hall, OCTOBER 22, 4 p.m.

BUSINESS: Forming a Sydney Committee to work in

conjunction with the Mountain Committee.

Public cordially invited to attend. The Lord Mayor

will preside. State Governor will be present.

FRAMi WALKER, President,

tnH President Australian Historical Society.

Captain CECIL LAMB,

R.A.G.A. (ret.),

________________Organising Secretary.


4 B

•fF ra sr- c E o ssiiT s b l u e m o u h t a i u s ,

PREPARING FOR THE CENTENARY.

The project ot fittingly celebrating the firs*

crossing qf the Blue Mountains by Messrs*

Blaxland, Wentworth, and Lawson in May,

1S1J, is being taken up with enthusiasm by

the residents of the various towns on tba

mountains, as well as by a large number


j

I

CROSSING THE BLUE IHOUN-

J ' TAINS.

J r

________ #_______

. ^ e n t h u s ia s t ic m e e t in g a t

y

KATOOMBA.

; BIS PROGRAMME APPROVED.

A t a m eeting o f the C rossing of the Blue

i M ountains C entenary C om m ittee, held a t

IK a to o m b a T o w n H all on S a tu rd a y ev»n-

Iing, the p rogra m m e suggested b y th e execu-

Itiv e w as b ro u g h t forw a rd and explained b y

H r. j . Ryian, one of,th e vice-presidents, d iscussed,

and the fo llo w in g agreed t o :— I

I I t w as resolv ed th at fo r the present the

exact d a te o f th e celebration be left open,

i p r o p o s a ls fo r h old in g it on M ay 24 (E m ­

p ire D ay) and M ay 28 (th e actu al d ate of ,

crossin g ) were defeated.

i

I t w as agreed th at a perm anent p a v ilion

be erected a t M ou nt Y ork , if funds p erm it.

The question o f erecting statues a t v a rious

con sp icu ous sp ots a t M ount Y o rk w as

left fo r futftre con sid era tion .

M r. H ow ell u ndertook , on behalf o f the

trustees o f M ount Y o rk reserve, to see that

the obelisk was re-painted, the letterin g recon

stru cted , and decorated on the day of

celeb ra tion . I t w as also resolved t o ask

the K a to o m b a C ouncil to d ecora te the

1m arked tree.

A m o tio n was carried th a t a su itable inj

expensive m em orial be erected a t M ount

B laxland. i

i T he erection o f a tem p ora rv p la tform for

|the o ra to r s of the dav (M essrs. H olm an

[and De&kin were su g gested) w a s left fo r the

execu tiv e to deal w ith, as w as a lso the

p rovisio n o f stan ds fo r bands and1 ch oirs,

a lso ca terin g a ccom m od a tion , etc., fo r the

(visitors.

! Thff p rop osed a lte ra tio n o f the roa d s g o ­

ing to M ount Y ork , the clea rin g aw ay o f

, trees o b s tru ctin g the view s a lon g the

roa d s, and the preparation o f sufficient

grou n d a t M ou nt Y ork to m eet all needs—

all these th in gs were left in the hands of

the executive.

The recom m en dations o f M r. 0 . 11. C asw

ell, C .E ., fo r the im provem ent o f the

reserve and its p repara tion fo r celebration

d ay, were referred to the executive. A p p lica

tio n is to be m ade, b y th e executive, to

the m ilita ry departm ent, fo r a b ou t 100

ten ts and a cou p le of m arquees.

T h e execu tive will a lso m ake arrangem

ents, if p ossib le, for a m ilita ry and n a v a l i

disp lay, and fo r detachm ents o f b o y scou ts

and sen ior cadets to be in vited .

A s t o the scop e o f the in v ita tio n s, a m o­

tio n w as ca rried th a t th e execu tive take

the m a tter in h an d and rep ort t o the com - •

m ittee at a la te r date^^_

M r. L a w s ’ offer t o con vene a m eetin g ot

s ch o o l teachers t o discuss th e q u estion of

h a v in g s ch o o l ch o irs a t M ou n t Y o r k on ]

ce leb ra tion day w e s a ccep ted. M r. L a w s

w ill r e p o r t the resu lt o f the m eetin g t o th e i

com m ittee. !

The execu tiv e w ill deal w ith the p r o p o s a l )

th at a ssista n ce be sou g h t fro i'll a ll m ou n - ;

ta in ‘ow ners o f veh icles o f every d escrip - ’

tion .

T he p r o p o sa l th a t n ig h t en tertainm ents ‘

be held in th ose m ou n ta in centres w hich

had su ita b le h alls w as referred t o th e ex- i

ecu tive. ,

T h e v a rio u s lo c a l a u th o ritie s w ill b e cojnm

lunicated w ith regarding, th e p r o p o sa l th a t

a line o f bonfires b e ligh ted on p rom in en t

peaks from P a rra m a tta t o O range on celeb

ra tio n n ight. *

it w as resolved th a t a p p lica tio n b e invited

b y a d vertisem en t in v a rio u s papers

t(fT th e p o s itio n o f o rg a n is in g secretary —

each a p p lica n t t o s ta te his ow n t e r m s .

•It w as u n a n im ou sly agreed th a t th e S ta te

G overnm ent be a p p roa ch ed fo r a g ra n t of

£ 1 0 0 0 ; th e tim e and oth er d eta ils o f such

d e p u ta tion

tive.

t o be arran ged b y th e execu­

T h e execu tiv e w ill a lso deal w ith th e p r o ­

p osa l th a t each cen tre be asked t o organ ise

at least one en tertain m en t in aid o f the i,

celeb ra tion s. . ________ -.JP

A register o f a ccom m od a tion on th e '

m ou n tain s w ill be com p iled 1)v the o rg a n ising

secretary', when appoin ted .

The fo llo w in g m a tters were left fo r the

execu tive: C o -op era tion o f clergym en the

preM ous S u nday t o be requested: co -o p e ra -

tion o f E d u ca tion D epartm en t and teach?rs

to be a lso sou g h t in g iv in g lessons on

early e x p lo ra tio n ; flags t o be asked for

d e cora tion o f M ou n t V ic to r ia sta tio n and

streets, th rou ch w hich p rocession w ill pass

a lso fo r M t. \ o r k ; residen ts generally t o be

asked t o d ecora te th eir o w n prem ises

th rou g h ou t the m ou n tain s; R a ilw a y C om ­

m ission ers t o be d ep u tation ised reV arding

special train s and cheap ra tes, a lso re deco

ra tin g engines on celebration d av. In

wj tI3, tl,le last nam ed suggestion ,

the M a yor o f B a th u rst (A id . R ig b v ) said

* at a certain w ell-know n gentlem an ta lk -

he S a Pr Lze' an


IS [blank]


i

i ins: th e com m ittee or in carrying o u t the

[resolutions o f the com m ittee, b u t n o t t o

have the righ t t o v o te a t executive m eetin

g s .

I T his dealt w ith the w hole o f the p ropos-

I als draw n up b y the executive.

O T H E R M A T T E R S .

A t the m eeting on S a tu rd ay M r. F ran k

! W alker, president o f the com m ittee, occu ­

pied the chair, and the fo llo w in g representa

tiv e s were present:—M r. H . G . R ien its

(treasurer o f th e com m ittee), Cr. J . W.

B ergh ofer (vice-presiden t), Alderm en L indeman

and C. L . Dash (K a to o m b a C ou n cil),

M r. L a w s (B lackheath P rogress A ssocia ­

tio n ), M r. L . H . H ow ell (M ount Y ork tru s­

tees), M essrs. P . M ulheran and T. H . B urrell

(W entw orth F alls P .A .), M r. R . B.

P aterson (L eu ra P rogress A ssocia tio n ),

M r. L . S . B ra d ford (L aw son T ou rist A s­

s o c ia tio n ), M r. P . M athew s (M t. V ic to r ia

P .A .), A id. C ollier (Blue M ountains S h ire

C ou n cil), C apt. H udson (K a to o m b a S ch o o l

o f A r ts ), A id . R ig b y (M a yor o f B a th u rst),

Mr. J o b Cum m ens (H a rtley V alley P .A .),

M essrs. PI. O . J oh n ston , J . C obby, and J .

Cliff (M edlow B a th P .A .), M r. W. C. P lu m -

er (M t. V ic to r ia P .A .), A id . Davies (M ayor

of K a to o m b a ), Mr. N. D elaney (B lack ­

heath P .A .), M r. G eorge P h illip s (B la ck ­

heath P .A .), M r. J o h n M cC all (L ith g ow

P A .), Dr. K irk lan d and M r. J . H enderson

(L ith g o w C aledonian S o c ie ty ), M r. .Tas.

P a d ley (L ith g o w P rogress A s s o c ia tio n ),!

M r. J . R yan (vice-p resid en t), Mr. A . E .

P ark er (M ount V icto ria P .A .), M r. Sam .

W ilson (k on . secreta ry ), M r. J o h n N eate

(B lackheath S ch o o l of A r ts ). A p ologies

were received fro m Cr. W aterhouse and the

H a rtley representatives.

T h e president extended a h earty w elcom e

to the delegates. A lready a g o o d deal of

enthusiasm h ad been im parted in to the

m ovem ent, and everyth ing in d ica ted a g r e a t

success fo r the celebration .

C orresp onden ce was received from variou s

quarters, n o tify in g the a ppointm en t o f delegates,

e tc . T he “ D aily T elegraph ” C o. I

w ro te th a t th ey regretted they cou ld n o t

see th eir w a y t o open, a fund through the

colum ns of the paper in aid of th e celeb

ra tio n s , but en closed a cheque fo r five |

guineas to w a rd s the o b ject.

A lo n g letter was read fr o m a com poser. '

ih S yd ney, offering his services in 1con ­

du ctin g a ch o ir o f sch ool children o n cele- ;

b ra tio n day. T h e letter w as received, and j

referred to th e executive.

A letter w as read from a leading p icture

film s com pany in Sydney, offering to

take a m ov in g picture record o f th e p r o ­

ceedings, e tc ., and desired to secure the

so le righ ts.

Cr. B ergh ofer said he had received t h e 1

letter, and had w ritten in reply ask ing the

com p any t o maJre a delinite offer as t o f

w h a t they were prepared to p ay for the

(privilege. T o th a t he had received n o reply.

A fter oth ers had discus:;od the m at-

j

j ter, it was agreed to lea ve it in th e ’

hands o f th e execu tiv e.

A n oth er otter w as t o issue an h isto rica l

b roch u re, w hich w ou ld c o s t a t le a st ,£1000

w ould com p rise 5 0 0 pages, and h ave 3 0 0

illu stra tio n s. JLiie ollieiai p a tro n a g e o f tne

com m ittee wras asked,, a lso a rticles and

oth er m a tte r th a t m igh t be required L e ft

w ith the execu tive.

M r. L a w s p roposed M r. ltedfern, o f M t. ,

V icto ria , as the second jo in t non. secret- [

a ry w ith M r. W ilson. S econ d ed by Cr. C o l­

lier, and carried.

M r. H . G . R ien its, treasu rer, sta te d th a t

the su b scrip tion s s o fa r am ounted t o £ ? 2 .

w hich w as in th e G overn m en t S a v in g s

an(* there

£ 2 0 in prom ises.

w as a lso an a m ou n t oi

I The^ ch airm an sa id M r. J o y n to n S m ith ,

M .L .C ., o f K a to o m b a , w as very sy m p a ­

th etic to w a rd s the m ov em en t, and w ould

j com e d o w n h an d som ely in th e m atter o f a

d o n a tio n la ter on . H e (th e ch a ir m an ) sug-

|gested th a t a circu la r m ig h t be issued to

p rom in ent men, descendants o f the e x p lo r­

ers, and oth ers, ask ing fo r financial assistan

ce, and read o u t a d ra ft of th e p r o -

j posed, circu la r. 4

j M r. R y a n m ov ed th a t 1 0 0 0 circu lars be

[ap p rov ed fo r p r in tin g and d istrib u tion .

S econ ded by M r. B u rrill and carried .

I t w as resolv ed , o n th e .m otion of M essrs.

R u rrill and M athew s, th a t cop ies of the

son g s m entioned b y M r. M cC orm ick be

purchased.

T he ch airm an sa id he h ad delivered a

lectu re a t Law son on th e p reviou s n ig h t t o

a crow d ed audience, and h ad im pressed on

his hearers the im p orta n ce o f the com in g

celeb ra tion s. H e offered t o d eliv er addresses

a t L ith g o w and B a th u rst in a id of

he fund, and sa id he h a d o v er 1 5 0 0

lides illu stra tin g th e lecture.

A le tte r fro m th e O range C ou n cil sta te d

th a t the d e le g a te h a d rep orted th a t he

w as the on ly d eleg a te w est o f the M oun- I

ta in s present a t th e M t. V ic t o r ia m eet- i

ing, and fo r th a t reason the O range C oun :

cil h ad decided t o w ith d raw from repre- I

sen ta tion . In view' o f the statem en t in a.

d a ily p a p er g iv in g an e n tirely different

reason fo r w ith d raw a l, it w'as resolv e d ,

th a t the ch airm an w rite p r iv a te ly t o th e ;

M a yor o f O range o n th e m a tter, and pioint ;

o u t the n a tio n a l sign ifican ce o f th e m o v e ­

m ent.

A t th is sta g e the d eleg a tes adjou rn ed fo r

tea, and resum ed a t 7 p .m ., when, in an

address exten d in g o v e r h alf an h ou r, M r.

R yan ou tlin ed th e p r o p o sa ls of the ex- :

ecu tive fo r the ce le b ra tio n . lie estim a ted

that the c o s t o f th e celeb ra tion w ou ld be

kit the lea st £ 1 5 0 0 to £ 1 6 0 0 . On th e

m o tio n o f M essrs. Dash and I jaw s the rep

ort was received.

T h e fo llo w in g gentlem en w ere added to

the ex ecu tiv e : T h e U n d e r s e c r e ta r y fo r

1- d u ca tio n and the Chief In sp ector. The ,

Iflori. J o v n to n Stniifch and M r. M ark F o y


7 2.

vere adicled. t o the com m ittee.

IM r. P a d ley suggested a ride niatch for

ill places fr o m O range to . S t. M arys. T his

vaa left w ith the executive.

The president suggested th a t a mom her- ■

ship m igh t be obta in ed as a means

o f p op u la risin g the m ovem ent and ra ising

m oney. M em bers thought it a g o o d

p roposa l, and the chairm an, M essrs. R im - ’

its and I>ash were appoin ted a Com m ittee :

to g o in to the m a tte r and rep ort to n ext }

meeting.

i The next m eeting o f the executive w as I

Ifixed fo r L aw son in a fo rtn ig h t's tim e. I

and the n ext m eeting o f the com m ittee w ill

be held, a m on th hwiee at W en tw orth F a lls.

A h sarty v o te o f thanks w as accorded

the M a vor o f K a to o m b a fo r th e us? of the

Council Cham bers. A id. Biavies responded, 1

nr»d said the K a to o m b a C ouncil w ould help

jthe m ovem ent in a^-v w av nossible.

A h eartv v o t e of thanks t o the chairm

an con cluded the proceedings a ’-ou t 9 .1 5 .

l

i

AFTER A

HUNDREB VtfiKS.

--------- *•----------

CROSSING THE MOUNTAINS.

____

CENTENARY CELEBRATIONS IN VIEW.

E arly In May, next year, the Blue M ountains,

at a spot somewhere between Blaxland

and Mount York, w ill undergo a rem arkable

j transform ation, and fo r a whole w eek a vast

;l| enclosure will m erge into a veritable Coney

Island, where everything will be entirely

Australian. A nd all this is to perpetuate the

m em ory o f three great explirers—the three

Australians who were first to cross the p icturesque

ranges, and incidentally the prime

. m overs in the opening up o f the great coun-

, try behind them, Lawson, Blaxland, and

W entw orth.

r W hat is npw wild bush, for 168 hours will

j fairly hum w ith am usem ents—theatres, balls,

1 picture-show s, buckjum ping, and cattle- I

j throw ing contests, boom erang hurling com - !

/ petition, Australian native corroborees, picnic •

excursions, m otor trips, and a host o f other i

0 public enjoym ents.

The new ly-form ed. "T he Crossing o f the

1 Blue M ountains Celebration Com m ittee,” o f

w hich Captain Cecil W alter Lam b (form erly

o f the R oyal Australian Garrison A rtillery)

is organising- secretary, proposes to do all

J this and more. The officials o f the connnit-

1 tee are all energetic people, and the president,

-Mr. Frank W alker, i3 Flso the president

o f the Australian H istorical Society.

] H e 'h a s had large experience in w ork o f the

sort, and lo r years has organised for various

| societies.. ___ _____ U

j

Captaiu Lam b, the organising secretarv, I

has had a, strenuous career. Soon a fter his '

retirem ent from the R oyal A rtillery he raised

£1300 fo r Lho Sydney H ospital Centenary

Fund. H o jo in e d the service on June 21,

JS90. a n d for fourteen years did excellent

work. H e was under fire in the Boer W ar.

and was m entioned in all the despatches for

his m arked adm inistrative ability. H is retirem

ent w as due to a tem porary breakdow n

in health consequent on injuries received in

engagem ents in South A frica. H e becam e

enrolling officer o f the M illions Club.

The com m ittee purposes asking the public

to put its hands in to its pockets and sub- '

I scribe to a schem e which prom ises to re- j

j pay handsom ely. The G overnm ent is to be !

approached regarding a pound for pound :

! subsidy, and the, m iltary and naval authori-

! ties will no doubt assist with bands and

i tents.

"It will be a regular B clhi D urbar,” said

Captain Lam b this m orning. “ It will bo

j m ade historical, instructional, educational,

attractive, and am using. W e w ant to per- 1

petuate the m em ory o f those three gallant

m en—Law son. B laxland, and W en tw orth. It

w ill be a British Em pire affair, and one in ,

which Blue M ountain residents will join in |

with all. A th in g o f the sort has been j

m ooted b y the B lue M ountain foil; fo r a

long time past. T hey are already w orking

j hard in the right direction.”

The first public m eeting will be held in

the Sydney T ow n H all on O ctober 21, when

the L ord M ayor is to be asked to take the

chair.

! |

f

CROSSING THE MOUNTAINS.

MEETING OF CENTENABY

• 12 COMMITTEE.

0 * 3 r ________________

At the Invitation of the president of the Blue

Mountain Shire ihe members of the executive

committee of the Crossing of the Blue Mountains

Centenary Committee, met in the Shire

Chambers, Lawson, on Saturday night.

The president, Mr. Frank Walker, occupied

the chair, and was supported by Messrs. Ryan,

Waterhouse, Cormack (Tourist Bureau), A. W.

Collett (Mayor of Parramatta), and others.

The hon. secretary, Mr. A. S. Redfern, having

read the inward correspondence, and several

matters of detail having been discussed,

the question pf approaching the Government

for financial assistance was dealt with.

Mr. Ryan pointed out that as the estimates

for the coming financial year would soon be in

course of preparation, it behoved them to approach

the Government without delay, otherwise!

they might be informed that as no provision

had been made thereon, the matter

would have to stand over to the following

vear. He. therefore, suggested the formation

of a Sydney committee, whose function would

not consist in formulating the programme, but


8 23

who would co-operate with the present executive,

both in asking the Government lor

assistance, and arranging for the presence on

the day of celebration o f representatives of

the naval and m ilitary forces, the Senior

Cadets, etc.

It was therefore decided to appoint the following

gentlemen (subject to their assent

being obtained) members of such committee:—

The Premier, the Chief Commissioner for

Railways, the Under-Secretary and Chief Inspector

of the Department of Public Instruction.

Colonel W allack, Admiral King-Hall,

the Lord Mayor of Sydney, the Mayors of all

suburban municipalities, the presidents of the

Chambers of Commerce and Manufactures, and

of the Labor Council, the Sydney daily paper

representatives, the Colonial Architect, the

Tourist Bureau, Messrs. J. Cook, Carr, and

Cann, Ms.P., and Brinsley Hall, Miller, and

Dooley, Ms.L.A., the chairman o f the Stock

Exchanges, Messrs. T. Hitchman, Varley,

Southwell. Colonel Lassetter, and the presidents

and cha4rmen of the Commercial Travellers’

Association, Automobile, and Pioneer

Clubs, and the Institute of Architects.

The question of the appointment o f an organising

secretary was left in the hands of a

small sub-committee to interview the applicants

and to report thereon.

BLUE MOUNTAINS CENTENARY.

GOVERNMENT AID SOUGHT.

A meeting of the committee that is making

arrangements for commemorating the

centenary of the first crossing of the Blua

Mountains, which occurs next year, was h eli

at the Town Hall yesterday, Mr. Frank W alker

presiding.

The chairman expressed gratification at ths

prospect of securing a grant from the Federal

Government towards the celebrations. He

thought that they should ascertain as early

as possible the extent to which the State

Government was prepared to assist.

On the motion of Mr. F. A. Artlett (Mayor

of Glebe), it was decided that a deputation

iwait on the Premier, the' arrangements to be

'left in the hands of the president.

The Crossing of the Bine Mountains.

M E E T IN G O F T H E B O A R D O F

C O N T R O L .

A m e e tin g o f th e B o a rd o f C on tro l o f

th e a b o v e C e le b ra tio n s w as h eld in th e

S ch o o l o f A rts, .W e n tw o rth F a lls, o n Satu

rd a y n ig h t last. P resen t— M r F ra n k

W a lk e r , in th e c h a ir , su p p orted b y M es- ,

srs S. W ilso n a n d A . S. R e d fe r n (Join t

hon S e c s .), R e in its (h o n . T r e a s ), J. R y a n ,;

N. B a ssett, T. B u r r ill, A . L a w es, R . M u l- j

h eran, J. P lu m m e r, J. C liff, C. H . L in d e -

m an , J . H . B lo o m e , J. S in cla ir, J. P a a d -

ley, J. T . W a ll, P a rram a tta C o u n cil, I

C ob b , P . M atth ew s and L . S om ers B ra d - j

fo rd .

T h e P resid en t, o n risin g , b rie fly in ­

trod u ce d C aptain C ecil L a m b , th e p r o s ­

p e c tiv e O rg a n isin g S e creta ry , and, in so

d o in g , and in e u lo g is in g th e g a lla n t C aptain

, v en tu red to exp ress th e h o p e th a t

w ith C aptain L a m b a t th e h elm , su ccess

w as assu red .

T h e m in u tes o f th e p rev io u s m eetin g

h a v in g b een d e a lt w ith , th e P re sid e n t

read a c ircu la r, w h ich h e h a d sent o u t

to m any o f th e p r o sp e ctiv e m em b ers o f

th e S yd n ey C om m ittee. T o th is h e sta t­

ed th a t a lre a d y h e h ad re ceiv ed o v e r

fo r ty re p lie s fr o m g e n tle m e n w h o all e x ­

p ressed th e ir m o s t c o r d ia l sy m p a th y and

a ssu ra n ce o f h e a rty co -o p e ra tio n .

In w a rd c o r r e s p o n d e n c e w as n ext d e a lt

w ith , a n d in clu d e d letters fr o m —

T h e T o w n C le rk , K a to o m b a , s t a t ic s th a

his C o u n cil in te n d e d d e c o ra tin g th e “ M ark

ed T r e e ” o n th e d a y o f ce le b ra tio n .

F r o m M r G. J. W a te rh o u s e , re sig n in g

his p o sitio n as V ice P resid e n t on th e

sco re o f ill-h e a lth , and d o n a tin g a h a n d ­

som e su b scrip tio n .

F rom M r R . B. P a te rso n and o th e rs,

a p o lo g isin g fo r n on -a tte n d a n ce .

P r io r to th e te a a d jo u rn m e n t, M r J.

R yan rea d th r o u g h a d r a ft co n stitu tio n

and ru le s, w h ich h e p ropose d . In so

d o in g , h e th o u g h t th a t w h ilst m e m b e rs

w ere ch e w in g th e p h y sica l cu d th y m ig h t

at th e sa m e tim e ch ew t h e 'c u d o f r e fle c ­

tio n th ereon !

A n a d jo u rn m e n t w as th en m a d e to th e

R o sly n tea room s, w h e r e a m ost e x ce lle n t

rep ast h ad been p rovid e d .

T h e in n e r m an h a v in g b een th u s stim ­

u la ted , b u sin ess w as resu m ed s h o rtly a f­

ter sev en o ’c lo c k .

T h e P resid e n t, .a fte r re co u n tin g th e delib

e ra tio n s o f thd s u b -co m m itte e a p p o in t­

ed to d ea l w ith th e a p p lica tio n s f o r th e


2 . 4 [ b U ^ ) < J


post o f O rgan isin g S ecretary, stated th ey

w ere u n anim ou s in th eir decision, and

recom m en d ed th e appoin tm en t o f Captain

C ecil L am b.

M r L aw es, on, b eh a lf o f his fe llo w -co m -

m ittee m en, stated th at Captain L am b

w as head and sh ou ld ers a b o v e th e oth er

a p p licants, and was, in his opin ion , th e

best m an fo r th e p osition .

C aptain L a m b , at the requ est o f the

P resid en t, then read extra cts from a len ­

gth y rep o rt w h ich he had draw n up as to

h ow th e a ffa ir shou ld b e con du cted .

On th e term in a tion o f his address, several

question s w ere p u t to him , all o f

w hich w ere sa tisfa ctorily answ ered.

T h e P resid en t then requ ested him to

w ith d raw , and th e m atter o f his a p p oin t­

m en t w as debated.

F in a lly , it w as m ov ed , secon d ed and

ca rried , th at th e m eetin g approves o f th e

a p p oin tm en t o f C aptain L am b as O rgan ­

isin g S ecreta ry, su b je ct to a satisfagtory

a greem en t b e in g draw n up and sign ed by

both p arties, th e P resid en t to sign on beh

a lf o f th e C om m ittee. T h e sca le o f

rem u n eration w as fix ed a t £3 per w eek,

com m ission on a ten per cen t basis o n ail i

m on ies ob ta in ed by his in d ivid u a l e ffo r ts )

and certa in expenses.

C aptain L a m b h aving retu rn ed thanks,

it w as d ecid ed th a t a fo rm a l d ep utation

sh ou ld w ait on the G overn m en t and try

to ob ta in a p o u n d £pr p ou n d subsidy, and

a lso th a t a m eetin g sh ou ld sh ortly be

h eld in S yd ney u n d er th e ch airm an sh ip

o f the L o r d M ayor.

T h e p rop o sed C on stitu tion and R u les

w ere th en read as fo llo w s :—

( 1 .) T h e o b je c t o f th e con stitu tion is

t o d ev ise m eans fo r e ffe ctu a lly ce l­

e b ra tin g th e cen ten ary o f th e first

cro ssin g o f th e B lu e M ountains by

B la xla n d , W en tw orth and L aw son

in 1813.

( 2 .) T h e w h o le o f th e arran gem en ts to

secu re th is end shall b e co n tr o lle

d b y th e C om m ittee o f C on trol,

co m p o se d o f 3 rep resen ta tives from

each C ou n cil, P rogress A ssocia tion

o r o th er p u b lic o r sem i-p u b lic bod y

p a rticip a tin g in th e m ov em en t. B ut

this com m ittee sh a ll h a v e p ow er

to add to its n u m ber any person

w h o se co -o p e ra tio n m ay be deem ­

ed o f va lu e.

, ( 3 .) T h e C om m ittee o f C on trol shall,

u nless o th erw ise d eterm in ed , m eet

a t least o n c e in each m on th at

such p la ces and o n such dates as

m ay b e a g reed upon.

( 4 .) A n ex ecu tiv e to deal w ith in terim

o r u rg en t b u sin ess shall con sist

o f th e P resid ent, th ree V ice P residen

ts, th e tw o h on . S ecreta ries;

a nd th e h on . T reasu rer. T h e exe

cu tiv e m a y a t any tim e, if its

m em b ers d eem it n ecessa ry , sum ­

m on a sp ecia l m e e tin g o f the. C om ­

m ittee o f C on trol.

( 5 .) S u b -com m ittees m ay be a p p oin ted

to d ea l w ith th e fo llo w in g m atte

r s: ( a ) , fin a n ce ; ( b ) , s ch o o l

d isp la y s; ( c ) , g en era l d isp la y s ;

( d ) , w o r k s and im p ro v e m e n ts; ( e ) ,

m isc e lla n e o u s a rra n g em en ts f o r Cel

e b ra tio n D a y ; ( f ) , o rg a n isin g w ork

in th e m e tro p o lis; ( g ) , p u b licity ;

( h ) , a n d a n y o th e r sp ecia l fu n c­

tio n s as m a y b e d eterm in ed by th e '

C o m m itte e o f C on trol. E a ch su b­

c o m m itte e sh a ll w o rk on th e genera

l lin e s o f th e p rogra m m e a d o p t­

ed , a n d w ill b e exp ected to rep ort

m o n th ly to th e C om m ittee o f C on ­

trol. M em bers o f the ex ecu tiv e

m a y a ct e x -o ffic io as m em b ers o f

a ll su b -com m ittees.

( 6 .) A ll e x p e n d itu re sh a ll b e sa n ction ­

ed , a n d a c-^ u n ts p assed by th e

C om m ittee C C o n tro l, b u t th e hon.

Sec. a n d h on . T reas. m ay to g e th ­

e r a u th o r ise p a y m en t o f petty

cash ite m s o r u rg e n t a cco u n ts incu

rre d in ca rry in g o u t th e a d o p t­

e d p rogra m m e.

( 7 .) T w e lv e m em b ers shall co n sist a

q u o ru m a t m eetin g s o f th e C om ­

m ittee o f C on tro l. T h e q u oru m

at m e e tin g s o f each su b -com m ittee

sh a ll b e th ree.

( 8 .) T h e d e ta il w o rk o f the O rg a n isin g

S ecreta ry sh a ll be d irecte d b y the

ex6cu tive.

( 9 .) A d d itio n a l ru les a n d am en d m en ts

o f th e fo r e g o in g m ay b e a d op ted

a t any m e e tin g o f th e C om m ittee

o f C on tro l w ith o u t p revio u s n o tice .

M r L a w es, in sp ea k in g to th e m to io n ,

w as fe a r fu l o f d ou b le -b a n k in g .

M r B ra d fo rd th o u g h t n o tic e o f m otion

sh o u ld b e g iv en , in asm u ch as a la r g e n um ­

b e r o f co m m itte e m e n w e re absent. In

a d d itio n , a m o tio n rescin d in g th e o r ig in ­

al m o tio n p assed a t M t. V ic to r ia , c o n stitu

tin g th e p r e se n t e x ecu tiv e, w o u ld h iv e

to b e passed.

M r R yan a g re e d to th is, and n o tic e w as

g iv en a cco rd in g ly .

T h is c o n clu d e d th e busin ess.


10 27

a n h i s t o r i c s p o t .

MOUNT BLAXLAND LOCATED.

The disputed point as to the exact location

of Mount Blaxland was definitely settled on

Monday last, when a *arty, representing the

Blue Mountains Centenary Celebration Committee,

including Mr. Frank Walker (president)

and Mr. J. W. Berghoter (vice-president),

visited the locality where the mountain

was supposed to be, and with the help

of some valuable maps, brought by Mr. Caswell,

of Lithgow, the matter was settled.

The mountain is that isolated peak, in the

form of a sugarloaf, which towers up above

the Cox River, and is uistant about eight

miles in a south-westerly direction from the

village of Hartley. On the opposite side of

the stream are two other peaks (locally

known as "The Brothers” ), which are, undoubtedly,

the two named after the other explorers,

Wentworth and Lawson. The party

climbed the almost perpendicular sides of the

first-named peak, which rises to a height of

about 1800 or 2000 feet above the stream,

and having gained the summit were rewarded

by one of the most magnificent views it is

possible to conceive. Here, Blaxland and

his heroic companions stood, and, taking a

final farewell of the rolling country to the

westward, slowly and painfully retraced their

steps to the settlement.

The p.-esident, in a short address, proposed

a toast to the memory of the gallant explorers,

which was duly honoured, and Mr. Berghofer

also added a few remarks. It was decided

to prepare a brass inscription-plate, to

be affixed to a large rock at the summit,

bearing the following words:—

“ This mountain, which marks the terminal

point of Blaxland, Wentworth, and

Lawson’s expedition across vhe Blue

Mountains, was reached on May 31, 1813,

and was named Mount Blaxland, in honour

o f the explorer, by Governor Maci

quarie. Erected by the Blue -Jountains

j Centenary Committee, May 31, ~913.”

It Is intended also to erect a cairn of

stones, with a flagpole in the centre, sufficiently

large, to be visible for miles around.

The party descended the mountain, and, after

arranging for the fixing in position of another

platte on the stump of a tree which formerly

bore the initials of the explorers, bill

was unfortunately destroyed some years ago,

the return journey was commenced, most oi

which lay over the old Bathurst-road, con-

' strutted by William Cox in 1814.

CROSSING OF MOUNTAINS

CENTENARY.

A TBIP TO MOUNT BLAXLAND.

The president, Mr. Prank Walker, accom ­

panied 'by Mr. J. W . Berghofer (vice-pre.si- 1

dent), and Messrs. Badley and Cresswell, from ■

Lithgow, and a number of local residents, paid '

a special visit to Mount Blaxland on Monday '

in connection with the forthcoming centenary.

This cone-shaped mountain, which is about

1600ft high, is distant about six miles from

Hartley. It rises, abruptly from the banks of

the Oox River, and was the terminal point of

Blaxland’s expedition in 1813. Its northern

face is inaccessible to anything without wings,

Irat on the southern side the ascent is more

gradual, becoming steeper as the summit la

neared. Up this historic landmark the party

chambered, and at last reacted its apex, breath

less, but triumphant. The view from this

elevation is beyond description.

W herever ithe eye turned It rested on mountainous

country, range 'beyond range; while the

familiar peaks, such as Mount Walker, Mount

York, Mount Victoria, The Brothers, Mouut

Binda, etc., were easily and quickly identified.

Upon this elevated platform, Blaxland and his

heroic companions took their final glance at

the rolling country westward, ere retracing

th'eir painful steps the way they had come.

T o commemorate ithese pioneers, and the

story o f their achievement, it was decided to

have a brass plate prepared, bearing the fo l­

lowing inscription:—

This mountain marks the terminal point ot

(Blaxland, WentwoTth, and Lawson’s expedition

across the Blue Mountains, May 31,

1813, and was named Mount Blaxland b y

Governor Macquarie. Ereated by the Blue

Mountain Centenary Committee, May 31,

W 3 . "

This will be securely fastened to the rock,

and serve Jor all time to record the fact as

stated aboive.

The president t!Hen addressed a few remarks

to the company, commemorative of the visit

to this historlo spat, and proposed a toast lo

the memory of the explorers, which was honored

in the usual way.

Mr. Bsrghofer expressed the great pleasure

and satisfaction he felt ait being present on

such a memorable occasion.

TKe party was then photographed, and tbe

descent of the mountain was accomplished in

safety.

After arranging for a suitable inscription tJ

be affixed to the stump of a large tree, whi :-h

was originally marked by Blaxland, but which

had been unfortunately cut down and d estroy^ ,

the party separated, well pleased with the day's

outing.

____


1 1

BLUE MOUNTAINS CENTtNAKY.

T R IP T O M O U N T B L A X L A N D .

The president o f the Australian H istorical

Society, Mr. F rank W alker, accom panied by

Mr. J. W . Berghofer (vice-president), and

Messrs. Padley and Cresswell, from Lithgow,

and a num ber o f local residents, paid a

special visit to Mount Blaxland yesterday in

connection w ith the forthcom ing centenary.

This cone-shaped mountain, which is about

1600ft. high, .is distant about six miles from

H artley. It rises abaiptly from the banks

o f the Cox Kilter, and^vas the terminal point

o f Blaxland’ s expedition in 1813. Its northern

face is inaccessible to anything without

wings, but on the southern side the ascent is

more gradual, becom ing steeper as the sum ­

mit is neared. U p this historic landmark the

PWty clam bered, and at last reached its apex,

breathless but triumphant.

The >view from this elevation is beyond description.

W herever the eye turned it rested

on mountainous country, range beyond range,

whilst the farfiiliar peaks, such as Mount

W alker, Mount York, Mount Victoria, Mount

Binda, and The Brothers, were easily and

quickly identified. Upon this elevated platform

Blaxland and his heroic com panions

took their final glance at the rolling country

westward, ere retracing their painful steps

the w ay they had come.

To com m em orate these pioneers and the

story o f their achievement, it was decided to

have a brass plate prepared, bearing the fo l­

low ing inscription: “ This mountain marks

the term inal point of Blaxland, W entworth,

and L aw son’s expedition across the Blue

Mountains, M ay 31, 1813. and was named

M ount Blaxland by Governor M a c q u a r i e .

Erected by the Blue Mountain Centenary

Committee, M ay 31, 1913.” This will be securely

fastened to the rock, and it will serve

for all time to record the fact as stated before.

The president then addressed a few remarks

to the com pany, com m em orative of

the visit to the historic spot, and proposed

a toast to the mem ory of the explorers, which

was honored in the usual way. Mr. B erghofer

also offered some remarks, expressing

the great pleasure and satisfaction he felt at

being present on such a mem orable occasion.

The party was then photographed, and the

descent o f the mountain was accom plished in

, safety.

Arrangem ents were also made for a suitable

inscription to be affixed to the stump of

the tree which was originally marked by

Blaxland, but which som e iconoclast had

w ilfully cut down and removed.

y

r .< * -

V

MOUNT BLAXLAND.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.

Sir,—There is nothing more definite than

;he date of the naming of Mount Blaxland.

[t was on November 26, 1813, and my father, .

3. W. Evans, was the man who named it, in j

honour of the man who first saw it. T h a t'

was some 17 months before Governor Macquarie

saw it.

In his letter in your paper of the 3rd' Inst

Mr. F. Walker, the president of the Historical

Society, states in reference to Evans’ Journal:

“ His journal, which is an accurate and

faithful record of his adventures, begins from

Blaxland’s furthest point, but makes no mention

of his (Evans’) having named the conical-shaped

m o u n .-n after Blaxland, yet in

Evans’ map, which is appended to the journal,

appears the name Mount Blaxland.”

Now, sir, this is diam etrically opposed to

facts, for the journal states “ I stopped this

evening (November 26, 1813), near the toot

of a very handsome mount, which I have

taken the liberty to call Mount Blaxland,

also two peaks rather north of it, and which

the rivulet separates,

Wentworth and Law-

son sugar loaves.”

Again, at the end of Evans’ report to

Governor Macquarie, is the follow ing: Extent

of survey—From Emu Island to Mount Blaxland,

553 miles* from Mount Blaxland to end

of my journey, 98& m iles; total, 154J miles.

(Signed) G. W . Evans.

My father named many mountains, rivers,

and plains before and after they were seen

by Governor Macquarie, and they still bear

the names.

I note with great satisfaction that Mr. F.

W alker acknowledges that my father, “ G. W.

Evans,” was the first man to accomplish the

complete passage of the mountains.

I am, etc.,

MARY LEMPRIERE TURPIN.

m6 t j x t b la x la js td .

TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.

Sir,—Mrs. Turpin, in your issue of to-daJS

again takes me to task in respect to th«|

authority for the naming of Mount Blaxland*

"nil gives a quotation from her father’s jour^

nzil, under date November 26, 1813, in whictal

he states: “ . . . \ have taken the liberty;

to call (the mountain before mentioned) Moun*

U’ a.dand, also tvro peaks rather north of it,

ami which the rivulet separates, Wentworthi

slid Lawson's sugar loaves ” This certainlj;

seems conclusive, and as my copy of G. W<

iCvans’s journal begins with the date November

27, 1813, there is evidently a portion

missing- Be this as it may, I would lij#3 t*

ask Mi’s. Turpin, as additional authority foe*

Imy statement that Macquarie bestowed tha

name of Mount Blaxland, how the following!

jean be explained:—In the “ Sydney Gazette” oC

) December 15, 1815, an account is given nt

Governor Macquarie’s first expedition to the

Warrasamba River, which then goes on

~ describe Blaxland's share in this exp edition -


1 2

2C j

'■and how he (Blaxland) proposed to Macquarie*

a plan of crossing the mountains by follow-*

ing the ridge between the two rivers. Thiai

plan, as it turned out, was entirely successful,

and at the end of this account appears

an announcement in Blaxland’s own words:}

‘Mount York is the western summit of the

mountains; the vale Clwyd, the first valley ati

their foot, from which a mountain (afterwards

named Mount Blaxland by his Excellency

Governor Macquarie) is about eight miles,-

which terminated our journey.” This refer**

i ence, combined with the same statement int

- Macquarie’s general order, as detailed in my

previous letter and Evans’s journal, seems to

; point to some uncertainty as to who really;

bestowed the name upon the mountain. Tlyp)

generally accepted theory has been that Macquarie

was responsible fo r the name, an#

' 3 it is necessary, in view of the fixing in

position of the inscription plate on Mount

i Blaxland, to ensure accuracy on the point.

] pcssibly this correspondence may induce

others to shed some additional light on the

mystery, so that the matter may be settled

once and for all.

I am. etc., PRANK WALKER,

Nov. 5. President Aust. Historical Society.

MOUNT BLAXLAND.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.

Sir,—I noticed in your issue of to-day, re

“ An Historic Spot,’’ that the disputed point

as to the exact position of Mount Blaxland

was definitely fixed on Monday last, when a

party representing the Blue Mountain centenary

celebration committee, including Mr.

Frank Walker, president, visited the locality

where the mountain was supposed to be. Now,

Sir, Mount Blaxland was first named by my

father, George William Evans, late Deputy

Surveyor-General of this colony. It was named

in honour of the leader of the first exploring

party, that being the farthest point

reached by that party; the date of such naming

was November 28. 1813. It was not named

by Governor Macquarie. The Lands Department

in Sydney agrees with this. It is a

great pity that the truth and the whole truth

should not be handed down to posterity. Blaxland,

Lawson, and Wentworth did noble work

in opening up tht; track, but they did not cross

the Blue Mountains. G. W. Evans did—right

over the watershed and on as far as Bathurst.

I am, etc.,

Oct. 30. MARY LEMPRIERE TCRPIN.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.

Sir,— In Tuesday’s paper I noticed a sta tj- |

ment that Mount Blaxland had been rediscovered.

There must be some misapprehension I

in the matter, as Surveyor Evans, who named

Mount Blaxland, shows the position of the

■mount on his plan, which is dated 1813, and

it lias been recorded on Lands Department

maps ever since. It is, of course, on the

track of the old Bathurst-road, which road

has been frequently deviated since Governor

^iacquarie’s time, and hence it is not so well

known to travellers as it was in the eariy

days.

Mr. R. H. Cambage and I have fo r many

years undertaken the work of going over the

botanical tracks of Allan Cunningham, one of

my early predecessors, and Mount Blaxland

was visited by Cunningham in 1817, 1822, and

on many other occasions. We published notes

on Mount Blaxland in the “ Proceedings of the

Royal Society of New South Wales for 1909,’*

p. 123, with a locality map. On the occasion

of our trip to Mount Blaxland in 1904 we

recorded in our notebooks every plant we

could find on the summit, and amongst others

we found Eucalyptus pulvigera, a rare and

remarkable species only known from two or

three other localities, and a- specimen is growing

in the native plant border in the Botanic

Gardens, alongside Government House Grounds,

from seed we brought down on that occasion.

Mr. Cambage and I have walked over all the

old Bathurst roads and their deviations from

Emu Plains to Bathurst, and we have marvelled

how the old pioneers made their way.

Some day we hope that the Tourist Bureau, or

some other organisation, will personally conduct

parties over at least the old road from

Emu Plains to Bathurst that Governor Macquarie

used, and which probably very few

people in the State have ever traversed.

I am, etc., J. H. MAIDEN,

Botanic Gardens, Oct. 31. Director.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD.

Sir,—I was extremely interested in the

two letters appearing in to-day's paper above

the names of Mrs. M. L. Turpin and Mr. J. H.

Maiden, in connection with the above subject.

and crave the courtesy cf a portion of

your space to reply thereto. It has never

been my intention in any way to seek to

belittle the exploits of our noble pioneers, of

whose work in the past Australia has every

reason to feel proud. George W illiam Evans

accomplished splendid work in the opening

up of the far westward country beyond Blaxiand's

farthest point, and in the coming celebrations

in connection with the centenary of

the first crossing of the Mountains he will be

accorded due recognition. But, placing sentiment

altogether on oqe side, it is absolutely

necessary that references to our past history

should be a3 nearly accurate as circumstances

will permit, and it is with this object that I

am csking your help. Now, as to the matter

of the naming of Mount Blaxland. A b the

m ajority of your readers aro aware, George

W illiam Evans. Deputy Surveyor-Geueral of

the then colony, was instructed by Governor

Macquarie to carry out explorations a? iar as

possible to the westward of Blaxlands

terminal point, and in November, 1813, he left

Sydney for the purpose. His Journal, which

is an accurr.te and faithful record of his

adventures, begins from Blaxland’s fui thest

point, but makes no mention of his (Evans)

having named the conical-shaped mountain

after Blaxland, yet in Evans’s map, which is

appended to the- journal, appears the same.

V.i %

m o u n t b l a x l a n d .


13

iiourit Blaxland. Now, on the other hand,

Governor Macquarie’s general order, dated

Sydney, June 10, 1815, which is a most important

and valuable document, describes in

detail the whole circumstances attending the

first crossing of the Mountains, although the

worthy Governor, whilst making mention of

Bass and Caley, entirely overlooks the several

expeditions undertaken by Dawes, Barallier,

and Hacking. The order then goes on

to describe the tour undertaken by Macquarie

anil party in April, 1815, when the road,

recently constructed under the supervision of

William Cox, was officially opened. All

tntough this document Macquarie gives minute

particulars of the various places upon which

lie bestowed names, such as Spriugwood,

Prince Regent’s Glen, Pitt’s Amphitheatre,

Vale of Clwyd, Mount York, Cox River, etc..

etc., until he comes to the neighbourhood of

Blaxland’s terminal point. The exact wording

then is as follow s:—“ . . . In commemoration

of their” (Blaxland, Wentworth,

and Lawson’s) “ merits, three beautiful high

hills, joining each other at the end of their

touT at this place, have received their names

in the following order, viz.:—Mount Blaxland,

Wentworth’s Sugar Loaf, and Lawson’s Sugar

Loaf. . . .” Your readers will notice, inter

alia, that here we have the best authority for

the order in which the names of the three

. explorers should be mentioned. It seems to

me tla t Governor Macquarie himself gave

these celebrated hills the names they will

bear for all time, as, taking the context of his

general order, it is a record of nomenclature,

,as well as a faithful description of tbo country

passed over, ad Macquarie’s little failing

in regard to names, more particularly where

his own name has been bestowed, is well

known. It is quite probable that wheL Evans

returned from his expedition and submitted

Ills journal and map to Macquarie the former

may have suggested the name to the Governor,

as it is down as such on Evans’s map,

but there is no written recOTd of this sue -

position, whilst, on the other hand, the official

document is unequivocal, and cannot bo put

aside. It is only fair to Evans, who, in the

shade of the limelight thrown upon L-axland,

Wentworth, and Lawson, has not received the

recognition to which he is entitled, that a

couple of lines should be added to the plate,

which it is intended to affix to a rock on the

summit of Mount Blaxland, stating that from

this point George William Evans continued

exploration westward, being the first man to

sccpmplish the complete passage of the

mountains. In regard to Mr. Maiden’s letter,

1 might say that one of the first things to

attract my attention on gaining the summit

i f Mount Blaxland was the peculiar species

of eucalyptus, of which Mr. Maiden gives the (

name (E. pulvigera), of w'hich the leaves j

possess a remarkably pungent odour when (

crushed in the hand. I am, etc.,

FRANK WALKER, ,

President Australian Historical Society.

Nov. 1.

‘'I/.

: 7 3 .

*

“ THE CONQUERED HILLS.”

BLUE MOUNTAIN CENTENARY.

A S S A U L T O N T H E W E S T E R N R A M P A R T S

T H E M E N W H O B L A Z E D T H E T R A IL .

(B y Fran k W alker, President of the A u s ­

tralian H istorical Society.)

(Special to the Sun.”)

