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Thanks to all who contributed to CE<br />

Magazine. Have an article you would like<br />

contribute? You can mail it to:<br />

CE, P.O. Box 8619<br />

Michigan City In 46360<br />

Or E-Mail it to<br />

computerease@juno.com<br />

CE Magazine is part of OtherSide Ministries © all rights<br />

reserved<br />

Founder & Chief Editor<br />

Peter Nadal<br />

Editor<br />

Pamela Kennoy<br />

Art & Design<br />

Peter Nadal<br />

Our Writers<br />

Rodrigo Esperanza<br />

Nomar Shaw<br />

Diane G<br />

In our Vol. 4 November <strong>2022</strong> Issue 11<br />

5 Hey Pete! Fall Foliage: Tips For Taking<br />

Great Fall Photos<br />

10 Biz Cards board!! Hey its free<br />

11 CE MAGAZINE LINKS TABLET<br />

12 5 Ways Technology Can Make Thanksgiving<br />

Better<br />

15 4G is Coming to the Moon<br />

17 A Do-It-Yourself Basic PC Repair Resour<strong>ce</strong><br />

Guide<br />

20 Windows 10 Vs Windows 8 Vs Windows 7:<br />

What's The Differen<strong>ce</strong>?<br />

31 Thanksgiving from all of us<br />

Outside Sour<strong>ce</strong>s On This Month <strong>issue</strong><br />

John Huegel / CMIT / Tegan Jones<br />

Gordon Kelly<br />

Front Cover done by Peter Nadal<br />

and back cover!<br />

Colored by Alex Lim<br />

Original Computer-Ease logo ©<br />

Michigan City, In<br />

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Vol 4 November <strong>2022</strong> <strong>issue</strong> 11


From Pete’s Desk<br />

Like every year, nature gives us a show of all the<br />

shades of colors from the trees to bushes and cold<br />

rain for you to have some hot chocolate (aaah or a<br />

wine cooler) while seating on your cozy chair in<br />

front of a ni<strong>ce</strong> firepla<strong>ce</strong> looking at flames dancing<br />

for you. Our Halloween edition, for those of you who did not see it, was based on<br />

gore and like always here at CE Magazine or CEM we have fun creating spook,<br />

horror and some of the best gory makeup we have seen this year., oh, and short<br />

story of AR-BAR from Egypt, written by yours truly.<br />

The front cover is Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, a monument for all veterans and<br />

if you want more on raising the Flag on Iwo Jima then click on WIKIPEDIA. On<br />

―Hey Pete‖ great pictures of Pinterest.com, with a very easy learning with all the<br />

tips. So go to this site, just look it over and study the adjustment with your<br />

camera… Have fun!<br />

Note- Some links don‘t work or taken off …<br />

Nick stopped by the CEM offi<strong>ce</strong> and asked me if I would re run the ad from last<br />

year and naturally I said yes, we sat down and Nick poured some holiday cheer (I<br />

have no idea what‘s in that bottle) had few laughs and he got up, walked to the door<br />

waved at me and in a puff of smoke he was gone.<br />

Be safe and wear your mask if need to.<br />

Have a great Thanksgiving….<br />

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INVITE A VETERAN FOR YOUR THANKSGIVING!<br />

You may know one, Nick did!<br />

Note says: “Dear Veteran, You are cordially invited for a great Thanksgiving dinner at my house and it<br />

starts at 6pm. Bring your appetite, your neighbor ...Nick” the photo is real!<br />

At the request of Nick here at CE Magazine we were more than happy to repeat this ad<br />

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How do you do that?<br />

How-to take great pictures with the expertise of John Huegel, a<br />

very easy learning with all the tips he wrote. To go the web site,<br />

click on the link just below… Have fun!<br />

Fall Foliage: Tips For Taking Great Fall Photos<br />

1. Use Indirect Light<br />

Try to avoid bright sunny days, which tend to increase the contrast and brightness<br />

of the colors. Instead, go for partial or full shade. Shooting on overcast or rainy<br />

days can emphasize the earth tones and the depth of color of fall trees and leaves.<br />

Raindrops on fresh fallen leaves deepen the colors and create great patterns of light.<br />

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Photo by Yasunari( 康 就 ) Nakamura( 中 村 ); ISO 200, f/2.4, 1/40-second exposure.<br />

2. See Close and Far<br />

While you may be spellbound by a mountain covered in colored leaves, your<br />

camera may not capture the full detail. Try to get some detail of individual leaves or<br />

trees in the foreground.<br />

3. Compose for Impact<br />

Foliage is usually an emphasis on color, but you can also capture shapes, lines, and<br />

patterns through close-ups of leaves and other items.<br />

To keep the image dynamic, consider the rule of thirds, where your object of<br />

interest is not in the <strong>ce</strong>nter, but pla<strong>ce</strong>d at an intersection of imaginary vertical and<br />

horizontal lines which split the viewfinder into thirds in both directions.<br />

4. Control the Focus<br />

A wide open f-stop (low number, e.g. f/2) will sharpen the item in focus but will<br />

blur much of the background. This is good for close-up shots of leaves and people.<br />