1 __________

i

Behind them were the conquer'd hill*; they

faced

The vast green West, with glad, «tr»nge

beauty graced;

And every tone of every cave and tree

Was as a voice of splendid prophecy.

So sang H en ry K endall in his inspiring

poem, “ The Blue M ountain Pioneers,” and

w ithout doubt the “ voice o f splendid proph

ecy” was indeed heard when thfe joyfu l

news o f B laxland, W entw orth, and L a w ­

son's discovery circulated throughout the

in fan t settlem ent. R epsated attem pts to

scale that m ountain barrier w hich for upw

ards o f 25 years resisted every assault, had

alm ost brought about a feeling o f despair

am ongst the colonists, and the m ost op tim ­

istic o f them hardly dared to think that the

secret so carefu lly guarded for all those

years, would ever be w rested from those

frow nin g heights. But fam ine and starvation

reared their ugly crests am ongst the

com m unity, and it becam e absolutely necessary,

if the settlem ent w as to live, that new

territory should be won.

A nd so G regory B laxland, w ho had given

the subject m uch study; at last conceived

a plan of a tta ck which, if feasible in operation,

m ust succeed. A ssociated w ith him

w ere tw o near neighbors and friends, W illiam

Charles W en tw orth —then a youth o f 19

but destined in later years to shine forth

as a bright particular star in the firm am ent

o f colonial politics—and L ieutenant W iiliani

L aw son. M ay 11, 1813, w as the m om entous

date on w hich the expedition set out, and no

doubt m any a hearty prayer and wish from

a section o f the com m unity follow ed !t

that the quest would turn out a successful

one. To the m ajority o f the inhabitants it

would perhaps n ot appeal. The story of the

attem pted conquest o f the m ountains no

doubt was w ell known, and the patriotic end

eavor o f B laxlan d and his oom panions

would be set dow n as only one m ore attem pt

| that w as predestined to failure._______


1 4

G R E G O R Y B L A X L A N D .

D E P A R T U R E OF T H E E X P E D IT IO N .

N o flourish o f trumpets, no shouts and

hurrahs from any acclaim ing crow d accom ­

panied the little party as they turned to the

north and began their rem arkable journey.

The old m aps distinctly show B laxland’s

property on the banks o f South Creek, con ­

sisting only o f a few hundred acres, but no

rem ains o f the buildings that stood on the j

site are preserved to us. The route taken, |

prior to the ascent o f the first range, would j

be parallel to the river, and gradually clos- 1

ing in upon it as the ford was approached. !

The river was reached at 4 o’clock in the j

afternoon, so the actual start would have '

taken place late in the forenoon. Ejnu !

Island, where the old ford existed, has now

disappeared, but originally it occupied that

sem i-circular bend o f the river about one

mile north o f the railw ay bridge. A cJOse

Inspection o f the locality at the present? day

will reveal traces o f the old river course, now

silted up, and between this and the far bank

Of the present stream, where the Em u Gravel

Com pany is procuring its road material, is

about the place where Emu Island form erly

stood. On the island w a s a G overnm ent

stockyard, w ith the necessary buildings.

Instead o f attack ing the range in a direct

w esterly course a fter crossing the stream,

Blaxland and hi3 little com pany turned more

to the south-w est. This was evidently done

with a purpose, as the leader o f the expedition

in his prelim inary exam ination of the

locality had discovered what, to him,

seem ed a more practicable assent o f the first

range, and had a ccord ingly settled upon this

as the route to be follow ed. The direction

would take the party to where the new railw

ay deviation (w hich, singularly enougn.

; was used fo r the first time on M ay 11, the

actual anniversary o f the starting o f the

expedition), is m ade; but, o f course, B la x ­

land’s route' w as som e distance nearer the

river and on a parallel course.

In this connection it is interesting to not>>

that a year later, when W illiam Cox started

the construction o f the first road to Bathurst,

he deviated entirely from B laxland’s original

track, and attacked the range in a direct

w esterly course from the river. The remains

o f this old road, still in a good stats

o f preservation, are visible at the presenc

day at about a m ile and a half from the

existing road.

D IF F IC U L T IE S A N D D A N G E R S.

N ext m orning the real business o f the u n ­

dertaking began, and the explorers’ troubles

were not long in com ing. Deep gullies a n l

gloom y recesses confronted them on every

haad. .Thick brastrarood and ston y ground,

im peded their progress, and the aw fu l solitude

o f these regions depressed thejr spirits.

L urking savages dogged their footsteps night

and day, and m ore than one encounter with

venom ous reptiles is recorded. Still they

struggled on w ith splendid courage, nevfrr

for a m om ent losing-heart, and though som e­

tim es their daily progress was barely a cou p’.e

o f miles, they advanced slow ly, but surely,

tow ards their appointed goal.

F o r 21 days the unequal con test w ent on,

{ and at n ightfall, w hen they m ade their cam p

In the m idst o f som e gloom y, forest, or on the

brink o f som e trem endous precipice whose

dark and dism al depths contained they knew

not what, they closed their eyes iiv the sleep

that w as so m uch needed, never know ing

w hether they would open them again,

am ongst the ob jects that had grow n so dreadfully

fam iliar. W h a t m agnificent courage

w as theirs, and all with no hope o f m aterial

gain, but w ith the simple desire that the

com m unity at large m ight be benefited by

their exertions.

On M ay 28, exactly seventeen days after

their ascent o f the first range, the party

em erged upon the sum m it o f M ount Y ork, and

feasted their delighted eyes upon the vision

o f fresh grass, and pure water, w hich they

could distinctly see in the valley beneath'

them. W ith trem endous difficulty the precipice

was descended, and fo r the first time

; for m any days both men and horses revelled

in the good things which bountiful nature

provided. The m ountains were again

clim bed, and a cam p form ed near the western

edge o f the cliffs. N ext day the jou rn ey


15 35

l- I tU T fc -N A N T W IL L IA M L A W S O N .

was resumed, and three days later the weary

explorers stood at length upon the summit

of that rem arkable mountain, on the banks

o f the Cox River, afterw ards so appropriately

named M ount Blaxland by Surveyor George

W illiam Evans, tw o other conical peaks in

the vicinity being nam ed after Blaxland's

com panions.

A N E W W O RLD .

W hat were Blaxland's feelings as he stood

upon this vantage ground and allow ed his

eyes to roam over the rolling country to

|the westward, which, alas! he was destined

not to set foot upon. Truly, as a conqueror

he m ight regard himself, and the

thought would naturally arisen filling him

with a sense o f awe, that he and his com -

|panions were the first white men who, since

the Creation, were privileged to get this

|glim pse o f a new and wonderful world. If

the spirit o f prophecy imbued him at this

time, what a glorious opportunity was his

to project his vision into the years to com e

and try to foretell what changes a century

would behold. But history is silent on this

point, and Blaxland's thoughts on this m em ­

orable occasion can be naught else than conjecture.

The clothes o f the three men were torn to

rags by the thorny undergrowth which they

had struggled through for so many days, their

boots were alm ost in tatters from the rugged

and stony path they had traversed, and all

werei suffering from bodily ailm ents, brought

on b y exposure and insufficient food. Under

these cc-.ditions it were m adness to proceed

furthc -, and believing that they had

accom plished w hat they had desired to do,

the order was reluctantly given to retrace

their steps. N ot to B laxland was granted

the privilege o f first setting foot in the P romised

Land beyond the ranges. N ot to him

was given the honor o f conquering the full

extent o f m ountainous cou ntry; that w as reserved

fo r his successor, George W illiam

E vans, and B laxland could only look with

longing eyes upon the great heritage that

was so soon to be won. But he and his com -

par»*ms had “ blazed the trail.” They had

made possible the w ork o f those w ho a fterw

ards turned the discovery to practical account,

and to these men the honors that fall

to the pioneers belong.

A nother six days o f hardship and danger

ensued, rendered som ew hat easier now by

reason o f the fa ct that a pathw ay had been

I formed, and on the 6th June, the peaceful w a­

ters o f the Nepean, w inding like a silver ribbon

through the verdant landscape, once

m ore greeted their tired eyes. The joy fu l news

o f the safe return o f the party, and o f the

w onderful discoveries that had been made,

soon spread fa r and wide, and the general rejoicin

gs were m ingled w ith hearty thanksgivings,

that at last the ranges had been

crossed, and the daw n o f a new era had been

ushered in.

M E N W E SH O U LD D E L IG H T TO H ONOR.

In the light o f latter-day knowledge, we

can accurately gauge the far-reach in g e f­

fects that this m em orable exploit had upon

the destiny o f A ustralia. W e are indirectly

reaping the advan tages at the present day

o f B laxland, W entw orth, and L aw son ’s enterprise,

and every acre o f the lim itless west,

in the possession o f thousands o f A ustralia’s

sons, is a g ift at the hands o f these brave

men, w hom it should be our duty to honor.

This glorious cou ntry, with all its w ealth and

possibilities, w ith its m agnificent clim ate and

boundless resources, was fisrt m oulded fo r

our use by the sturdy and faith fu l pioneers

whose sterling w orth and in tegr'ty o f purpose,

and whose unselfish labors in the days

o f the “ long ago,” gave us the heritage that

is ours to-day. L et us see to it that we do

our part in com m em orating the lives and

w orks o f these great men in a w ay that shall

bring credit to ourselves and honor to the m e­

m ories o f those w ho “ blazed the trail.” Surely

it was o f such men as B laxland, W en t­

worth, and Law son, o f George W illiam Evans,

W illiam Cox. and m any others that W ill

O gilvie w as thinking when he w rote:—

They arc sleeping in the graveyards, in their silent graves

apart,

With empty arms and eager, that would hold them, to

their heart,

These statesmen of the buried years, these loyal men

long doad,

' Are they turning in their dreaming, to the dull tramp

overhead?

\Yher they pin the stars and garters, when they write

the titles rare,

|The men who earned the honors, are the men who won’t

be there. ___ __________ ... J ...............


j

16

A QUESTION OF

PRECEDENCE

EXPLORERS AND THEIR STATUS.

W IL L IA M C H A R L E S W E N T W O R T H .

“ W h o was the acknow ledged leader of the

Blue M ountain E xpedition o f 1813?” asks Mr.

Charles W illiam s. Our correspondent e'jes

on to sa y :—

“ One can usually tell from the order in

w hich the nam es are given w ho the principal

m an is in undertakings o f this kind, but

the task is n ot so easy in the present instance.

We seem to hear m ost about B laxland;

but w hile in som e accounts o f the

expedition his nam e is placed first, in others

it is W en tw orth ’s nam e that is given first,

and in others again it is L aw son ’s. A s a

m atter o f fact, it is W en tw orth ’s nam e that

is placed forem ost in m o s t ,o f the accounts

I have read, not in new spaper articles, but

in books, the authors o f which, one would

think, w ould be careful in a m atter o f that

kind. Can you tell me definitely whether

W entw orth w as the leader o f the expedition,

and if he was, w ho cam e next in point o f

im portance? It is certainly strange that

there should be so m uch confusion over this

m atter.”

The m atter is one about w hich there should

really be no confusion at all, not is there

any confusion in the m inds o f tnose fam iliar

w ith the details o f the expedition. The point

raised b y our correspondent, how ever, is an

interesting one.

A s fa r as the leadership o f the expedition

is concerned, that honor unquestionably belonged

to B laxland. It was B laxland, in

fact, w ho organised the expedition, and

when he invited his friends, L aw son and

W entw orth, to accom pany him on the jo u r­

ney he had already com pleted his plans.

L ike m any others, Mr. W illiam s has noted

1 the carelessness shown by various writers

with regard to the order in w hicn th ey have

nam ed the explorers. The point m ay apj>ear

a trifling one, but our correspondent's letter

proves how m isleading so small a m atter

m ay be. It is n ot so long a go since one o f

thT! descendants o f G regory B l:ixland felt

. called upon to protest publicly against the

! w ay in w hich the latter’s nam e ■was subordinated

to those o f L aw son and W entw orth.

A lthough, as already pointed out, there is

no question as to w ho w as the “ ack n ow ­

ledged leader” o f the expedition, there is

considerable difference o f opinion as to who

should rank a fter Blaxland. One set o f

authorities tells us that the nam es, placed

in the order o f their im portance, are B U x-

land, Law son, and W entw orth, while another

group o f historical experts will insist that

the nam es should run B laxland, WTentw orth,

and Law son. The con test fo r second place

is, therefore, betw een L aw son and W en t-

i w orth._________ ■ ______ ________


1 7

Blaxland him self, In his Journal, gives no

Indication as to which o f his com panions he

regarded as his righthand man, but o f the

tw o there m ust have been one upon w hom

he relied m ore than upon the other. In tiie

absence o f any definite inform ation on ‘ he

point, one can on ly surmise what the probabilities

are. The outstanding facr as far as

W entw orth is concerned is that he w as a

m ere youth, a lad of 19. H e was little m ore

than a b oy fresh from school, and could not

have had any practical knowledge o f the

w ork required o f him. Lieutenant Lawson,

on the other hand, was a man o f 38, and

had som e experience o f exploration. H is

qualifications were such that after the e x ­

pedition o f 1S13 he received some im portant

i official appointm ents, one ^ being that as

com m andant in charge o f thff Bathurst district,

in succession to W illiam Cox, the

m aker o f the first W estern road.

A m o n g the historians of Australian exploration

the only one who deals w ith the question

under discussion is the Rev. G eorgs

Grimm, and m ost people will be inclined to

think that Mr. Grimm, in the follow ing extract

from his “ Australian E xplorers,”

clinches the whole argument. R eferring to

the three mem bers o f the expedition, ho

w rites:—

The forem ost o f this m em orable trio was

G regory Blaxland, a native o f Kent, and

born o f an old English fam ily in 1779. The

second on the expedition was W illiam L aw ­

son, w ho was form erly lieutenant in the

102nd Regim ent, but had latterly retired to

“ Veteran H all,” his own country seat near

Prospect. These two leaders, on whom the

w hole responsibility devolved, were joined

b y a third person, then wholly unknown,

but w ho afterw ards made for him self a

name not to be forgotten in New South

W ales. This was the em bryo patriot and

statesm an, W illiam Charles W entw orth.

Blaxland was now in his 35th year, Lawson

about the same age, but W entw orth was

barely out o f his teens, and professedly

joined th


18

tJ/ v i t ■2 £ '- 'J7a3 —

4 /

Centenary of the First Grossing

of the Blue Mountains

rO T H E SCHOOL, CH ILD R EN O F NEW S O U T H W ALES.

ON the 28th of the current

month one of the m ost

notable centenaries connected

w ith the h istory of

New South Wales will

take place a t the

Y ork. The celebrations, which will

com m em orate th at centenary, are designed

t o honor the m em ory of three

of our m ost w orth y pioneers, viz.,

CJregory Blaxland, W illiam Charles

W entw orth, and Lieutenant W illiam

Law son, who a century a go solved

the problem of what lay behind the

G reat D ividing Range, and as the result

of their expendition threw open

to cu ltiv ation and settlem ent m illions

of acres of maguificent country

which had lain fallow since the creation.

Those, o f you who are fam iliar with

som e of the phases of A u stralia* hiito

r y in the year 1813 will remember

th a t a t th is period the then colon y

of New South Wales was em braced in

a mere strip of territory , 40 miles

wide, from east to w est, and barely

one hundred miles in extent from

north t o south. F o r upwards of 25

years no fewer than nine distinct a t­

tem pts were made by various exp lorers

to penetrate the G reat D ividing

Range, t o see what kind of country

■lay beyon d, but all w ithout avail,

j Each expedition returned t o the' *ettlem

ent baffled and beaten, declaring

|th at progress westw ards could never

t be made, and th a t the colon y must

fo r ever be confined w ithin the lim its

of the C ounty of Cum berland.

These are stran ge w ords, viewed

from ou r sta n d p oin t, but they were

believed in, and even prom inent officials

echoed the opin ion th a t further

7 'a"r.rr!]es w ould be useless, and mere

w aste o f tim e. These were the opin ­

ions held up till the close of the

year 1812, when even such courageous

and dauntless explorers as Da wee,

B arralier, i)a.ss, C a le j, H ack in g, and

oth ers had con centrated th eir

energies in to the task of forcin g

passage over the m ountains t o

whole

a

the

cou n try beyond—b u t all In vain.

T hen' cam e the clim ax. The great'

M acquarie ruled the destinies o f the

you ng colon y , and he, t o o , was ae

keen as his predecessors in solvin g

i

the problem . H e u ndertook one o r


1 9

else t o look for it but beyond

those

tantalisin g height* which had so

lon g defied the efforts o f men to surm

ount them ?

I t this crisis appeared the man

who was eventually t o be regarded

as the saviour of his cou ntry—G regory

B laxland. He had conceived a

scheme which he was anxious to put

in to , practice, and that was to follow

Jthe ridge, which he knew m ust ex--

Iist, keeping the eastern and western

1stream s on his right and left, and

neTer crossing them if it could be

avoided. H e confided his idea to

IG overn or M acquarie, w ho prom ised

|every assistance, and having enlisted

the sym p ath y o f tw o friends, W illiam

Charles W entworth and Lieutenant

W illiam L aw son, who consented t o

accom pany him , he made his preparation

s for departure. On the 11th

M ay, 1813, the three friends, in com ­

pany w ith four men servants, horses

and d og s, set out from B la ila n d ’s

farm a t S ou th Creek, and a t 4

o ’clock of the same d ay crossed the

Nepean a t Em u Island, and by sundown

the p a rty made their first cam p

a t th e fo o t o f the first range.

N ext m orning the real business of

the undertaking began, and their

troubles were n ot lon g in com ing.

Deep gullies and gloomy recesses con ­

fronted them on every hand. Thick

brushwood and ston y ground im peded

their progress, and the aw ful s o l­

itude of these regions weighed down

their spirits and depressed them.

Lurking savages dogged their fo o t­

steps night and day, and m ore than

on® encounter with venom ous reptiles

is recorded. : S till they struggled

painfully onward, never for a m om ­

ent losing heart, and though som e­

times their daily progress was bareft/

/"tro o f r t i r e &

a - d a y art lAe.

a tr e r tx ^ e . / A e.y ct-0 ra t* .t£ < ) 'f'7 o rrZ y / l/i/ -

J ’u .reJ y A »r r * r * C i f f o r f

slow ly but p w o l y to w a rd s t h w — r*f*-

ty a eeu yle -o f roiloo th ey—n dfan oed

g o a l. F o r 21 days the un- j

equal co n test w ent on, and a t n ightfall,

when they m ade their csm p in

the m idst of som e g lo o m y fore st, or

on the brink o f som e trem en dou s.raviDo,

none knew, as they closed their

eyes in the sleep th a t was so much

|needed, whether they w ould open j

\them again a m on gst the ob je cts th a t j

Ihad g row n so dreadfully fam ilia r W hat j

I cou rage and heroism are here

dis- '

played, and all fo r n o hope o f reward I

| but o f the sim p le sense of doing I

their duty t o th eir cou n try and

brin ging aid t o their fellow men.

Surely it is ou r privilege t o h onor

these brave men fo r their endurance

and th eir splendid achievem ents

th ose far-off days.

On M ay 28th, cx a ctly seventeen

days after th eir ascent o f the' first

ran ge, the p a rty em erged upon tho

sum m it o f M ount Y ork ,

in

and feasted

their delighted eyes upon the vision

of fresh grass and pure w ater, which

th ey could d istin c tly see in the v a l­

ley beneath them . W ith trem endous

: difficulty the precipice was descended,

and for tho first tim e fo r m any days

b oth men and horses revelled in the

g o o d things w hich bountiful nature

p rovided . The m ountain w as again

clim bed, and a cam p form ed near the

w estern edge o f the cliffs. N ext day

the journey w as resum ed and three

days la ter the w eary exp lorers s to o d

a t length upon the sum m it of th at

rem arkable m ou n tain on the banks of

the C ox R iver, afterw ards a p p ropriately

named M ount B laxland by

S u rveyor G eorge W illiam Evans,

w hilst tw o oth er con ica l peaks in the

| v icin ity received the names of Went-

j w o rth ’s and L a w son s S u garloa vcs rej

sp e ctirrly . With cloth es to r n t o plec-

I es by the sharp rock s w ith b o o ts

in ta tte rs from the rugged and ston y

path they had traversed, and a ll

suffering from ailm ent* b roa g h t on by


exposure and insufficient food, B la x­

land realised that this m ust be his

farthest poin t. N ot t o him was

granted the privilege o f first setting

fo o t on tho rollin g cou ntry to the

westw ard ; tttat was reserved for his

successor, E vans, and he could only

look with lo n g iD g eyes upon the j

heritage th a t was so soon t o be w on.

R eluctantly the order was given to

retrace their steps, and after anoth ­

er six days o f h ardship, rendered

now som ew hat easier by reason of

the fact th a t a “ blazed tra ck ” a w a ited

them , they once m ore reached the

banks of the Nepean, and the joyful

news of the great discovery s o o n ,

spread far and w ide.'

W ithin a few weeks G eorge W illiam

Evans, another w orth y pioneer, fol-

I low ed In tb6 first exp lorers’ fo o t-

! steps, and succeeded in penetrating

over 90 m iles beyond B laxlan d 's furthest

poin t. H e returned, filled with

delighted praise of the beauty and

extent o f the cou ntry, and M acquarie,

now th at his dearest wishes were

accom plished, lo st no tim e in setting |

a b ou t the con stru ction of the great

road which was to open up the rich

cou ntry in the west, and carry upon

Its surface thousands o f eager colon ­

ists anxious t o acquire their share of

the new territory . W illiam Cox was

the fourth a cto r in the dram a o f the

i ''C on q u est o f the M ou ntain?,” and

] righ t welt did he perform his part.

I In the short space of six m onth* a

fine road, w ith bridges, culverts, cmj

bankmentu, and all the details which

j go t o make up an im p ortan t underi

takin g of this nature, extending for

! a distance o f upwards o f 100 miles,

j

j was com pleted and ready for traffic,

and on the 25th A pril, 1815, Governi

o r M acquarie, with a distinguished

com pany of gentlem en, get ou t on his

journey over the new rea d , and offi-

|d a ily opened fo r all tim e the great

trade rou te t o the West.

On the 28th May of th is year the

centenary of the first crossin g o f the

m ountains w ill be celebrated a t M ount

Y ork , th is being th e date, a century

a g o , when G reg ory B laxland and

p a rty first set fo o t on th is rugged

m ou n tain, and cam ped som ewhere

near where the obelisk stands t o ­

day. I t is a gran d privilege th a t we

o f the present gen eration are spared

to w itness and take p a rt In the com ­

m em oration of the greatest event in

A ustralian h istory . N ot on ly can we

rejoice th a t th e prolific w estern country

w as so opportu n ely added to our

te r rito ry , w ith a ll th a t it stands

for. in wealth and influence, but

a b ove a ll, we are h onorin g the m em ­

ory o f the pioneers w ho have helped

t o m ake our cou n try w hat it is t o ­

day. We review their lives and

w orks, p raisin g them for their Indom

ita b le courage and perseverance,

fo r th eir sterlin g w orth and in tegrity

and fo r the n oble sp irit th a t possessed

them in their w illingness t o risk

their lives s o th a t g o o d t o t h e 'c o m ­

m unity m ight result. T heir exam ple

should stir even the least o f us t o renewed

efforts fo r our beloved land,

and a loyal-h ea rted endeavour to

tr y , like the heroes of the past, to

leave the w orld “ a little b etter than

we found i t .” Surely i t was of theee

very men th at W ill O gilvic, one of our

m ost gifted poet*, was thinking when

he w rote :—

"T h e y are sleeping in the graveyards,

in their silen t graves a p a rt.

With em pty arm s, and eager, th a t

w ould h old them t o their heart,

These statesm en o f the buried years,

these lo y a l men lon g dead,

Are they turning in their dream ing,

t o the dull tram p overhead ?

When they pin the sta rs and garters,

when they w rite the title s rare,

The men who earned the h onors are

the men w ho w on ’t be th ere.”

** • * «* ♦* *•

S ch olars ! T he destinies of th is

i g loriou s cou n try are in you r hands.


It rests with you w hat the future

years w ill bring, and you alone have

the m aking o r the m arring of them .

May the lives o f these heroic men.

and the sto ry of their e x p loits,

whose noble work you w ill sh ortly

join in com m em oratin g, give you inspiration

for the years t o com e, and

so aid you in reaching th a t standard

of perfection which w ill com bine in

m aking you good citizen* and faith ­

ful and loyal subjects o f his G racious

M sjesty the K in g.

F R A N K W A L K E R ,

President Australian H isto rica l

fiyuney. May 8, 1913. S ocie ty .

I

I

BLUE MOUNTAIN PIONEERS

-------- 'BY H . C. K E N D A L L .—

The dauntless three ! for tw enty days and nights

These heroes battled w ith the haughty heights ;

F or tw enty spaces of the Btars and sun

These R om ans kept their harness buckled on ;

By gaping gorges, and by cliffs austere,

These fathers struggled in the great old yea r ;

Their feet they set on strange bills scarred by fire,

Their stron g arm s forced a path through brake and b ria r ;

They fough t with Nature till they rcached the throne

Where m orning glittered on the great U nknown !

There, in a tim e with praise and prayer suprem e,

Paused B laxland, Law son, W entw orth, in a dream ;

There, w here the silver a rrow s of the day

Hmote elope and spire, they halted on their w ay.

Behind them were the conquered hills— they faced

The vast green West, with gla d , strange beantv graced ;

And every tone o f every cav« and tree

Was as a voice of splendid prophecy.


22

BLAXLAND,

WENTWORTH

AND

LAWSON.

HE ACHIEVEMENT OF A HUNDRED

YEARS

O N E H U N D R E D Y E A R S AGO.

M en o f n erv e and iron sinew ,

B red o f E n g la n d ’s b lo o d and b on e;

W e ll ye fa ced the desert fastness,

P aths o f w ild u n b rok en stone.

W e, to -d a y , y o u r n am es w ou ld h on ou r,

A n d y o u r n o b le d eed s a ccla im ;

E n g la n d ’s m oth ers b red and b ore ye

F o r th e h o n o u r o f h e r nam e.

M en o f n erve and iron sinew ,

B red o f E n g la n d ’s b lo o d and b o n e ;

Y e a re w ith us still, and livin g

In the h eart w hich d ares alone.

W e , a N a tion ’s praise w ou ld give ye

(M en o f G od and N a tu re’s g r a c e ),

F o r th e sp irit o f o u r F a th ers

A n d th e h o n o u r o f o u r race.

— C lara W eb b er.

O ld Sydney basked lazily in the sun

in th e early part o f th e year 1813. The

p la cid w aters o f th e h arbou r, as g rea t a

haven then as it is to -d a y , ca rried upon

its b ro a d b o som on ly a fe w sm all ships

w h ich it ro ck e d g en tly as th ou gh b ro o d ­

in g in p rophe tic vision u p on th e grow th

o f th e baby flo tilla it n ursed, in to - the

m igh ty m erca n tile n avy o f o u r ow n tim e.

B u ilt upon th e plan o f an old w orld tow n ,

m adg ru d er by the la ck o f sk illed artizans

and the cru d en ess o f e a rly C olon ial m ater

AGO.

ia l, a n cien t S yd n ey stre tch e d i t s 1 quain t

a n d n a rrow streets fr o m th e sparK ling

w a ters o f th e h a r b o u r to th e c lo s e ly env

ir o n in g sh a d es o f th e w o o d la n d s. H ere

an d th ere th e lo n g w h ite line o f c o iw ic t

m ade roa d s sp re a d th e ir slen d er ten ta cle s

to th e g rea t w est, le a d in g to th e h om e­

steads o f th e e a r lie r settlers. T h e g re g -

a rio u sn css o f m an h ad m ade its e lf felt

a m o n g s t th ese p io n e e rs a n d a v illa g e had

sp ru n g in to ox ista n ce , o n ly fo u rte e n m iles

in la n d . T h is w as P a rra m a tta , n ow the

se co n d tow n in th e State. F u r th e r a field

th e in cessa n t a d v a n ce o f th e d a rin g A n g lo

S axon co n tin u e d to w a rd s th e h azy blue o l

th e h ills on th e w estern h orizon a n d the

fla ts w ere cle a re d and cu ltiv a te d and in

th e m ea d ow la n d s th e im p o rte d ca ttle

b ro w se d to fa tn ess. S lo w ly b u t su rely

thp. b lu e o f th e h ills d eep en ed as m en

re cla im e d th e v irg in w ild s to th e brin k

o f th e N epean . B e y o n d , w h ere th e sun

d ip p ed b eh in d th e r o llin g h e ig h ts at

ev e n in g , all w a s m y stery . A t lo n g in tervals,

sm all p a rtie s o f w a y w o rn m en w ou ld

e m e r g e fr o m th e ra v in es in th e h illsid

es, a n d te ll o f jo u r n e y s in to th e ro ck y

fastn esses w h e re solitu d e and m a je sty sat

h an d in h a n l ; te ll o f days o f a w esom e

s o jo u r n a m id st u n sca le a b le c liffs a n d im ­

p e n e tra b le fo r e s ts ; te ll o f p r iv a tio n and

d a n g ers as ro m a n tic as th o se e n co u n te r­

ed in th e jo u r n e y s o f C ortez o r P iz a rro.

T h e sp irit o f a d v e n tu re u rg ed m en on,


an d every su cceed in g fa ilu re added zest

to the c o n flic t betw een m an k ind and the

M ou ntains. A n d so, fo r o v e r a sco r e o f

y ea rs, w h ile this u n eq u a l b a ttle w as bein

g silen tly w aged, the little strip o f

la n d that la y betw ixt th e P a cific and th e

M ou n tain b a rrier w as p eop led , cu ltiv ated

and sto ck e d and p rog ress seem ed to sleep.

GREGORY BLAXLAND.

...... '■ "" 'U ib b s a a H K K n n

G overn or M acquarie knew th at leth a rg y

o f this so rt was fatal. H is desire was

to lift his C olon y ou t o f the dream y langu

or that pervaded the S outhern seas and

fo u n d a v irile o ffs h o o t o f th e stron gest

colo n izin g fo r c e the w orld h as ever k n ow n

H e knew th a t the b u ild in g o f great cities

w as not to be h oped fo r in a la n d -lock ed

con tin en t and that co m m e rce lim ited to

I the p roduct o f fo u r th ou san d square m iles

j o f a gricu ltu ra l land w ou ld never th ron g

|the fin est p ort in the S outhern H em isph

ere w ith m erchantm en. T h e d oin gs o f

D aw es ( 1 7 8 9 ) , P aterson ( 1 7 9 3 ), H osk in g

( 1 7 9 4 ) , B ass (1 7 9 6 ), W ilso n ( 1 7 9 8 ), B ar j

i

ra llie r (1 8 0 2 ) a n d " C ayley ( 1 8 0 4 ) , w ere

w a tch e d w ith th e d eep est in terest. H ope

refu sed to d ie e v en w hen , o n e b y one,

th ese galla n t m en retu rn ed to add a n o th ­

e r fa ilu r e to th e list. T h e fa in t-h e a rte d

p ron o u n ce d th e con q u est o f the ro ck y

b a rrie r as im p o ssib le . It w as fo o lis h ­

n ess akin to m adness, th is s triv in g to

ureak th rou g h an o b sta cle erected b y the

A lm ig h ty to se t a lim it to m a n ’s a m b ition .

B u t h ow m any th in g s are p r o n o u n ce d im ­

p o ssib le u n til th ey h ave been a cco m ­

p lish e d ? G od d oes n o t p u t fe tte rs upon

a m b itio n , n o r say to m an, “ th us far

s b a lt th ou g o , and n o fu r th e r .” A m b ition

is th e P rom eth ea n fir e , th e D ivin e sp a rk ,

w h ich w arm s a n d illu m in a tes the sou ls

o f m en , and g iv e s co u ra g e to en d ea vou rs,

and stren gth to s a crifice , w h ich sets the

Jfe e t o f ea rn est m en firm ly on th e p in ­

n a cles o f the w o rld , sh ield s th em in the

a byss and d isco v e rs to th eir fa ith fu l eyes

the fro z e n se cre ts o f the p oles. W ith

the y ea r 1813 ca m e d isaster to th e C olon

ists. D ro u g h t in its sev erest fo r m fell

u p on them . S tock d ied h elp less, t h e r e 1

w as n o ou tle t— n o re lie f cou n try . A f - '

flu e n c e tu rn ed to in d ig e n ce and the

w o r k o f y ea rs seem ed fa te d to d e stru c­

tion . The h u n g ry eyes o f h ard y m en

tu rn ed to th e H ills. W as th ere n o g a te- 1

w a y ? N o passa ge to fresh fie ld s and

pastu res n ew ? A m orta l n eed w as u pon

th em . A n d lo ! fr o m the m id st o f d ire j

n ecessity ca m e su ccou r, and H e w h o f i r s t 1

let in th e d a y lig h t u pon th e d a rk n ess o f

j this earth e lu cid a te d the th in gs w hich

|w ere o f use to h u m an ity b y the a g e n cy

o f H is servan ts. G regory B la x la n d h ad

j a fa r m at S ou th C reek , n ear W in d sor.

H e w a s a q u ie t m an , b u t u n d e r his quiet

e x te rio r th ere w as th e in d om ita b le c o u r ­

age a n d the re s o lu te p u rp o se o f the l rue

e x p lo re r. H e h ad gain ed th e co n fid e n ce

o f G ov ern or M a cq u a rie, a m an o f s tro n g ­

ly en te rp risin g n a tu re w h o, in 1 8 1 0 , attem

p ted to p e n e tra te th e M ou n tain ra n ge

by th e W a rra n g a m b a river. T h is exp

e d itio n fa ile d , as a ls o did a secon d attem

p t m ade b y B la x la n d , w h o , th is tim e,

essayed to rea ch th e h ig h la n d , w h ich app

ea red to run w estw a rd b etw een th e W a r ­

ra n g a m b a a n d G rose rivers. On th is

o cca sio n , th e a b o rig in a l servants fa ile d

him , and he re s o lv e d n ot to d ep en d on

the n atives in h is n ext tria l. H e w as

ce rta in th e u n d e r ta k in g cou ld be ca rrie d

o u t s u cc e ssfu lly , d esp ite a ll th e p rev iou s

fa ilu re s. W ith th e con sen t o f the G ove

rn o r, w ho a p p ro v e d o f h is plan s to

reach th e m ain ta b lela n d a n d to k e e p to

the sou th o f th e s o u rc e o f a ll tr ib u ta r y J

strea m s ru n n in g in a n o rth e rly d ir e ctio n 1

to th e G rose riv e r, h e again set o u t on j

T u esd a y , M ay 1 1 th , 1 813, a c co m p a n ie d !


W IL L IA M C H A R L E S W E N T W O R T H .

by L ieu ten a n t L aw son and W illia m C h arles

W e n tw o rth , fo u r servan ts and fo u r pack

h orses. E m u F ord w as crossed and th e

dev oted p a rty cam p ed in the sh adow o f

the earth gian ts, w h ich fo r th ou sa n d s o f

years had s to o d gu ard o v er a C on tin en t

and fo r a quarter o f a cen tu ry h ad b a ffled

th e attem p ts o f b ra v e m en to w rest i

th eir secret fro m th em , but w hich n ow j

w ere fated to relin q u ish th e k ey o f the

g o ld e n w est ere the. w axin g and w anin g

o f a n oth er m oon . T h e deta iled h istory

o f th e p orten teou s tw en ty days that

lapsed fr o m the strik in g o f th e cam p at

the fo o t o f M ountains to th e m om en t

w hen , w ith ey es d im m ed by g ra te fu l tears

the v a lia n t tr io gazed fr o m th e n oble pin ­

n a cle o f M ou n t Y o r k in to th e W estern

va le is w ell know n. T h e rou te ch osen j

w as a co n tin u ou s rid g e w in d in g a b ou t

in g rea t ben d s, but b ea rin g a w estern ten ­

den cy. On either h an d w ere p recip itou s

c liffs fa llin g sheer in to the valleys. T h e

p e cu lia r r id g e was co v e re d w ith dense

scru b w h ich had to be hew n th rou g h .

; A ll a ttem p ts to e v a d e its m assed v e g e ­

ta tion e n d ed in fa ilu re , th e party b ein g

b ro u g h t to a halt o n th e b rin k o f vertic

a l ch asm s h undreds o f fe e t deep. H orse

fe e d g o t sca rcer w ith each d a y ’s travel.

On the fir s t Sunday, the party rested ,

and it w as then th a t th e m a rv ellou s solitu

d e b egan to h ave p o w e rfu l e ffe ct, b lc x -

j la n d ’s jo u r n a l n aiv ely sta tes: “ T h e leis-

: u re a ffo r d e d opportu n ity fo r th e m en 10

; ru m in ate u p on th e d a n g er to an extent

|th at at on e tim e m ade fu r t h e r p r o g re ss

j d o u b tfu l.” O f th is p o r tio n o f th e M ou n t-

j ains, H en ry H a c k in g (e x -q u a rte r m a ster

j H .M .S. S iriu s) h a d w ritte n 19 y e a rs bej

fo r e : “ W e saw b u t on e n a tiv e in th is deso

la te re g io n , a n d he fle d a f o u r ap-

! p r o a c h .” G o v e rn o r K in g , co m m e n tin g up

I on G e o rg e C a le y ’s exp e d itio n o f .1804,

w h ich w as u p o n th e rig h t tr a c k , but

o n ly rea ch ed as fa r as L in d e n , says:

“ A s resp ects t b » e x ten sion o f a g ricu ltu re

— th a t id e a m u st b e g iv en up. T h e r o ck s

a re b a rre n and fo r b id d in g , stra n g e to m en

a n im a ls and b ir d s .” T h e re w as a h u m orist

in O aley’s p a rty w h o , u p o n seein g tw o

v e ry s o lita ry lo o k in g crow;*, said, “ The

p o o r b ird s h av e lo s t th e ir w a y .” B la x-

la n d ’s p a rty a d v a n ce d at th e ra te o f a

m ile and a h a lf o n so m e days. On th e sev

en th day ou t, th e h o rse s w e re b ro u g h t alo

n g a cle a re d tr a c k a little o v e r six

m iles, ca rry in g a n a d d itio n a l b u rd en o f

g ra ss fo r th eir o w n fo o d . W ater had

to b e lifte d fr o m a depth o f 600 feet. On

th e e ig h th d a y th e rid g e n a rro w e d to i

a b o u t 60 fee.t w id e, and p r o g re s s w as o b - 1

stru cte d by a p e r p e n d icu la r r o ck a b o u t

30 fe e t h igh. B y r e m o v in g som-3 la rg e

lo o s e portion/?, a p a ssa ge w as e ffe cte d .

T h is sp ot is n o w k n ow n as L in d en . T n o

n ext d a y ’ s p r o g r e s s p u t th e p a rty to the

“ fu rth e s t w e s t” p o in t e v e r reach ed hy

w h ite m an. T h e ten th d a y ’ s jo u r n e y saw

th e ca m p p itch e d m id w a y b e t w e e i ila ;:e l-

b r o o k a n d L a w son . F o u r m iles w a s acco

m p lish e d o n th e fo llo w in g d ay, May

2 1st, w hen th e e x p e d itio n w as on the

spot n o w o c c u p ie d by W e n tw o rth F a lis.

It w as h ere th a t th e p a rty w e re in d a n g er

o f an a tta ck b y th e b la ck s. On th e 2 2nd

o f M a y ’ th ey c o v e r e d 8 % m iles and ret.ched

a p o in t b e tw e e n L eu ra and K a ty om b a ,

o v e r lo o k in g K a n im b la V a lley. A n attem

p t w as m ade to d escen d , but w ith no

su ccess. T h e y n ow to o k a m ore n o rth ­

e rly co u rse, a n d it is p r o b a b le th a t th e

o ld tr e e , b etw een K a to o m b a and M ed low

B a th , w as m a rk e d on th e 2 3 rd o f M ay.

T h e site o f B la ck h e a th w as passed on

th e 2 7 th . N e x t d a y , as th e sun w as

settin g , the n o w w ea ry and ra g g e d baud

h alted o n th e e d g e o f a p recip ice . B e­

lo w th em , in th e sla n tin g g o ld e n ra y s lay

a cres o f w e ll-g ra s s e d land. N ot a ctu a lly !

the. p la in s o f th e in te rio r, b u t th e th resh ­

o ld o f th at m ig h ty re g io n w h ich has

p o u re d its w e a lth a lo n g th e b la zed tra ck

fo r fiv e sco re y e a rs in e v e r in cre a sin g

strea m s. A t th a t m om en t. N ew S ou th

W a le s cea sed to b e a m ere settlem en t, ft

b e ca m e on e o f the. g ra n d est S tates in th e

m ost firm ly fo u n d e d E m p ire th e w o rld l>a ■

seen. T h is ffict w as realized by G o v ern or

I M acqu arie w ith a d m ira b le a la crity . T h e


2 5

[ n o t ca rry much, g rea te r s ig n ific a n ce tlia r

|“ p r o v id in g p a stu ra g e to th e fine: flo ck s

i o f m erin o s h e e p ,” b u t to th e m en o f the

p rese n t d a y , w ho h av e th e a d v a n ta g e o f

ta k in g a re tro s p e ctiv e v ie w , th e a ccom ­

p lish m e n t o f th e c r o s s in g h as a trem e n d ­

o u s p u rp o rt. S u rely it is p a rd o n a b le fo r

us t o ta k e p r id e in aucli a ch ievem en ts

b y o u r co m p a trio ts. B rita in has reared

sp len d id son s and n on e m ore w orth y o f

h o n o r than th ese th ree—

B L A X L A N D , W E N T W O R T H & L A W S O N .

T H E B L U E M O U N T A IN S — 1 8 1 3 -1 9 1 3 .

1813.

WILLIAM LAWSON.

n ew s o f th e a ch ievem en t no soon er rea ch ­

ed h im th an he set in m otion a ll th e

, G overn m en ta l m ach in ery at his disposal.

M r. G eorge VV. E vans, on e o f th e a s s is t -'

. ant land su rv eyors, w as in stru cted to fo l-

i lo w th e tra il o f th e P io n e e r party and to

i ascertain th e gen eral p rop erties o f the

j soil to th e w estw ard o f th e M ountains.

A tten d ed b y fir e m en , E van s retrod the

M ountain pass and, a fte r a seven w eek s’

trip , retu rn ed to rep o rt a jo u rn e y o f 150

m iles in la n d , in w h ich h e h ad fo u n d " an

exten sion o f tilla ge and pasture land su f­

ficie n t fo r a cen tu ry to c o m e ." H e p’.s o

rep o rte d a riv er w h ich G overn or M acq

u a rie, in a desp atch , said, “ w as su p p osed

to em p ty itself in to th e o cea n on th e !

w estern sid e o f N.S. W a les at a d istance

o f fr o m tw o to th ree h u n d red m iles fro m

th « term in a tion o f th e tow n . T his

w ou ld m ean that th e w estern coa st o f i

A u stra lia w as su p p osed at th at tim e to |

be a h u n d red m iles th is sid e o f C on d oblin

R ut. as lim ited as w as the estim ate « f

M acqu arie, the stream o f h um an ity set

tow a rd s th e new la n d s; flo ck s and h erds

w e re soon fa tten in g u p on the n u tritiou s

; grasses, a n d year by year, th rou g h the

! M ou ntain pass, the w ains w ent forth

w ith th e m erch a n d ise fr o m o th er lands,

and retu rn ed to tile sea laden w ith i

' fle e ce s. T h e cra m p in g fetters o f th e |

H ills h ad b een b rok en . F rom an a fe a o f

4000 sq u a re m iles, N ew South W ales had

: spread in a n .om en t to g rea ter diir.enj

sion s than m any o f the E u rop ea n K in g- •

|dom s. T o the sim p le m ind o f B iax-

| land, th e a ch ievem en t o f cro ssin g did

T h e ra n g es r o s e lik e ra m p a rts in their

w a y ;

P r o te c tin g fr o m th e ir a rd en t eyes, the

sigh t

O f secrets h id d e n in a co u n try , g re y

W ith im m e m o ria l a g e s o f th e n igh t.

L o n g , h ad th o se m ou n ta in s tem pted

F a n c y ’s w in gs,

Y e t sn apped th e p a th s o f m a n y darin g

feet.

B u t w h en th e w a rm b lo o d o f th e B ritish

sin g s

In V e n tu re ’ s p a ssion — w h at w ith sta n d s

its h e a t?

E v e r, th e fe w —

T h e fie r y fe w , it is, w h o d riv e

T h e ir fla s h in g so u ls in to th e n earer

N ig h t

A n d w ith th e e v il d a rk n ess striv e ,

T h a t ro u n d th e ir b r o th e r s ’ fe e t there

m a y b e lig h t.

E v e r, th e fe w !

F r o m ten d e r E n g lish la n e and la w n ,

F r o m la n d o l tra n q u il b rea th ,

T h ey cam e to to il w h ere ch a sm s yaw n

W ith r o c k y ja w s o f death.

T h e m o u n ta in th ic k e t’s a rm s w ere w id e,

T h e m ou n ta in g o rg e w as d e e p ;

T h e y th ru st i.he th ic k e t’s a rm s asid e

A n d p a n ted u p th e eteep .

A llu re d by o n e appea l a lon e—

T h e ir s o u ls ’ in siste n t ca ll—

T h e y w restled w ith th e g re a t U n k now n

An,d clu tc h e d th e ir cou rse th ro u g h ail.

A n d w h en , at last, fr o m Y o r k 's stu p en d ­

ou s rise,

T h e b ea m in g m ea d ow s r o lle d beneath

th eir eyes.

H o w lea p ed th e ir v o ice s in th e m ou n ta in

a ir!


H ow leaped th eir hearts to see the

rich n ess th ere!

F o r them , to -d a y , o u r reveren ce app ears—

Tlig. first o f all o u r fearless pion eers.

F o r {'W en tw orth ’s, , B la x la n d ’ s , ' L a w son ’ s

nam es shall sM ne

T h e fore m o st, alw ays, o f th at g lo rio u s

line.

A n d th eir h ig h cou ra g e and th e ir gra n ite

w ill

L iv e in th e hearts o f tru e A u stra l­

ians, still!

1913.

A h u n d red years! N ow , all the w onders

see

W ro u g h t by the fin g ers o f a cen tu ry.

T h e rid g e w h ich , th en , th e stu b b orn bush

b estrod e,

H as lo n g been con q u ered by a cu n n in g

road.

W h e re th en , th e clo a k o f d esola tion lay,

T h e h u m m in g tow n ship s stand and th rive

to-day.

W h ile th rou g h th em rush, in stream s

that n ever cease,

T h e sw ellin g stores o f m etal, grain and

fleece—

A s y ie ld s th e g low in g con tin en ta l heart,

Its treasu res fo r th e roa rin g city m art.

T h e slen d er fewr, u p on a n arrow stran d.

H ave g row n to m illion s in a m igh ty land.

B e-rin g ed it was, w ith vast and sailless

Seas

A n d n ow h e r co m m e rce flo w s th rou g h

cro w d e d quays.

T h e h elots h eld by strip es and anguish ,

then,

H ave g iv en place to fr e e and h appy m en.

* * * *

W ith ea rn est eyes th at fe a r o r th reaten

j none,

1A u stra lia tu rn s to m eet th e risin g sun!

— C .P.

T H E D A Y .

T h e m orn in g o f th e 28th b rok e b ea u tifu

lly clea r, but v e ry co ld . T he early

sun rays s h o t o v er th e h ills w ith th e

b rig h tn ess o f p o lish e d steel, and th e

a cco m p a n y in g gen tle breeze b ore on its

w in gs a ch illn ess th at m igh t have com e

d ir e ct fro m the A n ta rctic. T h e e x p ectant

M ou ntaineers w ere a lert and rea d y

fo r th e g re a t festiv a l at an ea rly h ou r,

1and th e b lu e sm ok e ro se p erp en d icu la rly

fro m every h abitation in p rep aration fo r

I th e m o rn in g m eal. Im m ed iately a fte r

| b rea k fa st th e peop le m ov ed fo rth to view

th e d e cora tion s o f th eir several tow n ­

ships. K a toom b a w as fe sto o n e d w ith

the co lo r s o f the G ov ern or in broa d

bands o f ribbon . Japanese lantern s in

I every co n ce iv a b le c o lo r h u n g a cro ss the

m ain th o ro u g h fa re s , th e G reat W e ste rn

1 ro a d b e in g e x ce e d in g ly lavish in its disp

lay. F r o m a ll p u b lic b u ild in g s a n d the

p rin cip a l b u sin ess h ou ses h u n g b u n tin g

o f a ll so rts ; th e m ost p r e d o m in a n t bein

g th e S ta r-crossed fla g o f A u stra lia ,

th e U nion J a ck and th e S tars and S tripes j

o f th e U n ited States. T h e e ffe c t w as as I

p retty as it w as v a ri-co lo re d , a n d it i s ;

c e rta in K a to o m b a n e v e r lo o k e d g a y e r .1

A t a little b e fo r e 10 a .m ., a co n tin g e n t o f

ch ild re n 300 stron g , fr o m th e K a toom b a*

P u b lic S ch o o l, m a rch ed , u n d er th e co m ­

m and o f M r. M. D unne and his s ta ff, to

th e ra ilw a y sta tio n , th ere to m e e t the

train set a p a rt fo r th e tra n sp o rt o f th e '

1s ch o la r s ea st o f M ou n t V icto ria . A s

K a to o m b a w a s o n e o f th e last le v ie s to

be ta k en u p, th e re w as so m e d iffic u lty in

fin d in g ro o m , b u t b y a p roce ss o f p ack ­

in g , g o o d h u m o re d ly b o rn e by th e happy

ju v e n ile s , th e fe a t w as a cco m p lish e d and

th e train stea m ed ou t to w a rd s M ount

V ic to r ia a v e rita b le fo r e s t o f m in ia tu re

fla g s w a v in g fr o m its w in d o w s a n d lusty

ch eers risin g fr o m its tig h tly -w e d g e d

b u rd en , h e a rd u n til th e fir s t r o ck cu ttin g

w as passed. B y th is tim e, h u n d reds o f

a d u lts had g a th e re d on th e p la tfo r m ,

a w a itin g th e fo llo w in g train s, w h ich cam e

a lo n g w ith a tire d and la ck a d a isica l air

w h ich su g g e ste d a p r o fo u n d a p a th y on

th e p a rt o f th e ra ilw a y d ep a rtm en t as to

w h en and b y w h o m th e M ou n ta in s w ere

fir s t cro sse d . T h e H y d ro M a je stic w as a

b la ze o f c o lo r a n d m ade a p retty p ictu re

in th e m o r n in g lig h t. A lo n g th e G reat

W e ste rn ro a d , w h ich is p r a c tica lly the

old tr a c k o f th e p io n e e rs, v e h icle s o f e v ­

e ry d e scrip tio n fr o m a sp rin g ca rt to a

m o d e rn m o to r ca r, m a d e w e stw a rd in

g rea t n u m bers. M any p e d e stria n s m ade

a p ilg rim a g e to th e M arked T ree, w hich

h ad been d e c o ra te d fo r th e o c c a s io n by

th e M u n icip al C ou n cil. B la ck h e a th w as

a lso in e x ce p tio n a l gala a rra y , its M ain

i Street b e in g p a rt o f th e o rig in a l track.

■T h e sta tion h o u se s a t b o th M ed low B ath

' and B la ck h ea th w e re a rtistica lly trim m ed

j in g re e n e ry and b u n tin g , sh o w in g great

taste o n th e p a rt o f th o se w h o h ad ch a rg e

o f th a t w o rk . A s if to k eep th e tr a v e llin

g p u b lic a liv e to th e m o d e .}f J ravel

u sed b y th e e x p lo re rs, th re e sw agm en

' w ere seen tr u d g in g a lo n g th e o ld road

m a k in g s lo w ly b u t su rely t o w a r is the

p la in s b ey on d . A t M ou n t V icto ria , n ever

w as seen su ch e n e rg e tic bustle. T h e

! q u iet tow n sh ip seem ed to b e su rp rised

fr o m a R ip -V a n -W in k le slu m b e r in to a

w id e -a w a k e h o sp ita lity . F r o m th e ra ilw

a y sta tion to th e Im p e ria l h o te l, the

v is ito rs p o u re d in a c o n tin u ou s stream [


27

Cr. * C. BERGHOFER,

Father of the Celebrations.

u n d er th e D eautnul d ecora tion s. T h e '

Im p eria l v era n d a h g lea m ed w ith n aval j

a nd m ilita ry u n ifo rm and th e sheen o f ]

silk e n top -h a ts, on ly b ro u g h t to lig h t on

State occa sion s. T he M ou ntain w orth ies

fra tern ized w ith th e w orth ies o f the

C ity, th e State, th e C om m on w ealth and

I th e E m p ire. A fte r th e fo rm a litie s o f intr

o d u ctio n , every m an d rop p ed into- that

easy a ssocia tion w hich co m e s n atu rally

w hen m en m eet to d o h o n o r to th e m ei

o ry o f th e n o b le dead. T h e ch oicest bit

o f d e cora tio n in th e w h o le festiv a l was

on th at sh o rt b it o f road fro m th e P ost

O ffic e to th e m ain gate o f th e park. It

w as b ow ered in fern s, and arch ed by tw o

very g ra ce fu l span s o f fo lia g e . A sq u a d ­

ron o f N .S .W . L a n cers p ran ced g a ily a lo n g

th is p o r tio n o f th e road a t 11 o ’clo ck to

ta k e up a p osition as g u a rd o f h o n o r in

th e P a rk and w h a t w ith th e gloss o f the

w e ll-g ro o m e d h orses, th e g litte r o f silver

a ccou tre m e n ts, th e g r a c e fu l disp osition

o f w a v in g fe rn s, th e to u ch e s o f b rig h t

c o lo u r in th e b u n tin g, th e sm art escort

! w ith slen d er la n ces at rest and pennants

|w a vin g in th e crisp b reeze and th e w ell-

! d ressed o n lo o k e rs, th e scen e w as a g or-

|g e o u s and anim ated on e, n ever to be fo r-

1 g o tte n in th e h istory o f M ou nt V ictoria .

In th e p a rk the sch o o l ch ild ren w ere disposed

in square on th e risin g grou n d im ­

m ed ia tely fa c in g th e p la tform . A la rg e

sheet at th e rea r o f th e dais b o re the

n am es o f th e E x p lorers, o v e r an en larged

p ictu re o f K in g G eorg e IV and th e R oyal

C oat o f A rm s. On the le ft o f th ese was

th e n am e o f G overn or M acquarie 1813, i.nd

on th e r ig h t th a t o f L o rd D enm an, 1913.

A fa n fa r e o f b u g le s a n n ou n ced th e ap--

p roach o f th e G o v e rn o r, and th e stra in s

o f “ G od S ave th e K in g ” flo a te d o v e r ilie

vast th r o n g as th e V ice R e g a l p a rty step p

' ed in to v ie w . T h e re w as n ow a co n co u rse

; o f fu lly 8 0 0 0 p e o p le a n d ev e ry p o in t o f

! van ta g e w as ta k en up. T h e s ch o o l ch ild

ren n u m b e red 1 2 0 0 , d r a fte d fr o m P a rra ­

m atta, P r o sp e ct, L a w son , L e u ra , K a to o m ­

ba and B la ck h e a th on th e east, and P o r t­

land, W a lle r a w a n g , M a rra n g a roo, B ow en

fels, L ith g o w , O a k ey P a rk and H a rtle y

V a le on th e w est. T h e y w e re m arsh allet

in to p la ce by th e ir re sp ectiv e teach ers

and e v e ry th in g w o r k e d in p e r fe c t o rd e r.

T h e re ce p tio n g iv e n to the. G o v e rn o r by

th e ch ild re n w as v e ry e ffe c tiv e , th ree

h earty ch e e rs and th e w a v in g o f 1200

fla g s b e in g a w e lco m e th a t any m an

m igh t b e p r o u d o f. A fte r th e banquet,

the e s co rt o f L a n cers fo rm e d up o p p o site

the Im p e ria l h o te l u n d e r th e com m a n d

! o f C aptain H u d son . A s so o n as th e G ove

rn o r and h is p a rty w e re sea ted in th eir

m otor, th e short sh a rp w o rd o f com m a n d

cam e fr o m C aptain H u d son “ A tte n tio n !

F o r m — e s c o r t !” a n d th e L a n cers fe ll in -

kto th e ir p r e scrib e d p la ce s a n d th e h is-

|toric p r o ce ssio n s ta rte d fo r th e scen e o f

the fin ish o f th e jo u r n e y o f 100 y ea rs

a sp ecia l c a r b e in g e n g a g e d fo r th e d escen

d ants o f the E x p lo re rs, a ll o f w hom

w ere ch e e r e d as th e y m o to r e d by. F u lly

5000 p e o p le w en t to M ou n t Y o r k to w itness

th e u n v e ilin g c e r e m o n y ; p r o b a b ly th e

greatest m u ltitu d e th a t th e M ou ntain

spu r w ill see u n til th e y ea r 2 0 1 3 . T h e

g rea t ce re m o n y w as c o m p le te d at a b o u t

th e sam e h o u r (5 .3 0 p .m .) in w h ich th e

E x p lorers a rriv e d a t th e s p o t on e h undred

y ea rs a g o. B e lo w , th e H a rtle y V a l­

ley sp rea d its p e a c e fu l fie ld s , and th e

lo n g W e s te rn ro a d s b ra n ch e d th ro u g h th e

V alley to th e d ista n t h ills. T h e sun wen

dow n b eh in d M ou n t B la x la n d . T h e day

w as d o n e ; a p a ra g ra p h in A u stra lia n

h istory h a d been w ritte n and th e b ra v e

had been h on o re d .

AT MOUNT VICTORIA.

T h e V ic e R e g a l p a rty a rriv e d at M ou n t

V icto ria b y sp ecia l train a t 11 o ’c lo c k ,

a b ou t h a lf-a n -h o u r b e h in d tim e. T h e distin

g u ish ed v isito rs in clu d e d H is E x ce l­

len cy th e State G o v e rn o r, S ir G erald

S trick la n d , a tte n d e r b y Capt. T a lb o t, H is

E x ce lle n cy A d m ira l S ir G eorg e K in g H all,

K .C .B . and sta ff, a n d th ey w e re w e lco m ­

ed on a lig h tin g on th e p la tfo r m by Mr.

F ran k W a lk e r , P r e sid e n t o f th e A u stra l­

ian H isto rica l S o cie ty , th e P r e sid e n t o f

the B lu e M ou n ta in S h ire, Cr. J. T . W a ll, j

j the P r e sid e n t o f th e B la x la n d S h ire, Cr. !

i.___j J- W . B e rg h o fe r, th e M a yor o f K a to o m - j


T h e ch ild re n h a v in g su n g “ L et th e

H ills R e s o u n d ,” H is E x ce lle n cy S ir

G erald S trick la n d a d d ressed th e “ b o y s

and g ir ls .” H e sa id he h ad been h o n ­

o red by an in v ita tio n to a d d ress th em on

th e d ay th e y w e re ce le b ra tin g . H e

w ou ld ta k e th e k e y n o te fr o m th e a p ­

peal m a d e t o th em b y M r. R e a y to d o

h o n o r to th em selv es th at d ay, and n o t

on ly th a t d a y b u t e v e ry day. T h e h istory

o f th o se w h o had don e h o n o r to

th em selv es, th e ir co u n try and th e B ritth

e ir b est to r e fle c t h o n o r o n th em selv es,

th eir te a ch e rs a n d co n d u cto rs.

T h e p r o ce e d in g s co m m e n ce d w ith th e

h ym n o f th a n k sg iv in g , “ T h e O ld H u n ­

d r e d th ,” a fte r w h ich M r. W a lk e r said th ey

w ore a ll d e lig h te d to h ave th e ir E x ce lle n ­

cies w ith th em , as th ey w e re a ssem b led

on w h at w ou ld be a m em o ra b le o cca sio n .

T h e ir fu n c tio n h a d begu n w ell. T h ey

had b een fa v o re d w ith d e lig h tfu l w ea th e r

and he w as su re th a t as th e day h ad b e ­

gu n, so it w ou ld con tin u e to th e en d .

H e n ow h ad m u ch p lea su re in a sk in g H is

E x ce lle n cy th e G o v e rn o r to b e k in d en ­

ou g h to n am e th e p a rk . (C h e e r s ).

H is E x ce lle n cy , S ir G erald S trick la n d ,

w ho w as re ce iv e d w ith ch e e rs, said he

had th e h o n o r, by th e in v ita tion o f th e

I com m itte e , to d e d ica te th e p a rk as “ Mt.

V icto ria P a r k ” in p e rp e tu a l co m m e m o ra ­

tion o f th e day, and o f th e even t o f 100

years ago.

THE OBELISK AT MOUNT YORK.

: ba, A id . G eorg e D avies, th e M ayor o f B at

! u rst, A id . R ig b y and o th er m em bers o f

j the C en ten ary C om m ittee. A gu ard o f

h on or w as d raw n up on th e p la tform and

th e R o y a l A rtille ry Band played th e “ N ation

a l A n th e m .” A fte r m a k in g a b rie f in ­

sp ection o f th e gu ard o f h o n o r and also a

d eta ch m en t o f th e A u stralian L an cers, und

e r Capt. E. A . K . H u d son , w hich fo r m ­

ed th e e scort, th eir E x cellen cies and th e (

oth er v isito rs en tered m otors and w ere

driven to th e Im p eria l h o te l, w h ere th e _

rece p tio n to o k p la ce and w h ere, subsequently’,

a la rg e num ber o f th e d escen d ­

ants o f th e E x p lorers w ere in trod u ced .

P rom in en t a m on g st th ese w ere M r. C.

R. B laxland and his d a u g h ter M iss R u th

B laxlan d , M r. F red B laxlan d o f C oom ber,

Mr. E d w in B laxland and Mrs. R. J. A.

R o b e rts, a g ra n d daughter.

T h ese fo rm a litie s o v e r, a m ove w as

m ade fo r the P ark, w h ere the ch ild ren

w ere a lrea d y m assed, fla n k ed by m ilitary

a nd n a v a l cadets. T h e R oyal A rtille ry

band a n d th e L ith g ow band w ere in a t­

ten d a n ce, and, as the d istin g u ish ed v is ­

ito rs m ou n ted th e g a ily -d ecora ted p la t­

fo rm , played th e “ N ational A n th em .” T h e

scen e fro m the fro n t w as an exceed in g ly

im p ressiv e on e as th e vast assem blage

m u st h a v e n u m bered betw een e ig h t and

ten th ou san d persons.

M r. A . E. R e a y , th e co n d u cto r, sp ok e a

fe w w o rd s o f en cou ra g em en t to the ch ild ­

ren , p o in tin g o u t .to th em th e im p ortan ce

o f th e o cca sio n and u rg in g them to d o

WILLIAM COX— T h e fir s t road-makcr.

C h eers w e re th en g iv e n fo r th e ir E x ­

ce lle n cie s th e G o v e rn o r and th e A d m ira l.


( > 2 { > U l v » k 3


29

ish race fro m w hich they had all sp ru ng,

sh ou ld b e an in cen tiv e to th em to d o

th e ir d u ty w ith the h elp and gu id a n ce o f

P rovid en ce. In lea rn in g th eir lesson s

th ey m ig h t th in k it a m atter o f sm all im ­

porta n ce, w h eth er they passed th eir exa

m in a tion s th is year o r next year. A nd

it m ig h t be rem ark ed th a t it was n o t a

m a tter o f su ch great im p orta n ce if the

M ou ntains h ad been crossed at the b e­

gin n in g o f th is cen tu ry, o r n inety years

a g o, o r la ter. B u t it w as, h ow ev er, a

m a tter o f th e grea test im p ortan ce to each

o f th em , and to a n ation and cou n try , to

d o to -d a y at on ce— and w ell, w h a tever

cou ld he don e and n ot p u t it o f f till to ­

m o rro w o r next year o r later. (A p p la u s e ).

T h a t w as th e grea test fe a tu r e o f th e exa

m p le set by B laxland and his collea g u es

in th eir stren u ou s d eterm in a tion to o v ercom

e every ob sta cle a t a ll cost. I f th e

b o y s and g irls fo llo w e d in th e sam e w ay

|th ey w o u ld m eet w ith th e sam e success and

I rew ards. A lth ou g h the B lue M ountains

j had been crossed th ere w ere still m an y

o th e r th in gs to be a ch ieved in life fo r

th em selv es and th eir fa m ilies, th eir

cou n try and th e B ritish race. (C h e e rs).

“ A d v a n ce, A u stra lia F a ir ” w as co n trib ­

uted b y the ch ild ren and was fo llo w e d by

a sele ctio n b y th e band.

GEORGE WILLIAM EVANS,

Surveyor and Discoverer of Bathurst

Plains.

Merriment at Mediow Bath.

E M P IR E D A Y .

T h o u g h F r id a y w as m a rk ed by e x tra illu

m in a tion s, S a tu rd ay w as th e re c o g n is ­

ed E m p ire D ay. It w as a lso th e o p e n ­

in g d a y o f th e w e e k ’s fe stiv ity in c o m ­

m e m o ra tio n o f th e cro ssin g . A t an ea rly

h o u r, y o u n g M e d io w w as astir. A fte r

b e in g a ssem b led and a d d ressed on th e

s u b je c t o f E m p ire D ay— its m ea n in g and I

its m ora ls— th e . ch ild re n w ere e n terta in ­

ed a t “ G le n a ra ,” each ch ild b e in g p re se n t­

ed w ith s o u v e n ir b o o k s . N eed less to

a d d th e d a y w a s h a p p ily spen t b y th e

y o u n g brigade-

In th e e v e n in g , th e C asino at th e H y ­

d ro M a je stic w as th e scen e o f a fin e en ­

te rta in m e n t, th e fo llo w in g c o n tr ib u tin g to

th e h a rm on y — M isses M a cD on ald , C liffo

rd , M u sg rove, M essrs N eill, M oore and

M aster L oosen .

A b o u t 75 to u rists p u t in a d a y h ere o v e r

th e w eek en d , th e. m a jo r ity g o in g o u t to

J e n ola n C aves.

C E N T E N A R Y C E L E B R A T IO N S .

T h e r e s i d e n t s o f M e d i o w B a t h w o r k e d h a r d

t o f i t t i n g l y c e le b r a t e t h e ir p a r t in t h e C e n t e n ­

a r y , a n d t h e p r e t t y l i t t l e t o w n s h i p w a s o n e o l

t h e m o s t p i c t u r e s q u e o n t h e M o u n t a i n s . T h e

o w n e r o f t h e H y d r o M a j e s t i c , a s w e ll a s v i s i ­

t o r s t o t h a t f a r -f a m e d r e s o r t , e n t e r e d i n t o t h e

p r o je c t o f t h e lo c a l r e s i d e n t s w ith s p i r i t , a n d

m u c h o f t h e s u c c e s s t h a t a t t e n d e d t h e f u n c ­

t i o n s a t M e d i o w B a t h w a s d u e t o M r a n d M r s

M a r k F o y , a b ly a s s i s t e d b y M r G . L o o s e n ,

t h e m a n a g e r . T h e m a i n c e r e m o n y o f t h e d a y

w a s t h e l a y i n g o f t h e f o u n d a t i o n s t o n e o f a

m e m o r i a l d r i n k i n g f o u n t a in s u b s c r ib e d f o r b y

th e p e o p le . T h e S t a t e P r e m ie r , M r J a s . M c ­

G o w a n , p e r f o r m e d t h e c e r e m o n y , a n d in t h e

c o u r s e o f h is r e m a r k s s a id it w a s a v e r y a p p r o

p r ia t e w a y t o h o n o r t h e m e m o r y o f t h e E x ­

p l o r e r s , b e c a u s e it w a s t h r o u g h t h e w a n t o f

w a t e r t h a t t h e y w e r e i n d u c e d t o s e e k t h e r o a d

o v e r t h e M o u n t a i n s a s a n o u t le t fo r t h e s e t t l e

m e n t . T h e e x t e n t o f t h e p e o p l e ’ s o b l i g a t i o n

t o t h e e n t e r p r is e a n d c o u r a g e o f t h e E x p l o r e r s

c o u ld n o t b e o v e r -e s t i m a t e d .

B e n e a t h t h e s t o n e w a s p la c e d a n o r i g i n a l

o d e b y M r G . R y a n , o f M a n l y , a n d a c o p y o f

t h e “ B lu e M o u n t a i n E c h o . ”

a d d r e s s w a s a v e r y f in e o n e .

T h e P r e m i e r 's

T h e s p e c ia l p r iz e f o r t h e d e c o r a t e d m o t o r

c a r w a s w o n b y M r s M a r k F o y , w i t h a. c a r

b e a u t i f u lly f e s t o o n e d w i t h w is te r ia b l o o m s .

T h r o u g h o u t t h e d a y , t h e c a r w a s q u it e a f e a ­

t u r e , a l l a l o n g t h e r o u te .


I n t h e e v e n i n g a g r a n d b a ll w a s h e ld in t h e

C a s in o , t h e g r o u n d s o f t h e H o t e l M a je s t ic

b e i n g a b la z e o f g l o r y w ith c o s t ly c o lo r e d

e le c t r i c i llu m i n a n t s a n d f a n c y fir e w o r k s .

A t t h e s u p p e r , w h ic h w a s s e r v e d in a m a n ­

n e r in k e e p i n g w i t h t h e b e s t tr a d it io n s o f t h e

g r e a t h o u s e , t h e P r e m ie r , M . J . M c G o w a n ,

p r e s id e d . A f t e r t h e l o y a l t o a s t , t h e f o l lo w i n g

w e r e h o n o r e d .— “ T h e d a y w e c e l e b r a t e ,”

p r o p o s e d b y M r D . R . H a l l, M in is t e r fo r J u s ­

t i c e , ” a n d a c k n o w le d g e d b y M r E . S . C a r r ,

M . H . R . “ T h e lo c a l c o m m i t t e e ,’ ’ a b ly p r o ­

p o s e d b y M r C . C a r m ic h a e l, M in is t e r fo r E d u ­

c a t io n . I n d e a li n g g e n e r a lly w ith t h e c e le b r a :

t i o n s , t h e M i n i s t e r p a id a h i g h c o m p li m e n t to

t h e w o r k e r s a l l a l o n g t h e l i n e , a n d t o t h e u n ­

d o u b t e d e n t h u s ia s m d i s p la y e d b y t h e p e o p le .

H e a ls o v o i c e d a d e s e r v i n g e u lo g y t o M r a n d

M r s F o y o n t h e s u c c e s s o f M e d l o w ’ s c e le b r a ­

t i o n s .

M e s s r s W . A . T u c k e r a n d M r W S u t t o n r e ­

s p o n d e d . T h e f o r m e r a p p e a le d fo r a g r a n t

fo r t h e lo c a l m e m o r i a l , a n d M r S u t to n c o n ­

c lu d e d a h a p p y s p e e c h b y p r o p o s i n g t h e t o a s t

o f t h e h o s t, a n d h o s t e s s , M r a n d M r s M a r k

F o y , t h e b u m p e r b e in g a c k n o w le d g e d in a

j o c u l a r v e i n .

Hazelbrook Celebrations.

p re se n te d w ith a to y m em en to. A la rg e

b o n fir e w a s lit a t 6 o ’c lo c k . T h is w as

p repare d b y M r. H a rrison a n d a ffo r d e d

m u ch d e lig h t to th e y o u n g ste rs. T h e fo l

lo w in g w e re th e p rize w in n ers a t th e

r a c e s :—

G irls, 14 yearB a n d o v e r : G. M ood y 1,

L . A d a m s 2.

L a d ies e g g and s p o o n ra ce : M iss H a rris 1,

L . A d a m s 2.

N ail d r iv in g (F ir s t prize o a k tr a y p r e ­

sen ted by M r. G. G a r r e t t ): M iss

C h ap m an 1, M rs. H u n d t 2.

P en n y p o lish in g i M iss P rie stly 1, M iss

M on a gh a n 2. (F ir s t p rize Set o f

ca rv e rs p r e se n te d by L e v e r B r o s ).

|B oy s, 14 y ea rs a n d o v e r : — F in n ey 1, N.

F o y 2.

H o p , step and ju m p : N. F o y 1, L. S teph ­

en s 2.

M ens sa ck ra ce : M. N oon an 1, W . C o lle tt

2.

K ic k in g th e fo o t b a ll: A. S ch o u le r 1.

V e te ra n s ra ce : J. S ch o u le r 1.

T h re a d a n d N eedle ra ce : — C am p bell 1,

— C oh en 2.

75 y a rd s S p rint C h a m p io n sh ip : V . L e v ­

itt 1, M. N o o n a n 2.

H ap py H a z e lb ro o k w as n ot behind hand

in h o n o rin g th e C en ten ary o f th e E x­

p lo r e rs’ g rea t fe a t, and, d esp ite the opp o­

sition o f th e elem ents, th e d isp lay refle

cte d th e h ig h est c re d it on the tow n .

On Saturd ay, M essrs. F in n ey and C larke,

w ith assistants, d ecora ted the sta tion , but

th e d o w n p o u r on S unday d estroyed the

g o o d w ork . On th e fo llo w in g m orn in g the

la d ies to o k a hand in re sto rin g the ru in ­

ed w o rk , and by n ig h tfa ll h ad ev ery th in g

lo o k in g v ery b e a u tifu l. T h e gales o f

T u esd a y w ere to o m uch f o r th e banner erected

by M rs. T u rn er on the B ath urst

ro a d , so it w as rem oved and placed on

th e sta tion lam p room . On T u esday

a fte rn o o n , th e s ch o o l ch ild ren m arch ed

to M rs. A . H . S ch o u le r’s resid en ce,, “ O chil

H ills ,” w h ere th ey w ere treated to re ­

fresh m en ts. G ath ered a rou n d th e U nion

J a ck , th e fla g w as u n fu rle d du rin g the

sin g in g o f “ T h e O ld H u n d re d th .” R a ces

and va riou s o th e r sports w ere then ca r­

ried ou t on a g o o d track m ade fo r th e o c ­

ca sion by M essrs C alder and C ollett. A n

address w as a fte rw a rd s d eliv ered by Mr.

S ch ou ler, a n d tea w as served by a c o m ­

m ittee o f la d ies in ch a rg e o f M esdam es

C ollett, T u rn e r and M orrow . Mr. L ig -

gin s ca te red e ffe c tiv e ly and m et w ith

m u ch praise. A t the co n clu sio n o f the

sp orts p rogra m m e , each little on e w as

ARNOLD RIGBY, Mayor of Bathurst.


Celebrations at Blackheath.

The Chain of Bon Fires,

T h ou g h business at th e ’H eath has n ot been

all that the g o o d people w ou ld have w ished

during the past m onth the slum p in no wav

dam pened either the spirits or the enterprise

o f the tow n sp eop le in their effort to place on

record their honor for the E m pire or their

appreciation o f and gratitude to the E xp lorers.

As allegiance to Mount V ictoria was sw orn, it

was agreed that the local centenary celebrations

be m erged in with E m pire Day festivities.

Consequently the tow n was gay w ith

bunting and evergreens w hen E m pire Day

dawned. H eaded by the Blackheath brass

band, th e schoolch ild ren , under M r. Laws

(h ea d -tea ch er), m arched through the p rin cipal

streets to the public hall, w here they made

a picture that th e M ountains m ight w ell be

proud of.

M r. H . J. C ollier occn p ied the chair and

after a short speech introduced the R ev. M r.

Bowers o f St. A id an 's C hurch w ho addressed

the ch ild ren , en forcin g on them the duty of

loyalty to their K in g and country. H e was

follow ed by M r. G . A. Cow ie (Presbyterian)

and th e R ev. J. M orrison (B aptist) w ho addressed

the ch ildren in m uch the same strain

as also d id the Jhead-master, M r. Laws.

Cheers w ere then given for the K in g and th e

E xp lorers.

An adjourn m en t was then m ade to the

m otor cars in w aiting into w hich the children

clim bed and w ere driven to Little Blackheath

where the picn ic and sports w ere held.

A sp len did program m e had been arranged

for the day and the yuungsters had a rattling

good tim e. T h e tow n speople responded

heartily. L u ncheon was provided and was

follow ed by tea at 5 o ’clo ck , aftei w hich they

were brou ght safely back to Blackheath where

they w ere given a free entertainm ent in

B lack’ s Picture Palace, the accom m odation o f

w hich was taxed to the fullest extent. A p r o ­

gram m e o f pictures in keeping with the o c ­

casion was exhibited, and som e excellen t

m usic o f an appropriate nature was supplied

by the B lackheath Orchestral S ociety. M r.

Black and the orchestra earned the hearty

thanks o f all present for their w ork.

T h e bon-fire and fireworks w hich were post-

[ poned till the n ight o f the Centenary were

very successful, but the beauty from afar was

spoilt by the heavy mist.

T o f u l f i l h e r s h a r e o f M r . P a d l e y ’ s

s c h e m e f o r a c h a i n e f b o n f i r e s o v e r t h e

M o u n t a i n s a n d p l a i n s f r o m P a r r a m a t t a t o

O r a n g e , K a t o o m b a m a d e g r e a t p r e p a r a t i o n

b u t t h e M a i d o f t h e .M i s t s t h r e w h e r

m a n t l e o v e r t h e h i l l s , e f f e c t i v e l y d i m ­

m i n g t h e g l o r y o f t h e f i r e k i n g . A l t h o u g h

t h e d a y h a d b e e n b e a u t i f u l l y c l e a r a n d

b r i g h t , t h e t r a i n s r e t u r n e d f r o m M o u n t

V i c t o r i a t h r o u g h a s l i g h t h a z e w h i c h w i t h

t h e c o m i n g o f n i g h t t h i c k e n e d a n d i n t e n ­

s i f i e d i n t o a t y p i c a l M o u n t a i n m i s t

t h r o u g h w h i c h l o o m e d , l i k e g l o w w o r m s ,

w i t h a h a l o , t h e h u n d r e d s o f C h i n e s e l a n ­

t e r n s h u n g b e f o r e p r i v a t e r e s i d e n c e s a n d

a c r o s s t h e m a i n s t r e e t s . A t a n e a r l y

h o u r o f t h e e v e n i n g , M e s s r s . H u d s o n , P a n -

n e ll a n d H e n d r y s a w t o t h e i g n i t i o n o f

t h e g r e a t p i l e o f t i m b e r w h i c h w a s t o

f o r m o u r l i n k i n t h e g r e a t c h a i n o f b l a z ­

i n g b e a c o n s . F u l l y 2000 p e o p l e w e n t i n ­

t o t h e p a r k t o s e e t h e b o n f i r e a n d t h e

; f i r e w o r k s , b u t s o d e n s e w a s t h e m i s t t h a t

! o n e h a d t o g o w i t h i n t w e n t y y a r d s o f t h e

b u r n i n g p i l e t o b e s u r e i t w a s b u r n i n g .

A t c l o s e q u a r t e r s t h e f i r e w a s m o r e in

e v i d e n c e b y i t s h e a t t h a n b y i t s b r i l l i a n c y .

G r e a t r o c k e t s w e r e s e n t a l o f t , b u t a p a r t

f r o m t h e r o a r a n d h i s s o f t h e d e p a r t i n g

p y r o t e c h n i c t r a v e l l e r s , n o t h i n g w a s s e e n

o f t h e m a f t e r t h e y h a d r i s e n t w e n t y f e e t .

T r u l y t h e y w e r e b o r n t o “ b u s t ” u n s e e n .

A f t e r a n h o u r ’ s a t t e m p t t o l i g h t u p t h e

i n s c r u t a b l e w ith l i m e l i g h t , a n d w h e n

m a n y e y e s h a d p e e r e d i n t o t h e i m p e n d i n g

g l o o m i n s e a r c h o f t h e l i g h t s o n d i s t a n t

h i l l s , t h e p r o j e c t w a s “ g i v e n b e s t ” a n d

t h e r e m a i n s o f a s e l e c t l o t o f s a l t p e t r e

g o o d s s t a c k e d a w a y f o r a f i n e n i g h t . A l l

o t h e r M o u n t a i n t o w n s d i d l i k e w i s e .


32

CROSSING OF THB MOJN-

T A IM

DISC O V ER Y OF BATHURST

PLAINS.

M R . W A L K E R ’ S L E C T U R E .

M r . F r a n k W a l k e r , P r e s id e n t o f th e

H is t o r ic a l S o c ie t y , w a s lis t e n e d to in ­

t e n t ly in t h e M a s o n i c H a ll la s t n i g h t o n

t h e o c c a s io n o f h is le c tu r e o n “ T h r

F i r s t C r o s s i n g o f t h e B lu e M o u n t a i n s .’ ’

M r . W a lk e r i llu s tr a te d h is t h e m e w ith

v a lu a b le la n t e r n s lid e s .

D r . T . A . M a c h a t t i e p r e s id e d in th e

a b s e n c e o f t h e M a y o r .

A f t e r t r a c i n g t h e s t u p e n d o u s w o r k o f

B la x la n d , L a w s o n , a n d W e n t w o r t h , M r .

W a lk e r t o u c h e d u p o n th e s u b s e q u e n t

d is c o v e r y o f th e B a t h u r s t P la i n s a n d th e

fo r m a t io n o f a r o a d o v e r t h e m o u n t a in s

to t h e f u t u r e Q u e e n C ity o f t h e W e s t .

“ S u r v e y o r G e o r g e W i llia m E v a n s , ”

h e r e m a r k e d , “ w a s s e n t o u t w ith in ­

s t r u c t io n s to f o l lo w B la x la n d ’ s tr a il to

its t e r m i n a t i o n o n th e m o u n t a i n t-hat

h e a s c e n d e d , a n d th e n to c o n t in u e e x ­

p lo r a tio n w e s t w a r d a s f a r a s h e p o s s ib ly

c o u ld . W h e n E v a n s r e tu r n e d a n d p r e ­

s e n t e d h i s r e p o r t n o tim e w a s lo s t b y

M a c q u a r i e in f o r m i n g h is p la n s fo r th e

c o n s t r u c t io n o f a r o a d a c r o s s t h e m o u n ­

t a in s . I t w a s h is d a r li n g s c h e m e , a n d ,

e n e r g e t i c a n d r e s o u r c e fu l a s h e w a s

n o t a s k w a s to o b i g fo r h im . I n t h f

n ic k o f t im e c a m e t h e m a g n a n i m o u s o f ­

f e r o f W i ll i a m C o x , o f C la r e n d o n , a

p e r s o n a l fr ie n d o f M a c q u a r i e ’ s , t o s u ­

p e r in t e n d t h e c o n s t r u c t io n o f t h e ro a d

T h e o ffe r w a s a c c e p t e d w ith a la c r it y ,

a n d o n J u ly 1 8 , 1 8 1 4 , t h e w o r k w a s

c o m m e n c e d . T h e p r o g r e s s o f t h is w o n ­

d e r fu l r o a d f r o m d a y to d a y m a y b e

t r a c e d in C o x 's e x c e lle n t jo u r n a l , f a i t h ­

f u l l y a n d m e t h o d i c a lly k e p t f r o m s ta r t

to fin is h . I t r e c o r d s h o w , in t h e s h t r t

s p a c e o f s ix m o n t h s , a c a r r ia g e -r o a d ic o

m ile s in l e n g t h , c o m p le t e w ith b r id g e s ,

c u lv e r t s , e m b a n k m e n t s , a n d a ll th e

lit t le e t c e t e r a s o f s u c h a n u n d e r t a k in g ,

w a s a c c o m p lis h e d , w ith o u t th e l o s s o f a

s i n g l e m a n , o r t h e in flic t io n o f s e r io u s

i n ju r y u p o n a n y o n e o f C o x ’ s n u m e r o u s

w o r k i n g p a r ty . I t w a s w ith o u t d o u b t

th e g r e a t e s t e n g in e e r i n g f e a t , t a k i n g

e v e r y t h i n g in t o a c c o u n t , t h a t h a s e v e r

b e e n a t t e m p t e d in A u s t r a lia , a n d fo r

u p w a r d s o f 2 6 y e a r s it c a r r ie d

t h e v o lu m e o f tr a ffic b e tw e e n

S y d n e y a n d B a t h u r s t . P o r t io n s o f

it s t i ll r e m a in , a n d p r o v e b y th e ir

p r e s e n t c o n d i t io n th e s u b s t a n t i a l n a ­

tu r e o f t h e w o r k .

“ In th e e a r ly t h ir t ie s t h e c o n d it io n o f

th e o ld r o a d c a lle d f o r s o m e d r a s t i c a t ­

t e n t io n , a n d M a j o r (a f t e r w a r d s S ir T h o ­

m a s ) M i t c h e l l w a s e n t r u s t e d w ith t h e

w o r k o f r e f o r m i n g it. H e s u r v e y e d n e w

lin e s , r e d u c e d t h e m a n y s e v e r e g r a d e s ,

c u t t i n g o u t w h o le s e c t io n s o f C o x ’ s o r i g ­

in a l w o r k , a n d s o t h e r e w a s g r a d u a l l y

b u ilt u p t h e p r e s e n t W e s t e r n -r o a d ,

w h ic h e v e r y y e a r is u n d e r g o i n g a l t e r a ­

t io n s a n d r e - g r a d i n g s . P r is o n e r s w o i k -

i n g in c h a in s w e r e e m p l o y e d f o r y e a r s

u p o n M i t c h e l l ’ s -r o a d , a n d th e m any

i g r u e s o m e r e m i n d e r s o f t h e a w f u l ; ' s v b -

! t e m ,” in th e Bhape o f “ d a r k c e l l s ,”

c o n v ic t e n c a m p m e n t s , f l o g g i n g s t o n e s ,

a n d g r i m s t o n e b u i l d i n g s o f a p a s t a g e ,

a re still e x t a n t a l o n g t h e c o u r s e o f t h is

h is t o r ic h i g h w a y . L o n e l y g r a v e s o f th e

u n w illin g la b o r e r s a n d t h e ir g u a r d s ,

a re m e t h e r e a n d t h e r e , r e m i n i s c e n t o f

t h e t im e s w h e n t h e m i li t a r y w e r e c h ie fly

e m p lo y e d in t h e w o r k o f g u a r d i n g th e

p r is o n e r s a t t h e ir w o r k . O ld in n s , s o m e

o f t h e m t r a n s f o r m e d in a p p e a r a n c e , sr.d

d o i n g d u t y a s b o a r d i n g e s t a o h s h n i.’.n i-s,

still lin e th e r o a d , a n d i f s t o n e s < o u ld

s p e a k , w h a t f a s c i n a t i n g t a l e s cr.u ld

t h e y u n f o ld o f t h e c o a c h i n g a n d l -u t h -

r a n g i n g d a y s , o f t h e m o t l e y t h r o n g s

th a t p a s s e d a n d r e p a s s e d t h e m o n th e ir

w a y to th e g o l d f i e l d , a n d o f t h e lo n e ly

d a y s a n d n i g h t s , w h e n t h e p r in c ip a l

a n d o n ly e v e n t w a s t h e a r r iv a l a n d r e -

p a r tu r e o f t h e d a ily c o a c h .

“ T h e c e n t e n a r y c e le b r a t io n s u.re d e ­

s ig n e d to h o n o r t h o s e b r a v e m e n w h o , '

a c e n t u r y a g o , r e lie v e d t h e ir c m n t r y

f r o m its d ir e n e c e s s i t i e s , a n d h v th e ir

c o u r a g e a n d d e t e r m in a t io n s u c c e e d e d

in t h e c o n q u e s t o f th e m o u n t a i n s , w h ic h

f o r s o m a n y y e a r s h a d f o r m e d a n i m ­

p a s s a b le b a r r ie r t o f u r t h e r p r o g .t s s a n d

p r o s p e r it y . T h e i r p a t r i o t i s m a n d d e ­

v o t io n t o w h a t t h e y b e lie v e d to b e t h e ir

d u t y , n o t o n ly s o lv e d a m o m e n t o u s

p r o b le m in t h e ir t i m e , b u t h a s m a l e

p o s s ib le th e m a n y a d v a n t a g e s w e c n j jy

a t t h e p r e s e n t d a y . T h e i r s u c c e s s H e lp ­

e d t h o u s a n d s o f A u s t r a l i a ’ s s o as to

fo u n d h o m e s a n d f a m i li e s a n d f o r t u n e s 1

in t h e n e w E l D o r a d o o f t h e w e s t . I t (

a ls o w a s i n s t r u m e n t a l in c h a n g i n g a ;

s m a ll s t r ip o f t e r r i t o r y i n t o t h e v a s t - '

n e s s o f a c o n t in e n t , a n d in m a k i n g I

a v a ila b le f o r s e t t l e m e n t h u n d r e d s o f

t h o u s a n d s o f a c r e s o f l a n d , w h e r e n o w

a r e t h r i v i n g t o w n s a n d h o m e s t e a d s , a n d

w h e r e s h e e p a n d c a t t le in t h e ir m i llio n f

f in d a b u n d a n t p a s t u r a g e . I t c h a n g e d

A u s t r a l i a ’ s d e s t i n y , a n d le d h e r in t o r

t h e u p w a r d p a t h o f p r o g r e s s a n d p r o s - fc

p e r it y , f r o m w h ic h s h e h a s n e v e r d e - c


33 T\

r t e d .”

At the instance of Dr. M achattie an

clam atory v ote of thanks was carried

lecturer, who briefly responded.

— -

---------------

" ■‘'• '■'I

GROUP OF REPRESENTATIVE MEN AT THE FIRST MEETING


J/te fireur/ent and ^cmnnitfee

t/ ie

72^

^ je .'T ife T b C L 'i'-y - ^ t e / e & w a t i c m

y 7 t/ ie

l / e & / a e ^ / / fo u 'n ta i'M

r e iju e it fA e / ite a te iv e o j?

___________ __________________________ ____

^ c m f i a n y

a / W ov& , i i c t o r i a ,

on,

" f t e d n e i d a i f , t y t f a y 2 8 t / , 4 9 1 3 .

RSV.P. S A M WILSON } Joint

b y io t n m a y . 19 13

A. S. R E D F E R N ) Hon. Secs.


^ //ie 0 v e U ( /e n t a /n d ^ m n /m itfe e

//te

72b

^ / o e 'n t e n c L W 'y w e / e & v a fa m A

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< ?« / A t r t f A S - d ,«* t.c t 77o r X fy . r f& r fk o / e r . C a r t e r o / r fr T e n / e v u ty


CROSSING OF THE MOUNTAINS.

GREGORY BLAXLAND’S JOURNAL.

It is just 100 years ago this month since

Blaxland, Lawson, and W entw orth accom ­

plished the task o f scaling the Blue M ountains,

and thus opened up a w ay to the

interior of the continent. The centenary of

that great event is to be celebrated at

Mount York on the 2Sth inst. G regory

Blaxland was the originator and leader of

the m em orable expedition, and his Journal

o f the tour, which has been issued in book

form , com es as a very seasonable publication.

It has been produced under the editorship

o f Mr. F rank W alker, president of

the Australian H istorical Society, and will

prove an instructive little volum e to those

interested in mountain exploration. A fe a ­

ture o f the work that will be much appreciated

is the m arginal notes with which

num erous passages o f the Journal have been

annotated by Mr. W alker. The book is

liberally supplied with illustrations, including

portraits o f Blaxland, Law son, and

W entw orth, besides a num ber of view s

typical of the rugged nature o f the country

that had to be traversed by the explorers,

and a plan show ing the route which they

follow ed.

Now that the centenary of the crossing of

• h ij.

the Mountains is close upon us, an interesting'

little book, edited by Mr. Frank Walker, pre-,

I U v ro

/ C f/ 3 .

sident of the Australian Historical Society,

makes an opportune appearance. This is “ A

Journal of a Tour of Discovery Across the Blue

Mountains,” by Gregory Blaxland. To the

I >

uninitiated the references and directions of

this journal would convey nothing, but Mr.!

Walker explains them, and gives an account

cf the hardships and struggles which the explorers

endured before they saw from Mount

! York the plains of Hartley spreading below

them. The secret of their success was, of

i course, that they kept to the high ground, and

followed the natural line of the main ridge,;

which still supplies the only practicable

Iroute. Indeed, to this very day, as Mr. W alker

shows by a map, the great Western Road'

^follows substantially the same track as did!

|the expedition, until the “ Marked Tree” was|

; reached. From there they continued almost

due west, straight to Mount York, while the

Iroad and railway line bends southward. Mr.

Walker is to be congratulated on an excellent

-little volume, which acquires additional

■interest since in a few days’ time—May 28,

; to be exact—the centenary of the arrival at

Mount York will be the occasion of a general

i| celebration on the Mountains. fS. T. Leigh.)__),

CROSSING THE MOUNTAINS.

-------- -------------

PREPARING FOR CELEBRATIONS

GREAT CHAIN OF BONFIRES.

KATO O M BA, M onday.

A m eeting of the board o f control was held,

at K atoom ba on Saturday, Mr. F rank W alk er

presiding. Progress reports were read, sh ow ­

ing that m atters in connection with the celebrations

on the 28th inst. were in a forw ard

state, and the m eeting was advised o f the

various arrangem ents that had been m ade

for the reception and entertainm ent o f visitors.

Transit m atters were exhaustively

dealt with, and the executive w as em pow ered

to make final arrangem ents w ith regard to

motor and vehicle traffic.

The architect reported that the pavilion

was in a forw ard state, and he anticipated

that the building would be com pleted su f­

ficiently to admit o f the cerem ony of dedication

and unveiling on the day oif the celebrations.

The organising secretary gave details

o f the program m e arranged fo r the d a y ’s

ceremonies, which were approved. M atters in

connection with children's dem onstration

also were dealt with.

All the mountain towns will be decorates

by day and illuminated at night on the 2Sth.

It was reported that the proposed chain o f

bonfires, from Em u Plains to Bathurst, was

well advanced in detail-, the w ork h aving

been taken up in the various centres w ith

great enthusiasm. The next m eeting o f the

com m ittee will be held at Mt. V ictoria on

Saturday, when the opportunity will be taken

to inspect the various w orks in progress at

Mt. York.

OUR BENEFACTORS.

TO THE EDITOR.

Sir,—Referring to a recently mooted proposition to

erect a suitable memorial of the great services of Governor

Macquarie to Australia, your recent article would,

no doubt, be welcome to many of your readers. It

should be welcome to every patriotic Australian.

Going back to a still earlier period than that of Macquarie,

there stands out the great name of Sir Joseph

Banks, the companion of the world-famous navigator,

Cook, and himself a world-famous botanist, whose

private wealth enabled him to exercise his natural generosity

in furtherance of the science to which he devoted

a long life. He it was who first interested the people of

the Mother-country in a then unknown land, i.r.d, beyond

dout*, materially hastened the coming of the first settlement

in Australia—a settlement in which he took a warm

and active interest to his latest days.

Why have we no worthy monuments to those distinguished

men? We have statues of Cook, of Phillip, first

Governor of New South Wales; of the “ Good Governor,”

Bourke; of the admirable Dailey, and of that distini

I


7 - 6 £ > I a a |


guished statesman, Sir John Kobertson; brat where is any

statue of Wentworth, who devoted so much of a strenuous

life, and gained for his native land the freedom we

now enjoy; and where any memorial to Sir Henrv Parkes,

the greatest, perhaps, of Australian statesmen?

Let us begin the good work. Let us in the first plane

set up amidst suitable surroundings worthy memorials

of Banks and Macquarie, and, ere long, also of those distinguished

Australians who lived and labored in later

years, so that generations yet unborn may see and learn.

Surely of the irrmense wealth of the Mother-State, a

very minute fraction might be readily devoted to such

purpose.—Yours, etc.,

J.Y.G.

October 18.

(Our correspondent is evidently not aware that a movement

for a memorial to Sir Joseph Banks was started in

Sydney some time ago.. Mr. Maiden, the secretary, informs

us that the sum in hand is now about £300, and

that he will be glad to acknowledge any donations to

increase this.—Ed. “ D.T.” )


a *7


38

T H E people o]

the Central - n>est

are about to celebrate

at Bathurst

t h e hundredth

anniversary of the

discovery

by George William

Evans of the rich

lands which he

named the O ’Connell,

Macquarie,

a n d Bathurst

Plains. Evans, who

Was Deputy Surveyor

- General of

the Colony, had

been instructed by

Governor M acquarie

to follow up

the discoveries of

Blaxland's expedition,

which had

turned back on

|reaching the summit

of the mountain

named after the

|leader. Evans (who

Was accompanied

by two free men

and three prisoner5)

started out

°n November 20,

1813, and accomplished

h i s

t a s l( admirably.

Penetrating the unknown

country to

o point 98 J miles

from Mount Blaxand.

His experi-

|ences are recounted

The

Centenary

of the

Western Plains.

1813 = 1913.

in his Diary, which

we publish on another

page. In

that journal he expresses

his surprise

and delight as mile

after mile o f magnificent

country

continues to unfold

itself before his

eyes. H e realises

that no longer need

the infant settlement

fear starvation,

and indulges

in prophetic visions

of what the future

has in store for the

young colony as a

result of the conquering

of t h e

mountains and the

discovery of a vast

area of fertile

land. From a formerly

narrow iirip

of territory,

bounded on the one

side by the waters

of the Pacific, and

on the other

j by a hitherto un-

I approachable rangz

of lofty mountains,

the colony

suddenly expanded

into greatness,

and the western

boundary w a s

pushed backward

to what seemed an

incredible extent.

(^ S y c Z ls t C y J W Z u / T ’ . * /y 'o n / 2 / p / 3j


E V A N S ’S C R O W N , N E A R T A R A N A .

On December 1st, 1813, Evans stood on this remarkable outcrop of rock, and got his first glimpse of the plains on the distant edge

of which the City of Bathurst was eventually to stand.


'r / a / ^ e / P e s / c & r t r / s u ?

[n connection with the forthcoming celebrations to mark the 100th anniversary

of the settlement of the Bathurst district, the Diary of George William Evans,

Deputy Surveyor-General, who discovered the fertile plains in 1813, is of especial

interest. The Diary is addressed to Governor Macquarie, who had directed Evans

to explore the unknown country west of Mount Blaxland—the terminal point of

the expedition of Blaxland, Lawson, and Wentworth.

/JL. //. /3

GOVERNOR MACQUARIE,

I Lnder whose instructions'Evans fol

|Wed up the discoveries of lilaxland.

WILLIAM COX,

Who supervised the construction of

the first road over the Blue Mountains.

George William Evans,

To whom Is due the credit for the discovery of the Western Plains 100 years ago. He was the first

white man to make the entire passage from east to west of the Blue Mountains.


4 2 8?

C e r t / c n a r / 0/ ? t i e ? fe < r / a r /7 7 y < T / fts

Centenary of the Western

Plains.------- ^ n tn s 'JPcar/- .

Friday, November 19, 1813.

DIRECTED the provisions and other necessaries to be

conveyed across the Nepean to the NE pointt of Forest

Land, commonly called Emu Island, which was done,

[tiid by the time that everything was arranged evening approached.

Saturday. November 20.

^HE night was most uncomfortable, and the morning

being wet prevented our departing so early as I

lieant. Feeling anxious to proceed, I made up my mind

lo make the best of our way to the end of the mountains,

|nd on my return to measure the distance of Messrs.

ittaxland, Wentworth, and Lawson’s Teeeut excursion,

appeared to me that while the horses were fresh it was

plan likely to meet with your approbation, as I could

lien refresh them on good grass, and take my time in

Ixploring to the westward, which I conceived the object

If the greatest importance. On returning, should I not

l^ve sufficient provisions to subsist on, to complete

Measuring the track of the above-named gentleman, I

j°uld send in a man and horse to meet me with a small

p p ly . On halting this day I was happy I arranged it

my labour would have been lost, in consequence of

lames Burns having several times mistaken his former

Tack. I cannot make any estimate of the distance, therefre

shall defer entering into particulars with respect to

nature of the country, except that the two last miles,

as near as I can form an idea, was through

a ridge of forest land, good grass, and found

some water, where I mean to remain tha

night. All much fatigued.

T

Sunday, November 21.

HE morning very much overcast, with a

thick fog. However, I had the horses

loaded, and travelled on, mostly on ridges

overrun with brush. At about 11 o’clock 1

passed the pile of stones alluded to by the

former party. Soon after we were on a very

high hill, which was clear of mist, but to

my great disappointment the country to the

eastward being covered with vapour, I could

not be satisfied with the prospect which must

have presented .itself had the weather been

clear. We made the best of our way on, and

halted at 2 o’clock.

Monday, November 22.

HE weather bad. Determined to proceed.

T We loaded the horses, when one of them

turned stubborn, having lain down and rolled

several times over his load. He at length

became steady. Our track was through a

thick brush. At 9 o’clock we were on a very

high mountain, but could not see any of the

low country. It is now disagreeable travelling.

The brush is so very thick, and the

surface of the ridges is covered with pieces

of sharp granite, intermixed with quartz.

The horses seemed to step with caution. We

. stopped at 1 o’clock where there was a spacious

valley, covered with grass and rushes,

a stream of water running through it. On

opening our baggage I found the bottles of

medicines broken.

T

Tuesday, November 23.

HE night was excessively wet, and continues

so. I was necessitated to move,

as we could not keep in a fire or get bark

to make a hut. It rained hard most of th•»

day. Am much afraid some of our bread will

! be spoiled. The track is still through a

brush, much the same as yesterday. The v a l­

leys on my right, which are numerous, lead

to ravines. They are clear of trees and

covered with rushes. The holes or drains in

the centre are full of good water. At 3

o’clock we halted, the weather rather clear.

No sooner were we comfortable and dry than

one of the severest storms came on I ever

witnessed. It put out our fire in an instant,

and beat in our hut upon us. At 5 o’clock

the wind became strong and cleared the elements.

Wednesday, November 24.

E all rested well, which was a preservation to us,

W not having done so since our departure, and which

we felt the effects of, as nothing could be procured for

shelter but green boughs that were not sufficient to screen

us from rain. We start quite refreshed. At 9 o’clock

came to the end of the range, from which the prospect is

extensive and gives me sanguine hopes. The descent is

rugged and steep. I stowed away here a week’s provisions

in some hollow cliffs in hopes of it being sufficient

for our use back from this place. It was 12 o’clock when

we got into a valley of good feed, and appears a fine part

of the country. I have no doubt but the points of the

ridges or bluffs to the NW and S (the country seems to

open in the form of this angle) are the termination of

what is called the Blue Mountains, and that we are now

over them. At 10 o’clock I stopped on the bank of a

riverlett,* which is a rapid stream from the north-east,

its course springing from the very high mountains. Tho

two dogs went off after game without success, and came

to us severely cut.

* Evans intended to wnte “ rivulet,” hence the name “ River Lett”

has been retained to the present day. In the day’s record for November

26 he drops into another form in describing this stream, and here

calls it River Lett.

Thursday, November 25.

HE horses appeared fatigued, therefore determined on

T remaining this day where we are, being abundance

ex- T r 'a r u T a r y C r A e n

& S T 'a Z S ifer'.


J 2 7 / a r r/ C / ir o r t? * , / '/ / / / ta / rt f r a n c s .

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£ e * i / u i / i r y e f / f i e / / < * j/ < r r > r

came to a very high mount, whence I was much pleased

with the sight westward. I think I can see 40 miles

which had the look of an open country. To the south o?

me there are large hills, much higher than the one I am

cn, with pasture to their tops. This range is rathe*’

overrun with underwood and larger timber growing thereon,

but the sides are as green as possible. In descending

for two miles the verdure is good; the descent then becomes

steep for a quarter of a mile leading into a fine

valley. At the end I met a large rivulet arising from

the southern hills. We shot ducks, and caught several

trout weighing at least 51b or 61b each. Distance travelled,

5£ miles.

M

Wednesday, December 1.

Y course is down the rivulet. It appears to lead me

north of west. On the north side of it at this

place is a remarkable sugarloaf hill,* having a stone on

the peak of it, which I have named after myself. I am

more pleased with the country every day. It is a great

extent of grazing land, without being divided by barren

spaces, as on the east side of the mountains, and well

watered by running streams in almost every valley. I

took a walk to the top of a very high mount, where I can

see at least 50 miles west, which gives me great spirits.

Distance travelled, miles.

* This lofty peak. 3200ft above sea-level, is now known as Evans’s

Crown, in the neighbourhood of Tarana. It is plainly visible from

the railway line. From this elevation Evans obtained his first glimpse

o j the locality where the future city of Bathurst was to stand.

B

Thursday, December 2.

EING a wet morning, it was late before I could go

forward. One of the horses having a sore back, we

were necessitated to put more weight on the others. In

consequence thereof our progress is trifling. On considering

the fine country we have passed through this day,

I think it equal to Van Diemen’s Land, the river winding

through fine, fiats and round the points of small ridges

that gradually descend to it, covered with the finest grass

and intermixed with the white daisy, as in England. I

shall not name the river until I am certain of its real

course. Distance, 4| miles.

I

Friday, December 3.

NOW find the mimosa in clusters on the banks of the

river. I am happy to think it favours me so much

as to run the course I wish it. The country continues

sood, particularly for grazing. Yet it has not been altogether

so pleasing to the eye as before, being in some

places overrun with a shrub among the grass, somewhat

the same as on the Cowpastures, near the Stone Quarry

Creek. The land is still of a light sandy nature, thinly

wooded with small gums. We have not yet seen any

natives, but can see their late tracks. Distance, 5| miles.

M

Saturday, December 4.

Y progress is through an exceeding good tract of

country. It is the handsomest I have yet seen,

with gentle rising hills and dales well watered. The

distant hills, which are about five miles south, appear as

grounds laid out, divided into fields by hedges. There

,’fio+o. ^./Y aZ H er.

A Portion of the First Western Road beyond

Mount Blaxland.

Deviations have altered the road as originally planned.

are few trees on them, and the grass quite green. I still

keep the river, and at times I walk a few miles south or

north, as seems to me most requisite. The dogs killed a

Jtangaroo, and the river supplies us with an abundance of

fish.*

T

* No distance travelled recorded this day. (Dec. 4.)

Sunday, December 5.

HE night was very wet. We were uncomfortable, having

no means to shelter ourselves from it, as the

trees will not bark. It has rained most of the day. About

4 p.m. a violent thunderstorm came on. since the clouds

seem to disperse; wind blowing fresh from the west. We

remained near the river, as it is Sunday. The horses are

getting fat, but I am sorry to observe their backs are

getting sore. The saddles should have been lined. Straw

stuffing is too hard to render it easy. We put our blankets

under them. I walked out this evening some miles.

I cannot speak too highly of the country; indeed, Tam

now at a lo ss what to say, as it exceeds my expectations,

and daily ^ets better. We are on an allowance of bread,

having los so much by the bad weather on the mountains.

W e require little pork in these parts. A kangaroo can

be procured at any time; there are also emus. We killed

some ducks this day.

T

Monday, December 6

HEJj,night was very bad. I was greatly afraid the

weather would continue so. This morning it had a

better appearance. The river now forms large ponds


q z Q > h / ) l c ]


o / ’t / e o r 'y e 7 f/ 7 7 ^ n *

^3 45

C e t i f e *

>/ f c j/ e / j t t / % * / * ts ’

[at the space of a mile or thereabouts. I came upon a fine

■ plain of rich land, the handsomest country I ever saw—

lit surpasses Port Dalrymple. This place is worth speakling

of as good and beautiful. The tract of clear land

[occupies about a mile on each side of the river. I have

[named it after the Lieutenant-Governor “ O’Connell Plains,”

Ion which we saw a number of wild geese, but too shy

■to let us near them. The timber around is thinly scatt

e r e d . I do not suppose there are more than 10 gum-

I trees on an acre. Their bark is amazingly thick, at least

12 inches. At 3 o’clock I stopped a t the commencement

of a plain, still more pleasing and very extensive. 3

I cannot see the termination of it north of me. The soL

1 is exceedingly rich, and produces the finest grass, inter-

I mixed with a variety of herbs. The hills have the look

I of a park and grounds laid out. I am at a loss for

|language to describe the country. I named this part

“Macquarie Plains.” * I have walked till I am quite

I fatigued, being so anxious to look about me. There is

Igarae in abundance. If we want a fish, it is caught im-

| m ed ia tely—they seem to bite at any time. Had I brought

quantity of salt we could cure some 1001b of them. I

|am quite astonished at the number the men catch every

■ evening. The dogs thrive on them. I shall bring one

|home with me. Distance travelled, 6 miles.

"Lieutenant Lawson received a grant of 1000 acres at Macquarie

I Plains, and shortly afterwards erected Macquarie House. «t.ill standing,

and in possession of the family for 36 years.

I

Tuesday, December 7.

PROCEEDED over the plains, following the water, which

I have named “ Fish River.” At about foiy miles I

■ was brought up by a stream, nearly as large, from the

■ southward. I imagine I shall be necessitated to travel

|UP it some distance to find a ford. I determined upon

I so doing, and traced it about two miles, when we stopped

I to secure ourselves from an approaching thunderstorm

I that came on most severely, and threatens a wet night.

|Distance travelled, 51 miles.

W

Wednesday, December 8.

E are in spirits from the good appearance of the

morning. We hope it will be fine, as none of us

■ have been thoroughly dry these three days and nights, i

I ste no signs of a ford at present, therefore am obliged tc

[continue tracing up the stream. At two miles begins

|a Plain of rich land, which I call “ Mitchell Plains.” Observing

from a hill that the course of the water springs

I from the SE, I made up my mind to contrive a bridge to

I convey our luggage over. It was done in the following

I banner:—By driving two forked logs in the mud as far in

I the water as we dare venture, and by laying a piece of

l wood in the forks, forming a gallows; a party swam across

l and did the same on the other side. We then felled trees,

|as large as six of us could carry, and rolled them down

I the bank. As soon as one end was carried into the water,

the stream sent it round, and the ropes secured round th«?

lend prevented it being carried too far. We lifted two

|°f these up, which reached from one gallows to the other,

land two from each bank to a gallows, over which we

■Passed our necessaries, and swam the horses, first eon-

I ''eying to the other side a rope that held them, otherwise

force of the water would have carried them a great

distance, as it did the men who swam across.* I am

much pleased with our exertions, which took some hours,

and enabled us to reach the junction of the rivers by

sunset. The country is beautiful; no mountains to be

seen. There are high hills at great distances, but can

observe them green to their tops.

of water “ Campbell River.” t

Y1

I named the last run

* This was the first bridge built in the western district,

t No record of distance travelled this day, beyond that undertaken

in following up the river to find a ford (four miles). This had

to be retraced, rr, rather, two miles of it, to the camp, on the

previous evening.

Thursday, December 9.

IHAVE called the main stream “ Macquarie River.” At

21 miles commenced a most extensive plain. The

|hills around are fine indeed. It requires a clever person

to describe this country properly. I never saw anything

to equal it. The soil is good. I think the lower parts

o f the plains are overflowed at times, but do not see marks

to any height. The small trees on the lower banks of

tb > river stand straight, not lying down, as you see them

or the banks of the river and creeks at the Hawkesbury.

The grass here might be mowed, it is so thick and long,

particularly on the flat lands. Distance travelled, 8J

miles.

Friday, December 10.

ESTERDAY’S track left me much north

of west. To-day it is south of it.

The extent of the plain following the

river is 11 miles, and about two wide on

each side, the whole excellent good land,

and the best grass I have seen in any part

of New South Wales. The hills are also

covered with fine pasture, the trees being

so far apart must be an acquisition to its

growth. At the termination of the plain

is a very handsome mount. I named it

i “ Mount Pleasant," from the prospect It

commands to the NE.* The river now winds

itself round the points of forest hills,

nearly the same as described some days

since. Emus are numerous. The dogs

will not give chase. I imagine they are

bad ones. We have not been able to get a

shot at any of the geese; although plentiful,

they are so shy; but we frequently shoot

ducks. Nothing astonishes me more than the

amazing large fish that are caught. One

is now brought in that weighs at least

151b. They are all of the same species.

I call the plains last passed over “ Bathurst

Plains.” Distance travelled, 7J miles.

"This plain was destined in later years to form the

site whereon the city of Bathurst was built.

Saturday, December 1 1.

HE fine pasture continues, but there is a

T great alteration in the look of the

country. The river leads me among hills,

the points of which end in rocky bluffs near

the water. At about four miles I was

brought up by one of them, which appears

to be the termination of a range of high

hills from the south, and is the only mass

of rocks I have met with since leaving the


q + f H a n f c ]

<

i '


*


Blue Mountains. I determined on halting

for a few hours, that I may be enabled

to look about me. I ascended a peak and

found that the river turned about NW

around the points of stupendous green hills

to the south and south-west. I cannot discern

their end. The tops of the distant

ones sfy)w themselves for a great extent.

On the north side of the river is also a ridge

of pasture hills that range westward, to

the east appears the fine country I came

over. I am pleased to find the large hills

are covered with grass, nor can I discern

any rocky ranges with pine trees, except

the one I am on. The pines have a very

romantic appearance—so very different from

any other part. The largest of them is

about 4ft in circumference. I am fearful

of bad travelling for a few miles. It is

not so inconvenient to ourselves as to the

horses with their sore backs. The north

side looks well, but we cannot cross the

water. I have found a pass for the horses

and gone forward. It is not quite so bad

travelling as I expected. There are many

rocks, but the pasture is good. Distance

travelled 6£ miles.

Sunday, December 12.

E stopped this day. I took a walk

W for a few iniles to the SW, and found

it a fine country for pasture, being steep,

healthy hills thickly covered with grass.

Water in almost every valley.

Monday, December 13.

HE hills are still steep, and not quite

T so fine as those we have passed. They

are rather rough with rocks, yet the pasture

is good. The gums are much larger,

and intermixed with the box-tree. The soil

is of a stiffer nature, having pieces of alabaster

rock among it. The highlands in

general throughout have a great deal about

them. That on the surface is quite white

in some places, and of a yellow cast in

others. I do not know what to make of the

river, its course seems so irregular. The

direction to-day has been from SW to NE.

The hills are so very high and close that

from any one of them its run cannot be distinguished.

I have hopes of coming to

their end and being able to judge what part

the river leads to.*

*No record of distance travelled this day.

Wednesday, December 15.

UR road is very rugged, and the

O hills increase in size, but covered with

fine grass. I was upon a very high one, but

could not determine their end; from the b

to W they are stupendous. The only °P®P

country to be observed is from NW to E.

These hills surpass any grazing tract on the

east side of the mountain. In the valleys

the grass is long and thick, which makes it

fatiguing to pass over them. I begin to

think of returning. The dogs not Tienig

good there is no certainty of obtaining

skins for our feet. The stones and grass

have cut our shoes to pieces. Distance

travelled, 7 miles.

Thursday, December 16.

IMADE up my mind to return in the morning,

seeing no hope of approaching the

end of the high range of hills. I would most

willingly proceed further, but the horses'

backs are so bad, and no idea can be formed

of the situation we are in with respect to

our feet. With patching and mending we

may manage to reach home. I am now 98£

measured miles from the limitation of Mr.

Blaxland’s excursion. Most part of the

distance is through a finer country than I

can describe, not being able, for want of

language, to dwell on the subject, or explain

its real and good appearance with pen and

ink.

(These extracts take us to the end ol

Evans's journey. The remainder of the diary

describes the return journey, which was

completed on Saturday, January 8, 1814.)

Tuesday, December 14.

HE country is much about the same for

T two miles. The hills then get steeper

and not so good; indeed, it is the worst part

I have been over since leaving the Blue

Mountains. This place resembles the hills

about Mount Hunter at the Cowpastures. I

hope we shall soon be through these high

lands, being bad travelling, and I am afraid

we shall soon feel the need of shoes. The (

river still winds much, and forms some very

curious bends. Killed a kangaroo and two


To the Bathurst Plains.

« T 7 ELSO” asks what route Surveyor Evans tra-

I V versed in his memorable journey to the

Bathurst Plains.—He followed the tracks of

Blaxland, Wentworth, and Lawson to their final

camping place beyond the mountains, then took the

Fish River as a guide, crossing it near its junction

with the Campbell River. He never left the

watercourse except for an occasional excursion into

the bush. On the return journey a wider area was

covered some distance from the stream, the outward

track being entirely ignored. The above

sketch of the route is taken from the explorer’s

diary. (The original map is now in the British

Museum.) The outward journey is marked by small

dashes, the homeward by longer dashes and dots.

Excerpts from the diary are published in another

portion of this issue.


A I V / L i O v / #

A Historic H om e

in the

W estern District. ei/A/fat %

BY FRANK WALKER

/ 2 .. r f . t f .

HE exact date of the erection of Macquarie

House is uncertain-—probably

about 1820, as William Lawson was

appointed Comman^jpit and Justice

of the Peace at Bathurst towards

the end of the previous year, and

would in all probability see to the

erection of his house on the land he

owned as soon as possible after his

official appointment was made. In

1832 his son William acquired the

property, and ^resided there for upwards of twenty

years. During his father’s occupation the old home

must have had, on certain occasions, Governor Maejuarie

as an inmate, and in all probability the great man

uring his visits to Bathurst was a welcome guest at the?

ospitable home of his friend and brother officer. The

ost interesting account of the old residence, as it apeared

nearly 70 years ago, is to be found in Lieutenantolonel

Mundy’s entertaining work, “ Our Antipodes.” This

lallant officer was A.D.C. to Governor Pitzroy, and in

$46 accompanied him on a tour across the mountains to

athurst. The description is so entertaining, and affords

uch an excellent idea of the general aspect of the dis*

'ict in those days, that it is worth reproducing. Tha

arty consisted of his Excellency Sir Charles and Lady

itzroy, Mr. George Fitzroy (the private secretary), Mr.

!, Deas Thomson, the Colonial Secretary, and the narator.

They left Sydney on November 9, 1846, and were

ccompanied by two mounted police as escort and five

ervants. The narrative of the journey is brim full of

nteresting anecdotes and shrewd observations on the

ppearance of the country and its inhabitants, whilst it

s not wanting in humour. In due time the neighbourhood

of Bathurst was reached, and now the gallant Colonel

ay be allowed to speak for himself:—

fr F ,ROTTING with a free rein along the natural road,

1 smooth as a racecourse—no little treat, after three

days of cautious driving—a few miles brought us to Macquarie

^Plains, the seat (as the guide-books say) of ' Mr.

William Lawson, where we were most kindly received and

comfortably accommodated. The house looks over a wide

extent of the plains. In its rear are extensive offices,

farm buildings, stockyards, stables, etc., requisite for one

of the largest grazing and breeding ^establishments in Australia.

i Detached, at a sliort distance, is a ' garden, useful

and ornamental, a mixture of the flower and kitchen garden.

full of English productions—roses, and other old floral

friends!in great profusion, cherries, peaches, apples, pears,

and grapes, abundance of fine vegetables, not one of which

plants, ■ornate or esculent—or, indeed, any that I know

of—is indigenous to this originally outlandish and unproductive.

country. . . . Besides Mr." Lawson’s family,

there were several guests at Macquarie Plains, and the

house was stretched, by the hospitality of its owners, large

enough to contain the whole of the Governor’s party, a

spacious additional room having been, however, tem porarily

erected for purposes of refection. In this same

room there dined, to meet his Excellency, no fewer than

35 ladies and gentlemen, whom the provincial journal

described as a ‘select- party of the elite of Bathurst,’ a

phrase conveying the idea of an extraordinary degree of

social sifting. Yes, at this Australian country seat, 150

miles from Sydney, at which emporium European’supplies

arrive, after four or five months’ voyage, enhanced nearly

double in price, and with the superadded risk, difficulty,

and expense consequent on a dray journey of another halfmonth

across almost impassable mountains, we found a welldamasked

table for thirty or forty persons, handsome china

and plate, excellent cookery, a profusion of hock, claret,

and champagne, a beautiful dessert of European fruits—

in short, a really capital English dinner. . . One of the

delicacies at Mr. Lawson’s table on this occasion was the

freshwater cod-perch, or Grystes peelli, only found on

this side of the mountains. One fish was more than sufficient

for the whole party.”

ACQUARIE HOUSE was reached on November 14, the

M journey thither having occupied exactly five days.

The party remained several days under Mr. Lawson’s hospitable

roof, and further on in the narrative we get another

glimpse of the old home. Says the Colonel:—“ This |

was a day of excessive sultriness, a day on which Diogenes

would have desired Alexander to ‘stand fast’ between him

and the sun, instead of countermarching the king to the

rear of his tent. The plains were burnt brown and hard

as a brick; the sky, from zenith to horizon, was one

unveiled glare. The fervour of the atmosphere was visible

in the hollow, quivering in the misty wreaths. But the

grain fields were full of quail, so with two brother-sportsmen

I sailed out for their destruction in what might

appropriately have been called the warm’ of the evening.

Upwards of thirty couple were soon bagged, the son of

Nimrod,*'with his twenty years of Indian experience, fo l­

lowing up the sport with untiring vigour, while Fitzroy

and myself, Stumbling upon a small branch of the nearly

dry Macquarie, deposited our guns and raiment on th? bank I

of a waterhole, and hastening into the 'stream remained^

* Mr. Apperley, the great sporting writer.


some time, wallowing, with our noses above the

V like a couple of Mr. Gordon Cummins’s hippo-

. . . If the weather was unsuitable to outdoor

, neither did it better accord with a drawing-room

s day by Lady Mary Fitzroy at Bathurst, nor with

-party of forty or fifty persons, followed by a ball

larie Plains. I did not attend the former of these

>ns, but rumour whispered—untruly, of course—

ous discord had arisen, owing to certain fair ones,

g, it was thought, too strongly ofthe shop,’ hav-

^cured to mingle with the local aristocracy in offer-

>eir devoirs to the Governor's much-respected lady,

ause of this not uncommon jealousy of position in

; 'ncial and colonial circles is obvious enough—where

! iries are ill-marked, trespasses are common. Apropos

j is subject, at later date I had the pleasure of making

f r acquaintance with a lady in a neighbouring colony

on some question of female precedence, did undoubt-

{ assert that she was ‘the rankest lady present.’ As

the ball, the thermometer stood steadily at 92deg.,

le we. on the contrary, danced furiously on the brick

r..of-the verandah f-rom 9 o’clock till daylight. Patent

her boots and white satin shoes soon became like the

titudinous sea, ‘one red’ ; the air we breathed was like

Sydney brickfielder in hue; the music, or rather the

d, was excruciating—I can find no milder term for it.

imly reminded me—especially after I had retired to

and it came o’ er my soul in dreams—of a description

ome old book where a company of musicians, playing

laricorns, dulcimers, and such-like instruments of tor-

, are described as causing ‘so delectable a noise, the

was never before heard.’ . . . . Everyonfc danced

l his or her, might, from the veteran captain who

grated fif*y years ago| and who led the dancers all

it, to his well-grown and handsome granddaughters,

T h a t a delightful peep this is into the pastimes of

' the long ago! The very bricks on the verandah,

r whose surface the flying feet of youth and age chased

y the glowing hours, are still there, somewhat rough

t uneven now; but what stories they could tell were they

owed with speech! The long, creeper-covered verandah

■i looks out oyer the plains, and the remains of the

i. English garden, so eloquently referred to by the facile

of this observant soldier, may yet be traced, and

tless many of the existing sturdy plants, long ago

{ ft of all semblance of blooms, are the reiics of some

miliar shrub which formerly delighted English eyes.

iere are queer, crooked staircases and long low rooms in

interior of the old house, which once echoed to the

>yous songs and laughter of that gay company, assembled

there well on to seventy years ago. Flocks of quail

till haunt the quiet fields, probably the very descendants

ihose which escaped the gallant Colonel’s gun, and the

Id stables on the rise yonder are exactly the same, save

>r plainly visible signs of the strain and stress of the

Massing years. Away in the distance, when the setting

fun lights up the windows and roofs of Bathurst, marking

(he spot where a big city now covers the plains, the prospect

from the old home in the days of Fitzroy was a far

lifferent one, and the rolling plains and gently swelling

lills were but sparsely populated, the ultimate destiny

of this region being closely wrapped up in the mists of

the future years.

HERE is something infinitely pathetic about this old

T homestead, now hastening on to a time when its

walls cannot longer hold together. The crumbling plaster

in many places has fallen away, and the red bricks in all

their nakedness stand revealed to the eye. The woodwork'

of the verandah is seamed and cracked, and the

silent though deadly work of the white ant is apparent

where cedar is not used. And what wonderful preservation

this splendid timber shows, where all around is

decay! The great doors, four or five inches through; the

solid and substantial casements and wainscoting; the

sturdy balustrades encircling the old staircase—all these

seem proof against time itself, and are apparently indestructible.

Here is a trapdoor—where does it lead to?

Descend the steep flight of stairs at the rear of the building,

leading to regions unknown, below the floor of the

house, and a sinister-looking apartment, measuring aboui

five feet square, with an arched roof, is revealed by. the

light of the candle. Here* in utter darkness, devoid of

air or ventilation of any sort, the delinquent servant of

that unfortunate class so numerous in the days the Colonel

writes about, spent many a miserable hour ruminating

on his painful lot. The remains of a solid and substantial

door, once no doubt firmly fixed into position by iron bolts

and bars, is further evidence of the former use to which

this grim apartment was put, and it is not without some

feeling of relief that the old dungeon is left once more

Ito its cobwebs and dust. Macquarie House will eventually

pass away and become but a memory; but the district

it has seen emerge into a strong and4usty manhood

will continue to thrive and prosper, and the story of its

progress can never be dissociated from the strong human

|element which in the early stages of its career helped

so largely to direct its infant steps.

A s a reward for their heroic undertaking in

discovering a route over the Blue Mountains,

Blaxland, Lawson, and Wentworth were

each granted 1000 acres of land in the

territory discovered soon afterwards hy

Deputy Surveyor-General Evans, and named

by him O ’ Connell, Macquarie, and Bathurst

Plains. Lawson chose his grant on M acquarie

Plains (Bathurst), and erected a substantial

residence, which he called

Macquarie, or, as it is generally

spolfen of, Macquarie House.

This old building, dating from

about 1820, is still in existence.


53 ,0?

___ /e u n r V &/■'f i e /P e e /fcr v r /^ /tr r n i’

r r ./ 3.

The First Settlers

This interesting sketch of the men who were

connected with the first settlement of the

Bathurst district a hundred years ago is from

the pen of a descendant of one of the pioneers.

in The West.

It reminds us of the difficulties that

had to be faced, and of the energy and

enthusiasm with which these were overcome.

BY “ PIONEER.’

HUNDRED YEARS ! How things

have changed in that time! If those

first ten pioneers who followed so

quickly in the footsteps of Blaxland,

Wentworth, Lawson, and

Evans over the wild Blue Mountain

ranges to accept the Government’s-offer

of .free grants of land

at Kelso and Bathurst could return

to-day, what would be ttieir feelings?

Would they recognise in 'th e .

wide, well-kept’, tree-lined streets’, with their beautiful

parks and lofty buildings, and their throngs of gay humanity,

with all the modern conveniences of travel, the silent

scene, peopled only with dusky aboriginals and wild animals,

that, greeted them o n . their arrival with camping

outfit to form the nucleus of this now flourishing city?

T

First Ten Settlers.

HE first 'ten settlers were,- I believe, Messrs. James

Vincent, John Nevell, Richard Mills, Thomas Kite,

Joseph Moulder, George Kable, William Lee, Thomas

Cheshire, John. Dargin, and.rApplett, and they were men

who wrote their names indelibly on the’ pages of the early

history of the colony. Some of the younger branches of

these old families still reside within the Bathurst districts—notably

the Lees, Kites, and Kables. The Moulder

family is well known about Orange and Condobolin.

Amongst the best known of the Mills family is Dr. Arthur

Mills, of Sydney, whose uncle, George Mills, was the first

white child born in Bathurst, and to whom the Government

offered a grant of 100 acres of land. The Nevells

are now resident in the Mudgee and Rylstone districts of

New South Wales and in Western Queensland. In their

identity is sunk that of James Vincent, whose only surviving

child became the wife of John Nevell, and they still

hold the Vincent grant of land, the Nevell grant, on part

of which the Kelso railway station now stands, having

been sold within the last few years. The whereabouts

of the descendants of the Cheshires, Appletts, and Dargins

have passed from the writer's knowledge.

Farming with Garden Hoes.

OR years the pioneers’ holdings were unfenced, land-

F marks at first, and later a ploughed furrow, being used

to define the boundaries of each farm. The Government

supplied the seed wheat, which was put in by means of

a garden hoe, and when the crops were harvested each

farmer had to return to the Government as much seed

grain as he had been supplied with. This rule assured

a plentiful supply of seed always in the Government stores.

A great, improvement in farming came when wooden

ploughs were obtainable Mr. James Rankin was one of

the first to own one in Bathurst. He offered to giv';

the plough to Mr. Nevell if he would carry it home on

his back. The distance was about a couple .of miles, and

the plough was heavy; but it was a great prize, so the

hardy pioneer accepted the offer and carried it home.

Hand Mills for Grinding Flour.

HE wheat was reaped by hand and bound in sheaves,

T then stacked, thatch for covering being made from

rushes from the river-banks. It was afterwards threshed

with a flail and ground into flour with steel hand-mills.

In the early days the assigned servants (convicts) were

each given seven quarts of wheat on Saturday, and that

afternoon they ground their weekly supply of flour from

it. Tools were, of course, rare, and there is still in

existence a very roughly made hammer that twro of the

old Bathurst neighbours went into partnership to share

the expense of buying.

T

Kite’ s Cabbage Garden.

HEN there was K ite’s cabbage garden. There were

numerous inquiries about this when it became known

that Mr. Kite had announced that he would give a cabbage

garden to any man who was capable of minding “ his

own business.” Each applicant for it was subjected to

a rigorous cross-examination by Mr. Kite on his ability

to mind ,his own business, and the conversation generally

ended by Mr. Kite saying: “ Well, this cabbage garden is

my business. May I ask what you have to do with It?”


J f/ 3 -, ■ ~ j% e -/ 7 K r fJ c / / / e .r s / * * r f e / P e e / . C c A i/ftttr r r /r f /%'e Jfe*?/?/?/ /% t/,r tv

5 4

The c, tbbage garden, of course, never found another

owner, and became the joke of the district.

The First Church.

HE first free settlers lived in Kelso, the penal settlement

being ^at Bathurst, a mile distant, the Mac­

T

quarie River flowing between. The first church built

over tfte Blue Mountains was the Church of England at

Kelso, and the Bible used at the opening service in the

present building, which succeeded a small wooden one, is

now in the possession of Mrs. H. W. Nevell, Chinchilla,

Queensland, her father, the late Mr. W. E. Sampson, having

exchanged his pocket Bible for the large church Bible

with the Rev. Keane when he (Mr. Keane) was returning

to England. This Bible is in an excellent state of preservation,

and is bound in dark red calf with gold letter-

, ing. It was printed in 1772 in the old English type,

making it somewhat difficult for the present-day student

to read. It also contains the 14 books of the Apocrypha,

which are not usually bound in the Bibles of to-day. Upon

its pages are many marginal notes and marked texts of

the preachers who have passed from us. I will quote a

few:—22nd chapter Proverbs, 6th verse (the Bishop’s sermon

at Thorpe, August 9, 1816); 7th chapter Hebrews,

25th verse (Mr. Scott, November 26, 1815); 2nd chapter

Exodus, 8, 9, 10 verses (Mr. Jefferson’s charity sermon

at Ramsay, December 1, 1816). Then there are the names

of the Revs. Whinfield. Harrison, Scott (the younger)—

entries that have stood the test of time for nearly a

hundred years, for I fancy these were all English clergymen.

who used the book before it was brought to help

in Divine worship in our southern clime. This Bible

was also used at the opening of the first churches at

Bathurst and Mudgee.

An Interesting Book.

OOKS were rare when Parson Keane (as he was known

B by his flock) lived in Bathurst, and interest attaches

also to a small book, “ Rise and Progress of Religion

in the Soul,” bearing in his handwriting the inscription,

“ From Mr. Keane to Mr. Vincent and Mr. and

Mrs. Nevell, for their joint use. May God’s blessing

attend that use. Parsonage, January 1st, 1835.” Though

the writing has not faded on the leaf, yellow with age,

no doubt the giver, as well as the recipients, has long

since joined the great majority, leaving perhaps but few

such silent witnesses of his great life-work amongst the

early settlers of the mother State of Australia.

A

Other Early Settlers.

MONGST other early settlers at Bathurst were Messrs.

Richard Lewis, George Cox, and W illiam Lawson

(commandant at Bathurst, and discoverer of the Mudgee

country). These three men finally established their

homes at Mudgee in 1821. There are also included in

the old Bathurst days the familiar names of MacPhillamy,

Suttor, Gorman, Rotton, Charlton, Langley, Dr. Cluett,

Jack Tye, and many others, who added their quota to the

records of the western district close on a century ago.

OldWesternRoadCentenary.

K in d ly G iv e T h is to C a te re r.

Another Relic.

—I_ ------------------ MOTHER — relic „ of _______ the — old _____________ Bathurst ____ Says „ sm

a

Is aall

I wooden cask, seven inch^g high, four and a half

j inches in diameter (outside measurements), holding ono

quart, with four iron hoops around it. that contained tin;

only spirits that were used at the twenty-first birthday

Party of William Lee, mentioned before as one of the

first settlers. It was a present from the late Mr. John

Nevell, on condition that the cask was returned to him

as a memento of the occasion, and, though it bears the

signs of age, it has only one broken stave, and three of

the hoops are quite firm.


MAJOR CASSIDY

BATHURST’S CRAND OLD

MAN.

HIS EXPERIENCES IN

BATHURST.

I N T E R E S T I N G L I F E S T O R Y .

P e r h a p s th e r e is n o p u b lic m a n

Setter k n o w n t h i o u g h o u t t h e l e n g t h

.1 nd b r e a d t h o f th e W e s t e r n d is t r ic t

i lan M a j o r C a s s id y .

C e r t a in ly th e r e

> n o n e m o r e p o p u la r . “ O ld M a j o r , 1’

as he is c a lle d b y t h o s e w h o k n o w h im

b est, is th e old es't n a tiv e o f b a -

'h u rst a t p r e s e n t liv i n g in t h e d i s ­

trict.

A n d it is q u e s t io n a b le w h e th e r

I here is a n o ld e r n a t iv e o f B a t h u r s t |

liv in g o u ts id e t h e d i s t r i c t . H e .vas |

born a t K e ls o in 1 8 3 1 , b u t 18 y e a r s '

after S u r v e y o r E v a n s f ir s t s a w th e

P la in s , a n d 16 y e a r s a f t e r t h e fir s t

s e ttle m e n t w a s f o r m e d .

M a j o r ’ s lif e

story w o u ld t a k e u p p a g e s , a n d w h a t

he. k n o w s a b o u t B a t h u r s t , b o t h in t h e

dark a n d its m o d e r n d a y s , w o u ld t a k e

up e v e n m o r e . F r o m c h ild h o o d h e ,

has le d a s t r e n u o u s l i f e , a n d h a s b e ^ n i

one o f th e g r e a t e s t s p o r t i n g m e n > >

this o r a n y o th e r p a r t o f t h e w o r ld . (

E ven t o - d a y h e n e v e r m i s s e s a r a c e 1

m e e tin g . D u r i n g h is l o n g c a r . ; ? "

M a jo r C a s s id y h a s b e e n a m o n g s t "n e

S ta te’ s c h a m p io n c r i c k e t e r s , r u n n e r s ,

qu oit p la y e r s , a n d p i g e o n s h o t s . B e -

sid es3 h e h a s a lw a y s — a n d s t i ll d o e s —

take a g r e a t in t e r e s t in h o r s e r a c i n g

and s p o r t o f a l! d e s c r i p t io n s . H e

has s e e n w h a t n o o t h e r liv in g m a n

has s e e n . H e s a w B a t h u r s t fir s t

settled u p o n , a f t e r K e l s o h a d b e e n th e

P rin cip a l p la c e o f r e s i d e n c e ; s a w U

Place u n d e r th e m ilit a r y r e g i m e , c o n ­

victs m a k i n g th e r o a d s , e v e r y p u b ­

lic b u ild i n g e r e c te d , v o te d at

every e le c t io n , s a w e v e r y im p o r t - {

r a c e

m e e t i n g a n d c r i c k e t r;t t.1' ~.h,

t h e f ir s t t r a in a r r iv e in B a t h u r s t } e v e r /

a g r i c u lt u r a l s h o w , tw o p e r s o n s p la c e d

I N T H E T H I R T I E S .

“1 w a s b o r n a t K e l s o in 1 8 3 1 ,” s a id

in t h e s t o c k s w h e n s u c h a p u n is h m e n t

M a j o r . “ B a t h u r s t w a s th e n : ; " o w n

w a s in v o g u e , a n d w a s a m e m b e r o f

a s the. .s e t tle m e n t . I w e n t to J r-

th e f ir s t v o lu n t e e r c o r p s f o r m e d in

n e y ’ s S c h o o l i t K e l s o , a n d a m o n g i .

B a t h u r s t . I n f a c t , M a j o r C a s - |

m y s c h o o l m a t e s w e r e J o h n F o r d , M ‘ -

s id y h a s s e e n e v e r y t h in g w o r th

G o w e n (w h o a f t e r w a r d s b e c a m e a

s e e i n g in B a t h u r s t f o r t h e p a s t

n o te d c o m i c a c t o r ) , J o h n C a s e y , a n d

6 0 o r 7 0 y e a r s . T o -d a y , t h o u g h Z;

T h o m a s S lo a n e (fa t h e r o f T o m S l o a n e ) . '

y e a r s o f a g e , h e is b y n o m e a n s plat’

w h o is th e o n ly o n e I k n o w o f l i v i n g , j

e d o u t. T h o u g h n o t in t h e s a m e s ta te

T h e fir s t m e n o f t h e W e s t a t t h a t

o f h e a lth a s o f a fe w s h o r t y e a r s a g O j {

t i m e w e r e O ld W i l l i a m K i t e , W i l l i a m j

M A J O R C A S S I D Y .

t h e M a j o r s t ill c a r r ie s h is g r e a t ng


m a n a p ip e t o s m o k e . H e "had lo t

h a d it in h is m o u th l o n g b e f o r e a c o n ­

sta b le c a m e u p a n d s n a t c h e d i t , b r o k e

it t o p ie c e s , a n d c h a s e d u s a w a y .

P U B L I C E X E C U T I O N S .

T h o u g h I d id n o t a c t u a lly s e e t h e m

h a n g e d , I r e m e m b e r s e e i n g a b la -k -

fe llo w a n d a >vhite m a n h a n g i n g o u t ­

side t h e o ld g a o l , w h ic h w a s s it u a t e d

w here th e C o u r t H o u s e n o w s t a n d s .

I a ls o r e m e m b e r s e e i n g a y o u n g f e l ­

a t b u r n t F l a t , n e a r M i . T a n a r . A t

•t h a t m e e t i n g , h o rs os o w n e d b y J o h n

| T a .it a n d D e M e s t i ■?, a n d o t h e r s to o k

p a » t . J a m e s H o './a e s w a s t h e b e s t

j o c k e y o f t h o s ° d a y s . F r o m th e r e

t h e c o u r s e w s s h ifte d to

P o o r M a n ’ s

H o llo w , w h e r e th e r e s id e n c e o f M r .

T a g o S m ith n o w s t a n d s .

T w o o f th e

b e s t h o r s e s e v e r I s a w w e re D e C lo u e t ’ s

J o h n a n d T a i t ’ s C o s s a c k . In

fa c t . ’ ‘ h in k C o s s a c k w a s t h e b e s t

l is h m e n a r r iv e d b y C o b b a n d C o . ’ s

c o a c h e s , a n d th e r o a d f r o m B a t h u r s t i

to R y d a l w a s lin e d w i t h t h o u s a n d s

s p e c t a t o r s . 411 B a t h u r s t w e n t o u t t o !

m e e t t h e m . N o f e w e r th a n 21 b o o t h s ;

w ere s o ld .

low h a n g e d fo r a c r i m i n a l a s s a u lt o n j h o r s e I h a v e e v e r s e e n . T h e p a ir h a d T h e o n ly tw o o th e r p l a y e r s t h a t I r e ­

a g ir l. H e w a s f r o m B l a c k m a n ’ s ! ’ r ? a t c h f o r , £ i c o a s id e , t h e b e s t tw o m e m b e r p la y e d f o r B aJth u rst w e r e

S w a m p ( O r a n g e ) , a n d I k n e w h im I o u t v £ th r e e , tw o m i le s . C o s s a c k J o h n D a r g i n a n d R e v . T r e s s . T h e

w ell.

i w o n . T h e b e s t jo c k e y s o f t h o s e d a y s la t t e r w a s a t h o r o u g h srood b o w le r ,

E A R L Y R A C I N G .

w e r e J o e M a t h e w s (a n a m a t e u r r id e r ) a n d t o o k fiv e o f t h e E n g l i s h m e n ’ ? w ic ­

T h e fir s t r a c e m e e t i n g I r e m e m b e r a n d C u t t s . H e r e fo r d w a s t h e s c e n e k e ts — a f e a t t h a t h a d n o t b e e n d o n e in

was h e ld a t A llo w a y B a n k , n o w o w n - ^ o f t h e n e xt r a c e s , a n d it w a s h e r e th a t A u s t r a l ia u p t o t h a t t i m e . I a ls o

t'd b y M r . S . W i llia m s . T h e m e e t i n g P a s h a , o w n e d b y J o h n D e C lo u e t , p r o v ­ p la y e d in t h e fir s t m a t c h e v e r p la y e d

e x te n d e d o v e r th r e e d a y s . N o c h a r g e ed h i m s e lf t o b e th e b e s t h o r s e o f t h e o n th e S n o r t s G r o u n d .

w as m a d e f o r a d m i s s i o n , a n d t'he p r iz e - d a y . A ft e r t h a t r a c i n g w a s c o n d u c te d

H I S M I L I T A R Y C A R E E R .

m o n e y r a n g e d f r o m .£ 3 0 to £ 1 5 0 . A on t h e old B a t h u r s t c o u r s e , w h e r e th e

I w a s a m e m b e r o f t h e fir s t v o lu n t e e r

n u m b e r o f h o r s e s w h ic h t r a v e lle d o v e r M o d e l F a r m n o w s t a n d s . T h e n th e c o m n a n v f o r m e d in B a t h u r s t . I w a s

the, M o u n t a in s to o k p a r t , i n c l u d in g B a t h u r s t C u p w a s w o r th £ 3 0 0 a n d

t h e n in t h m a n to g i v e in m y n a m e .

J o r r o c k s , B e s s ie B e d la m , P lo v e r , a n d “h e M a c q u a r ie P la t e £200. T h e b i g g e s t

T h e n o n - c o m m i s s i o n e d o ffic e r s w ere

H o n ih e k i. T h e s e w e r e t h e g r e a t e s t U 'O w d I h a v e s e e n at a m e e t i n g in

e le c t e d b y a b a l l o t o f t h e c o m p a n y in ;

h o rse s o f th e d a y . T h e r e w e r e n o s ix B a t h u r s t w a s w h e n S ir H e r c u le s R o b ­

th o s e d a y s . M a j o r H a l e s , t h e c a p ­

f u r lo n g s r a c e s in th o se , d a y s . T h e in s o n w a s in a t t e n d a n c e . T h e c r o w d

t a in , w a s t h e fir s t m a n e le c t e d in c o m - ;

p rin c ip a l e v e n ts w e r e o v e r t w o m i le s , • lu m b e red a b o u t 5 0 0 0 .

m a n d . T h a t w a s a b o u t 6 0 y e a r s a g o . i

th e b e s t tw o o u t o f t h r e e , a n d v e r y

E A R L Y C R I C K E T .

I h a v e b e e n th oro u g h t h e r a n k s f r o m |

often a h o r s e h a o to r u n s ix m i le s in G e o r g e B o n n o r w a s o n ly a b o y w h e n

p r i v a t e t o M a j o r , b u t h a v e a s y o u

an a fte r n o o n to w in . J o r r o c k s w a s I w a s a t m y b e s t a t c r ic k e t. W e h a d

k n o w r e t ir e d . T h e l a s t t i m e I w o r e

■e c h a m p io n . T h e r e w e r e s e v e r a l th e b e s t c r ic k e t e r s in N e w S o u th

m y u n i f o r m w a s w h e n K i t c h e n e r w a s

bootu s o n t h e c o u r s e , a t e a c h o f w h ic h W a l e s a r o u n d B a t h u r s t . C h a r lie W e s t

h e r e . I d o n ’ t t h in k I •..dll e v e r w e a r it

a fid d le r w a s e n g a g e d , a n d a p la c e fo r w a s a g r e a t b o w le r , a n d w o n m a n y

a g a i n .

t h n c in g e r e c te d . T h e b o o t h s w e r e j t r o p h ie s . I, m y s e l f , w a s c o n s id e r e d

A O N E - M A T C H F O O T B A L L E R .

■ : ill n i g h t , a n d p e o p le c a m e m ile I s to b e o n e o f t h e b e s t b a t s m e n in t h o s e

“ I o n ly p l a y e t f ift* m

the c o u r s e a ll n i g h t . I h a v e s e e n JC a r m e n , w h o s till o w n s - p r o p e r t y in

S y d n e y to p l a y a g a i n s t t h e U n iv e r s it y ,

b e tw e e n 15 a n d 2 0 fir e s g o i n g . S i n g ­ ! B a t h u r s t , w a s a ls o g o o d . H e w a s

I n e v e r b o t h e r e d a b o u t f o o t b a l l a lV -r

in g w a s i n d u lg e d in n e a r ly a ll n i g h t , j - *>e o f th e b e s t fie ld s e v e r I s a w . C h a r -

t h a t ,” tlhe M a j o r a d d e d .

t he p r ic e p a id f o r t h e b o o t h s w a s ,£ 1 0 . i i i N a y lo r w a s a f a ir p la y e r , a n d w a s

R A I L W A Y , S H O W S , A N D . T H E R

A n y p u b lic a n c o u ld p u r c h a s e a b o o t h , ■ ’ c r e i a r y fo r m a n y y e a r s o f t h e B a t h -

M A T T E R S .

and e a c h d re w lo ts f o r p o s it i o n s . A t u i . .: C lu b . I r e m e m b e r th e fir s t E n g -

“ I w e ll r e m e m b e r t h e fir s t t r a in to

the fir s t m e e t i n g I t h in k I a m r i g h t in ' lis h e le v e n th a t co m e , o v e r th e M o u n ­

a r r iv e in B a t h u r s t . I a t s o i :- i n f m b e r

s a y in g t h a t T o m W h i b o n , w h o k e p t t a i n s . I t w a s S t e p h e n s o n ’ s t e a m ,

th e f i r s t m u n ic ip a l e l e c t i o n . I t n i r k

a p u b lic h o u s e at E s r o m , a c te d a s j T h e y p la y e d 2 2 o f B a t h u r s t . N o , d o n 't

t h a t M r . R . J. C o u s i n s w a s o n e o f th e

ste w a rd . I d o n ’ t r e m e m b e r a n y o f ; a s k m e w h o w o n . T h e m a t c h w a s

b i g m e n t h a n . I w a s a ls o p r e s e n t

he o th e r o ffic ia ls . A b o u t 8 0 0 a t ­ p la y e d ju s t o v e r th e D e n i s o n B r id g e ,

a t t h e f ir s t s h o w , w h i c h w a s h e ld a t ;

te n d e d o n e a c h d a y .

>in L e e ’ s p a d d o c k . T h e e v e n t c a u s e d i

O ’ C o n n e ll P l a i n s . I h a v e nev..*r s e e n |

T h e n e x t m e e t i n g , I t h in k , w a s h e ld St h e g r e a t e s ’ e x c it e m e n t . T h e , E n g - j

o f

T h e m a t c h w a s s u p p o s e d

to e x t e n d o v e r t w o d a y s , b u t w a s i n - ;

J e r ru p te d b y a t e r r ific s t o r m . T h e 1

E n g l i s h m e n w o n e a s i l y . I t h in k th e I

m a t c h w a s

w i t n e s s e d b y t h e g r e a t e s t j

c r o w d in t h e h i s t o r y o f W e s t e r n c r ic k e t . '


s o muclh, fig h tin g -, a n d i t w a s r t e . e I

i c k -s t r e e t w a s b e i n g f o r m e d , a n d k e r ’ s j u s t a s t h e s u n w a s r i s i n g , I

sa w f o r t h e fir s t t i m e s t u m p ir o n s

t h e r e w a s a q u a n t i t y o f m e t a l in th e w a s to ld t h a t th e r e w a s a g e n t le m a n

u se d in a r o w . T h a t w a s a f i g h t ,

m i d d l e o f th e r o a d . O n e o f t h e b u s h - h a v i n g b r e a k f a s t , a n d if I didln t m .n d

a n d t h e r e w a s skin, a n d ih air f l y n g in

r a r a g e r s ’ h o r s e s b lu n d e r e d (over th e I c o u ld j o i n h i m . I w e n t i n , and

all d i r e c t i o n s . I h a v e b e e n i n c s e .i t a t

m e t a j , a n d a y o u n g fe llo w wlho w a s t h e r e w a s a f i n e - l o o k i n g m a n s e a t e d a t

e v e r y s h o w , a t A l l o w a y B a n k , R a g ­

s t a n d i n g w ith m e s a i d , ‘ T h e y m u s t b e th e r a b le . I n r e p ly t o m y g r e e t i n g , h e

la n , a n d o n th e p r e s e n t s i t e , a n d h a v e b u s b i e s .1 T h e b u s h r a n g e r s a f t e r w a r d s [s a id , ‘ G o o d m o r n i n g , ’ a n d a ls o t h a t h o

b ee n a m e m b e r o f t h e c o m m i t t e e s in c e

w e n t u p t o D e C lo u e t , w h e r e it w a s [fo r y e a r s a f t e r w a r d s , and I s u p p o s e

th e in c e p t io n o f t h e A s s o c i a t i o n . In s a id t h e y w e n t to g e t h is r a c e h o r s e , . d id n o t m i n d m e b r e a k f a s t i n g w ith

th e e a r ly d a y s I u s e d t o j u d g e boirs-®^

P a s h a . I t w a s o n ly a j o k e , h o w e v e r , h i m , a s t h e r e w a s p l e n t y foT t w o . I n

and f a t c a t t le ait a l l s h e w e s te r n s h o w s . a® o n e o f t h e m to ld m e a f t e r w a r d s . (j th e c o u r s e o f c o n v e r s a t i o n , I f o u n d

I h a v e o f t e n b e e n a s k e d to p ’ it u p G ilb e r t w ae a t o n e t im e e m p lo y e d b y t h a t h e k n e w a g r e a t d e a l a b o u t F o r ­

fo r a l d e r m a n , b u t n e v e r w c u ld d o s o . ! J a c k D e C lo u e t a s a s t a b le b o y , amd b e s , w h ic h w a s t h e n c a l l e d t h e L a c h ­

I w a s p r e s e n t ait t h e fir s t e le c t io n ' it w a s h e w h o t o ld m e . W h e n J a c k D e l a n . A f t e r b r e a k f a s t , w e g o t o u r

ever h e ld in B a t h u r s t . N o , I d o n ’ t r e - .C lo u e t h e a r d th e b u s h r a n g e r s w e r e h o r s e s o u t a n d r o d e t o w a r d s B la y n e y

m e m b e r t h e c a n d id a t e s . I w a s a lw a y s

a b o u t to taike P a s h a , h e s a i d , ‘ O h ,

a s t r o n g P r o t e c t io n i s t , a n d a g r e a t

f o r t h e Jove o f G o d , t a k e m y m o n e y ,

s u p p o r te r o f F r a n k S u t t o r , a n d h e lp ­

t a k e m y w ife , t a k e m y l i f e , b u t d o n ’ t

ed t o g e t h i m r e t u r n e d o n m a n y o c c a ­

t a k e P a s h a .’ T h e b u s h r a n g e r s c a u s ­

s io n s . T h e s e p o li t i c s , h o w e v e r , a re

e d a g r e a t s e n s a t io n . A l l t h e r e s id e n t s

no g o o d . I t h o u g h t I w a s a le v e l­

r u s h e d o u t w ith g u n s , e t c ., b u t th e y

h e a d e d f e llo w , a n d w o u ld n o v m a k e

o o k fin e c a r e not to go p a s t t h e R o y a l

e n e m ie s , b u t I m a d e a n y q u a n t it y . N o

H o t e l c e x n a r . T h e y d i d n ’ t w a n t to

m a n c a n t a k e p a r t in p o li t i c s m d n o t j m e e t ' ^ b u s h r a n g e r s .'

N e i t h e r d id

h a ve ,’e am e n e m y ,. I t ’ s n o g o o d to th e I!

o r d in a r y m a n , b u t I s u p p o s e it is f o r

“ O n, o n e o c c a s io n w h ils t o n m y w a y

the m a n w h o is e le c t e d . T h a t 's a ll,

fo T u e n a ~ t o b u y h o r s e s I m e t t w o m e n

th o u g h .

r i d i n g . T h e y g o t o n e it h e r s id e o f

T H E G R E A T R I D E F R O M B A T H ­

m e a n d r o d e a l o n g . I t s t r u c k m e at

U R S T T O S Y D N E Y .

u e t i m e t h a t t h e y w e r e b u s h r a n g e r s .

" I w e ll r e m e m b e r t h e t r e a t i v i e ;.f

O n e m a n a s k e d m e w h e r e I c a m e

Phil S k e llic o r n , f r o m B a t h u r s t to

f r o m , a n d I s a i d B a t h u r s t . I w a s r i-

S y d n e y , o n h o r s e b a c k , f o r a s id e

d im g a r a c e ih o rse , a n d th e o t h e r c o v e ,

w a g e r o f .£ 1 0 0 . H e d id i t , b u t n e v e r

a f t e r l o o k i n g ait h is b r a n d , s a i d , ‘ I s

g o t th e m o n e y . S k e llic o r n g o t off b is

y o u r n a m e J im C a s s i d y ? ’ I s a id ,

h o rse a t Poor M a n ’ s F r ie m d , t h e o t h e r

‘ Y e s . ’ ‘ W e l l ,’ h e s a i d , ‘ M c G u i n e s s ’

side of P e n r it h , to h a v e s o m e r e f r e s h ­

■is e x p e c t i n g y o u ..’ A s I w a s a n x io u s

m e n ts , a n d in s t e a d o f g e t t i n g o n i m ­

to g e t a w a y , I s a id , ‘ O h , w e ll, I h a d

m e d ia te ly , h e w a lk e d fcr a b o u t 13 o r

14 y a r d s a l o n g s id e h i s h o r s e . W h e n

he g o t t o S y d n e y h e w a s p r e t t y w e ll

druTiik, a n d h a d to b e h e ld u p . T h e

b e t t e r p u s h o n . ’ A f t e r I 'h ad g o n e

a b o u t 5 0 y a r d s t h e y c a lle d m e , a n d I

t lh o u g h t, ‘ H a r e ’ s a g o . T h e y w ill t a k e

m y h o r s e .’ H o w e v e r , th e y w a n te d

man with whom he had the wager to fcnQw .f j had seen anybody cojn_

took exception to him walking his •

t o g e t h e r . W e h a d n ’ t g o n e v e r y far

w h e n 'I n o t i c e d th a t m y f r ie n d h a d a

c o u p le o f r e v o lv e r s in h i s b e lt . H u l ­

l o , ’ I t h o u g h t , ‘ I a m in v e r y b a d c o m ­

p a n y .’ I s a i d , ‘ A r e y o u g o i n g t o B l a y ­

n e y ? ’ H e s a i d , ‘ Y e s ; i s n ’ t y o u r a a m e

T im G a s s i d y ? ’ I r e p li e d t h a t it w a s ,

| w h e r e u p o n h e r e p lie d t h a t ibis b r o ­

t h e r k n e w m e w e l l , a n d t h a t I w a s a

ig r e a t q u o it p la y e r . I t h e n a s k e d I.: m

Iw h at h is b r o t h e r ’ s n a m e w a s , a n d h e

r e p li e d , ‘ B i l l y H a l l .’ ‘ T h e n y o u a re

B e n H a ll ? ’ I i n q u ir e d . W h e n h e s a id

‘ Y e s , ” I s a i d , ‘ M y G o d ! I a m g o i n g

t o le a v e y o u . ’ H e l a u g h e d h e a r t ily ,

a n d s a i d , ‘ C o m e o n .; w e w ill g o to

R u s s a r t ’ s a n d h a v e a d r i n k . ’ I w a s

n o t h a v i n g a n y , a n d t u r n e d o f f a t m e

n e x t t u r n . H a l l h a d n o t b e e n o u t

l o n g t h e n . H e w a s a f t e r w a r d s r id d le d

w ith b u lle t s a f e w m l ie s f r o m F o r b e s .

I h a v e o f t e n s e e n t h e t r e e w h ic h h e

c l u n g t o w h ile tihe p o l i c e - w e r e f i r in g

a t h im . - T h e b u ll e t m a r k s w e r e th e r e

fth ey a r e s t ill.

' “I s a w P e i s l e y t r ie d a n d s e n t e n c e d

to d e a t h a t t h e B a t h u r s t C o u r t H o u s e

E v e r y p e r s o n in c o u r t w a s t r e m b l i n g ,

i n g o n th e r o a d f r o m B a t h u r s t , a n d m y s e l f i n c lu d e d . P e i s l e y , h o w e re r ,

horse fo r a fe w y a r d s , a n d w o u ld n o t

w h e n I to ld t h e m th a t t h r e e t r o o p e r s n e v e r m o v e d . H e s t o o d u p a n d g r a s ­

Pay.

h a d c o m e w ith m e a n d h a d o n ly le ft p e d th e r a i ls o f t h e d o c k , a n d n e v e r

B U S H R A N G I N G d a y s .

a b o u t h a lf a m i l e b a c k , t h e y t u r n e d m o v e d a m u s c l e . H e w a s a ^ e r y d e ­

Y e s I w e ll r e m e m b e r th e r a id b y o f f T h e m e Q w e r e Q am dine.r

a n d t e r m in e d m a m . T h e l a s t b u s h r a n g e r

:B e n H a l l ’ s g a n g o f b u s h r a n g e r s in

P e is l e y .

I r e m e m b e r , i f h e c o u ld b e c a l l e d s u n h ,

I B a th u r s t. I w a s s t a n d i n g o n th e

O n a n o t n e r o c c a s io n , I h a d b r e a k - J " as a 111:111 w h o f r e q u e n t e d t h e P h

D u 'k e’ s Cc o r n e r , in W l lila m -s t r e e t , r , ■,, t, it ,

, r , l a s t w ith B e n H a l l , a t W h i t t a k e r ’ s , at R iv e r . I d o n ’ t r e m e m b e r h i s .ia>r.e.

w hen t h e y c a m e o u t o f P ewd rio itmt a ’ ts tKa i' ns g i ,- s p- - L a.

in ^

A r i r v i n g a t W h i t t a- H e w a s o n l y a h o r s e s t e a l e r , a n d I

sh o p . A t th a t t i m e , th e r o a d in H o w -


eally; f o r g e t w h a t h a p p e n e d h im .

B u s h r a n g e r s n o w w o u ld h a v e n o

c h a n c e , a n d i t i s j u s t a s w e ll t h a t s v c h

is th e c a s e , a s n o p e r s o n ; c a n r e a lis e

V b a t it W a s lik e t r a v e l l i n g a b o u t th e

d is t r ic t W h e n t h e y w e r e in fu ll fo r c e .

I d o n ’ t W a n t t o s a y a n y m o r e .’ *

TO-DAY’S PROGRAMME.

VISIT OF THE STATE COVERNOR.

M E M O R I E S R E C A L L E D .

T h e B a t h u r s t c e n t e n a r y c e le b r a tio n s

w ill b e o f f ic ia lly o p e n e d i n B a t h u r s t t o ­

d a y . H i s E x c e lle n c y t h e S t a t e G o v e r n o r

a n d L a d y S t r ic k la n d a n d s u it e , a n d

t h e M in i s t e r f o r E d u c a t i o n ( M r . A . C .

C a r m ic h a e l) w ill b e a m o n g s t t h e d i s ­

t i n g u i s h e d v i s i t o r s . T h e p r o g r a m m e fo r

t h e d a y is a s f o llo w s : —

1 0 .3 0 a . m ., G r a n d C e n t e n a r y P r o c e s ­

s io n .

1 1 .3 0 a .m ., C iv i c R e c e p t io n to h is

E x c e l le n c y t h e G o v e r n o r a n d O p e n in g o f

K i n g ’ s P a r a d e .

N o o n , L a y i n g o f t h e C o m m e m o r a t i o n 1

M e m o r i a l F o u n d a t io n S t o n e .

1 2 .3 0 p . m ., C h i ld r e n ’ s L u n c h c n S h o w

G r o u n d .

1 p . m ., O ffic ia l L u n c h e o n o n S h o w

G r o u n d . !

: 2 p . m ., G r a n d S p e c t a c u la r D r ill |

a n d M a y p o le D is p la y s b y S c h o o l i

C h ild r e n o n t h e S h o w G r o u n d , t o b e \

f o llo w e d b y S p o r t s .

3 - 3 0 p . m ., V i c e - R e g a l R e c e p tio n in

C o u r t -H o u s e a n d G a r d e n P a r t y in M a -

c h a t tie P a r k .

7 p . m .. B a n q u e t t o h is E x c e lle n c y th e

G o v e r n o r ( b y t h e c i t iz e n s ) .

9 p . m .. Grand C e n t e n a r y C o s t u m e B a ll

. in t h e M a s o n ic H a ll.

U p o n th e ir a r r iv a l in B a t h u r s t t h is

m o r n in g t h e G o v e r n o r a n d p a r ty w ill

j b e m e t a t t h e r a ilw a y s t a t i o n , a n 1 a f t e r ­

w a r d s d r iv e n t o “ K i l r u s h ,'’ th e rcs'ti

e n c e o f M r . J o h n M e a g h e r , M L . C . ,

; w h e r e th e y w ill b e e n te r ta in e d a t b r e a k -

1 f a s t .

THE ro u te a n d o r d e r .

T h e g r a n d p r o c e s s io n t o -d a ;- p r t m i f c s

i to b e m o s t i n t e r e s t i n g . T h e' h i s t o i k a l

a n d h u m o r o u s t a b le a u w ill b e p i o i n i n e n t j

fe a t u r e s . T h e v a r i o u s i n s t i t u t io n s h a .o

e a c h f o r m e d s e p a r a t e t a b le a u , a n d k e e n •

c o m p e t it io n f o r s u p r e m a c y i s a n t ic ip a t e d .

T h e p r o c e s s io n w ill f o r m u p o>i t h e t a . l -

w a y , l e a v i n g a t 1 0 .3 0 s h a r p , a n d w ill

p r o c e e d u p K e p p e l-s t r e e t , t o W i 'l i a m , to

P ip e r , to G e o r g e , t o D u r h a m , to W illi i n . ,

to H o w ic k . t o G e o r g e , p a s t th e C o u r t

H o u s e t o William, t o C h u r ; ’i s t r e e t , e n d

to G e o r g e , t h u s s u r r o u a i i i g th e K i n g s

P a r a d e . After the laying of th e f o a i v ’ a

tio n s t o n e , c o m p e t it i v e s e c t io n s o f t h e

p r o c e s s io n will p r o c e e d b y w a y o f G e o r g e

a n d D u r h a m s t r e e t s to t h e S h o w ' G r o u n d

to b e j u d g e d .

T h e o r d e r o f t h e p r o c e s s io n i s : —

M o u n t e d P o li c e , M i li t a r y B a n d , m ilit a r y ',

c a d e t s , M o d e l B a n d , f r i e n d ly s o c i e t i e s 1

a n d tr a d e u n io n s , a ld e r m a n a n d v i s i t o r s ,

h is to r ic a l d i s p la y , d e c o r a t e d m o t o r c a r s , !

d e c o r a te d b i c y c le s , B a t h u r s t C i t y L a n d , ;

tr a d e d i s p la y s , g i r l s ’ p o n y t u r n o u t (in j

s a d d le , b o y s ’ p o n y t u r n o u t (in s a d d l e ) , 1

b u s in e s s t u r n o u t s , s p e c t a c u la r d i s p l a y s , j

h u m o r o u s d i s p l a y s , d e c o r a t e d s u lk y , o n e I

a n d t w o h o r s e t r o lly t u r n o u t s .

T h e c a r a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m th e f o u n ­

d a t io n s to n e to t h e S h o w G r o u n d a r e : —

N o . 1 c a r — S i r F r a n c i s S u t t o r , h i s E x c e l ­

le n c y , a n d t h e M a y o r ; N o , 2 c a r — C a p t .

T a lb o t , M i s s S t r i c k l a n d , H o n . J o h n

M e a g h e r , a n d th e M a y o r e s s ; N o . 3 ca r'—

M r . A . C. C a r m ic h a e l, M i s s C . S t r i c k ­

la n d , M r s . C a r m ic h a e l, a n d M i s s S u t t o r -

N o . 4 c a r — H o n . F . J a g o S m i t h , L i e u t .-

C o lo n e l D u d l e y W T iite , M i s s B ir c h M r s

J a g o S m i t h ; N o . 5 c a r — M r . J o a n M i ll e r ,

M r s . E - S . C a r r , M r . E . S . C a r r , ivnsa

M i lle r ; N o . 6 c a r — O ffic ia ls a n d c o m m i t ­

t e e ; N o . 7 c a r — M e s s r s . L . S u t t o i a n d

H e r b e r t C . S u t to r , M r s . N . L . S u t t o r

a n d M r s . H . C . S u t to r .

T H E S P O R T S .

T h o s e w h o p a tr o n is e t h e s p o r t s m e e t

i n g o n t h e S h o w G r o u n d t o -d a v w ill h a v e ,

a n o p p o r t u n it y o f s e e i n g o iie o f f e

fin e s t s p e c t a c u la r d r ill a n d m a y p o le d i s ­

p la y s e v e r p r e s e n t e d to t h e B a t h u r s t , u h -

lic . A b o u t 2 0 0 0 s c h o o l c h ild r e n a r e to

t a k e p a r t. L a r g e e n t r ie s h a v e b e e n

r e c e iv e d in a ll t h e e v e n t s f o r t h e c h ild

r e n ’ s s p o r ts . H i s E x c e l le n c y th e

G o v e r n o r a n d s u it , t h e M i n i s t e r f o r E d u ­

c a t io n , a n d s e v e r a l m e m b e r s o f f a i l i a -

m e n t w ill b e p r e s e n t , a n d w ill v ie w t n e

s p e c t a c u la r d r ill a n d m a y p o le d i s p l a y .

A f e a t u r e o f th e a f t e r n o o n ’ s s p o r t s w ill

b e r a c e s d e v o te d to c h ild r e n u n d e r i>


y e a r s o r a g e ., m e s u m o t £ 5 h a s b ee n

se t a p a r t f o r t h is p u r p o s e , a n d a U .rge

n u m b e r o f t o y s p u r c h a s e d , a n d th e s e

w ill b e c o m p e t e d f o r in a s e r ie s o f n i c t s

f o r t h e lit t le t o t s , c o m m e n c i n g a t 4

p .m . o n t h e w e s t e r n e n d o f t h e e n .lo -

su re .

S I L v £,k XKOWr-L.

A b e a u t i fu l s ilv e r tr o w e l, t o b e u se d

b y a n d p r e s e n t e d to S ir G e r a ld S t r ic k ­

la n d in l a y i n g t h e f o u n d a t i o n s to n e o f

t h e E v a n s ’ M e m o r i a l t o - d a y , w a s o n vie w

a t M r . L . W i n t e r ’ s e s t a b lis h m e n t d u r in g

t h e w e e k . I t b e a r s th e f o llo w i n g in - j

s c r i p t i o n , f in e ly e x e c u te d a t M r . W i n ­

t e r ’ s : — “ T h i s tr o w e l w a s u s e d b y iiis

E x c e lle n c y S ir G e r a ld S t r ic k la n d ,

K . C . M . G . , G o v e r n o r o f N e w S o u th

W a l e s , t o l a y t h e fo u n d a t io n s t o n e o f

th e C e n t e n a r y M e m o r i a l in c o m m e m o r a ­

tio n o f t h e d is c o v e r y o f th e B a th u r s t

P la in s in 1 8 1 3 b y D e p u t y -S u r v e y o r -

G e n e r a l G . M . E v a n s . B a t h u r s t , N o v .

19, 1 9 1 3 .”

G R A N D C E N T E N A R Y B A L L .

T h e g r a n d c e n t e n a r y b a ll w i ll b e h e ld

> in th e M a s o n ic H a ll t o - n i g h t a t 9 o ’ c lo c k .

H is E x c e l le n c y t h e G o v e r n o r a n d s u ite j

w ill b e p r e s e n t , a n d w ill d a n c e in th e

o p e n d a n c e * . T h e l a d i e s ’ c o m m it t e e ;

h a s l e f t n o s t o n e u n t u r n e d t o m a k e

] e v e r y t h i n g a s p le a s a n t a s p o s s ib le .

I S p e c t a t o r s w ill b e w e ll c a t e r e d fo r . A

I re c o r d a t t e n d a n c e s h o u ld r e s u lt.

j T H E C O N T I N E N T A L .

; T h e B a t h u r s t D is t r i c t B a n d , 1 n d er

I th e c o n d u c to r s h ip o f M r . S . L e w i n s , w ill

r e n d e r th e f o l lo w i n g p r o g r a m m e in

, M a c h a t t i e P a r k a t t o - n i g h t ’s c o n t in e n ­

t a l : — M a r c h , “ C o n q u e r o r ” ; w a ltz ,

“ W i llo w d e n ” ; d e s c r ip t iv e fa n t a s ia ,

“ A b y s s i n i a n E x p e d i t i o n ” ; s e le c t io n ,

j “ S o u v e n ir d e R u s s e ” ; s o n g , “ M a is ie

M i n n i e ” ; i n t e r m e z z o . “ D a n c i n g in th e

M o o n ” ; s e le c t io n , “ E n g l i s h S o n g s ” ;

o v e r tu r e , “ V i l l a g e B r id e ” ; m a r c h , “ I m -

p e r a t o r .”

T I M E - T A B L E O F S P O R T S .

2 p . m . — D i s p la y s o f d r ill, m a y p o le s ,

k in d e r g a r t e n , g a m e s ; 3 .3 0 — T u g -o f -w a r .

g i r l s ’ r a c e s , b o y s ’ h a n d i c a p ; 4 — 100

y a r ^ s ( 1 4 -1 6 , 1 6 -1 8 y e a r s ) ; 4 .3 0 — 100

; y a r d s c h a m p io n s h ip , s a c k r a c e [12-14

y e a r s ); 4 . 4 o - - r e l a y r a c e ; 4 .5 0 — m i le h a n ­

d ic a p ; 5 .5 — ju n i o r o b s t a c le r a c e (u n d e r

1 5 ), s a c k r a c e ( 1 6 - 1 8 ) ; 5 .3 0 — s e n io r o b - i

s ta c le r a c e (o v e r 1 5 ) ; 5 .4 0 , s a c k r a c e j

( 1 4 -1 6 y e a r s ) .

SURVEYOR EVANS’ ACHIEVEMENT.

M R .

W A L K E R ’ S A D D R E S S T O

S T U D E N T S .

“ I t is a n i n s p i r i n g t h i n g to s e e t h e s e

y o u n g p e o p le p r e s e n t t o - d a y , a n d t h i n k ,

t h a t in th e ir h a n d s l ie s t h e f u t u r e o f

■ th is g r e a t a n d g lo r i o u s c o u n t r y ,” w a s

. M r . F . W a l k e r ’ s p r e fa t o r y r e m a r k in t h e

S c h o o l o f A r t s y e s t e r d a y a f t e r n o o n , w h e n

h e d e liv e r e d a le c t u r e o n t h e h is t o r ic a l

p h a s e o f t h e c e n t e n a r y c e le b r a t io n s . T h e

| M a y o r (A ld e r m a n A . R i g b y ) p r e s id e d ,

j a n d a m o n g t h o s e o n t h e p l a t f o r m w e r e

M r . P o w e ll ( M a y o r o f W a t e r l o o ) , M a j o r

j L o n g m u i r , C a p t a in P r i n g l e , a n d M e s s r s ,'

, W . S . S m i t h a n d F e r g u s o n . T h e h a ll

! w a s w e ll fille d .

I T h e le c t u r e r u r g e d t h e c h ild r e n to

e m u la t e t h e e x a m p le o f t h e g r e a t m e n

o f th e p a s t. H e a p p r e c ia t e d t h e fa c t

th a t A u s t r a lia n h is t o r y n o w o c c u p ie d a

p r o m in e n t p la c e in t h e e d u c a t io n s y l l a ­

b u s o f t h e s c h o o ls . T h e r e w a s a g r e a t

d e a l o f i n t e r e s t a n d a t t r a c t io n in A u s ­

tr a lia n h i s t o r y , m o r e s o to t h e m , a s A u s ­

t r a lia n s .

M r . W a l k e r s k e tc h e d t h e f u t i le e ffo r t s

o f G o v e r n o r P h i llip to p ie r c e t h e b a r r ie r

o f t h e u n k n o w n , a n d , c o m i n g tj^ "t h e

. s u c c e s s fu l " a c h ie v e m e n t o-f: B la x la n d ,

W e n t w o r t h , a n d L a w s o n , e m p h a s i s e d t h e

g r e a t i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e ir g r e a t a n d

c o u r a g e o u s w o r k . I t w a s o n e f r a u g h t

; w ith g r e a t p e r il, a n d on o n e o c c a s io n

in th e s ile n t f a s t n e s s e s Qf _ t h e Blue

M o u n t a i n s t h e y w e r e s u r r o u n d e d b y

b la c k s , b u t f o r t u n a t e l y f o r t h e m th e ir

d o g s k e p t o ff a n a t t a c k . I n t h e m o r n ­

i n g t h e y r e a lis e d h o w n a r r o w ' t h e ir

e s c a p e h a d b e e n . T h e n c a m e t h e g r e a t

E v a n s , w h o , f r o m t h e fin a l p o in t o f B la x -

la n d ’ s j o u r n e y , s a w t h e w id e a n d s w e e p ­

i n g p la in s o f t h e w e s t . I n d o m it a b le

c o u r a g e b r o u g h t s u c c e s s t o h is e f f o r t s ,

a n d h is d ia r y e v id e n c e d h o w i m p r e s s e d

h e h a d b e e n w ith t h e b e a u t i fu l c o u n t r y

h e h a d d is c o v e r e d . H e h a d n a m e d

M o u n t P le a s a n t s o o n a c c o u n t o f its

p le a s a n t v ie w . H e f o llo w e d t h e c o u r s e

o f t h e r iv e r a s f a r a s E v a n s ’ P l a i n s ,

b u t o n h i s r e tu r n jo u r n e y w e n t w 'ide o f

t h e b a n k s . G o v e r n o r M a c q u a r i e w a s

j u b i la n t a t t h e a c h ie v e m e n t o f E v a n s ,:

a n d C o x , w ith 3 0 c o n v i c t s , s t a r t e d o n t h e

c o n s t r u c t io n o f t h e w e s t e r n r o a d . T h is

fe a t w a s a c c o m p lis h e d in s ix m o n t h s .

I n c o n c lu s io n , M r . W a l k e r p a id a t r i ­

b u t e t o t h e b e a u t y o f B a t h u r s t , a f a i r e r

to w n th a n w h ic h h e h a d n o t s e e n . T h e

t o w n w a s fir s t f o u n d e d a t K e l s o , b u t

i o w i n g t o flo o d s it w a s r e m o v e d a c r o s s


t h e r iv e r , a n d w a s n o w t h e B a t h u r s t o f

th e p r e s e n t d a y . ( A p p l a u s e .)

R e lic s o f th e e a r ly d a y s w e r e s h o w n ,

in c lu d in g d u e l l i n g p i s t o l s , d r e s s sw o r d s^

a n d lo a d e d w a l k i n g s t i c k s . T h e la tte r

1 w e r e v e r y h a n d y in m e e t i n g w ith b u s h -

I r a n g e r s .

T h e M a y o r r e fe r r e d t o t h e e d u c a tio n a l

v a lu e o f t h e le c t u r e , a n d in a s k i n g tw o

s t u d e n t s t o p r o p o s e a n d s e c o n d a v o te

■ o f t h a n k s t o M r . W a l k e r , m e n t io n e d th at

t h e y w e r e tw o o f t h e y o u n g e s t p e o p le

w h o h a d e v e r b e e n c a lle d u p o n t o p e r ­

fo r m t h a t d u ty .

M a s t e r J a c k W i l l i a m s , o f t h e B a t h u r s t

H ig h S c h o o l, s a id t h e y s h o u ld fe e l t h a n k ­

fu l to M r . W a lk e r f o r h is a b le a d d r e s s .

S u c h a s u b je c t m u s t a lw a y s b e o f in ­

te r e s t to t h e p e o p le o f B a t h u r s t — th e

p r e m ie r c i t y o f t h e P l a i n s . T h e s u b ­

je c t w a s a ll t h e m o r e in t e r e s t in g a t the

p r e s e n t t i m e o n a c c o u n t o f th e c e n te n a r y

c e le b r a t io n s . ( A p p l a u s e .)

M a s t e r E d w a r d C u r r a n , o f th e P a tr i­

cia n B r o s .’ S c h o o l, in s e c o n d i n g th e

V o te o f t h a n k s , s a id t h e y h a d all g r e a t ly

b e n e fit t e d b y t h e v e r y in s t r u c tiv e le c tu r e .

T h e v o t e w a s c a r r ie d b y a c c la m a tio n .

M r . W a lk e r r e s p o n d e d .

( C h e e r s w e r e t h e n g i v e n f o r t h e le c ­

tu r e r , th e K i n g , a n d t h e M a y o r .

RIFLE MEETINC.

A t la s t, t h e B a t h u r s t C a d e t C h a lle n g e

S h ie ld , t h e s p le n d id g i f t o f th e B a t h ­

u r s t p e o p le , is to b e c o m p e t e d f o r o n c e

m o r e . T h e o ld j u n i o r c a d e t s h a v e p a s s ­

ed a w a y , a n d , P h o e n ix -lik e , th e p r e s e n t

s e n io r c a d e t s h a v e t a k e n th e ir p la c e .

D u r i n g th e p e r io d o f c h a n g e th e m a g n i ­

fic e n t s h ie ld h a s a d o r n e d t h e w a lls o f

th e B a t h u r s t D i s t r i c t S c h o o l, w h o se

; r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s w o n it s o m e f o u r y e a r s

i a g o . T h e d e s ir e o f th e d o n o r s w a s to

e n c o u r a g e r ifle s h o o t i n g a m o n g t h e r is -

j i n g g e n e r a t i o n 'l— '1 h a t th e s e sh ie ld

m a t c h e s d id so in p a s t i s p r o v e d b y th e

i w o n d e r f u lly k e e n c o n t e s t s , e x t e n d in g

o v e r m a n y y e a r s ,A e t w e e n B a t h u r s t an d

; O r a n g e f o r t h e s h ie ld , w h ic h w a s w on

: o u t r ig h t b y t h e © r a n g e ju n i o r c a d e t s in

1906 . T h e in t e r e s t in t h e n e w sh ie ld

' c o m p e t it io n is b r i n g i n g t e a m s f r o m

M u d g e e , L i t h g o w , a n d P e n r i t h , I t is a

' p i t y o u r o ld r iv a ls — O r a n g e — a r e n o t re-

, p r e s e n te d . N e v e r t h e le s s t h e e n tr ie s — 8

■ t e a m s f o r t h e s h ie ld a n d 8 0 f o r t h e in d i­

v id u a l m a t c h e s — c o n s t it u t e a r e c o r d e n ­

try . T h e s h ie ld is o n e x h ib it io n ir. M r .

S h u lz e ’ s w in d o w , n e x t t h e R o v a l H o te l.

T h e v i s i t i n g c a d e ts a r e : — W i n d s o r 3 5 ,

M u d g e e 2 7 , P e n r it h 3 0 , a n d L i t h g o w 30.

T h e tw o f i r s t -n a m e d c o m p a n i e s a r e p a y ­

i n g t h e i r o w n e x p e n s e s .

OLD MEMORIES

A PIONEER POLITICIAN.

W H O F O U G H T F O R T H E

R A I L W A Y .

W E S T E R N

A m o n g s t th e l a r g e c o n c o u r s e o f v is it-

1 o rs t o B a t h u r s t f o r t h e C e n t e n a r y c e le -

I b r a t io n s is a la d y w h o s e p r e s e n c e w ill

I r e k in d le t h e e m b e r s o f m e m o r v w ith in

th e m i n d s o f th e o ld e r p o r tio n o f B a t h ­

u r s t ’ s c itiz e n s . T h is is M r s . E l l e n D o n ­

n e lly , o f M i l s o n ’ s P o in t . M r s . D o n ­

n e lly i s o n e o f t h e s u r v iv in g , d a u g h t e r s

o f t h e l a t e M r . W i ll i a m C u m r n in g s , o n e

o f th e p io n e e r p o li t i c ia n s w h o r e p r e s e n t ­

e d t h e o ld E a s t M a c q u a r i e e le c t o r a t e in

P a r li a m e n t , b a c k in th e d a y s w h ic h aro

; n o w o n ly a m e m o r y .

I M r s . D o n n e ll y s p e n t m a n y y e a r s o f

j h e r l i f e in th e w e s t, a n d . w ith in th e

! v ic in it y o f B a t h u r s t , a n d s h e n a t u r a l ly

| c h e r is h e s a k e e n in t e r e s t in t h i s , th e

1 p r e m ie r c i t y o f t h e w e s t e r n p l a i n s .

! M r . C u m m i n g s w a s f o r a . p e r io d o f

18 y e a r s o n e o f t h e m e m b e r s f o r th e

! o ld E a s t M a c q u a r i e e le c t o r a te . M r .

W illia m S u t t o r w a s , d u r i n g t h e g r e a t e r

; p o r tio n o f t h a t t i m e , t h e o t h e r m e m b e r .

; M r . C u m m i n g s w a s a lw a y s r e g a r d e d a s

■ th e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e , n o t o n ly o f E a s t

M a c q u a r ie , b u t o f t h e g r e a t w e s t e r n i n ­

te rio r. H e c o n t in u o u s ly u r g e d u p o n

P a r l i a m e n t . th e c la im s o f t h i s g r e a t

a r e a , s o r ic h i n i t s p o te n t ia lit ie s . T h e

m a k i n g a n d r e p a ir in g o f r o a d s , b r i d g e s ,

a n d p u b lic b u ild i n g s t h r o u g h o u t t h e

w e s t, w e n t o n w ith a n e n e r g y w h ic h

d e r iv e d i t s s p r i n g f r o m t h e P a r li a m e n t ­

a r y e f f o r t s o f M r . C u m m i n g s .

M r . C u m m i n g s ’ g r e a t e s t a c h ie v e - :

m e n t, h o w e v e r , w a s t h e s t r e n u o u s f i g h t

w h ic h h e p u t u p i n P a r li a m e n t in

th e d ir e c tio n o f c o m m e n c i n g t h e c o n ­

s tr u c tio n o f t h e ^ r e a t w e s t e r n r a ilw a y .

F o r u p w a r d s o f T o u r y e a r s , in t h e f a c e

o f s t r o n g o p o p s i t io n , M r . C u m m i n g s

b a ttle d b r a v e ly f o r a g r a n t o f £ 5 5 , 0 0 0

fo r th e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f t h is g r e a t

u n d e r t a k in g . H e p o in t e d oU t to h is

fe llo w p a r lia m e n t a r ia n s t h a t u n t il th e

“ I r o n H o r s e w e n t o v e r t h e m o u n t a i n s ,

th e g r e a t w e s t e r n c o u n t r y w o u l d n e v e r

b e o p e n e d u p .” A t la s t h e r e a c h e d t h e

g o a l o f h is a m b i t i o n , a n d t h e g r a n t

i o f £ 5 5 , 0 0 0 w a s s a n c t io n e d b v th e

H o u s e . T h u s it w ill b e s e e n M r . ' C u m -

f ; m i n g s p la y e d a g r e a t p a r t in t h e o p e n ­

i n g u p o f o u r g r e a t w e s t e r n c o u n t r y .

W e o f th e p r e s e n t d a y . w h o t r a v e l in a

fa s t , w e ll-e q u ip p e d m a i l t r a in , s h o u ld j

k e e p g r e e n in o u r m e m o r ie s t h is p io - ]

;____ ; n e e r p o litic ia n w h o f o u g h t s o s t r e n u - h i ' - ~


12-4 Q.Uk]


o u s ly m t h e d ir e c tio n o f s ta r tin g - o u r

p r e s e n t w e s t e r n r a ilw a y s y s t e m .

M r . C u m m i n g s , in a d d r e s s i n g th e

A s s e m b l y o f t h e d a y s o f o ld , h a d c e rta in

p e c u lia r itie s o f p r o n u n c ia t io n w h ic h

w o u ld h a v e s u b je c t e d h im t o a c e r ta in

a m o u n t o f r id ic u le , b u t f o r t h e s t r o n g

1 t h r e a d o f c o m m o n s e n s e a n d c o r r e c t r e a ­

s o n in g w h ic h r a n t h r o u g h t h e w h o le o f

h is s p e e c h e s . B u t h e w a s a p a s t -m a s t e r

in th e a rt o f r e p a r t e e H e h a d th e

I r is h m a n ’ s g i f t o f m a k i n g a r e a d y a n ­

sw e r , a n d it w e n t h a r d w ith t h o s e w-ho i

e s s a y e d to c r it ic is e t h e s a y i n g s o r d o -

m g s o f t h e m e m b e r f o r E a s t M a c q u a r ie .

T h e r e w a s b u t o n e m a n in t h e H o u s e ,

| t h e s m a lle s t c h a n c e of c o m in g

j o ff s c a t h e le s s in a c o n flic t o f w it, a n d

; th a t w a s M r . D a i le y . M r . C u m m i n g s ’

( s u c c e s s in g e t t i n g w h a t h e d e m a n d e d

fo r h i s c o n s t it u e n t s w a s d u e in a g r e a t

m e a s u r e t o h is im p o r t u n ity . H e p le a d ­

e d h is c la im s in a lo u d v o ic e , a n d w ith

a n a lm o s t p e r p e t u a l r e it e r a t io n , u n til

th e y w e r e s u b s t a n t i a lly a c k n o w le d g e d .

P r o b a b ly n o m a n o f h i s d a y d id s o m u c h

m P a r li a m e n t t o w a r d s t h e b u ild i n g u p i

o f th e w e s te r n d i s t r i c t , th a n th e -la t e M r . i

C u m m in g s . A s a p r iv a te m e m b e r o f i

s o c ie t y , a s a h u s b a n d , a s a fa t h e r , a n d !

a s a f r i e n d , M r . C u m m i n g s w a s tr u ly i

e s t im a b le . H e le d a u s e fu l lif e a n d

g r e w g r e y in t h e d i lig e n t d is c h a r g e o f

h is dutie.s.

M r . C u m m i n g s m e t a n u n t im e l y d e a th

Upwards o f 4 2 years ago. H e was

th r o w n f r o m h i s b u g g y in t h e v ic in ity

° f . P e e l, a n d d ie d a s a r e s u lt o f th e

in ju r ie s w h ic h h e r e c e iv e d .

M r . C u m m i n g s , w a s a l a r g e h e a r te d

a n d h o n e s t m e m b e r o f th e L e g i s la t u r e

a n d o n e o f t h e m o s t p r a c t ic a l m e n w h o

; e v e r s a t w ith in i t s w a lls .

I t is p a s s i n g s t r a n g e t h a t s o m e e ffo r t

h a s n o t b e e n m a d e in t h is d is tr ic t to

m e m o r ia lis e t h e a c h ie v e m e n t s o f th e

la te M r . C u m m i n g s . S u r e ly , h i s s t r e n ­

u o u s f i g h t f o r t h e g o o d o f o u r g r e a t

w e s t la n d i s w o r t h y o f s o m e r e c o g n i-

t i o n .........................

( A s s i s i *

FIRST SETTLERS.

OLD NAMES RECALLED.

K E L S O C H U R C H .

(B y “ P i o n e e r ” in t h e “ S y d n e y M a i l . ” )

A H u n d r e d y e a r s ! H o w t h i n g s h a v e

c h a n g e d in t h a t t i m e ; I f t h o s e fir s t

te n p io n e e r s w h o f o llo w e d s o q u ic k l y in

th e f o o t s t e p s o f B la x la n d , W e n t w o r t h ,

L a w s o n , a n d E v a n s o v e r t h e w ild B lu e

M o u n t a in s r a n g e s to a c c e p t t h e G o v ­

e r n m e n t ’ s o f f e r o f f r e e g r a n t s o f la n d

a t K e l s o a n d B a t h u r s t c o u ld r e t u r n t o ­

d a y , w h a t w o u ld b e t h e i r f e e l i n g s ?

W o u ld th e y r e c o g n i s e in t h e w id e , w e llk

e p t , t r e e -lin e d s t r e e t s , w ith t h e ir b e a u ­

t ifu l p a r k s a n d lo f t y b u i l d i n g s , a n d t h e ir

t h r o n g s o f g a y h u m a n i t y , w ith a ll t h e

m o d e r n c o n v e n ie n c e s o f t r a v e l, t h e s ile n t

s c e n e , p e o p le d o n ly w ith d u s k y a b o r i g i ­

n a ls a n d w ild a n im a l s , th iit g r e e t e d

th e m o n th e ir a r r iv a l w i t h c a m p i n g

o u tfit t o f o r m th e n u c le u s o f t h i s n o w

f lo u r is h in g c i t v ?

F I R S T T E N S E T T L E R S .

T h e f ir s t te n s e t t le r s w e r e , I b e l i e v e ,

M e s s r s . J a m e s V i n c e n t . J o h n N e v e l l ,

R ic h a r d M i l l s , T h o m a s K i t e , J o s e p h

M o u ld e r . G e o r g e K a b l e , W i ll i a m L e e ,

T h o m a s C h e s h ir e , J o h n D a r g i n . a n d Ar>p

le t t , a n d th e v w 'ere m e n w h o w r o t e t h e ir

-n a m e s i n d e lib ly o n t h e p a g e s o f t h e

e a r ly H is to r y o f th e c o lo n y . S o m e o f th e

y o u n g e r b r a n c h e s o f t h e s e o l d f a m i li e s

s till r e s id e w ith in th e B a t h u r s t d is t r ic t s —

n o ta h lv t h e L e e s . K it e s , a n d K a b l e s .

T h e M o u l d e r f a m i 'v is w e ll k n o w n a b o u t

O r a n g e a n d C o n d o b o lin . A m o n g s t t h e

b e s t k n o w n o f th e M i ll s f a m i l y is D r .

A r th u r M i l 's , o f S v d n e v , w h o s e u n c le .

G e o r g e M i l l s , w a s t h e ftr s t w h it e c h ild

b o r n in B a t h u r s t , a n d t o w h o m th e G o v ­

e r n m e n t o ffe r e d a g r a n t o f 1 0 0 a c r e s o f

la n d . T h e N e v e lls a r e n o w r e s id e n t in

t h e M u d g e e a n d R y l s t o n e d i s t r ic t s o f

N e w S o u t h W’ a le s a n d in W e s t e r n

Q u e e n s la n d . I n th e ir i d e n t i t y is s u n k

th a t o f J a m e s V i n c e n t , w h o s e o n l y s u r ­

v i v i n g c h ild b e c a m e t h e w ife o f J o h n

N e v e l l , a n d t h e y s till h o ld t h e V i n c e n t

g r a n t o f la n d , t h e N e v e l l g r a n t , o n p a r t

o f w h ic h t h e K e l s o r a i lw a y s t a t io n n o w

s ta n d s , h a v in g b e e n s o ld w ith in th e la s t

fe w y e a r s . T h e w h e r e a b o u t s o f t h e d e ­

s c e n d a n t s o f t h e C h e s h i r e , A p p l e t t s ,

a n d D a r g i n s h a v e p a s s e d f r o m t h e

w r ite r ’ s k n o w le d g e .


F o r y e a r s th e p i o n e e r s ’ h o ld in g s w e re

u n fe n c e d , la n d -m a r k s a t fir s t , a n d la te r

a p lo u g h e d f u r r o w , b e i n g u s e d to d e fin e

‘ h e b o u n d a r ie s o f e a c h fa r m . T h e G o v ­

e r n m e n t s u p p lie d t h e se e d w h e a t, w h ic h

w a s p u t in b y m e a n s o f a g a r d e n h o e ,

a n d w h e n ’ h e c r o p s w e r e h a r v e s te d e a c h

fa r m e r h a d t o r e tu r n to th e G o v e r n m e n t

as m u c h s e e d g r a i n a s h e h a d b e e n s u p ­

p lie d w ith . T h is r u le a s s u r e d a p le n t i­

fu l s u p p ly o f s e e d a lw a y s in th e G o v ­

e r n m e n t s to r e s . A g r e a t im p r o v e m e n t

m f a r m i n g c a m e w h e n w o o d e n p lo u g h s ,

w e r e o b t a in a b le . M r . J a m e s R a n k in

w a s o n e o f th e fir s t to o w n o n e in B a t h ­

u r s t. H e o ffe r e d t o g i v e t h e p lo u g h to

M r . N e v e l l if h e w o u ld c a r r y it h o m e

on h is b a c k . T h e d is t a n c e w a s a b o u t a

c o u p le o f m i le s , a n d t h e p lo u g h w a s

h e a v y ; b u t it w a s a g r e a t p r iz e , s o th e '

h a r d y p io n e e r a c c e p t e d th e o ffe r a n d

c a r r ie d it h o m e .

T h e w h e a t w a s r e a p e d b y h a n d a n d

b o u n d in s h e a v e s ; t h e n s t a c k e d , th a t c h

f o r c o v e r i n g b e i n g m a d e f r o m r u s h e s

f r o m t h e r i v e r -b a n k s . I t w a s a fte r w a r d s

th r e s h e d w i t h a fla il a n d g r o u n d in t o

flo u r w ith s t e e l h a n d -m i lls . I n th e e a r ly

d a y s th e a s s i g n e d s e r v a n t s (c o n v ic ts )

w e r e e a c h g i v e n s e v e n q u a r t s o f w h e a t

•on S a t u r d a y , a n d t h a t a ft e r n o o n th e y

g r o u n d t h e ir w e e k ly s u p p ly o f flo u r f r o m

it. T o o ls w e r e , o f c o u r s e , r a r e , a n d

th e r e is s t i ll in e x is t e n c e a v e r y r o u g n lv

m a d e h a m m e r t h a t t w o o f t h e o ld B a ­

th u r s t n e ig h b o r s w e n t in to p a r tn e r s h ip

to s h a r e t h e e x p e n s e o f b u y i n g .

T h e n t h e r e w a s K i t e ’ s c a b b a g e g a r d e n , i

T h e r e w e r e n u m e r o u s in q u ir ie s a b o u t

t h i s w h e n it b e c a m e k n o w n t h a t M r .

K it e h a d a n n o u n c e d t h a t h e w o u ld

g i v e a c a b b a g e g a r d e n to a n y m a n w h o

w a s c a p a b le o f m i n d i n g “ h i s ow n b u s i -

|n e s s .” E a c h a p p lic a n t f o r it w a s s u b -

|je c t e d t o a r i g o r o u s c r o s s -e x a m in a t io n

b y M r . K i t e o n h i s a b ility e n d e d b y

M r . K it e s a y i n g : “ W e l l , t h is c a b b a g e

g a r d e n is m y b u s in e s s . M a y I a s k w h a t

y o u h a v e t o d o w i t h i t ? ” T h e c a b b a g e

g a r d e n , o f c o u r s e , n e v e r f o u n d a n o t h e r

o w n e r , a n d b e c a m e th e j o k e o f th e d i s ­

t r ic t.

T H E F I R S T C H U R C H .

T h e f ir s t fr e e s e t t le r s liv e d in K e l s o ,

th e p e n a l s e t t le m e n t b e i n g a t B a t h u r s t ,

a m i le d i s t a n t , t h o M a c q u a r ie R iv e r

f lo w in g b e t w e e n . T h e fir s t c h u r c h b u ilt

o v e r th e B lu e M o u n t a i n s w a s th e

C h u r c h o f E n g l a n d a t K e l s o , a n d th e

B ib le u s e d at t h e o p e n i n g s e r v ic e in th e

p r e s e n t b u ild i n g , w h i c h s u c c e e d e d a

s m a ll w o o d e n o n e , i s n o w in p o s s e s s io n

o f M r s . H . W . N e v e l l , C h in c h illa ( Q .)

h e r fa t h e r , t h e la te M r . W . E . S a m p s o n ,

| h a v in g e x c h a n g e d h is p o c k e t B ib le f o r

) t h e la r g e c h u r c h B i b le w ith t h e R e v .

K e a n e w h e n h e ( M r . K e a n e ) wra s r e t u r n ­

i n g t o E n g l a n d . T h i s B i b le i s in a n

e x c e lle n t s t a t e o f p r e s e r v a t io n , a n d is

b o u n d in d a r k r e d c a l f w ith g o l d le t t e r -

I t w a s p r in te d in 1 7 7 2 in t h e o ld

h -n g lis h t y p e , m a k i n g it s o m e w h a t d iffic

u lt f o r t h e p r e s e n t - d a y s t u d e n t to

re a d . I t a ls o c o n t a in s t h e 14 b o o k s o f

th e A p o c r y p h a , w h ic h a r e n o t u s u a llv

b o u n d in th e B i b le s o f t o -d a y . U p o n its

p a g e s a re m a n y m a r g i n a l n o te s a n d

m a r k e d t e x t s o f t h e p r e a c h e r s w h o h a v e

p a s s e d f r o m u s . I w ill q u o t e a f e w —

2 2 n d c h a p t e r P r o v e r b s , 6 t h v e r s e ( t h r

B i s h o p ’ s s e r m o n a t T h o r p e , A u g u s t q ,

1 8 1 6 ); 7 th c h a p t e r . H e b r e w s , 2 5 t h v e r s e

(M r . S c o t t , N o v e m b e r 2 6 , 1 8 1 5 ); 2 n d

c h a n t e r E x c d u s . 8 . o 1 0 v e r s e s ( M r .

T"ffprsor>’ s c h a r itv s e r m o n a t R a m s a v

'V r e m h - 'r i , 1 8 1 6 ) T ^ n t h e r e a r e t h e

" s m e s o f 'he R e v s W h i n f i e l d , H a r r i s o n .

co tt (th e v o u n g e r ) — e n t r ie s t h a t h a v e

s t o o d th e te s t o f t im e f o r n e a r ly a

’’ U n d r e d e v a r s , f o r I f a n c y th e s e w e r e

M E n g l is h c l e r g y m e n , w h o u s e d th e

° k b e f o r e it w a s b r o u g h t t o h e lp in

r h y m e w o r s h ip in o u r s o u th e r n c lim e .

T S is B ib le wra s a ls o u s e d a t t h e o p e n i n g

o f t h e first c h u r c h e s a t B a t h u r s t a n d

M u d eree.

B o o k s wre r e r a r e w h e n P a r s o n K e a n e

'a s h e w a s k n o w n b v h is flo c k ) liv e d ip

B a t h u r s t , a n d i n t e r e s t a t t a c h e s a ls o t o a

s m a ll b o o k . " R i ^ e a n d P r o g r e s s o f R e -

licrion in t h e S o u l .” b e a r i n g in h is h a ^ d

w r itin g th e in s c r ip t io n , “ F r o m M r

K e a n * t0 M r . V i n c e n t a n d M r . a n d M r *

N e v e ll. f o r t h e : r j o i n t u s e . M a v G o d ’ s

M e s s i n g a t t e n d t h a t u s e . P a r s o n a g e

J a n u a r y 1 st 1 8 3 5 .” T h o u g h t h e w r itin tr

h a s n o t fa d e d o n th e l e a f , y e l l o w w ith

asre, n o d o u b t th e g i v e r , a s w e ll a s th e

r e c ip ie n t s , h a s lon g - s i n c e jo i n e d th e

e r e a t m a jo r i t y , l e a v i n g p e r h a p s b u t fe w

s u c h s i le n t w itn e s s e s o f h i s g r e a t lif e -

w o rk a m o n g s t th e e a r lv s e t t le r s o f th e

m o t h e r S t a t e o f A u s t r a lia .

A n o t h e r r e lic o f t h e o ld B a t h u r s t d a y s

, is a s m a l l w o o d e n c a s k , s e v e n in c h e s

h i g h , f o u r a n d a h a lf i n c h e s in . d i a ­

m e t e r ( o u t s id e m e a s u r e m e n t s ) , h o ld i n g

1 o n e q u a r t , w ith f o u r ir o n h o o p s a r o u n d

it, th a t c o n t a in e d t h e o n lv s p ir it s t h a t

w e r e u s e d a t t h e t w e n t y -f ir s t b ir t h d a y

p a r ty o f W i llia m L e e , m e n t io n e d b e f o r e

a s o n e o f t h e fir s t s e t t le r s . I t w a s a

p r e s e p t f r o m t h e la te M r . J o h n N e v e l l ,

O n condition t h a t t h e cask was returned

to h im a s a m e m e n to o f th e o c c a s io n ,

a n d , t h o u g h it b e a r s t h e s i g n s o f a g e ,

j it h a s o n ly o n e b r o k e n s t a v e , a n d t h r e e

j


o f th e h o o p s a r e q u it e n r m .

A m o n g s t o t h e r e a r ly s e t t l e r s a t B a t h ­

u rst w e re M e s s r s . R ic h a r d L e w i s . G e e .

C o x , a n d W i llia m L a w s o n c o m m a n d a n t

j a t B a t h u r s t , a n d d is c o v e r e r o f t h e M u d

! g e e c o u n t r y ) . T h e s e t h r e e m e n fin a ll>

e s t a b lis h e d t h e ir h o m e s a t M u d g e e in

1.821. T h e r e a r e a ls o in c lu d e d in th e

o ld B a t h u r s t d a y s th e f a m i li a r n a m e s o f

M c P h i lla m y , S u t t o r . G o r m a n , R o t t o n ,

C h a r lt o n , L a n g l e y , D r . C lu e t t , J a c k T y e ,

1 a n d m a n y o t h e r s , w h o a d d e d th e ir q u o t a

j to t h e r e c o r d s o f t h e w e s t e r n d is t r ic t

1 c lo s e o n a c e n t u r y a g o .

CITY OF

THE WEST.

THE BIRTHDAY OF

BATHURST.

CENTENARY OF EVANS’

DISCOVERY.

P R E S E N T C I T Y O F T H E

P L A I N S .

Tbis is the centenary of the birthday of :

Bathurst. One hundred years ago Surveyor

George William Evans and his party of discoverers

stood on Evans’ Crown, a remarkable

rocky outcrop near Tarana, and looking before

him caught the first glimpse of the locality

where th« future city of Bathurst was to

stand. Yesterday in that city the Governor,

Sir Gerald Strickland, laid the foundation-

Btone of a memorial to the explorer—the man

who had forced an entrance through the Blue

Mountains, and discovered the remarkably rich


SURVEYOB GEOEGE WILLIAM

EVANS.

f f h e G o v e r n o r la id t h e f o u n d a t io n -s t o n e o f

a m e m o r ia l t o t h e e x p lo r e r a t B a t h u r s t

, y e s t e r d a y .

plains beyond. One hundred years ago the

place where Bathurst stands had been untrodden

by the foot o[ white man—being the haunt

of the aboriginal and of kangaroos and emus, j

Indeed, it was a magnificent hunting-ground. !

Now there stands on that site a prosperous

city—the largest inland city in New South

Waies—with a population of over 10,000, while

the population of the district is over 25,080.

Bathurst's prosperity was in its early days

due to agriculture and pastoral resources. Then

In the ’ fifties it was the centre of a big gold

rush. Later on, as the terminus of the railway,

it flourished as the distributing centre for the

fine district to the southward. Now, though

robbed of much of this incentive to growth, it

has discovered another—fruit cultivation.

Around Bathurst there sre some o f the largest

orchards to be found in New South Wales, and

recent years have seen a very large increase

in the area devoted to apple-growing. As a

result the city is still forging ahead. The fact

that the city is actually 2333 feet above the

sea level makes it one of the healthiest places

in which to reside. It is generally recogniscd

as a sanatorium for pulmonary patients, as it

possesses a fine salubrious climate. Ihe city

is distant 145 miles by rail from Sydney, and

yet, such is the enterprise of its people, that

its public buildings and its park3 surpass those

of any municipality outside of Sydney, t o r

aesthetic beauty and charm this city, viewed

from an elevation, is superb. It is a garden

city—the houses being interspersed in a field

of verdure. It is perhaps the most beautiful

city in the State. It has certainly the right to

the title of “ The Queen City of the W est.”

DISCOVERY BY EVANS.

I It is strange that, although Bathurst has

j erected a fine South African Soldiers’ Memorial

! and other monuments, this is the first occasion

j on which it has thought of perpetuating the ,

j name of the explorer to whom it owes its I

existence. Evans’s Crown, at Tarana, and

Evans’s Lookout, near Blackheath, are named

after him, but in Bathurst City there is up to

the present no permanent memorial. And yet

the people of Bathurst are not slow. They

have anticipated even the present centenary

by a fortnight. It will be remembered that

a few months ago the centenary of the Crossing

of the Blue Mountains was celebrated

with due pomp and enthusiasm at Mount V ictoria,

when the names of Bl&xland, Lawson,

and Wentworth were honored. Their success

was attained in June, 1813. At the time the |

young colony hitherto hemmed in by what j

was regarded as impassable mountains, was ,

prospecting around for more territory—good j

land for flocks, herds, and agriculture. Con- j

sequently, when it was found that the mountain

barrier could be crossed Governor Macquarie

lost no time in despatching an expedition

to spy out the land to the westward. Surveyor

George W illiam Evans was given the

honor of leading the party, which started on

November 20, 1913, from Emu Island (now

known as Emu Plains), distant about 36 miles

from Sydney, carrying with them the Governor's

instructions as follow :— “ You are to

proceed in as nearly a west direction as the

nature of the country you have to explore

will admit, and you are to continue this

journey as far as your means will enable

you."

In five days Evans and hi* five men, equipped

with horses, ammunition, and ample stores

for a two months' trip, had crossed the Blue

Mountains and arrived at the commencement ,


HOLY TRINITY CHURCH AT KELSO,

W h ic h i s t lie o l d e s t c h u r c h w e s t o f t h e B l u e M o u n t a i n s . A w o o d e n c h u r c h w a s e r e e le d in 1826, a n d (h e p r e s e n t b u iid in -

,was substituted on the site la 18S5.


of a valley on the western side of them, having

passed over several tracts of tolerably

good soil, but also over much rugged and

very difficult mountainous country. Proceeding

through this valley, which Evans

described as “ beautiful and fertile,’*

with a rapid stream running through

it, he arrived at the termination of

the tour made by Blaxland, Wentworth,

and Lawson. Continuing westward, he crossed

a well-grassed but rugged and broken country,

which was subsequently called the Clarence

Hilly Ranges.

ALMOST DISHEARTENED.

After that, Evans endured some of the anxieties

inseparable from the work of an explorer.

His diary shows that he made the following

record on November 29:—“ I stopped in very

bad spirits, not being able to get on. We are

completely entangled among the hills, and we

are able to make very little westing in our

course. W ere it not for the horses, the difficulty

to ourselves would be nothing. They are

sometimes difficult to manage, and soon tire

among the highlands. When so they wrill not

move. After travelling 2% miles we are on a

lofty hill from whence the country north-west

is all forest hills as far as I could see, which

was about 15 miles. Every other direction was

obscured by high ranges. It is impossible

there can be a better grazing track of land with

the same good appearance, as far as I have

been able to get a sight of it to the westward.”

As indicating the slow progress ihat was

made by Evans and his men it may be mentioned

that on that day they only‘ travelled 3^

miles. On the following day (November 30),

Evans was able to write in a more hopeful

j strain. His entry in the diary w7as as follows:—

“ I have at length reached the ridge I so much

wished to after walking about two miles, where

I had a prospect to the north for a great distance.

A mist arises from a part I suppose to

bo a river or a large lagoon about 20 miles off.

The country in this direction has a fine appearance,

the trees being thin and the hills covered

with grass. A quarter of a mile further along

the range I came to a very high mount, whence

I was much pleased with the sight westward.

I think I can see 40 miles, which had the look

of an open country. To the south of me there are

large hills, much higher than the one I am

on, with pasture to their tops. This range is

rather overrun wTith underwood and larger timber

growing thereon, but the sides are as green

as possible. In descending for two miles the

Tverdure is gooa; the descent then becomes steep

for a quarter of a mile leading into a fine valley.

At the end I met a large rivulet arising

from the southern hills. We shot ducks, and

caught several trout weighing at least 51b. or

61b. each. Distance travelled. 5% miles.”

FINDING THE BATHURST PLAINS.

He followed the course of the rivulet. On

the north side of it wras a remarkable sugarloaf

hill, having a stone on the peak of it. He

writes:—“ I have named this hill after myself.”

The lofty peak he speaks of is actually 3200ft.

above sea level, and is now known as Evans’s

Crown. It is not far from Tarana, and plainly

visible from the railway line. Standing on the

top of this peak on Wednesday, December 1,

Evans obtained his first glimpse of the Bathurst

Plains, and, in the far distance, the site where

the future Queen City of the W est wfas to stand.

At this stage he writes in his diary:—“ I am

more pleased with the country every day. It is

a great extent of grazing land, without being

divided by barren spaces, as on the east side

of the mountains. It is well watered by running

streams, in almost every valley.” Next

day his language was even more eulogistic.

“ On considering the fine country we have passed

through this day,” he wrote, “ I think it equal

to Van Diemen’s Land. The river winds through

! fine flats and round the points of small ridges

\that gradually descend to it, covered with the

finest grass, and intermixed with the white '

daisy, as in England.”

This river he named the Fish River, as it

supplied an abundance of fish. He followed it

until it junctioned with another stream, which

he called Campbell River, after Mrs. Macquarie’s

maiden name. He then discovered and

named the Macquarie Plains, on w’hich Lawson’s

house was subsequently erected, Lawson having

received a grant of 1000 acres of land as a reward

for his w'ork. Subsequently he came t

the main river, which he promptly named M acquarie

River.

It was on Friday, December 10, that Evans

reached what he described as “ a very handsome

mount.” To this he gave the name Mount

Pleasant—which it retains to this day, Mount i

Pleasant being the home of the Stewart family, I

descendants of Major-General Stewart. From

Mount Pleasant Evans writes that he saw a

very fine plain. It is on that plain that the

stately city of Bathurst stands to-day.

BLACKS FLEE FROM THEM.

Although, when settlement took place, the

blacks, by their thieving propensities, caused

considerable annoyance, they did not attack the

Evans expedition. Traces of them were discovered

by Evans, but only six were observed

by the party, and these were frightened by the

presence of the white -men, and made oft into


[the bush.

EVANS REWARDED.

When Evans returned to Sydney and reported

to the Governor his discovery of the Bathurst

Plains—named after the Principal Secretary for

the Colonies, Lord Bathurstthe latter immediately

set Captain William Cox to work to

build a road to Bathurst. The convicts engaged

on the work were urged to strenuous efforts by

the promis of remissions of sentences and par

dons. As a result of this “ speeding-up process,

the road to Bathurst was completed in

1S13, when the Governor and Mrs. Macquarie

visited the Bathurst Plains. As a reward for

his discovery, Evans was granted 1000 acres of

lanu in Tasmania, in addition to a small pecuniary

payment. Evans died in Hobart, at Warwick

Lodge, in 1852, at the age of 74 years—

just when the plains he had discofered were

i in the first convulsions of the gold rush. His

j tomb in the old neglected cemetery in Hobart

; bears the inscription:—“ Here is resting the

Iremains of the father of Australian explorers.”

LOOKING BACKWARD.

SOME OF THE OLD PIOXEEES.

It is a peculiar fact that Bathurst, unlike

j most of the important towns of New South

Wales, has never had its history properly *

compiled. There is no question that its history

if properly written would make most interesting

reading, for it would treat of the early

convict settlement, then of the pastoral and

agricultural industry, of the gold discoveries,

and then of the thrilling encounters with bushrangers.

But of the early days it is exceedingly

difficult to gather authentic information.

Traditions abound, but when carefully sifted

they are found to be very far from actual

facts.

It is undisputed that Bathurst was originally

a convict settlement, the free settlers at Kelso,

which is about two miles distant, being pro-

J hibited from entering the area. It was not

more than a few years however before this

ban was removed and free settlers soon were

found scattered over the Bathurst Plains. The

first ten settlers according to the descendant

of one of the pioneers were Messrs. James Vincent.

Thomas Kite, John Nevell, W illiam Lee,

Joseph Moulder, John Dargrin, George Kable,

I Richard Mills, Thomas Cheshire, and T. Ap-

|plett. Some of the descendants of these fine

old pioneers are still to be found in the Bathurst

district, though many have wandered to

the most distant parts of Australia. Residents

in the Bathurst districts point out the younger

branches of the Lees, the Kites, and the Kables.

Amongst tile best known of the Mills family is

Dr. Arthur Mills, of Sydney, whose uncle, Mr.

George Mills was the first white child born

in Bathurst, and to whom the Government

offered a grant of 100 acres of land. The

Moulder family is well known in the Orange

and Condobolin districts. The Nevells have

migrated to Mudgee, and Rylstone, in Queensland.

Mr James Vincent’s only surviving child

became the wife of Mr John Nevell, and they]

still hold the original Vincent grant of land, \

011 part of which the Kelso railway station j

now stands, that portion having been sold a ;

few years ago Among other early settlers at [

Bathurst was Messrs George Cox, Richard j

Lewis, and W illiam Lawson These three :

men finally established their homes at Muagee

in 1821 There are also included in those very I j

early days the familiar names of MacPhillamy,

Webb, Suttor, Gorman, Rotton, Charlton Langley,

Jack Tye, and many others.

Among the original settlers at Bathurst was

Mr. George Ranken. He was the first of the

name to come to Australia, early in last century,

and both he and his wife were most enterprising

people. He built the bridge that enabled >

the people to get their produce to market. It

was carried away after long years by a great

flood. He planted a vineyard, of which the

wfne, if it had been kept, would have been

priceless now. and Mrs. Ranken was famous for

her dairy and her cheeses. Besides, they

brought out a number of German immigrants,

who have done well in this country. Mr. George

Ranken left four properties to his surviving

soils, Saltram, Sheet of Bark. Killoshiels, and

Eglington, but no Ranken owns an acre in the

Bathurst district now. It is remembered that

Mr. George Ranken was one of the first of the

pioneers to own a plough—and a wooden one

at that. Previously, wheat and all other crops

had been put in by means of a garden hoe.

THE SUTTOR FAMILY.

The best-known family in the Bathurst district

is probably the descendants of that sturdy

representative colonist, Mr. George Suttor—

the grandfather of Sir Francis Suttor. President

of the Legislative Council. He took an im ­

portant part in the founding of the Bathurst

settlement, and his family has ever since been

prominent in the records of the State. Mr.

George Suttor was born at Chelsea, in 1776, and •


sailed with his wife to Australia, in 1799, arri\-

ing in the following year. After an interesting

career during which he held several Government

appointments, he obtained Governor Brisbane’s

permission to take up land in the Bathurst

district. Then prosperity smiled on his

efforts. In a few years under his son’s management

his sheep were numbered by thousands,

( t

and his cattle bv hundreds.

His son, Mr. William Henry Suttor, was 16

years old when he went with his father to tbs

Bathurst district, taking less than 400 sheep, a

few cattle, one horse, and the promise of a

grant of land. He settled at Brucedale, on the

. Winburndale Rivulet, about eight miles northerly

from Bathurst. Here the sheep and cattle

increased very quickly, and large farming operations

were carried on. Unlike many of his

neighbors, he never had any trouble with the

aborigines, who, under the leadership of their

; chief, Windradine, or Saturday, committed ravages

upon the settlers’ flocks and herds around

the early settlement at Bathurst. He attributed

his immunity from their attacks to his

treatment of them, and the kindly interest he

took in their welfare. He had learned to

ppeak their language. His favorite black boy,

Pen-nee-grah, was his guide in many excursions

among the hills and valleys of the generally

rough country over which his flocks and

herds afterwards roamed. On one occasion

only did they show any hostility. His hut was

; suddenly and silently surrounded by a trible of

sable warriors, all prepared for war. He

courageously, met them in the door, addressed

them in their own language in jovial and

friendly terms. For a moment or two they

listened to him with lowering brows; then consulted

in an undertone, and suddenly left. Withing

24 hours they killed several men at Millahmurrah

and W attle Flat. His cheerful courage

at that time saved his life.

The only servants the settlers had in those

days were the assigned convicts. Many of theSe

were wonderfully devoted and faithful to the

interests of their masters when they were well

treated. As a rule, Mr. Suttor never

had any trouble with his men. On

one occasion he tried the power of

superstition upon the minds of them to

discover a thief. Many petty thefts had occasioned

a good deal of annoyance on the farm;

so he ranged all the men up in line. “ Now,”

he said, “ I shall read a few verses from the

Bible, and give each of you a piece of straw,

and the man who has the longest piece will be

the thief.** The verses were read, and the

straws distributed. The men’s backs were

ii towards him, with one hand behind, into which

the straw was placed. He watched them narrowly,

and presently he detected one glancing

furtively at his hand to discover what sort of

straw he had. “ You are the thief!” said the

, master. The man was so taken aback that he

there and then confessed the fact.

So his life passed somewhat uneventfully until

the year 1830. In this year there was a very

serious outbreak of prisoners at Bathurst,

headed by one Ralph Entwistle. The tyranny

and oppression of the times was the cause of

this. At one time as many as 80 men, all

armed, formed Entwistle’s gang. At length

these men deliberately and in cold blood shot

an overseer of Mr. Evernden’s, the police

magistrate, at his farm at Bartlett’s, near

George's Plains. On the news of this outrage

reaching Bathurst, Major Macpherson, the officer

in charge of the soldiers stationed there,

called a meeting of the inhabitants. Twelve

volunteered to follow the gang. W illiam Suttor

was chosen leader, and his brother Charles

second in command. They started the same

evening for Charlton, Mr. ArkelVs station on

Campbell’s River, at which place news had come

that the men had lately jeen seen. The volunteers

stopped there that night. The next day,

by the aid of two blacks, they succeeded iiw

tracking and overtaking the gang—now reduced

to about 20 men—near sundown, among the

Abercrombie Ranges. This place is a few milet*

from the. Trunkey goldfield. The bushranger#

were alarmed by the noise made by the approaching

party, and at once commenced to fire

upon them. The fire was briskly returned, and

after some 300 rounds on both sides had been

expended, the leader o f the volunteers ordered

a charge. The pursued were dislodged from

their camp, but, the day being too far advanced

to follow up the advantage, the volunteers

fell back upon Mulgunnia, an out-station

of Arkell’s. During the engagement the leader

of the convicts urged his men to make sure of

Suttor, whom he mistook for the police magistrate.

One bullet did pass through Suttor’s

hat, and many bullets struck a small tree behind

which he had ensconsed himself. That

night their horses strayed away, and the pursuit

was followed up by Lieutenant Brown with

mounted police from Bathurst. Having defeated

the police under Lieutenant Brown, who

lost two men and five horses killed, the gang

surrendered at the Lachlan River to combined

forces of Lieutenant Macalister with police

from Goulbum, and Captain W alpole with soldiers

from Sydney. Macalister the day before

had been, if not defeated, at least wounded and

worsted by them. Ten of the. men were tried at

-JLipecial assize court held at Bathurst, and were J


f'Xecuteri. On several other occasions Mr. Suttor 1

distinguished himself in capturing men of this

class—men who were robbing his own stations

—and delivering them up to justice.

In 1833 he married the daughter of Mr. Henry

Francis, who, with his family, had recently arrived

in the colony. In the conduct of his

business he was always ready to adopt new

and progressive Ideas; so, in 1838, in order to ‘

provide the necessary provisions for his establishment,

he brought over the mountains the

first steam flour mill erected in the west. Before

this the employees had to grind theii* own

wheat with small steel mills.

Mr. Suttor was a member of the first Parliament

in Australia, and was prominent in the

matter of stopping the transportation of convicts.

For many years—until 1872, with only

short periods of intermission—he remained a

legislator, retiring after nearly 30 years of

political work. As a squatter he was very

successful, and established stations on the Macquarie,

the Bogan, the Lachlan, and the Darling

Rivers. His son, Sir Francis Suttor, is at

present President of the Legislative Cpuncil and j

of the Royal Agricultural Society, and oiie of [

teh most popular and respected men through- j

out the Bathurst district.

THE STEWART FAMILY.

Mount Pleasant, so named by the discoverer,

Surveyor Evans, was taken up originally by

Major-General "William Stewart, who was at

ore time in the Horse Guards. As a reward for

nls Peninsula services—he fought under W ellington

right through the campaign—he w m |

given permission to select. 30C0 acres in any [

part of Australia. Ho arrived in Australia

with his regiment in 1825. At that time Bath- ]

urst was a Government settlement—chiefly

sheep and cattle—conducted by convict labor, j

No one was allowed to cross the river without

an order from the magistrate. Major-general

Stewart was. however, promised the first selection

as soc n as the land was thrown open. His

son now possesses a letter from the Governor

saying tia t he would take it as a personal

favor if the major-general would as speedily as j

possible txtrcise his right. This he did. He j

selected 3000 acres at the junction of the Mac- I

quarle River and the Evans Plains Creek. He

afterwards bought the remainder of the Mount

Pleasant parish, making his e3iate altogether

15,000 acres of the best land in tho district.

The Government upset price at the time that

the original grant was made was 5s per acre.

Major-general Stewart died at the homestead,

now a fine palatial residence, in 1SS4, and was

buried in the vault on the hill from whic’j

Evans viewed the plain. A monument marks

the location of the vault. His son, Mr. J. H.

Stewart, has resided on the property all his

life, and took a great interest in farming operations.

The estate was worked by tenants,

no less than 28 families occupying the farms.

Last year Mr. Stewart sold about 11,000 acres

of the estate to Mr. A. C. Reed.

HACQUAKIE HOUSE.

THE HOME OF THE LAWSONS.

As a reward for his diligent services in finding

a passage over the Blue Mountains, the

Government gave William Lawson a grant of

1000 acres of land. This he took up on the

Macquarie Plains, and erected a substantial

residence, which was known as Macquarie

House. The exact date of the erection of Macquarie

House is uncertain—probably about 1820,

as William Lawson was appointed commandant

and justice of the peace at Bathurst towards

the end of the previous year, and would in all

probability see to the erection of his house on

the land he owned as soon as possible after his

official appointment was made. In 1832 his son

W illiam acquired the property, and resided

there for upwards of 20 years. During his

father's occupation the old home must have

had, on certain occasions, Governor Macquarie

as an inmate, and in all probability the great

man during his visits to Bathurst was a wel- j

come guest at the hospitable home of his

friend and brother officer. The photograph 1

published in this issue shows the old building

in a very fair state of repair.

IN THE COACHING DAYS.

C O B B A N D C O .’ S C O A C H E S .

When tho gold fever broken out in the Bathurst

district there was a big demand for conveyances.

It was not, however, until Mr. James

Rutherford, in 1861, introduced Cobb and Co.’b

coaches that anything like regularity could be

depended upon. He settled at Bathurst, and as ;

a managing pairtner of the big firm estab- 1

iished the coaching business on a good foot- !

ing. Mr. E. W. Webb recalls the fact that

in those days it was thought a great perform ­

ance to journey from Bathurst to Sydney in

24 hours by coach. The horses were changed

every 12 or 15 miles. On many occasions the

bushrangers held the coach up and looted the

luggage of the passengers. Mr. Rutherford also


gave a fair share of his attention to squatting

pursuits and mining. He spent a fortune

in endeavoring to establish .the iron industry

in the State but want of adequate encouragement

from the Government and the high cost

of labor crippled his effort. His descendants

are to be found in the district at the present

time.

THE GOLD DISCOVERY.

It was not until the settlement was about 40

years old that gold was discovered in the district.

The question as to who found the gold

forms an interesting subject for discussion, but

it is generally admitted throughout the district

that although Mr. Hargraves got tho

credit of the discovery It was John Lister, together

with James and William Tom, who were

the rightful claimants. It was in 1851 that Mr.

E. H. Hargjaves, a geologist, happened to be

staying at Springfield, the home of the Toms

family. In conversation the lads mentioned

that ihey had seen yellow metal, and Hargraves

took two of them, James and William,

?nd John Lister into partnership, under a verbal

agreement to divide the Government reward

of £20,000 should they find payable gold. Under

Hargiaves’s directions they built a cradle

for washing for gold. This identical cradle is

still in the possession of William Tom, though

much decayed. After several unsuccessful attempts

Hargraves returned to Sydney, leaving

the three lads to go on prospecting. They

found a nice lot of gold in xfae Summer-bill

Creek, and in accordance with their arrangement

sent it on to Mr. Hargraves in Sydney.

This gentleman took it to headquarters, and

with the very same gold set the country on

fire, and afterwards received the handsome reward.

The Government some years later

gave the two young Toms and John Lister

a sum of about £2000 between them. Mr.

W. H. Webb, of Bathurst, is a nephew of the

brothers Tom, who discovered the gold. The

rush to the alluvial field caused Bathurst to

boom for a time. Mr. Webb recalls the fact

that the Chinese eventually were allowed a

footing, when the white man could no longer

make the game profitable. The yellow men

came up in long strings, and the money they

Bent home to China in those days ran into big

sums. Although the alluvial was largely worked

out at that time, there has ever since been

considerable mining In the district. On the

Upper Turon, at Palmer’s Oakey, there are

hundreds of praspqeting holes where they

cradled in the old days. Even at the present

time 300 or 400 men are engaged in alluvial

mining in the locality, but the sensational finds

of the early days are few and far between.

In the “ boom” days a man who did not make

£30 a week at Green Swamp thought he was

very unlucky.

A RED-LETTER DAY.

HISTORICAL PROCESSION.

SOME ALLEGORICAL DISPLAYS.

BATHURST, Wednesday.—To-day was a redletter

day in the history of Bathurst. It was

the big day of the celebrations in commemoration

of the hundredth anniversary of the discovery

of Bathurst Plains by Surveyor-General

Evans, and, under weather conditions which

were ideal, was given over to ono long round of

festivities and epoch-making functions, in

which the Governor, Sir Gerald Strickland, was

the principal participant. His Excellency was

accompanied by two of his daughters and attended

by Captain Talbot, A.D.C. In the party

were Miss Suttor, Mr. Carmichael (the Minister

for Education), and Lieutenant-Colonel

White. They arrived in Bathurst by the mail

train this morning. His Excellency and

party, together with several representative

Pathurst citizens, were the guests of Mr. John

Meagher, M.L.C., at breakfast at "Kilrush.’’

O P E N I N G P R O C E E D I N G S .

The day’s proceedings opened with an historical

procession through the principal streets

of the city. The line of route, which was gaily

decorated with bunting, was thronged with

thousands of spectators, including visitors from

all parts of the State. The processioD, which

was a picturesque affair, was made up chiefly

of decorated vehicles and allegorical displays.

The latter Included a representation of the

Garden of Eden, by the Bathurst branch of the

Grand United Order of Free Gardeners; a representation

of an alluvial gold-m iner; a family

of early settlers, and a tribe of blacks, by the

students of the Bathurst Experiment Farm; and

a model city beautification garden plot by Mr.

L. Giddey, of the Bathurst Technical College.

The local militia and cadets and three local

j bands also took part.


_

I

i

MEMORIAL TO EVANS.

AUSTRALIA’S DEBT TO SURVEYORS

AND ENGINEERS.

SIR GERALD STRICKLAND’ S

TRIBUTE.

After its progress through the city, the procession

drew up in a cordon around the north- *

ern end ot King’s Parade— a recently-created

beauty spot in the heart of the city—where, in^

the presence of an immense crowd, the Governor

was accorded a welcome by the Mayor

and citizens, and presented with an illuminated

address, after which he formally opened the

parade and laid the foundation-stone of the

memorial to Surveyor-General Evans, the discoverer

of Bathurst Plains.

Amongst those present, besides the Mayor

(Aid. Rigby) and aldermen of Bathurst, were:

Mr. Carmichael (Minister for Education) and

Mrs. Carmichael, Mr. E. S. Carr, M.H.R., and

Mrs. Carr, Sir Francis Suttor (president of the

Legislative Council), Mr. John Meagher, M.L.C.,

Mr. P. Jago Smith, M.L.C., Mr. John Miller,

M.L.A., Mr. Frank Walker (president of the

Historical Society of New South Wales), Mr.

Turpin and Mrs. Turpin (only surviving daughter

of Surveyor-General Evans), Mr. Ernest

Evans of Temora (grandson), and Miss Evans

(great-granddaughter), Mrs. Rigby (Mayoress),

and Mrs. W. H. Suttor (widow of the late W. H. ,

Suttor) and he* daughter, Mrs, UaUii;u.u..

His Excellency, after returning thanks for the

addreBS, and for the expressions of loyalty to

the King contained therein, performed the ceremony

of declaring the King’s Parade open and

of laying the foundation-stone of a memorial to

Surveyor-General Evans. In the course of his

remarks he congratulated the Mayor and those

who had been associated with him for their

forethought and enterprise in making Bathurst

so beautiful a city, and adding to its attractions

by this parade. Speaking with reference to the j

projected memorial to Evans, Sir Gerald said]

that this was an occasion for calling to mind j

the great services due to Australia by the profession

to which Surveyor Evans belonged.

(Hear, hear.) Surveyors and civil engineers had

done more to make Australia the Australia that

we know than we were prone to recognise without

reflection. It was really the work of the

surveyors and the engineers which formed the j

greatest contrast between the occupation of

these plains by the black men and the occupation

of these plains by the Anglo-Saxon race. !

(Hear, hear.) Much had been done to Australia I

by education, much had been done by constitutional

government, and the understanding ot

our liberty in the great Empire of King George

V .: but when it came to the bedrock of the primary

industries from which we lived, and from

which the towns had their prosperity, we must

look to the work of the engineers. (Cheers.)

D E S C E N D A N T O F P I O N E E R S .

Sir Francis Suttor, President of the Legislative

Council, and a member of one of the Bathurst

pioneer families, who was introduced as

"the originator of the centenary celebration

movement.” delivered a brief address. Whether

or not he was the originator of the movement,

he said, did not matter. He was delighted to

be there to see the success of the celebrations. ■

Proceeding in reminiscent vein, Sir Francis said

that 100 years ago there were not as many people

in the whole of the mainland of Australia as

there were in Bathurst to-day. Surveyor-General

Evans, by his discovery of the Bathurst

Plains, not only showed that there was a magnificent

future before the whole of Australia,

but opened up the whole of the western country

easy of acceS3 after breaking over the Blue

Mountains.

T R I B U T E T O T H E E X P L O R E R S . 1

Referring to the achievement of Blaxland,

Wentworth, and Lawson, Sir Francis said th a t'

on many occasions he felt ths-.t full credit was

not given to the leader of that part^, who was

unquestionably Blaxland. A short time ago he

was at a demonstration when Wentworth was

put before Blaxland by an eminent statesman.

He afterwards asked this gentleman why he did

this, and he replied, "Because Wentworth had

such a magnificent career afterwards.” (Laughter.)

This struck him (Sir Francis) as a good

reason why the credit should not be taken away

from Blaxland. Wentworth was a boy, and afterwards

went to a university in England, and subsequently

became one of our greatest orators

and statesmen. This, however, was no reason

why the credit should not be given to Blaxland.

Evans also deserved a great deal more

credit than he got for his magnificent work !n

opening up this magnificent western country.

It wp.s left to Evans to complete the crossin?

of the mountains, and to discover these mag- !

nificent plains, after much trouble and labor,

and they could readily understand his feelings

as the first whit'e man to see such a magnificent

panorama unfolded before him. Evans

had no idea of the great prosperity of Bathurst


72

to come, and at the time whoa he wrote about

these plains, and when from the top of Mount

Pleasant (which he named) he saw the magnificence

of the plains, he said that there was

enough country to keep all the animals that

were bred in Australia for 100 years. Sir Francis

was glad to say that Evans was very much j

mistaken. It was quite proper, said Sir Fran- j

cis, in conclusion, that they should place upon

this site a memorial to Evans, who was the |

discoverer not only of the Bathurst Plains, but j

of the Lachlan River, the Macquarie River, and'

the beautiful valley of Wellington, and Oastlereagh

River. Evans was also more than an

explorer. Married twice, he was the father of

19 children, and It w&B gratifying that that

day they had amongst them a daughter, grandson

and great-granddaughter of the man who

100 years ago, discovered the plains upon which

they now stoua (Cheurs). Amidst renewed

cheering the Governor led forward these three

descendants of Evans—Mrs. Turpin and Mr.

Ernest Evans and daughter, of Temora—on to

the open space In front of the foundation stone,

where they could be seen by the vast crowd.

Cheers for the King, the Governor, the Mayor,

Sir Francis Suttor, and the descendants of

j Evans concluded this portion of the festivities.

OFFICIAL LUNCHEON.

TH E SPEECHES.

BATHURST, Wednesday.—The Governor, in

responding to the toast of his health, said

that it was interesting to see such a well-laidout

city as Bathurst, with its architectural

beauty, the trees and streets and the good ordpr

in which they were kept. Opportunities for

energy and enterprise were not limited to these

places. He hoped that they would all unite

in honoring the memory of Surveyor-General

Evans, the discoverer of the finest district in

New South Wales.

Mr. W. H. Webb proposed the toast of “ Ministers

and Parliam ent/’

Sir Francis Suttor, in responding, referred

to some remarks made by Mr. Webb concerning

the ladies’ vote, and said it reminded

him of an incident. A short time ago he

entertained four ladies at Parliament House,

and the discussion turned on this subject. He

asked w'ho was to battle for them? ftot one

of them could tell him, but he was the unfortunate

one. (Laughter.) Referring to early

Bathurst. Sir Francis said that he was one of

the few who remembered the name of Bathurst

as “ the settlement.’ * That was some time back

in the history of the place. The Macquarie

River was once a magnificent stream of deep

waterholes, and people crossed it in boats,

or swam their horses across, from Kelso to

Bathurst. He recollected, too, when a school- |

boy, the executions which took place outside

the old gaol door, on the site of the present

j court-house. After Kerr discovered gold—the

famous “ Hundredweight” —he (Sir Francis),

with others, rode in from Brucedale to Bathurst

in a tandem, carrying the gold in their

hands. It created a great sensation. They

stopped outside the old “ Free Press” office,

and, in the words of the paper at the time,

“ were greeted by a large crowd.” There were

only 150 present. Compare that incident with

to-day, and they would see what progress had

been made. (Cheers.)

Mr. E. H. Carr, JM.H.R.. also responded.

: The Governor subsequently addressed a large

gathering of children from the local public

and priyate schools, and concluded by granting

them holidays for the remainder of the week.

V IC E -R E G A L R E C E P T IO N

G A R D E N P A R T Y .

A N D

During the afternoon the Governor held a

reception at the Court-house, and later on, to ­

gether with the other members of the vicej

regal party, attended a garden party held in

i his honor in Machattie Park. Both functions

Iwere very largely attended. The male members

of the party were subsequently shown over the

Experimental Farm. During the day Sir Fran-

' cis Suttor presented Miss Strickland with some

1gold specimens from Rowley’s Reef, Hawkins

hill, Hill End, encased in a silver casket.

C H IL D R E N S SP O R T S A N D

S P E C T A C U L A R D IS P L A Y .

Children’s sports were held on the Showground.

A feature of the afternoon was a

grand spectacular display by 2000 children from

the local public and denominational schools.

The youngsters, who were clad in white, and

carried Australian flags, were mustered into

groups forming the letters of the name Evans.

Then, to the accompaniment of music by the

Bathurst District Band, the white figures moved

in flag drill. The display was witnessed by the

Governor, who warmly congratulated the children

on their performance.


EARLY HISTORY OF

BATHURST

S T O R Y O F T H E D I S C O V E R Y .

W h e n D e p u t y -S u r v e y o r o f L a n d s

G e o r g e W i ll i a m E v a n s w a s d ir e c t e d to

m a k e a s u r v e y o f t h e t r a c k o v e r th e

B lu e M o u n t a i n s , f o l lo w i n g o n th e d i s ­

c o v e r ie s o f B la x la n d , L a w s o n , a n a

W e n t w o r t h , h e f o u n d t h e ir fu r th e s t

c a m p t h r e e m ile s w e s t o f th e V a lle y o f

C lw y d d .

H e p u s h e d o n 9 8 m i le s fr c r a

q u a r ie '.h e n o r d e r e d t h e r o a d to b e

[ m a d e . I t w a s c o m m e n c e d in J u ly ,

1 8 1 4 , a n d f in is h e d in J a n u a r y , 1 8 1 5 .

; L ie u t e n a n t C o x , c h i e f m a g i s t r a t e , a t

W i n d s o r , s u p e r v i s e d t h e w o r k , w h ic h

I w a s c a r r ie d f o r w a r d in s t a g e s , t o e a c h

o f w h ic h M a c q u a r i e g a v e n a m e s —

' S p r i n g w o o d , J a m i e s o n . V a l l e y , B la c k -

j h e a t h , C o x R iv e r , F i s h R iv e r , S i d -

I m o u t h V a l l e y , C a m p b e ll R i v e r , a n d

J B a t h u r s t — t h e l a s t a f t e r L o r d B a t h ­

u r s t , S e c r e t a r y o f S t a t e f o r t h e C o l o ­

n ie s .

I n M a y , 1 8 1 5 , a n o ffic ia l p a r t y s e t

o u t f r o m t h e c o a s t t o c r o s s t h e m o u n ­

t a i n s , a n d f o r m a l l y o p e n t h e n e w r o a d .

T h e G o v e r n o r h a d in h i s e n t o u r a g e

M r s . M a c q u a r i e , h is s e c r e t a r y , M r .

R t . R e v . D R . Q U I N N

F ir s t C a t h o l i c B is h o p o f B a t h u r s t .

R t . R e v . D R . D U N N E .

P r e s e n t C a t h o lic B is h o p o f B a t h u r s t .

th a t p o i n t , a n d d is c o v e r e d B a t h u r s t

P la in s .

T h i s w a s in 1 8 1 3 . G o v e r n o r M a c

C a m p b e l l ; C a p t a i n A n t i l l , o f t h e 7 3 r d

R e g i m e n t ; L i e u t e n a n t W a t t s , o f tlhe

1 4 6 t h ; M r . R e d f e r n ( s u r g e o n ) , S u r ­

v e y o r -G e n e r a l O x l e y , M r . L e w i n , a

j p a in t e r a n d n a t u r a lis t , a n d a t B a t h -


74

15

u r s t P l a i n s lie w a s j o i n e d b y E v a n s .

T h e y a r r iv e d a t t h e p la i n s o n M a y 4.

a n d s t a y e d f o r a w e e k . M a c q u a r ie

fix e d th e s ite f o r t h e t o w n s h ip , a n d

o n S u n d a y , M a y 7 , 1 8 1 5 , t h e o ffic ia l

o p e n in g ' o f t h e r o a d , a n d p r a c t ic a lly

t h e f o u n d a t i o n o f B a t h u r s t , t o o k p la c e

I n t h e f o l lo w i n g m o n t h tihe G o v e r

n o r i s s u e d a “ G a z e t t e ” n o t i c e , c o m ­

m a n d i n g t h o s e w h o h a d a s is t e d in

m a k i n g t h e r o a d t o “ a p p e a r b e fo r e

h i m ” a t E a s t e r n G r e e k s t o c k y a r d , a n d

g r a n t s o f h o r n e d c a t t l e w e r e m a d e to

T h o m a s H o b b y ,

R ic h a r d L e w i s , J o h n

T y e , T h o m a s G o r m a n , W i l l i a m D y e ,

i S a m u e l F r e e m a n , D a n i e l E y r e s , Jaim es

I K e l l y , W i l l i a m ' M a r t i n , M a t t h e w

M u c k l o w , a n d M r s . G r e e n , w id o w o f

T h o m a s G r e e n . E a c h w a s o rd e re d

to b r i n g h is o w n b r a n d i n g ir o n , as

tn e c a t t l e w e r e t o c o m e o u t o f th e

G o v e r n m e n t h e r d .

T h e fir s t g r a n t o f la n d g i v e n in t h e

B a t h u r s t d i s t r i c t w a s to M a u r i c e C h a r ­

le s O ’ C o n n e ll, o f t h e 7 3 r d R e g i m e n t

— 1 0 0 0 a c r e s , M a r c h 2 2 . 1 8 1 4 .

O n J u n e 1 0 , 1 8 1 5 , W i l l i a m H e n r y

A k o c k w a s g r a n t e d 4 0 0 a c r e s , J o s e p h

B i g g 2 0 0 a c r e s , J a m e s G h i s h o l m e 1 5 °

a c r e s , R o b e r t J o b 2 0 0 a c r e s . O n O c ­

t o b e r 3 1 , 1 8 1 5 , J. L id d e a x d N 'ic h o ls

w a s g r a n t e d 7 0 0 a c r e s ; o n O c t o b e r 8 ,

1 8 1 6 , J o h n M a r t i n , 5 3 0 a c r e s ; a n d j

R ic h a r d R o u s e , 4 5 0 a c r e s . O n J a n u -|

a r y 1 3 , 1 8 1 8 , R ic h a r d R o u s e r e c e iv e d

a n o t h e r 1 5 0 a c r e s , T h o m a s S . A m o s

8 0 0 a c r e s ; J o h n P a lm e r 1 5 5 ° a c r e s , 1

J o h n P y e 3 0 0 a c r e s , a n d o n S e p t e m ­

b e r 2 0 , 1 8 1 8 , W a lt e r L a n g 7 0 0 a c r e s .

I n 1 8 2 0 t h o s e w h o h a d s e :t :e d in

th e d i s t r i c t w e r e L o w e , o f S i d m o u t h ,

o n t h e F islh R i v e r ; H a s s a l l , o f O ’ C o n ­

n e ll’ s P l a i n s ; a n d L a w s o n a n d J o h n

S t r e e t , o f M c q u a r ie P l a i n s . T h e r e

w e r e a f e w s m a l l f a r m s c l o s e to t h e

t o w n s h ip , a n d t h e l a r g e e s t a t e k n o w n

a s M o u n t P l e a s a n t , b e l o n g i n g to

C o lo n e l S t e w a r t , o f t h e 3 r d R e g i m e n t ,

w h o r e t ir e d w ith t h e r a n k o f g e n e r a l,

w a s s e t t le d o n a t E v a n s ’ P la in s .

C o lo n e l S t e w a r t d ie d t h e r e in 1854-

O n t h e o t h e r b a n k o f t h e r iv e r

w e r e s e t t le d C a p t a in H a w k i n s , C a p ­

t a i n P i p e r , t h e R a n k i n b r o t h e r s , K i t e

o f K e l s o , L e e a n d S m i t h , t h e W e s t

b r o t h e r s , a n d S t u a r t M a c k e n z i e C o x ,

o f t h e H e r e f o r d E s t a t e . A t W A m b u r n -

d a le C r e e k G e o r g e S u t t o r h a d a g r a n t .

W i llia m C o x h a d a g r a n t o n t h e r i g h t

b a n k o f th e M a c q u a r i e R i v e r , a n d in

1 8 1 7 w a s in c h a r g e o f t h e d is t r ic t .

H e e s t a b lis h e d a s t a t i o n , w h ic h h e

c a l l e d B u r r e n d o n g , n e a r t h e j u n c t i o n

o f t h e C u d g e g o n g a n d t h e M a c q u a r i e .

I I n 1815 R ic h a r d L e w i s w a s a p p o in t e d

s u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f t h e d i s t r i c t u n d e r

C o x ’ s o r d e r s , at a s a l a r y o f £$o p e r

a n n u m . I n 1 8 2 2 G e o r g e S u t t o r w a s

m a d e s u p e r i n t e n d e n t , 's u c c e e d i n g !

J azn e s B la c k m a n . O n A u g u s t 2 3 , |

1 8 1 9 , L i e u t . W i l l i a m L a w s o n , o f t h e

R o y a l V e t e r a n C o m p a n y , w a s a p p o i n t ­

e d c o m m a n d a n t a n d j u s t i c e o f th e

P e a c e a t B a t h u r s t in s u c c e s s i o n to

W i ll i a m C o x .

T h e e r e c tio n o f th e f ir s t w i n d m i l l o n

th e o t h e r s i d e o f t h e B lu e M o u n t a i n s

w a s , o f c o u r s e , a n e v e n t i n t h e h i s ­

t o r y o f B ia th u r st. T h i s p r i m i t iv e a p ­

p lia n c e w a s p u t u p in 1 8 2 4 b y H a w ­

k i n s , t h e fir s t c o r o n e r . I t w a s n o t

t ill 17 y e a r s l a t e r t h a t t h e f ir s t s t e a m

g r i n d i n g m i ll w a s c o n v e y e d to th e

t o w n s h ip . T h e f i r s t m a i l c o a c h r a n

in 1 8 2 4 , w h e n J a m e s S m i t h a n d T h o ­

m a s F u l'la r , o f P a r r a m a t t a , m a d e a

s t a r t , a n d u n d e r t o o k t o c a r r y p a s s e n ­

g e r s t h e r e in f o u r d a y s a t £\ p e r h e a d .

L e t t e r s w e r e t a k e n f o r i s e a c h . A t

t h i s t i m e t h e d i s t r i c t w a s f l o u r i s h i n g

I n 1 8 2 6 it w a s e s t i m a t e d t h a t 2 5 ,0 0 0

h e a d o f c a t t le a n d a b o u t 7 0 ,0 0 0 s h e e p

w e r e o w n e d b y t h e s e t t l e r s . N e v e r ­

t h e l e s s , c o n d i t io n s w e r e s t i ll p r i m i t iv e

a m o n g t h e l a n d h o l d e r s . M a n y w h o

c o u ld r e c k o n t h e m s e l v e s w o r t h u p to

,£ 1 0 ,0 0 0 in s t o c k w e r e y e t l i v i n g in

h u t s t h e y h a d r u n u p t o s e r v e a s

t h e ir fir s t h o m e s . B a t h u r s t w a s f a m ­

o u s a b o u t t h a t t i m e ; f o r i t s c h e e s e ,

t h e R a n k i n c h e e s e ( c a lle d a f t e r a M r s .

R a n k i n , i t s p r o d u c e r ) b e i n g s o ld u p

to a s h i l l i n g a p o u n d w h o l e s a l e . A s

la t e a.s 1 8 2 7 th e t o w n s h ip v.'r.a d e s o r i b -


i

l

e d a s a G o v e r n m e n t s e t t l e m e n t , e v e r y j

h o u s e in t h e p l a c e b e i n g G o v e r n m e n t . I

U p t i ll 1 8 3 0 n o m o r e th a n o n e h o te l

h a d m a d e i t s a p p e a r a n c e , t h e m o n o p o ­

lis t b e i n g o n e K i t e , o f t h e “ D u n C o w .”

T h e n c a m e t h e “ G o ld e n F l e e c e ,”

k e p t b y a n e x - b a n d m a s t e r o f t h e 4 0 th

R e g i m e n t , W i l l i a m B l i z a i d , a r.d tihe

“ K i n g W i l l i a m , ” b y R ic h a r d M i ll.

I n 1 8 2 4 t h e s e t t le r s w e r e g r e a tly

t r o u b le d b y t h e n a t i v e s , a n d th e r e is

o n r e c o r d a p u n i t iv e e x p e d i t i o n , u n ­

d e r t h e le a d e r s h i p o f M a j o r M o r r is e f,, !

c o n s i s t i n g o f f o u r m a g i s t r a t e s , 4 0 p o ­

lic e , a n d s o m e s e u l e r s , w h o m a d e o v e r

t o w a r d s M u d g e e , a n d in a n e n c o u n te r

th a t t o o k p la c e m a n y . n a t i v e s w ere

. k ille d .

T h e s e t t le r s o f 1825 s t i ll h a d th e

m e m o r i e s o f A e o ld la n d s t r o n g in

th e ir m i n d s . O n e i n c id e n t o f th e

t im e s s h o w e d h o w t h e e a r l y . c o lo n ists,

s t ill c l u n g t o E n g l i s h t r a d i t i o n s o f c li

j m a t e a n d s u r r o u n d i n g s . Ic w a s thi,

e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f th e B a t h u r s t H u n t ,

M u c h w e i g h t y c o n s id e r a t i o n w a s g iv e n

to t h e p r o p r i e t i e s , s p e c ia lly t h e u n i­

f o r m . T h e c lu b h a d f o r i t s q u a r r y |

a t t h e m e e t s o n ly t h e d i n g o , b u t i t (

w o u ld a p p e a r t h a t th e a n im a l h a d th e

s a t i s f a c t io n o f k n o w in g t h a t h e w a s

I b e i n g p u r s u e d b y g e n t le m e n p r o p e r ly

a t t ir e d a c c o r d i n g to b o o k . T h e u n i­

fo r m w a s a g r e e n j a c k e t , t u r n e d u p

j w ith v e lv e t , t h e s e m b l a n c e o f a d i n g o

b e i n g o n t h e c o lla r , t h e b u t t o n s b e in g

o f b r a s s , w ith “ B a t h u r s t H u n ';” s t a m p ­

e d u p o n t h e m . In t h e h is t o r i c a l r e ­

c o r d s w e h a v e to n o te t h a t a m e e t i n g ,

as w h ic h th e q u e s t io n o f d r e s s w a s d is

c u s s e d , w a s a s t o r m y o n e , a n d s e e m ­

i n g l y th e c l i n c h i n g a r g u m e n t w a s t h e

g r a v e a n d e m p h a t i c s t a t e m e n t o f o n e

m e m b e r t h a t “ h e w o u ld r a t h e r g o to

th e d e v il in a f r o c k -c o a t t h a n t o h e a v e n

in a j a c k e t . ”

I n 1 8 2 8 t h e o ffic e r in c o m m a n d 01

t h e d i s t r i c t w a s L i e u t e n a n t J a m e s

H o n . S e c r e t a r y C e n t e n a r y C e l'o b r a tic n .s.

B r o w n , o t t n e 5 7 tn R e g i m e n t ; th e

| s u p e r i n t e n d e n t , A . M ‘ L e o d , la t e 5 7 th

| R e g i m e n t ; t h e s u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f t h e

G o v e r n m e n t s t o c k , J o h n M a x w e l l ; a n a

th e c h ie f c o n s t a b le , J a m e s B la c k m a n .

' T h e C h u r c h o f E n g l a n d c l e r g y m a n

- w a s t h e R e v . J o h n E b p y K e a n e .

T h e B a t h u r s t B a n k w a s o p e n e d in

1 8 3 5 — th e f i r s t c o u n t r y b a n k in the?

c o l o n y .

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m u c h in t h e w a y o f a g r i c u lt u r e , b e i n g

a l m o s t e n t ir e ly e n g a g e d in sh e w o o l-

g r o w i n g .

Q u a r t e r S e s s i o n s w e r e h e ld

in t h a t y e a r , D i l l o n ’ s I n n b e i n g t h t

c o u r t -h o u s e . M a j o r C r o k e r , o f ih e

1 7 th R e g i m e n t , t o o k u p h i s q u a r t e r s

a t B a t h u r s t G o v e r n m e n t H o u s e in

1 8 3 2 . T h e f i is t p u b l ic c e l e b r a t io n o t

D i v i n e w o r s h ip w a s h e ld o n F e b r u a r y

12 o f t h a t y e a r . I t w a s in th e P r e s - j

b y t e r ia n f o r m . T h e C h u r c h o f E n g - ;

la n d h a d its h o u s e in B a t h u r s t in 1 8 3 7 . |

I n 1 8 4 2 t h e r e w e r e W e s l e y a n a n d P r e s - :

b y t e r ia n c h u r c h e s , t h e t o w n s h ip s t ill

j b e i n g u n d e r m i li t a r y r u le .

(H . C . B e a v i s , P h o t o .)

M R . J. B A I N .


THE PIONEERS

O L D B A T H U R S T F A M I L I E S .

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C o x e s , L e e s , H a w k i n s , R a n k i n s , S u i­

to r s , S t e w a r t s , R u t h e r f o r d s , a n d o th e r

fo u n d e r s o f n o w w e ll-k n o w n B a t h u r s t

f a m ilie s .

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o f t h e r o a d o v e r t h e B lu e M o u n t a i n s

in 1 8 x 4 a t th e o r d e r s o f G o v e r n o r M a c ­

q u a r ie w a s 'th e fir s t r e a l e v e n t in t h e

h is t o r y o f t h e t o w n s h ip . M r . C o x in

r e tu r n r e c e iv e d a g r a n t o f la n d .on th e

r ig h t b a n k o f t h e M a c q u a r i e R iv e r , a n d

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in t h e d i s t r i c t w e r e t h e H a w k i n s , w l o ,

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th e p l a i n s p r i o r to a n y ' g r a n t s b e i n g

m a d e . I n 1 8 2 0 , a t l e a s t , T . F i t z h e r -

b e r t H a w k i n s , a n e x -n a v a l c a p t a i n ,

f o r m e r ly o f t h e C o m m i s s a r i a t D e p a r t ­

m e n t , w a s a w a r d e d a g r a n t n e a r K e l s o ,

k n o w n a s B la c k d o w n , a n d n o w o w n e d

b v M r . R o b e r t G ih n o u r . H i s s o n ,

h o w e v e r , T . J. H a w k i n s ,- o b t a in e d

W a l m e r e s t a t e , o n t h e o p p o s i t e b a n k

o f th e r iv e r , w h ic h is s t i ll in th e p o s ­

s e s s i o n o f th e f a m i ly .

A n o ld f a m i ly w h o s t i ll r e s id e in

B a t h u r s t a r e t h e R a n k i n s , o r i g i n a l l y

la n d e d p r o p r ie t o r s in S c o t la n d . ivjr.

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A u s t r a lia in 1 8 2 1 , s e t t l i n g f ir s t in V a n

S t e w a r t , o f th e B u f f s , c a m e f r o m S c o t ­

la n d to A u s t r a l i a w ith h i s r e g i m e n t ,

a n d t o o k u p t h e e s t a t e o f M o u n t P l e a ­

s a n t, n e a r B a t h u r s t , w h ic h w a s g i v e n

its n a m e b y t h e e x p lo r e r E v a n s , o n

a c c o u n t o f th e m a g n if i c e n t

it's s u m m i t .

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o f C a k e s .

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s t a n c e o f t h e f a c t . W i l l i a m H e n r y

S u .'t o r , g r a n d f a t h e r o f t h e p r e s e n t h e a d

o f t h e f a m i ly , S ir F r a n c i s S u t t o r , w a s

16 y e a r s o ld w h e n in 1 8 2 1 h e a c c o m ­

p a n ie d h i s f a t h e r , G e o r g e S u t t o r , to

t a k e u p a g r a n t o n t h e B a t h u r s t j

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h o w e v e r , -a lr e a d y b e e n a lllo fte d t h a t ,

th e S u t t o r s t o o k u p a g r a n t a b o u t e i g h t |

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^d o n e d fo r N e w S o u t h W a l e s , o b t a i n i n g

ja g r a n t n e a r B a t h u r s t in 1 8 2 2 .

H O X . J O H N M E A G H E R , M . L . C .

m e n t o f m e r in o s h e e p f r o m t h e C a p e ,

w h o s e d e s c e n d a n t s n o w f o r m t h e C eleb

r a te d i M u d g e e f lo c k s . E a r ly s e ttle r s

T h e M 'P h i l l a m y s a r e a n o t h e r i n ­

s t a n c e o f a S o t t i s h f a m i l y w h ic h s e t - !

tie d in B a t h u r s t a t a n e a r ly d a t e , a n d '

a r e n o w in p o s s e s s i o n o f t h r e e l a r g e

e s t a t e s a t C h a r l t o n , O r t o n P a r k , a n d

G o r m a n ’ s H ill. A b o u t 1 8 2 0 C o lo n e l

m ile s n o r th o f B a t h u r s t , w h i c h , u n d e r

th e n a m e o f B r u c e d a l e , i s o n e o f t h e

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Bathurst’s 100th

^Birthday

HOW THE DISTRICT HAS CROWN.

L A T E J A M E S R U T H E R F O R D .

Pleasant,

grantees.

O n e o f t h e P io n e e r s .

s t ill h e ld b y th e o r i g i n a l

W i ll i a m L e e , w h o s e t t le d n e a r K e l s o

in t h e s a m e y e a r , w a s a n a t i v e o f C u m ­

b e r la n d , in t h e n o r th o f E n g l a n d , w h o

c a m e t o t h i s c o u n t r y a t a n e a r ly a g e .

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in B a t h u r s t

T h e n a m e o f th e l a t e M r . J a m e s

R u t h e r f o r d , B a t h u r s t ’ s “ G r a n d O ld

M a n , ” w h o w a s w ith u s u n t il a c o u p le

o f y e a r s a g o , is o n e w h ic h w ill p e r ­

h a p s b e i m p e r i s h a b l y a s s o c ia t e d w ith

th e h i s t o r y , n o t o n ly o f B a t h u r s t , b u t

o f A u s t r a l ia .

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w h ic h he. a c c o m p lis h e d fir s t a s a p a r t ­

n e r in a n d la t e r a s h e a d o f t h e f a m o u s

c o a c h i n g fir m o f C o b b a n d C o . S o

fa r a s B a t h u r s t is c o n c e r n e d , h e w ill

be r e m e m b e r e d b y p o s t e r it y p r in c ip a lly

b e c a u s e o f th e m a g n if i c e n t w o r k w h ic h

h e a c c o m p l is h e d in c o n n e c t i o n ,'with

t h e p r o g r e s s o f t h e c i t y a n d i t s in ­

s t i t u t io n s .

O X E O F A U S T R A L I A ’ S L E A D I N G

P R O V I N C I A L C I T I E S .

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w h ic h B a t h u r s t n o w f in d s h e r s e l f m a r k

t h e a t t a i n m e n t o f t h e i o o t h a n n i v e r ­

s a r y o f t h e d i s c o v e r y o f B a t h u r s t

P l a i n s . O n e . h u n d r e d y e a r s i s a b r i e f

p e r io d in t h e w o r l d 's h i s t o r y , b u t i n

th a t t i m e t h e s c e n e w e s t o f t h e B lu e

M o u n t a in s — a s in d e e d a l s o o n t h e

c o a s ta l s id e — h a s u n d e r g o n e a w o n d e r ­

f u l t r a n s f o r m a t io n . T h e o u t l o o k f r o m

t h e w e s t e r n r i d g e o f t h e G r e a t D i v i d ­

ing- R a n g e is n o w a l t o g e t h e r d i f f e r e n t

o t h a t b e h e ld b y D e p u t y -S u r v e y o r -

G e n e r a l E v a n s , w h e n , j u s t a c e n t u r y I

a g o , h e c r o s s e d t h e B lu e M o u n t a i n s '

on t h e t r a il b la z e d a s h o r t t i m e p r e ­

v io u s ly b y B la x la n d , W e n tw o r tfh , a n d

L a w s o n . W h e r e t h e n t h e r e w a s o n ly

a v a s t s t r e t c h o f e m e r a ld -c a r p e t e a

p ila in s, ^ r o k e n h e r e a n d t h e r e w ith

p a tc h e s o f b u s h , there, is n o w a p r o s ­

p e r o u s a n d g r o w i n g d i s t r i c t o f w h ic h

B a t h u r s t is t h e c e n t r e . K e l s o o n t h i

e a s t e r n b a n k o f th e M a c q u a r i e w a s

th e s c e n e o f t h e f ir s t s e t t l e m e n t , b u t

it w a s e a r l y p e r c e iv e d t h a t t h e o t h e i

s id e o f t h e r iv e r w a s t h e n a tu r a l s i t e

fo r a c i t y , a n d s o s o o n a f t e r w a r d s t h e

m u s t a r d s e e d w h ic h s u b s e q u e n t l y g e r ­

m i n a t e d a n d b l o s s o m e d in t o t h e m e t r o ­

p o li s o f th e W e s t w a s p la n t e d .

T h e s t o r y o f t'he d i s c o v e r y , f o r m i d ­

a b le a s w a s t h e t a s k o f t h o s e r e s p o n ­

s i b le , m a y b e t o ld in a f e w w o r d s . O n

N o v e m b e r 1 9 , 1 8 1 3 , E v a n s , a c t i n g u n ­

d e r t h e d ir e c t i o n s o f G o v e r n o r M a e - j

q u a r i e , c r o s s e d t h e N e p e a n a t E m u j

I s l a n d “ to e x p lo r e t h e u n k n o w n c o u n ­

t r y w e s t o f M t . B l a x l a n d ,” w h ic h

m a r k e d th e l im i t o f t h e t r a c k b la z e d

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j

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th e r o u g h n a t u r e o f t h e c o u n t r y , e n ­

t a ile d d e la y s w h ic h b r o u g h t N o v e m b e r

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t h e e x p e d it io n — M t . B la x la n d — w a s

j

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c o n f r o n t e d E v a n s a s y e t h a d n o t b e e n

tr o d b y w h ite m a n W i t h g r e a t d it 1

! fic u lt y , t h e p a r t y s u r m o u n t e d th e '

m a in r i d g e , r e a c h i n g E v a n s ’ s C r o w n , |

n e a r T a r a n a , o n D e c e m b e r 1, a n a

fr o m t h i s p e a k , 3 2 0 0 f e e ? a b o v e se a

le v e l, t h e r e w a s u n f o ld e d to th e e y e s

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P l a i n s ” w a s th e n a m e w h ic h a t o n c t-

s u g g e s t e d i t s e lf to E v a n s , w h o c o n -

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! c o u ld b e p a id b y h i m to t h e th en

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E a r l B a t h u r s t . T h e a c t u a l s e t ­

t le m e n t d id n o t t a k e p la c e

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y e a r , M a y 7 , 1 8 1 5 , to b e p r e c i s e , "I at

j o v e r n o r M a c q u a r i e c r o s s e d th e M o u .i -

:a in s a n d s e le c t e d t h e s it e f o r t h e to w n .

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th e n a m e o f n o n e w ill b e s o c l o s :I y

j a s s o c ia t e d w ith t h e h is t o r y o f B i/.h -

u r s t a s th a t o f S ir G e r a ld S t r i c k 1 m d ,

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j o f l a y i n g t h e f o u n d a t i o n s t o n e 01 d ie

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; th e n a m e o f G o v e r n o r M a c q u a r i e .

N a t u r a l l y r o u g h a n d p r im it iv e at

f i r s t , a s s e t t l e m e n t e x t e n d e d a l o n g th e

M a c q u a r i e a n d t h e L a c h l a n , t h e b a b y

t o w n s h ip g r e w a n d p r o s p e r e d u n til

|it a t t a in e d th e p o s it i o n o f m e t r o ­

p o lis o f th e w e s t w h ic h i t h a s

e v e r s i n c e h e ld in u n d is p u t e d p o s s e s ­

s io n . A g r i c u l t u r e s o o n b e c a m e th e

c o m p a n i o n o f g r a z i n g . T h e lo n e ly s e t ­

t le r s , H o w e v e r , a l t h o u g h b l e s s e d w ith I

a r ic h c o u n t * } ’ , s u ffe r e d m u c h a t t h e I

h a n d s o f d e p r e d a t o r } ' n a t i v e s — fr o n

a t t a c k s b y w h o m , b y t h e w a y , E v a n s

a n d h is p a r ty h a d b e e n s i n g u l a r l y fr e e

— a n d m u r d e r s a n d r e p r is a ls f o llo w e d .

It w a s a t . t h is t im e th a t t h e “ B la c k

R e b e l l io n ” b r o k e o u t , a n d in t h e s u b ­

se q u e n t! p u n it iv e m e a s u r e s t h e u n f o r ­

t u n a t e a b o r i g i n a l s w e r e r u t h le s s ly

s l a u g h t e r e d . B u t t h e s e w e r e n o t t h e

o n ly t r a g e d i e s w h ic h d i s f i g u r e d t h e

e a r ly h i s t o r y o f t h e d i s t r i c t . A n o t h e r

B I S H O P M A R S D E N .

F i r s t A n g l i c a n B is h o p o f B a t h u r s t .

a n d m o r e s e r io u s t r o u b le a r o s e t h r o u g h

th e a c t io n o f a m a g i s t r a t e , w h o s e b a r ­

b a r it y le d a n u m b e r o f c o n v i c t s a n d

I 'ic k e t -o f-le a v e m e n to t a k e to t h e b u s h .

B lo o d s h e d f o llo w e d , a n d t h r e e e n c o u n ­

te r s t o o k p la c e b e f o r e t h e o u tla w ’s w e r e

fin a lly c a p t u r e d . T e n o f t h e m w e r e

h a n g e d a t B a t h u r s t , a n d ‘Jhe r e c o r d o f

th e t r a g i c e v e n t is s t ill p r e s e r v e d in

th e a r c h iv e s o f H o l y T r i n i t y C h u r c h ,

K e l s o , t h e o ld e s t c h u r c h W e s t o f th e

B lu e M o u n t a i n s .


I t w a s in 1 8 5 1, w h e n H a r g r e a v e s

m a d e h i s f a m o u s d is c o v e r y o f g o l d a t

O p h i r , t h a t B a t h u r s t f i r s t b o o m e d .

W ith tlhe s u b s e q u e n t d i s c o v e r y o f g o ld

i a t H i l l E n d , t h e p o p u la t io n o f t h e l i s -

! tric t s u d d e n ly s w e lle d a s i f u n d e r th e

l a s t P a r li a m e n t . H e is j u s t n o w f i g h t ­

i n g f o r a c o n t in u e d p e r io d o f r e p r e ­

s e n t a t i o n . W h e t h e r h e w i ll s u c c e e d ,

o r w h e t h e r h e w il' b e d i s p l a c e d b y a n ­

o t h e r B a t h u r s t n a t iv e , M r . E r n e s :

i D u r a c k , is th e p i o b le m o f t h e h o u r .

R t. R e v . D R . L O N G .

P r e s e n t A n g l i c a n B is h o p o f B a t h u r s t .

in flu e n c e o f a m a g i c w a n d , a n d fo r

s o m e y e a r s ■ B a t h u r s t w a s a d e c id e d h

p r o s p e r o u s t r a d i n g c e n t r e . I t w a s .,t

th is t i m e o f f a b u lo u s p r o s p e r i t y , N o ­

v e m b e r 1 3 , 1 8 6 2 , t h a t th e t o w n w a s

p r o c l a im e d a m u n ic ip a l it y , t h e ju b ile e

o f w h i c h w a s c e le b r a t e d la s t y e a r . M r .

R . Y . C o u s i n s w a s t h e fir s t m a y o r .

T h i s g e n t le m a n a n d a ll h is c o l l e a g u e s ,

w ith t h e e x c e p t io n o f M r . J . W . A s h ­

w o r t h , n o w 8 6 y e a r s o f a g e , a r e s in c e

d e a d . T h e la t e M e s s r s . W i llia m L e o

, a n d W . H . S u t t o r w e r e t h e f ir s t P a r ­

lia m e n t a r y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s o f th e d is

I tr ic t u n d e r r e s p o n s i b l e g o v e r n m e n t

g r a n t e d in 1 8 5 6 . T h a t w a s in the

d a y s o f d o u b le -s e a t e d c o n s t it u e n c i e s .

M r . J o h n M i lle r , a n a tiv e o f th e d i s ­

t r ic t , w a s tthe r e p r e s e n t a t i v e in (the

T H E O L D S C O T C H K I R K .

F o r m e r l y o n th e s ite n o w o c c u p i e d b y

G a r t r e lP s b a k e r y , W i ll i a m - s t r e e t .


O L D C O U R T H O J S F. A N D f i A O T .


83

THE F/BLY BI&TCEY OF

BATHURST

SOME HIGHLY INTERESTING

PACTS.

T H E P I O N E E R S .

I n 1 8 2 4 -2 5 , t h e n a tiv e s g a v e a g r e a t

d e a l o f t r o u b le in t h e B a t h u r s t d is t r ic t ,

a n d in t h e la t t e r e n d o f S e p t e m b e r th e

C J o m m a n d a n t, M a j o r M o r r is e t , fo u r

m a g i s t r a t e s a n d a b o u t f o r t y s o ld ie r s an d

s ix m o u n t e d s e t t le r s , le ft B a t h u r s t fo r

M u d g e e , t h e o v e r s e e r a n d s e v e r a l o f the

s e t t le r s k n o w in g th a t p a r t o f t h e c o u n ­

t r y w e ll. M a n y o f th e n a t i v e s w e r e k ille d

in a n e n c o u n t e r w ith t h e m , o n e b e in g

t h e w e ll-k n p w n c h ie f “ B lu c h e r ;” th is

•was in t h e e a r ly p a r t o f S e p t e m b e r , 1824.

A n o t h e r n a tiv e c h ie f o f th e B a t h u r s t d i s ­

tr ic t w a s o n e n a m e d “ W i n d r o d i n e ,” b e t ­

t e r k n o w n to th e c o lo n is ts a s “ S a t u r ­

d a y ,” w h o fe ll in a f i g h t w ith a trib e

f r o m t h e s o u th , a n d d ie d o n 2 1 s t M a r c h ,

1 8 2 9 — d e a t h b e i n g c a u s e d t h r o u g h a

w o u n d in t h e k n e e w h ic h m o r t ifie d . H e

d ie d in t h e B a t h u r s t H o s p it a l a n d w a s

b u r ie d n e a r it , h is b o d y b e i n g w r a p p e d

in h i s m a n t le a n d h is w e a p o n s d e p o s ite

d in t h e g r a v e w ith h im . F o r m a n y

y e a r s h e w a s t h e t e r r o r 'o f t h e s u r r o u n d ­

i n g c o u n t r y , h is h e ig h t w a s a b o u t six

f e e t , a n d h e w 'as n o t e d fjor h is k in d n e s s

to w o m e n a n d c h ild r e n . A t o n e t i m e ,

fiv e h u n d r e d a c r e s w a s o ffe r e d fo r h is

h e a d , b u t h e s u r r e n d e r e d t o G o v e r n o r

B r is b a n e a n d w a s in t r o d u c e d t o h im a t

P a r r a m a t t a . T h e r e h e r e s id e d fo r a

s h o r t t im e in t h e D o m a i n a n d , f r o m t h a t

p e r io d , lo o k e d u p o n t h e w h ite m a n w ith

g r e a t e r e a s in e s s o f s p ir it . A n o t h e r n o t ­

e d B a t h u r s t n a tiv e w a s a g u id e n a m e d

“ P i p e r ,” w h o a c c o m p a n ie d M a j o r M i t ­

c h e ll cm h is e x p e d it io n to t h e r iv e r s D a r .

l i n g a n d M u r r a y , in 1 8 3 6 , a n d o n h is

r e tu r n w ith th e p a r tv to h e a d q u a r t e r s

w a s r e w a r d e d b y M a j o r M i t c h e ll w ith h is

o w n r e d c o a t , a n d a c o c k e d h a t a n d fe a -

. t h e r , w h ic h h a d o n c e b e l o n g e d t o G o v ­

e r n o r D a r l i n g . H is p o r t r a it , t h u s c o s ­

t u m e d , w a s d r a w n b y M r . F e r n y b , u g h ,

a jid s o o n a p p e a r e d in p r in t s h o p s . P i ­

p e r e n jo y e d a ll h i s n e w ly a c q u i r e d c o n ­

s e q u e n c e w i t h - a h i g h h e a d , a n d th o s e

w h o k n e w h im g a v e h im s m a ll s u m s o f

m o n e y ; w ith t h i s , h e p u r c h a s e d s ilk

h a n d k e r c h ie fs a n d w o r e t h e m o n h is

b r e a s t , g o w n s f o r h is g i n s ( f o r h e h a d

t w o ), a n d , t o h is c r e d it, h e a b s t a in e d

f r o m i n t o x i c a t i n g d r in k , lo o k i n g d o w n

w ith c o n t e m p t o n t h o s e whlo s o i n d u lg ­

ed, e s p e c i a lly fils o w n r a c e . B e f o r e returning

to B a t h u r s t , h e w a s d e c o r a t e d

W'ith a b r a s s p la t e o n w h ic h h e w a s

styled “ C o n q u e r o r o f t h e I n t e r i o r ,” n p t ,

a s usual, “ K i n g , ” f o r h e s a id th e r e w e r e

too m a n y k in d s .

I d 1 8 2 6 , B a t h u r s t a p p e a r e d t o b e in a

f lo u r is h in g c o n d it io n , a n d th e d i s t r i c t

h a d a c q u ir e d a f a m e f o r its c h e e s e .

A m o n g s t t h e m a k e r s w e r e C a p t a in P i ­

p e r , M r . I n n e s a n d M r s . R a n k in . T h e

le t t e r ’ s c h e e s e b o r e h e r n a m e , a n d w a s

so ld w h o le s a le a t g d a n d 1 / p e r l b .

C h e e s e s w e r e s e n t to S y d n e y in m a n y

h u n d r e d w e ig h t s a t a t i m e . M r . H a w -

k i n d ’ s w a t e r m i ll, a n d a ls o t h a t o f M r .

I n n i s , a ffo r d e d g r e a t a s s i s t a n c e to t h e

s e t t le r s ; b o t h w e r e e r e c te d in 1824.

In 1 8 2 5 , th e B a t h u r s t H u n t h a d b e e n

e s t a b lis h e d , fo r th e p u r g c s e o f c o u r s i n g

t h e n a t i v e d o g , w h ic h c a u s e d m u c h d e ­

s t r u c t io n to th e f lo c k s . T h e u n if o r m o f

t h e m e m b e r s w as. a g r e e n j a c k e t , t u r n ­

e d u p w ith v e lv e t , a n d o r n a m e n t e d w ith

a n a tiv e d o g e m b r o id e r e d o n th e c o lla r

g i l t b u tt o n s w ith “ B a t h u r s t H u n t ”

s t a m p e d o n t h e m . E a c h m e m b e r k e p t a

c e r t a in n u m b e r o f d o g s , a n d d a v s w e r e

fix e d f o r a g e n e r a l tu r n o u t. I t w a s d u r ­

i n g t h e fo r m a t io n o f t h e a s s o c ia t i o n t h a t

a s o le m n m e e t i n g w a s c o n v e n e d to d e ­

c id e u p o n t h e d r e s s t h a t w o u ld b e m o s t

a p p r o p r ia te ficr t h e c h a s e . T h e a s s e m ­

b l a g e w a s a s t o r m y o n e f o r s o m e t i m e

w h e n a t la s t o n e o f th e m e m b e r s a r o s e

a n a w’i t h s o m e c o n s id e r a b le g r a v it y o b ­

s e r v e d “ t h a t h e w o u ld r a t h e r g/j to t h e

d e v il in a fr o c k c o a t t h a n t o h e a v e n in a

ja c k e t. T h i s s e t t le d t h e m a t t e r , a n d

fr o c k c o a t s w e r e c a r r ie d , n o m . c o n . to

t h e e v e r L a stin g f a m e o f t h e p r o f^ ser.

_ I n 1 8 2 6 , t h e “ S y d n e v G a z e t t e ” a d v e r ­

tise d t h e B a t h u r s t C la s s i c a l a n d M e r ­

c a n t ile S c h o o l, w h e r e y o u n g g e n t le m e n

c o u ld b e b oard ecT a n d e d u c a t e d f o r t h ir t y

g u in e a s p e r a n n u m . M r , H o llo w a y wras

th e p r o p r ie t o r . E v e n in t h o s e d a y s B a ­

t h u r s t w a s n o t w ith o u t i t s L i t e r a r y S o ­

c ie t y w h ic h w a s in s t itu t e d in 1 8 2 6 , u n -

d e r t h e d ir e c tio n o f a p r e s id e n t , v i c e -

p r e s id e n t , a n d c o m m i t t e e o f fiv e m e m ­

b e r s , t h e e n tr a n c e fe e b e i n g t h r e e g u i n ­

e a s a n d a n n u a l s u b s c r ip t io n t w o g u in e a s .

B a t h u r s t o f t o - d a y p o s s e s s e s o n e o f t h e

fin e s t S c h o o l jof A r t s in N e w S o u t h

w a l e s , w h ic h b e g a n its e x is t e n c e in

1855 th e b u ild in g b e i n g e r e c te d in 1 S 6 0 -

6 1 . N o t o n ly s c h o o ls , b u t c o l l e g e s g r a c e

th e t o w n s h ip .

I n 1 8 2 7 , B a t h u r s t is d e s c r i b e d a s a

t o w n p u r e ly G o v e r n m e n t a l, e v e r y t e n e ­

m e n t b e i n g o c c u p ie d b y G o v e r n m e n t o f -

n c e s . A G o v e r n m e n t f a r n , a d jo i n e d th e

s e t t le m e n t , a n d w a s e s t im a t e d a t a lb s s o f


;& 2o oo p e r a n n u m . T h e h e r d o f c a ttle

a t t h i s f a r m , a n d t h e o n e a t W e l l in g t o n

V a l l e y , w a s e s t im a t e d a t 5 0 0 0 h e a d . P r e ­

v io u s to t h i s d a te , ,a s e t t le r t a k i n g a

g r a n t o f 2 0 0 0 a c r e s h a d a p r e s e n t m a d e

h im b y th e G o v e r n m e n t o f t w e n t y c o w s

to s t a r t w ith , to m a k e u p in s o m e m e a ­

s u r e fo r t h e e x p e n s e o f v i c t u a llin g a n d

c lo t h i n g tw e n t y C i'o w n p r is o n e r s . T h is

s y s t e m w a s a b o lis h e d b y G o v e r n o r B r is ­

b a n e .

T h e e s t im a t e d n u m b e r o f c a t t le a t

B a t h u r s t a t t h e c lo s e o f 1 8 2 6 w a s a b o u t

2 5 ,0 0 0 h e a d , a n d t h e r e w e r e a b o u t 7 0 ,0 0 0

s h e e p . F r e q u e n t ly m e n w ith £ 5 0 0 0 to

£> 1 0 ,0 0 0 , in la n d a n d s t o c k , w e r e s till l i v ­

i n g in t h e ir o r i g i n a l h u t s c o m p o s e d o f

r a m m e d e a r t h , b u t th e r e w a s a lw a y s

p le n t y o f g o o d c h e e r w ith in . A t th is

p e r io d th e p a s t u r a g e w a s in a b a d s t a t e

o w i n g to th e l o n g c o n t in u e d d r o u g h t , a n d

s e t t le r s w e r e s e e k i n g n e w p a s t u r a g e in

th e M u d g e e d i s t r i c t , •th e n r e c e n t ly d is - ■

c o v e r e d .

I n 1 8 2 S , th e o ffic e r in c o m m a n d o f th e

d i s t r i c t w a s L i e u t e n a n t J a m e s B r o w n ,

5 7 th R e g i m e n t ; S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f G o v ­

e r n m e n t S t o c k , M r . J o h n M a x w e ll;

C h i e f Q o n s t a b le , M r . J a m e s B la c k m a n ;

C le r k o f th e B e n c h , M r . J o h n W e b b ; A s ­

s i s t a n t S u r g e o n , M r . R ic h a r d s o n ; th e

C o r o n e r w a s s t ill M r . F . F . H a w k i n s ;

t h e C h u r c h o f E n g l a n d c l e r g y m a n , th e

R e v . J o h n E s p y K e i n e . O n e s e r g e a n t

a n d t h ir t e e n p r iv a te s w e r e s t a t io n e d o n

th e B a t h u r s t P l a i n s , b e s id e s m o u n t e d

t r o o p e r s .

I n 1 8 3 3 th e P o lic e M a g i s t r a t e w a s

T h o m a s E v e r n d e n , E s q ., la t e o f th e 3 r d

R e g i m e n t , o r B u f f s . I t w a s L ie u t e n a n t

E v e r n d e n w h o h a d b e e n a p p o in t e d to

c o m m a n d t h e t r o o p o f c a v a lr y th a t h a d

b e e n r a is e d a n d e q u ip p e d f r o m t h e 3 r d

R e g i m e n t b y C o lo n e l S t e w a r t , th e n

L i e u t e n a n t -G o v e r n o r . T h is tr o o p c o n ­

s is te d o f p ic k e d m e n f r o m t h e r e g i m e n t ,

a n d w e r e o r g a n i s e d tq> p u t d o w n t h e

b u s h r a n g e r s , t h e n so t r o u b le s o m e in

th e w e s t e r n d is t r ic t s . O n t h e 4 th N o ­

v e m b e r . 1 8 2 5 , th e fir s t d e ta c h m e n t o f

tr o o p s o f c a v a lr y f o r m e d t h e p r e v io u s

y e a r h a d fa lle n in w ith a p a r t y o f b u s h ­

r a n g e r s , a m o u n t i n g to s e v e n in n u m b e r ,

in t h e d is t r ic t o f B a t h u r s t , a n d M a u r ic e

C o n n e ll, w h o w a s r e p o r te d t o b e tone o f

th e m o s t n o t o r io u s o f th e g ’a.ng, w a s

k ille d o n t h e s p o t b y C o r p o r a l B r o w n .

U n t i l 1 8 3 0 , M r . K i t e , t h e w e a lth y

la n d h o ld e r , m o n o p o lis e d t h e w h o le o f th e

h o te l t r a d e , b u t in 1831 t h e r e w e r e th r e e

i n n s , T h o m a s K i t e ’ s “ D u n C o w ,” W i l ­

l i a m B li z z a r d ’ s “ G o ld e n F l e e c c ,” a n d

R ic h a r d M i l l ’ s “ K i n g W i l l i a m .” W i l ­

lia m B liz z a r d w a s fo r m e r ly b a n d m a s t e r

in t h e 4 8 t h R e g i m e n t , a n d h e d ie d a t

B a t h u r s t o n 18th F e b r u a r y , 1 S 32.

O n o r a b o u t ig t h J u ly _ 1 S 3 1 , C a p t a in

P a y m e , o f D u n n ’ s P la in s , wias m u r d e r ­

e d b y b u s h r a n g e r s . H e h a d o n ly a r r i v ­

e d in t h e c o lo n y e i g h t e e n m o n t h s p r e ­

v io u s ly , ,a n d h a d p u r c h a s e d t h e f a r m

fflo m C a p t a in S e a ly . H e w a s a s e a f a r ­

i n g m a n , h a v i n g r e tir e d in t o Y o r k s h i r e

m a n y y e a r s p r e v io u s ly to s e t t le a n d f a r m .

H e h a d n o f a m i ly a n d le f t a g r e a t d e a l

o f p r o p e r t y . “ S i n c e t h e lo c a t io n o f

l a n d s b y t h e V e t e r a n P e n s i o n e r s , a n d

d is t r ib u t io n o f s m a ll g r a n t s t o n a t i v e

la n d s , c u lt iv a t io n b e g a n in r e a l e a r n e s t ,’ ’

s t a t e s th e “ S y d n e y G a z e t t e ” o f F e b r u ­

a r y , 1 8 3 2 .

T h e s ite o f t h e B a t h u r s t t o w n s h ip wra s ,

until 1832, at K e ls o , a b o u t a m ile f r o m

the present s it e . I n M a y , 1 8 3 2 , it w a s

urged t h a t t h e l a y i n g o u t o f t h e t o w n ­

ship on the o p p o s it e s id e o f t h e r iv e r ,

should be c a r r ie d out. a n d a t t h e la t t e r

end of th e y e a r th e n e w t o w n s h i p w a s

o p e n e d . I n M a y , 1 S 3 4 , t h e “ S v d n e v

G a z e t t e ” s t a t e s t h a t , “ a f t e r a te d io u s

d e la y o f a b o u t a y e a j a n d a h a lf s i n c e

t h e o p e n i n g o f th e t o w n s h ip , a r i s i n g

f r o m f o r m s o f o ffic e , s e v e r a l a l l o t m e n t s

in t h e n e w t o w n s h ip h a v e b e e n s o l d ,

w h ile b u ild i n g s w e r e r a p id ly s p r i n g i n g

u p a r o u n d .”

In 1 8 3 2 , t h e r e r e s id e d in t h e B a t h u r s t |

d is tr ic t a n o ld m a n n a m e d “ T o m m y R o w - i

d e n ,” o n e o f t h e F i r s t F l e e t , o f t h e

c o r p s iof R o y a l M a r i n e s , w h o h a d s e r v e d

H is M a j e s t y fo r f i ft y -o n e y e a r s ,f o r w h ic h

h e r e c e iv e d a p e n s io n o f 2 /3 a d a y . H e

b o a s te d t h a t h e h a d n e v e r e x p e r ie n c e d a

d a y ’ s illn e s s in h is l if e , a n d h e w a s jv e ll

k n o w n in t h e d i s t r ic t s o f W i n d s o r a n d

C o r n w a llis , a s “ o ld T o m m y R o w d e n .”

H e w a s 'One o f th o s e w h o h a d w itn e s s e d

t h e e a r ly fo u n d a t io n o f A u s t r a l ia . A n ­

o th e r w e ll-k n o w n c h a r a c t e r in th e d i s ­

tr ic t w a s “ D a v i d th e W e l s h m a n ” ( D a ­

v id A r t h u r ) , w h o h a d s q u a t t e d in th e

n e ig h b o r h o o d o f IJuree; h e d ie d a t th e

b e g i n n i n g o f 1 8 3 5 , a n d in h i s lif e a l l o w ­

e d h i m s e l f n o t e v e n t h e n e c e s s a r i e s y e t ,

a t h is d e a t h , h e l e f t l e g a c i e s to th e

a m o u n t o f £ 6 0 0 .

P r e v io u s t o 1 8 3 2 , th e m a i ls w e r e c o n ­

v e y e d t o a n d f r o m S y d n e y b y c o n t r a c ­

to r s , w h o tr a n s fe r r e d t h e m to t h e m o u n t ­

e d p o lic e a t P e n r it h , a n d t h e y B r o u g h t

t h e m to a;nd f r o m B a t h u r s t ; t h is m e t h o d

w a s a b o lis h e d in 1 8 3 2 , a n d W a t s f o r d ,

th e S y d n e y a n d P a r r a m a t t a c o a c h p r o -

p r i e ( :r s , w e r e u n d e r c o n t r a c t t o e a r n '

th e m r i g h t t h r o u g h , th e la t t e r t a k i n g

fiv e h o u r s lo n g e r in t h e c o n v e y a n c e .

M a j o r C r o k e r , 1 7 th R e g i m e n t , w a s in

c o m m a n d o f th e d is t r ic t a t t h is p e r io d ,


h a v in g a r r iv e d f r o m h e a d q u a r t e r s o n th e i

1 4th J a n u a r y , 1 9 3 2 , w ith M r s . C r o k e r

a n d f a m i l y ; h e r e s id e d a t G o v e r n m e n t

H o u s e , B a t h u r s t . A b o u t th is t i m e th e

R e v . D r . L a n g p a id a v is it t o t h e d i s ­

t r ic t , a c c o m p a n ie d b y a n e w ly -a r r iv e d

m in is te r o f th e P r e s b y t e r ia n C h u r c h , M r .

’T h o m p s o n , w ith th.6 v ie w o f e s t a b l i s h ­

i n g a p la c e o f w o r s h ip f o r th a t b o d y .

T h e first p u b l ic c e le b r a t io n o f D iv in e

W o r s h ip , a f t e r t h e f o r m o f P r e s b y t e r i a n -

is m , t o o k p la c e i n B a t h u r s t o n S u n d a y ,

1 2 th F e b r u a r y , 1 8 3 2 , th e o ffic ia tin g m in ­

is t e r b e i n g M r . T h o m p s o n , w h o a r r iv e d

in t h e c o lo n y in t h e “ C a s t le S t e r l i n g .”

T h e r e w a s n o R o m a n C a t h o lic p r i e s t ; npt

o n e h a d e v e n v is ite d th e d is tr ic t s in c e

1 8 3 0 , th e la s t o n e b e i n g th e R e v . M r .

T h e r r y ; a n d th e “ S y d n e y G a z e t t e ” s ta te s

t h a t th e R o m a n C a t h o lic s w e r e e n tir e ly

th e p o o r e r c l a s s a n d m o s t u n e n lig h t e n e d

p o r tio n o f th e c o m m u n i t y , s t a n d in g m o s t

in n e e d v f p a s to r a l a id .

In 1 8 3 2 , B a t h u r s t r a n k e d fir s t a s a

w o o l s t a t io n , a n d w a s n o t in a n y w ay

c o n s id e r e d a n a g r ic u lt u r a l d is t r ic t . G r a in

s e n t to S y d n e y w a s c h a r g e d 2 /6 p e r

b u s h e l f o r t r a n s p o r t , a n d t r a v e l l i n g in

th o s e d a y s w a s n o a m u s e m e n t — t h e p r o ­

g r e s s o f t h e m o u n t a in d r a y ■was s lo w ,

i f n o t s u r e ; t h e e r r a tic p r o p e n s it ie s o f

t h e b u llo c k s a n d d r iv e r s , m a d e e v e ry

o t h e r d a y a h a lt d a y ; a n d th e in t e r m in ­

a b le s u c c e s s io n o f h i g h m o u n t a i n g r a d e s ,

r o u g h r o a d s , r u g g e d r o c k s , b r o k e n

b r i d g e s , a n d o th e r d i s a g r e e a b le s , w e re

a c o n s t a n t s o u r c e o f to r t u r e t o t h e B a t h - ;

u r s t s e t t le r . Y e t B a t h u r s t p r o d u c e i

f o u n d a r e a d y m a r k e t in S y d n e y , e s p e - j

d a i l y c h e e s e , w h ic h w a s g e n e r a lly so ld j

a t t h e C o lo n i a l P r o d u c e W a r e h o u s e , 100

P i t t -s t r e e t , k e p t b y D a v i d B e ll.

T h e “ S y d n e y G a z e t t e ,” c o m m e n t in g

o n th e d iffic u ltie s o f r o a d t r a v e llin g ,

s t a t e s : “ H is E x c e l le n c y t h e G o v e r n o r ,

in 1 8 8 2 , m a y p o s s ib ly b r e a k f a s t a t h is

s e a t o f g o v e r n m e n t , S y d n e y , a n d d i n e at

t h e V i c e - R e g a l L » :d g e , B a t h u r s t , ta k e

m o r n in g e x c u r s io n s t o W e l l i n g t o n ; b u t

u n t il s t e a m e x c a v a t o r s s h a ll h a v e r e m o v ­

e d m o u n t a i n s a n d m a d e r o a d s fo r

s t e a m c o a c h e s to r u n , w e , in 1 8 3 2 , m u st

b e c o n t e n t w ith t h e s o b e r , o ld -fa s h io n e d

p a c e r f n in e m ile s a n h o u r a n d a v a il

o u r s e lv e s o f th e a c c o m m o d a t i o n s o f

W e a t h e r b o a r d H u t , a n d t h e h o s p ita lit y

o f th e h o s t o f ‘ T h e T h r e e A u s t r a lia n

G o v e r n o r s ,’ o ld P ie r c e C o l l e t t .”

T h e p r ic e o f f u e l a t B a t h u r s t w a s e x ­

t r e m e ly h i g h , s o m u c h s o , t h a t w h e n

te n d e r s w e r e c a lle d f o r s u p p l y i n g th e

m ilit a r y o f t h a t t o w n w ith it, t h e te r m s

w e r e s o e x c e s s iv e t h a t n o n e w e r e a c c e p t ­

e d . C o a l a t th is p e r io d ( F e b r u a r y , 1832)

h a d b e e n d is c o v e r e d o n t h e m o u n t a in

r o a d , a n d a p i t w a s at o n c e o p e n e d n e a r

th e w e s t e r n b a s e o f M o u n t Y o r k , in th e

V a l e o f C lw v d d , a t a s p o t k n o w n a s

“ C o a l P it S w a m p ;” b u t t h e d iffic u ltie s

o f t r a n s p o r t a ls o r e n d e r e d t h is c o m m o d ­

i t y a n e x p e n s iv e ite m .

O n 2 0 t h J a n u a r y , 1 8 3 2 , a t t h e s a le o f

G o v e r n m e n t s t o c k , 1 5 0 s h e e p b r o u g h t

7 /6 t o 8 /6 p e r h e a d , t h e wctes it is s u e d w e r e £ 1 a n d £ 5 r e s p e c ­

t iv e ly . T h e fir s t G o v e r n m e n t c a s h

tr a n s a c t io n s w e r e w i t h th e C o m m i s s a r i a t ,

w h e n q u a r t e r ly p a y m e n t o f p e n s i o n s w 'as

o r d e r e d t o b e m a d e f r o m t h e B a n k o f

B a t h u r s t to s u c h r e c ip ie n t s a s liv e d

w ith in t h e d is tr ic t.

T h e C o u r t o f Q u a r t e r S e s s io n s , a t

t h is d a te , w a s h e ld a t D i l l o n ’ s I n n , a n d

tw o b r a n c h jfc-st O ffices h a d b e e n e s t a b ­

lis h e d , o n e a t H a s s a n ’ s W a l l s , a n d th e

s e c o n d a t O ’ C o a n e l l P la i n s . A b o u t t h is 1

t im e , M r . C o x ,“ e n ., d is p o s e d o f h is e s - •

t a t e , “ H e r e f o r d ,” n e a r t h e s e t t l e m e n t , v

to M r . W e n t w o r t h , w h o w a s o n t h e e v e

o f m a k i n g B a t h u r s t h is f u t u r e a b o d e .

A m p n g s t t h o s e w h o h a d t h e n ' r e c e n tly

t a k e n u p th e ir r e s id e n c e a t B a t h u r s t w a s

M r . I c e l y a n d f a m i ly , a t t h e e s t a t e o f

“ C o o m b i n g ,” n e a r M a n d u r a m a , w h ic h

h a d “ la t e ly ” b e e n m a d e a p o lic e d i s ­

tr ic t; M r . K e m m is a n d f a m i ly , a t O ’ C o n ­

n e ll P l a i n s ; C o lo n e l W a l l , la t e 3 r d R e g i ­

m e n t , o r B u f f s , w-ho r e m o v e d f r o m P a r ­

r a m a t t a t o B a t h u r s t P l a i n s ; M r . W a t t ,

f r o m I n d ia , w h o p u r c h a s e d t h e f a r m o f

M r . B la c k e t t , q jo n tig u o u s t o t h e s e t t le ­

m e n t.

I n 1 8 3 4 , a s a le o f c o n f is c a t e d p r o p -

. e r ty b e l o n g i n g t o G o d f r e y o f B o r e e , fo r

m a n y y e a r s a c a r r ie r o n t h e m o u n t a i n

: r o a d , t p o k p la c e . H e h a d b e e n tr ie d at

I th e C r im i n a l S i t t i n g s a t B a t h u r s t f o r r e - ,


c e i v i n g s t o le n s h e e p a -c o n s id e r a b le e x ­

t e n t , a n d w a s d e p r iv e d o f h is p r o p e r t y

w h ic h c o n s is t e d o f h o r n e d c a t t le , h o r s e s ,

a n d s h e e p , w h ic h w e r e s o ld o n t h e 2gth

O c t o b e r , 1 S 34. S o v a lu a b le w a s th e

s t o c k c o n s id e r e d , th a t m e n f r o m S y d ­

n e y , a n d a s f a r a s T w o f o l d B a y , a s ­

s e m b le d ; a m o n g s t t h o s e n o tic e d ’w ere

m e n w h o h a d fille d a t d i f f e r e n t p e r io d s

th e p o s t o f C o m m a n d a n t a t B a t h u r s t

fr o m its f o u n d a t i o n — C a p t a in C o x , L ie u ­

te n a n t W . L a w s o n , C o lo n e l M o r r is s e t ,

C o lo n e l W a l l , a n d C a p t a i n C h e t w o o d e ,

th e o ffic e r t h e n in c o m m a n d . T h e p r o ­

c e e d s o f th e s a le a m o u n t e d to a little

le s s th a n ,£ 2 ,0 0 0 .

A t t h is t i m e , D r . W a r d e ll’ s fin e e s ­

t a te a t J a n e ’ s E n d w a s d is p o s e d o f on

le a s e .

W h e n t h e Q o ilo n y w a s d iv id e d in t o p o ­

lic e d is t r ic t s , in 1 8 3 4 , t h e d is t r ic t o f

B a t h u r s t n o t o n ly in c lu d e d t h e C o u n t y

o f B a t h u r s t , b u t a ls o th e C o u n t ie s o f

R o x b u r g h . G e o r g i a n a , W e l l i n g t o n , P h i)

lip , a n d B l i g h , c o m p r is i n g a p o p u la tio n

o f n o t le s s t h a n 4 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s . I n N o ­

v e m b e r , 1 8 3 4 , a n a lt e r a t io n t o o k p la c e

w h e n , b y d ir e c tio n o f t h e G o v e r n o r , th e

d e s c r ib e d lim it s o f th e p o lic e d i s t r i c t w-as

a s f o l l o w s : “ H a v i n g t h e C o u r t H o u s e

n e a r th e R iv e r L e t t , a n d s e r v i n g a s in ­

t e r m e d ia t e d is tr ic t b e t w e e n B a t h u r s t a n d

P e n r ith t h e e a s t w a r d t o W e a t h e r b v a r d

H u t s t r e a m , o n t h e M o u n t a in R o a d , ti?

b e b o u n d e d b y th a t s t r e a m , th e R o x R i

v e r , a n d s o u th w a r d o t M o u n t a i n s C o l-

l o n g , M u r r u m , W e r o n g , a n d t h e d iv id ­

i n g r a n g e b e t w e e n W e r o n g a n d th e

h e a d *>f t h e F i s h R iv e r , to b e b o u n d e d

w e s t b y t h e F i s h R iv e r , D i x o n ’ s C r e e k ,

a r _ i . t h e r a n g e w h ic h s e p a r a t e s th e

C o u n t ie s o f R o x b u r g h , a n d C o o k ; o n th e

n o r th b y t h e C a p e r t e e , o r C o lo , R iv e r

to t h e j u n c t i o n o f 0 -vw en’ s C r e e k , in ­

c lu d in g a s p a c e w e s t o f t h a t c r e e k ,

M o u n t T o m a h a n d M o u n t H a y a n d th e

W e a t h e r b o a r d H u t I n n , a s f a r a s a fo r e ­

s a id . T h i s d i s t r i c t , w h ic h i s p r o p o s e d to

b e c a lle d ‘ T h e C l w y d d ,’ w ill c o n t a in p a rt

o f th e q u n t ie s o f W e s t m o r e l a n d a n d

C o o k .”

M a j o r M i t c h e ll, in h i s w o r k “ T r a v e ls

h i E a s te r n A u s t r a l i a ,” d e s c r ib e s B a t h ­

u rst a s a s e t t le m e n t o f s c a tte r e d h o u s e s ,

“ P e a c e a n d P le n t y n o w s m i le o n th e

b a n k s o f t h e W a m b o o l ” — t h e n a tiv e

n a m e f o r t h e M a c q u a r i e R iv e r — h e

w r ite s , b u t h e s t a t e s t h a t t h e in c o n v e n i­

e n c e a n d w a n t o f p la n f o r r o a d a n d

s tr e e ts w a s s t r i k i n g l y o b v io u s a t B a t h ­

u r s t “ A v a s t t r a c t , h a d , in d e e d , b e e n

r e s e r v e d f o r a t o w n s h ip , b u t t h e n n o

str e e ts h a d b e e n la id o u t ,

a llo t m e n t s fo r

b u ild i n g c o u ld n e it h e r b e o b t a in e d

b y

g r a n t n o r b y p u r c h a s e . T h e s i t e o f th e

to w n w a s o n ly d is t i n g u is h e d b v a G o v ­

e r n m e n t h o u s e , j a i l , c o u r t -h o u s e , p o s t -

o ffic e , a n d b a r r a c k s , w h i l e t h e p o p u l a ­

tio n h a d c o lle c t e d in s i x t y o r e i g h t y

h o u s e s b u ilt in a n i r r e g u la r m a n n e r o n

t h e S y d n e y s id e o f th e r iv e r , a t a d i s ­

t a n c e (o f a m ile f r o m th e in t e n d e d s it e

o f th e t o w n .” T h e a p p r o a c h to t h e

t o w n s h ip w a s e q u a lly in c o n v e n ie n t ; a p ­

p a r e n t ly , “ t h e o n ly r o a d in u s e b e i n g

v e r y in d ir e c t , a n d p a s s i n g t h r o u g h a

m u d d y h o lo w n a m e d ‘ t h e B a y o f B i s c a y ,’

a n d w h ic h c o u ld n o t b e a lt e r e d ^coving

to th e a d ja c e n t la n d s w h i c h h a d b e e n

g r a n t e d to i n d i v i d u a l s .”

I n 1 8 3 7 t h e r e w a s a C h u r c h o f E n g ­

la n d . I n 1842 a new ’ c h u r c h w a s e r e c t ­

e d , a W e s l e y a n a n d P r e s b y t e r i a n , a n d a

g e n e r a l s t o r e . T h e t o w n s h ip w a s u n d e r

m ilit a r y r u le . T h e o ld g a o l s t o o d o n t h e

i g r o u n d w h e r e M a c h a t t i e P a r k , n a m e d

a fte r D r . M a c h a t t ie , o f B a t h u r s t , is

i»pw lo c a t e d . T h e o ld e s t c h u r c h in th e

d is t r ic t is K e l s o , b u ilt in 1 8 3 7 , p r e v io u s

to w h ic h a t e m p o r a r y b u i l d i n g w a s in

u s e s in c e 1 8 2 6 . T h e c h u r c h s t a n d s in

a n o ld c e m e t e r y , w h e r e in t h e g r a v e s o f

3 p e o p le a r e f o u n d , t h e d a t e o f

w h ic h b e g a n a b o u t 1 8 3 0 .


Centenary of Bathurst.

THE Centenary of Bathurst was celebrated last week

in a manner worthy alike of th^piistoric event and

of the people of the district. Tne festivities were

on a big scale, and the arrangements were admirably carried

out. The picturesque city was crowded, visitors

being attracted from far and near. The most important

day of the holiday week was Wednesday last, when

a memorial foundation-stone was laid to commemorate

the centenary. The State Governor ^ras present, and

among the thousands of spectators were the daughter,

grandson, and great-granddaughter of Mr. Evans, the

Deputy Surveyor-General, who, following up the work of

Blaxland, Lawson, and Wentworth, had the honour of

discovering the great western plains.

THE State Governor, who was accompanied by two

daughters and the Minister for Education, was entertained

at breakfast by Mr. John Meagher, M.L.C., after

which a civic reception was tendered by the Mayor (Alderman

Rigby) and aldermen of Bathurst. The vice-regal

party was welcomed in a decorated pavilion in the centre

of King’s Parade, a guard of honour being provided by the

cadets. An illuminated address was presented to his

Excellency, who subsequently declared the King’s Parade

open, amid the enthusiastic cheers of several thousand

spectators. Sir Gerald Strickland then declared .the com ­

memoration memorial foundation-stone in honour of Surveyor

Evans well and truly laid. He said:—“ The occasion

calls to mind the great services done to Australia by

the profession to which Surveyor Evans belonged. Surveyors

and civil engineers have done more to make Australia

the Australia we know than we are prone to recognise

without reflection. It is really the work of the surveyors

and engineers which forms the greatest contrasts

between the occupation of these plains by the black men

and their occupation by Anglo-Saxons,to-day. Much has

been done for Australia by education, much by constitutional

government, and by the extension of the civic

liberties, but when it comes to bedrock, to the primary

industries, through which we live and through which -these

plains have their prosperity, we must look to the fruits

of the work of the engineers. It is, therefore, specially

fitting that a monument should be erected to Evans, who

was not only an explorer, but a member of the profession

to which Australia owes so much.”

Tl'RPIN, DAUGHTER OF SURVEYOR EVANS, G. W

(GRANDSON) AND HIS DAUGHTER.

EVANS

O l R FRANCIS SUTTOR gave an interesting address, in

^ the course of which he paid a high tribute to the

work of Evans. There was a distinguished gathering at

the centenary banquet, when the Governor, in acknowledging

the toast of the Governor-General and the State

Governor, paid a tribute to the hardy pioneers who, at the

danger of their lives, followed in the wake of the explorers,

pushed settlement westward, and extended the

bounds of civilisation. The toast of “ The Ministry and

Parliament” was proposed by Mr. W. H. Webb, and responded

to by Sir Francis Suitor. Mr. J. Miller proposed

“ The Day We Celebrate.”

N the afternoon his Excellency the Governor and Miss

I Strickland held a reception in the courthouse, after

which a garden party was held in Machattie Park. In

the evening the State Governor was entertained a t a

banquet by the citizens of Bathurst.


R u ra l S c e n e .

(Reproduced from a painting by courtesy of Mrs. J. Rutherford).

Photo, by A. R. Gregory, Bathurst

B a th u rst R e sid e n c e in E arly D a y s. Reproduced by courtesy of

Mrs. J. Rutherford from photo, by A. E. Gregory

CC

H C. Reavis. Photo.

St. J o sep h 's M o u n t

See letterpress on l-age 45

A K. Gregory, Photo. “ H e r e fo r d ,”

R e sid e n c e o f th e la te J a m e s R u th e rfo rd


E v a n s' C row n

Reproduced from a drawing by Miss Geraldine Rutlierford

V ie w sh ow in g O ld B ru ced a le

In the foreground- and the present Suttor family's residence on the hill


M a jo r - G en era l Stew a rt’s O b e lisk at “ T h e M o u n t

M r. J. H . S te w a rt’s R esid e n ce , “ T h e M o u n t


91

H. C. Beavis Photo.

G e o rge W m . E van s

M a jo r -G e n e r a l S te w a rt

H. C. Bfavis Photo.

J a m es R u th e rfo rd

Mayor, 1868 ------


92

M R S. B U SBY,

(whose portrait appears opposite), was

authoress o f the enthralling incidents

recounted in theBathurst Daily Times ” at

the end ot 1901 and beginning o f 1902, and

subsequently reprinted in pamphlet form.

Mrs. Busby was perhaps the first white

woman to cross the mountains by rough

and hazardous means o f transit, over eighty

years ago. She was the wife o f Dr. Busby,

Colonial Surgeon, to whom a tribute is paid

in our references to the local hospital. W h en

she arrived in Bathurst the only buildings

were six brick cottages and two mud houses,

occupied by the military and police officials

as the penal establishment. Kelso, then the

city,” boasted two public houses — one at

each end o f the village — and a number o f

straggling, low -roofed cottages. Mrs. Busbi'

resided for upwards o f 80 years in Bathurst,

and died at the advanced age o f 96.

H ie W o m e n o f the W e 3 t

They left the vine wreathed cottage, and

the mansion on the hill,

The houses on the busy streets where life

is never still,

The pleasures o f the city, and the friends

they cherished b est;

F or love they faced the wilderness— the

W om en o f the W est.

The roar and rush and fever o f the city

died away,

And old-time joys and faces— they were

gone fo r many a d ay;

In their place the lurching coach-wheel,

or the creaking bullock chains;

O 'er the everlasting sameness o f the

never-ending plains.

In the slab-built, zin c-roofed homestead o f

some lately taken run,

In the tent— beside the bankment o f a

railway just begun,

In the huts o f new selections, in the

camps o f man’s unrest,

On the frontier o f the Nation live the

W om en o f the W est.

The red sun robs their beauty, and in weariness

and pain,

The slow years steal the nameless grace

that never comes again;

A nd there are hours men cannot soothe,

and words men cannot say;

The nearest wom an’s face may be a

hundred miles away.

The wild bush holds the secrets o f their

longing and desires,

W hen the white stars in reverence light

their holy altar fires,

A nd silence, like the touch o f God, sinks

deep into the breast,

Perchance he hears and understands the

W om en o f the W est.

F or them no trumpet sounds the call, no

poet plies his arts,

Tliev only hear the beating o f their gallant

loving hearts,

But they have sung with silent lives the

~.ong all songs above,

The holiness o f sacrifice, the dignity o f

love

W ell have we held our father’s creed ; no

-all has passed us by,

W e faced and fought the wilderness, we

sent our sons to die;

And we have hearts to do and dare, and

yet o ’er all the rest,

The hearts that made the Nation were

the W om en o f the W est.

— George Essex Evans.


M r. J. H ..S tew art, o f “ T h e M o u n t”

(See letterpress on page 31)

m

H. C. Beavis Photo

M r. J o h n L ee

(See letterpress on page 31)

M r. G e o rg e L ee

See letterpress on page 31

M r. W . H . S u ttor, J u n io r

(See letterpress on page 25)

Sir F ra n cis S uttor

M r. H . C . S u tto r


94

E x tra ct from "fh e B athurst T im e s".2 0.1 1 .1 9 1 > .

" ............U n til 18J0,Mr K ite .th e w ealthy landowner

m om opolised the whole o f th e h o t e l tr a d e ,tr it in

1831 th e re were th ree Inna, " Thomas K it e ’ s "Dun

Cow"; W illiam B liz z a r d ’ s "G olden F le e c e ",a n d

R ich ard M i l l s ’ "K ing W illia m ". The s i t e o f th e

Bathurst township w a s .u n til 18^2,at K e lso,a h o u t

a m ile from the p resen t s i t e " .


141 [John k j


95

H 3

T W t n t p r The JeweIIer **

^ ^ Howick Street, Bathurst

A n old established Jewellery Business w ith a reputation to keep op

V IS IT O R S m a y rely on G ood Jewellery, G ood

Service, and a Square Deal at W I N T E R 'S

ThePark Hotel

O verlook in g Machattie Park

Large and Airy Apartments

Cuisine under personal supervision

of Mrs. M unro

Best W ines and Spirits

Porter meets all trains

T elephone 84

jVlotor Gar Trips

Visitors are notified that that M r.

P ercy H u n t will arrange M o to r Car

T rips on extrem ely m oderate terms

Address: 231 Russell-st, Bathurst

’Ph o n e 259


I42[jp(#t\k]

t


NATTY WOOD’S Famous

Tea & Refreshment Rooms Bathurst

Ground Floor, are the Largest and

most Up-to-Date out o f Sydney

Our Large & Small Banquetting Room s

U pstairs are available for all classes of

Public and Private Functions. Com fortable

seating accom m odation for upwards

of 200 guests.

NATTY WOOD,

102 WILLIAM STREET, BATHURST

Try W. H. GARTREhli

For all th a t is Best

T he Best Bread

T he Best Confectionery

The Best Sm all G oods

The Best Pastry

The Best Summer Drinks

’Phone 66 W illiam -street

C. BRIGGS,

Hairdresser & Tobacconist

98 William Street

G ive him a Trial

T elephone 135

Regular Com m unication w ith T att’s

H otel Open and Lighted for Arrival of all

N ight Trains. H ot & Cold W ater Baths

Night Porter always on hand

BUTLER’S TEL 218

HOTEL VICTORIA

R igh t opp. Railw ay Station B athurst

(n o cabs necessary)

Table a Speciality

M edium T ariff


I


96

Ei

1 8 1 3

----------------------------

1913.

Pioneering

C e n te n a r y

Colossal

Hardships.

C e le b r a tio n s

Wealth.

in Commem oration of the

D isco v e ry o f th e G r e a t W e s te rn P lains

o f N .S .W . b y D e p u ty S u rv ey or G e n e ra l

E van s in 1 8 1 3 .

7T N Australian National movement lias be^'- inaugurated, having:

for its objective thf* erection of a monument fitting t*> the

occasion—wh ch *dmittedlv w S'-ne of the most i otab e in Australian

bistbry. atid one which hi torians chronic e as ranking e ual

in importance to the discovery of I’or Jackson.

The Memorial will be ere*-ted in Bathurst (on the site of which

Cit Surveyor Evans actua ly camped), and the foundation st'-ne

will be laid on November 19th by the 1■overnor of New South Waies,

His Excellency Sir Gerald Strickland, K.C. IWI.G.

The cost ot erection will be defrayed by public sub-cription. and

that every A» strjilian resi«teut, no matter how humble his posiiion,

may participate without undue self-denial,

A GIGANTIC ONE SHILLING SUBSCRIPTION LIST

has been opened. No subscription need, however, be limited to

that amount.

A Special A ppeal is m ade to Y O U .

The Citizens of Bathurst are honoring the occasion by means of a

Superb Fete, extending over seven decretary.

S U B S C R I P T I O N C A R D N o .

968

f

t

i

Presented by

President: A r n o i . d R i o b y , E s q ., Mayor of Bathurst.

Hen. Treasurer: D. F. W. Vkvkss. Hon. Secretary : J Rain,

rJown Clerk, Bathurst.

A H. & P. Assn.

^ (See back cover). Bathurst.

L


THE NATIONAL SHILLING FUND

Tow ards erection of Memorial in com m em oration of

the discovery o f the W estern Plains o f N.S.W . by

Surveyor Evans in 1813.

Subscribers will please initial on square for each shilling subscribed.

CENTENARY CELEBRATIONS

N O VEM BER 15th to 22nd, 1913.

Subscribers o f 10s and over

Collector s Signature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tital

Collector s Signature.

Total..


97

S K .

c$ a / / t(t-id / C ^/ce-t-rtd tvern/ci Y ^ /^ , « / -ne&n

AND A T THE OFFICIAL LUNCHEON at 1 p.m.

R.S V.P. to Hon. Sec., Bathurst.

Hotel andf BATHURST EN

Business V

FETE

f

X T* 8 * IN COMMEMORATION OF THE

H O f I S P d * DISCOVERY OF THE BATHURST

°\ PLAINS IN 1813

’“‘Next to the Discovery of Port Jackson^ the

most important event in Australian history"

SEVEN DAYS' CARNIVAL:

A R e c o r d o f the B est f NOVEMBER 15 to 22, 1913

H o u s e s in B a th u r st. II S E E P R O G R A M M E o n in sid e p a g e .

s e c u r e y o u r

ACCOMMODATION EARLY

F o r fu rth er P a rtic u la rs w rite to th e

HON. S«C.: J. B A IN


97

c$ a / / i r t i d / c ^ ’/ct.t'n d r/? e n ./tn tz > .y .

c t m c f (^~0& wt / fe e ./ / A

ie a e t e d / / A


98

Centenary Celebrations

T o Commemorate the Discovery

of the Bathurst Plains in 1813

U n d e r the P a tr o n a g e a n d in th e presence o f H I S E X C E L L E N C Y

S I R G E R A L D S T R I C K L A N D , K .C .M .G ., G o v e r n o r O F N .S .W .

P r e s id e n t:

A R N O L D R I G B Y , E s q ., M a y o r o f B a th u rst.

H o n . S e cretary : J. B A I N .

Literary_


m [blank]

Open Competitions.

1. O D E O R P O E M , h a vin g reference to the C entenary; limited to

120 lines. P rize, £J0 I Os.

REGULATIONS

Governing the Competitions,

2. E S S A Y : “ T h e Progress o f W estern N .S .W . since the discovery

o f the Bathurst Plains in 1813” ; limited to 5000 words.

First £10 10s, second £2 2s.

Prizes:

3. S H O R T S T O R Y , to treat o f conditions o f life in the early days of

the C o lo n y ; limited to 3000 words. P rizes: First £5 5s,

second £1 Is.

1 . A l l p e r s o n s c o m p e t in g m u s t a c c e p t t l ie d e c is io n o f t h e a d ju d i c a t o r

a p p o in t e d b y t h e C o m m it t e e , w h ic h s h a l l b e f in a l a n d w it h o u t a p p e a l.

2 . A l l m a n u s c r i p t s e n t e r e d f o r c o m p e t it io n m u s t b e w r it t e n o n o n e s id e o f

s h e e t o n l y , l e a v i n g a f a i r l y b r o a d m a r g i n .

3 . W in n e r s o f c o m p e t it io n s , w h e r e a n a g e l i m i t i s s t a t e d , m u s t i n a l l c a s e s

p r o d u c e c e r t if ic a t e o f b i r t h , o r b o n a -f id e e v id e n c e o f a g e , b e f o r e t h e p r iz e i s p a id .

4 . E a c h c o m p e t it o r w i l l p la c e o n l y a n a n o n y m o u s s ig n a t u r e t o t h e p a p e r , a n d

m u s t a ls o f o r w a r d u n d e r s e p a r a t e c o v e r a s e a le d e n v e lo p e c o n t a i n i n g p r o p e r n a m e .

T h i s e n v e lo p e to b e e n d o r s e d w it h t h e n o m d e p lu m e , n a m e o f s u b je c t , a n d i t s

n u m b e r i n t h e l i s t o f c o m p e t it io n s u b je c t s .

5 . W h e r e t h e r e i s o n l y o n e c o m p e t it o r i n a n y s e c t io n , t h e a d ju d i c a t o r h a s t h e

r i g h t to a w a r d f ir s t o r s e c o n d p r iz e w h e r e s u f f ic ie n t m e r i t h a s b e e n d is p l a y e d , a n d

h a s t h e r i g h t t o w it h h o l d a n y p r iz e w h e r e s u f f ic ie n t m e r i t h a s n o t b e e n d is p l a y e d .

Juvenile Competitions.

4. S H O R T S T O R Y , open to Students under J6 years on N ovem ber

30th, J9I3. P rizes: B ook s value, first £2 2s, second £1 Is.

5. S H O R T S T O R Y , open to Students under J9 years on N ovem ber

30th, J9I3.

Prizes: B ook s value, first £2 2s, second £J Js.

6. T h e p r i z e - w i n n i n g O d e s o r P o e m s , E s s a y s a n d S t o r ie s , a r e t o b e c o m e t h e

p r o p e r t y o f t h e C e n t e n a r y C e le b r a t io n s C o m m it t e e .

7 . A l l c o m p e t it io n m a t t e r m u s t b e t h e b o n a -f id e w o r k o t t h e c o m p e t it o r s .

8 . E n t r y F e e s m u s t a c c o m p a n y e a c h c o m p e t it io n p a p e r , o n t h e f o l l o w i n g

s c a l e : — C o m p e t it io n s N o s . 1 , 2 a n d 3 , 2 / 6 e a c h ; C o m p e t it io n s N o s . 4 a n d 5 , 1 / -

e a c h .

9 . A l l m a n u s c r i p t s e n t e r e d f o r c o m p e t it io n m u s t b e i n t h e h a n d s o f t h e H o n .

S e c r e t a r y , f o r a p p r o v a l b y t h e C o m m it t e e , n o t la t e r t h a n o n N o v e m b e r 1 s t , 1 9 1 3 .

J. BAIN, Hon. S ecreta ry.


c

1. O D E O R r

120 line

2. E S S A Y : “

o f the B

First £ 1<

3. S H O R T ST

the Col'

second i

Jtr

4. S H O R T ST

30th, 191

5. S H O R T S I

30th, 191

BATHURST EN FET

Centenary Celebrations: Seven Days' Carnr

OFFICIAL PROGRAMME:

Saturday, Nov. 15 — 2 p.m ., B athurst C lub R a ce M eeti

8 p.m ., G rand C entenary C on cert.

Monday, Nov. 17 — 2 p.m., B athurst C lub R a ce M eeti

8 p m , C ontin ental in M achattie Park.

Tuesday, Nov. 18 — 10 a.m ., Gun Club P igeon M a tch ; 2 p

P o n y R ace C lub M eetin g ; 3 p.m., C on versazion e Gar

P a rty; 8 p.m ., C ontinental in M achatiie Park.

Wednesday, Nov. 19— 11 a.m., Grand C entenary P rocessi

12 a .m , L ayin g F oundation S ton e o f M em orial by

E x cellen cy S ir G erald Stricldand, K.C.M .G .; 1 p.m., Qffi

L u n ch eon ; 2 p.m , S tart o f S pectacu lar D rill D isplay

S p o rts fo r S ch o o l C hildren and C a d e ts; 3 30 p.m ., Gar

P a rty and V ice-R eg a l R eception in M achattie P a rk ; 8 p

G ran d C en ten a ry C ostu m e B all, to be op en ed by tl

E xcellen cies S ir G erald and L ady Strickland.

Thursday, Nov. 20 — N oon , B icy cle S ports and M otor C

G ym khana on C ricket G ro u n d ; 8 p.m ., Juvenile Center

C ostu m e B all.

Friday, Nov. 21— 2.30 p.m ., F irst Test, B and C o n te st; 8 f

S econ d T est, B and C ontest.

Saturday, Nov. 2 2 —N o o n , G rand Centenary S ports M ee

T rottin g , C yclin g , M otor C yclin g, P edestrian Gymkhana

a list o f oth er E v e n ts ; C adet C om p etition s; 8 p.m., F in a

B and C on test.

In addition to above, the unofficial entertainments will include Rifle Mat

Gun Club S hoot, Bow ling, Tennis and G olf Competitions, Operatic and Thea

Entertainm ent, Picture Shows, and m any other amusements.

F or further inform ation, and to secure accom m odation, write to J. B A IN , Hon


BATHURST EN

FETE

Centenary Celebrations: Seven Days' Carnival

OFFICIAL PROGRAMME:

Saturday, Nov. 15 — 2 p.m., B athurst C lub R a ce M e e tin g ;

8 p.m., G rand C en ten a rj C on cert.

Monday, Nov. 17 — 2 o.m ., B athurst C lub R a ce M eeting ;

8 p.m., C ontinental in M achattie Park.

Tuesday, Nov. 1 8 —10 a.m., G un Club P igeon M a tch ; 2 p.m .,

P on y R ace C lub M e jtin g ; 3 p.m., C on versa zion e G ard en

P arty; 8 p.m., C ontinental in M achattie Park.

Wednesday, Nov. 1 9 —11 a.m., Grand C entenary P r o c e s s io n ;

12 a .m , L ayin g F oundation S ton e o f M em orial by H is

E x cellen cy S ir G erald Strickland, K .C .M .G .; 1 p.m., O fficial

L unch eon ; 2 p.m ., Start o f S p ectacu lar D rill D isplay and

S p orts fo r S ch o o l Children and C a d e ts; 3.30 p.m ., G arden

P arty and V ice-R egal R eception in M achattie P a rk ; 8 p.m .,

G ran d C en ten ary C ostu m e Ball, to be op en ed by th eir

E xcellen cies S ir G erald and Lady Strickland.

Thursday, Nov. 2 0 — N oon , B icy cle S p orts and M otor C y cle

G ym khana on C rick et G ro u n d ; 8 p.m., Juvenile C en ten ary

« C ostu m e B all.

Friday, Nov. 21 — 2.30 p.m., F irst Test, B and C o n te st; 8 p.m .,

S econ d T est, B and C on test.

Saturday, Nov. 2 2 —Moan, G rand C entenary S p orts M eeting,

T rottin g, C yclin g, M otor C yclin g, P edestrian G ym khana and

a list o f oth er E v e n ts ; C adet C om p etition s; 8 p.m., F in a le o f

B and C on test.

In addition to above, the unofficial entertainments will include Rifle M atches,

Gun Club S h oot, Bowline;, Tennis and G olf Competitions, Operatic and Theatrical

Entertainm ent, Picture Shows, and m any other amusements.

F or further inform ation, and to secure accom m odation, write to J. BAIN , H on. Sec.

4kNational-Advocate,** TypoBathurst.


H . C. Beav s Photo.

A ll Saints* C a th e d r a l

(See letterpress on page 47)

II. C. Beavis Photo.

St. S te p h e n ’s P re sb y te ria n C h u r ch

(.See letterpress on page 49)

H. C. Beavis Photo.

R .C . C a th e d r a l (SS. M ic h a e l a n d John)

H isto ric A n g lic a n C h u rch a t K e lso

First Church and Burial Ground in Bathurst


101

A L L SAINTS' C A T H E D R A L " BATHURST.

The R e v . T . S h a r p e . M . A . , w a s the f i r s t i n c u m b e n t of

A l l S a i n t s ' , T h e a p p o i n t m e n t b e i n g m a d e i n 1 8 4 1 . in

1 8 4 3 , B i s h o p B r o u g h t o n v i s i t e d B athurst, a nd a d v o ­

c a t e d the b u i l d i n g scheme then u n d e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n

In 1 8 4 5 , the f o u n d a t i o n of A l l S a i n t s w a s l a i d . I n

1 8 5 2 , the c o m p l e t i o n of the c h u r c h tower w a s p r o v i ­

d e d for, end in 1854, the p e a l of bells, w a s added.

A y e a r l a t e r the v e s t r y was b u i l t . I n 1^66, the a d d ­

i t i o n of a side aisle w a s made, a n d a g r a n t of l a n d

r e c e i v e d for a parsonage. The tower a nd n o r t h a i s l e w e r e

w e r e e n l a r g e d in 1869, the cost b e i n g £975. D u r i n g

the same y e a r the R E V . S A M U E L M A R S D E N , w a s a p p o i n t ­

e d f irst B i s h o p of Bathurst, and the R e v . T . S h a r p e ,

M . A . , w a s s u c c e e d e d by the R e v . F . C l a y , M . A . " The f i r s t

D i o c e s a n Synod, w as h e l d on May 8 t h , 1870. B i s h o p

M a r s d e n w a s e n t h r o n e d on M a a y 1 0 t h , Q I U P , b y Dr B a r ­

ker, B i s h o p of Sydney. The R e v C l a y w as s u c c e e d e d by

the R e v . T . S m i t h . On A p r i l 2 8 t h , 1 8 7 4 , the c o r n e r

s t o n e of the C a t h e d r a l extension, was l a i d by B i s h o p

Barker. The f i n a l p a y m e n t in c o n n e c t i o n w i t h the

h e a v y debt i n c u r r e d on this account, w a s m a d e in

J u l y , 1911. S i n c e that d a t e , £4,225, h a s b e e n e x p e n ­

d e d on the organ, schools, a n d o t h e r b u i l d i n g work.

D u r i n g 1882, the R e v . J . T . M a r r l o t , M . A . , D 7 D . , a c c ­

e p t e d the a p p o i n t m e n t o f I n c u m b e n t and d e a n of the

parish. B i s h o p M a r s d e n was s u c c e e d e d by B i s h o p

Camidge, a n d the p r e s e n t Bishop, Is the R i g h t Rev.

G .M .L o n g .


102

THE R O M A N C A T HOLIC C A T H E D R A L ? B A T H U R S T

T h e f o u n d a t i o n s tone of the R . C . C a t h e d r a l o f St.

M i c hael, and St John, was b l e s s e d b y A r c h b i s h o p

P o l ding, din N o v e m b e r 3 0th,1857. it is one o f the

m o s t c o n s p i c u o u s a nd i m p r e s s i v e f e a t u r e s of the

c i t y ' s a r c h i t e c t u r e . A d j o i n i n g it a r e s e v e r a l o t h e r

w e l l - d e s i g n e d e d i f i c e s a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h e church,

I n c l u d i n g the B i s h o p ' s Palace. I n d e e d it w o u l d he

d i f f i c u l t to find a m o r e m a j e s t i c a n d c h a r a c t e r ­

istic series of e c c l e s i a s t i c b u i l d i n g s in any o t h e r

p r o v i n c e of the State. R a n g i n g f r o m W i l l i a m St to

G e o r g e St, they f a c e the w h o l e l e n g t h o f the p i c ­

t u r e s q u e side of the far f a m e d M a c h a t t i e P ark. T he

b u i l d i n g d»f the C a t h e d r a l w a s c o m p l e t e d i n 1860,

at a cost of £12,000, the B i s h o p t h e n , b e i n g Dr

Quinn, a m a n of h i g h I n t e l l e c t u a l a t t a i n m e n t s

a n d g r e a t p e r s o n a l influence. H i s v e r y w o r t h y

s u c c e s s o r s were, Dr B y r n e , a n d Dr Dunne, the p r e s ­

ent Bishop. The a d m i n i s t r a t o r of the D i o c e s e Is

the R e v . F a t h e r M a g e e , w i t h w h o m is a s s o c i a t e d the

R e v . F a t h e r L onergan.

ST S T E P H E N ' S P R E S B Y T E R I A N C H U R C H " B A T H U R S T

St S t e p h e n ' s P r e s b y t e r i a n C h u r c h m a y b e d e s ­

i g n a t e d a gospel p i o n e e r of B a t h u r s t , h a v i n g b e e n

e r e c t e d as early as 1833. It also s t a n d s as a m e m o ­

r i a l of the loyal a d h e r e n c e of t h o s e e a rly s e t t l e r s ,

w h o In m i g r a t i n g to Bathurst, c a r r i e d w i t h t h e m a

f i r m f a i t h i n P r e s b y t e r i a n l s m .


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103

time. H i s p a s t o r a t e e x t e n d e d over the l e n g t h y p e r i o d of

30 years. He r e s i g n e d in 1 8 9 5 , and h i s s u c c e s s o r , the R e v

J a m e s Klnghorn, m i n i s t e r e d for loyears. T h e n the call

w a s a c c e p t e d "by the p r e s e n t m i n i s t e r , the R e v . J . H . R o b e r t s -

s on.(1912).

H C Beavis Photo

M eth o d ist C h u rch


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104

M E T H O D I S T CHURCH. B A T H U R S T

T he a v a i l a b l e r e c o r d s I n d i c a t e that m i s s i o n a r i e s

of the M e t h o d i s t d e n o m i n a t i o n , w e r e , - w i t h c h a r a c t e r i s t i c

evangelical energy- v e r y early astir in the B a t h u r s t d i s t r i c t

Cn the l e c t u r e h a l l of the f i n e church, w h i c h w i t h its tall

spire, g r a c e s W i l l i a m Street, is d i s p l a y e d the date, 1837.

An a n t e c e d e n t and e x p l a n a t o r y r e c o r d h e a r s the d a t e of J u l y

fl,1836, w h i c h tells of a m e e t i n g then h e l d at w h i c h it was

resolved to b u i l d a " c h a p e l ”, on lend granted by the G o v e r n ­

ment to the W e s l e y a n M i s s i o n a r y Committee. The m e m b e r s h i p

of the c h a p e l at that time is g i v e n as 21, and the i n c o m e

for the p r e v i o u s quarter, £19-8-11. The R e v . F . L e w i s p r e ­

sided at the m e e t i n g m e n t i o n e d . D u r i n g the f o l l o w i n g ten

years the m e m b e r s h i p total i n c r e a s e d to 197, a n d the m i s s ­

ionary agent w a s the Reto.Benjamin Hurst. T h e r e w e r e then

three c h a p e l s in B a t h u r s t circuit, a nd others w e r e In c o u r s e

of e r e ction or in c o n t e m p l a t i o n ^ Two S a b b a t h Schools, w i t h

9a a t t e n d a n c e t o t a l l i n g 100, and a day school w i t h 15 p u p i l s

'’e r e also brought into existence, the a t t e n d a n c e at p u b l i c

worship n u m b e r i n g 600. W i t h this p i o n e e r i n g r e c o r d d u r i n g a

period,^ w h e n the only o t h e r W e s l e y a n m i n i s t e r s a t w o r k in N e w

South Wales, t o t a l l e d 6 , ( t h r e e In Sydney, one at P a r r a m a t t a ,

one at Windsor, a n d one In the H u n t e r R i v e r d i s t r i c t ) , it is

perhaps less s u r p r i s i n g that such r a p i d p r o g r e s s was s u b s e q ­

u e n t l y m a d e along a s m o o t h e r way. So in 1857, w h i l e the Rev.

'oseph Cram was in c h a r g e of* the circuit, we f i n d t h ese m i s s ­

ionaries m a k i n g c o m p r e h e n s i v e a r r a n g e m e n t s to r a i s e f u n d s for

G l i d i n g extension, a n d r e f e r e n c e s in the c o n t e m p o r a r y p r e s s

o these efforts, s h o w that they were well rewarded. S t e a d y

xtenslon of the c o n n e c t i o n h a s since continued, and to-day,

1912), t h e B a t h u r s t d i s t r i c t h a s 24 c i r c u i t s , 26 ministers, 5

ome m i s s i o n stations, 103 churches, 12 schoolbulldings, 26

:irsonages, 2,484 c h u r c h members, and t h e r e are 71 S u n d a y Sch

ol8,wlth 3,683 attendants.


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105

ACROSS THE MOUNTAINS IN 1841. j

The celebration of the centenary of the

first crossing of the Blue Mountains last

week set us turning back the leaves of Time

for glimpses of the past. But deeply as some

of us are interested in the history of the

early days it is difficult for us to change the

scene, and really picture our land as it was

then. Last week hundreds of people went

from Sydney to Mount York and back again

in one day, travelling by special train or

motor car. Such a journey would have

seemed beyond all the wildest dreams of

adventure even 50 years ago. To-day most

of us growl and grumble if our train is half

an hour late in a trip across the Mountains to

Bathurst; how would we like to be plunged

back into the “ good old days,” and take a

week or more over the journey? We have

before us an interesting record of old time

travelling. It is a letter, written in 1841,

by an Englishwoman, newly arrived in New

South W ales, Mrs. J. C. Stanger, whose name

was for many years well-known and respected

in the Bathurst district. The letter

is written to her mother in the old land,

and carries us back to the days of the

pioneers.

“ The most speedy mode of travelling over

the Mountains is by the mail cart, which

leaves Sydney for Bathurst on certain days;

but this is too expensive to be generally

adopted, as the lowest fare is 90s each person.

All, therefore, who cannot afford this,

and have no conveyance of their own, are

under the necessity of travelling by some of

the drags, numbers of which are constantly

on the road to and from Sydney. U ter many

anxieties respecting this journey it was settled

that our best plan would be to dispose of

many unnecessary articles, and purchase in

their stead the most useful and salable in

the part we were bound for. These were

; packed with all our other goods on bullock

drays, and with a person who had purchased

land at King’s Plains and wished to see it

we agreed that he should take ns in his own

dray, with two horses, and our bedding and

provisions for the journey. W e had hoped by

this arrangement to have had sufficient room,

to have travelled the distance in a week, and

to have escaped the very undesirable company

of the bullock drivers, who are almost

sure to be convicts of the very lowest

grade.

“ After this agreement was made our driver,

wishing to make the journey as advantageous

to himself as possible, loaded the dray with

various commodities of a bulky and weighty

character, paying no regard to our comfort

or to that of the horses.

“ And now, fancy me, with my five dear

babies, seated on the top of this miserable

load! But although we were resolved on

starting, the poor horses had evidently determined

otherwise, both positively refusing

to act as leader. After much whipping,

scolding, and rearing up the horse in the

shafts fell down, with the load pressing heavily

on some part of it, making it very restive,

and with no little difficulty we again dismounted.

The horses would not stir an

inch, for the load was far too heavy Our

goods were gone on several days in advance

of us, and there we stood, with just enough

money to defray our expenses, the driver

coolly telling us that he was very sorry, but

! his horses would not take the load, and he

would not go without i t About midday, however,

we bade farewell to Sytfhey, the driver

having procured another dray and horses,

dividing the goods between them. Owing to

the roads being heavy after a fortnight’s

rain we made but eight miles that day, and

as there was no food or water for our horses

' we drove into an inn yard. Now, you must *

1not expect it was one of those com fortable

places so common in dear old England, where

after the fatigues of this troublous day we

might have been accommodated at a reasonable

rate; but finding that £ 4 at the lowest

would have been the demand our drays were

drawn carefully under a shed, and for the

first time in our lives, with sorrowful hearts,

we began to prepare our beds on the top,

. contrary to the usual mode, which is under

the drays. I dare say you can believe we

slept but little. Poor Mary and Sarah both

fell from the top, the latter's fall somewhat

modified by coming in contact with the dog.

There would have been no danger of their

falling out at all, but Eliza, not finding as

much room as she had been used to, had

slipped into the manger, where she slept

peacefully for an hour or two till the man

rose to feed his cattle, and mistaking her

cap for the corn sack handled it rather too

unceremoniously.”

.Starting at daybreak the next day the little

party reached Parramatta by noon, and at

night found themselves fully 18 miles from

Sydney! They spent the night in the open

air, and the next evening reached Emu

Plains. They attempted the rise of Lapstone

Hill, but the horses were tired, and backed

over the road into a tree, from which they

were rescued by an iron-gang in charge of a

few soldiers. . . ‘In a short time we

reached the huts, and were persuaded by the

men to encamp for the night at this station.

The soldiers were very kind, and gave the !

children a good tea in their quarters, while

we lighted a large fire and prepared their

beds in a tent which my deal- husband had

made for the journey. Here, not quite unmindful

of the comp