Point-and-shoot camera users can choose the ―portrait‖ setting to achieve this<br />

effect. A small f-stop (large number, e.g. f/11) will put more of the background in<br />

focus, but will also lower the shutter speed and be more sus<strong>ce</strong>ptible to blur from<br />

camera shake or object movement. Often the ―landscape‖ setting on a point-andshoot<br />

will set these preferen<strong>ce</strong>s.<br />

5. Balan<strong>ce</strong> the Brightness<br />

If you have people in your image, you may need a touch of fill flash to lessen the<br />

―raccoon eyes‖ and give them a bit of brightness compared to the background. Try<br />

to balan<strong>ce</strong> the brightness of their fa<strong>ce</strong>s and the background foliage so that you don‘t<br />

have one underexposed and the other too bright. If you pla<strong>ce</strong> your subjects just at<br />

the edge of a wooded area, their fa<strong>ce</strong>s will be lit more than the trees behind them,<br />

creating a focal point of interest.<br />

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Photo by Chris Murphy; ISO 100, f/7.1, 1/125-second exposure.<br />

6. Know the White Balan<strong>ce</strong><br />

If you can‘t set a custom white balan<strong>ce</strong>, you may want to try the ―shade‖ setting.<br />

Often cameras will get confused with all of that color, and you may end up with<br />

skin tones that are strange.<br />

7. Stabilize the Camera<br />

If your camera settings result in a shutter speed less than 1/100 second, you may<br />

want to stabilize your camera. This can be as simple as setting it on a rigid surfa<strong>ce</strong>,<br />

such as a rock or fen<strong>ce</strong> post, or bring a monopod or tripod. Monopods make great<br />

hiking poles! And don‘t hold your point-and-shoot out at arm‘s length and expect to<br />

get a crisp shot.<br />

8. Go for High Quality<br />

Normally I recommend higher ISO (sensitivity) for shady or darker s<strong>ce</strong>nes, but in<br />

this case I recommend to keep the ISO low to capture all of the detail of the colors<br />

and leaves. Higher ISO often brings with it noise, and you want to limit that. Try for<br />

ISO 100–200 if you can.<br />

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9. Don’t Forget the Fruit<br />

This is a great time to get some shots of fall fruit stands. Baskets of apples, squash,<br />

and grapes are great studies. So are pumpkins, haystacks, and corn. Take some time<br />

to appreciate the color and fall bounty. Mums and other fall flowers are in full<br />

bloom, as well. These images make great icons of the season.<br />

Photo by liz west; ISO 640, f/18.0, 1/80-second exposure.<br />

10. Finish Creatively<br />

Even though there‘s lots of color, try finishing some photos in black and white<br />

and/or sepia to emphasize lines and shape. Play around with brightness, contrast,<br />

and saturation to provide more depth and interest. Consider printing and framing<br />

some images or making up some note cards to give as gifts.<br />

To summarize, you‘ll want high quality, stable shots, good lighting and<br />

composition, creative framing, and good exposure control. Use your eyes and<br />

creative talents, and capture some great fall images!<br />

About the Author: John Huegel is a photographer in the Erie, Pennsylvania area who<br />

specializes in Seniors, Dan<strong>ce</strong> Studio, Families and other groups. He operates a blog for<br />

professional photographers at http://newphotopro.blogspot.com. He is active in many<br />

charitable and volunteer activities in the Erie area<br />

Enjoy yourself and Happy Thanksgiving… from Peter<br />

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CE MAGAZINE LINKS TABLET<br />

By Nomar Shaw<br />

Creative Father Makes Crazy Photo Manipulations<br />

with His Three Daughters<br />

This Designer Can Flawlessly Photoshop 5-6<br />

Different Photos into One perfect Composite<br />

Image<br />

Fine Art children portraits with<br />

Photo manipulation and compositing.<br />

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5 Ways Technology Can Make Thanksgiving Better<br />

It‘s that time of year again: turkey, mashed potatoes, cranberry sau<strong>ce</strong>, pumpkin pie,<br />

the presen<strong>ce</strong> of friends and family, and a reason to give thanks for all of our good<br />

fortune in the last year.<br />

If there‘s one thing most of us want to NOT think about on Thanksgiving, it‘s<br />

technology. Put the smartphones away, pack up the laptop, and disconnect for one<br />

day, right? Well, technology can actually help to bring us together on this most<br />

American of holidays, provided it‘s put to good use instead of as a distraction from<br />

family time.<br />

Here are 5 ways to put technology to work for you this Thanksgiving, all of which<br />

will hopefully result in a more relaxing holiday:<br />

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1. Cooking and meal planning apps.<br />

Sure, Grandma put out a delicious spread for 15 people without relying on so much<br />

as a recipe. But in this digital day and age, doesn‘t it make more sense to utilize<br />

technology when you‘re prepping and cooking for three days straight? From<br />

shopping and planning list apps like Clear+ to recipe clearinghouses like Butterball<br />

Cookbook Plus to menu assistants like Snapguide to project management sorters<br />

like KitchenPad Timer to interactive scales and high-tech thermometers, the app<br />

store can be your best (and cheapest) friend as you prepare for Thursday‘s feast.<br />

2. Skype, Fa<strong>ce</strong>Time, or other video calling servi<strong>ce</strong>s.<br />

Far away from your loved ones? Good thing Internet-based video calling is easy,<br />

cheap, and everywhere. Whether you prefer Skype, Fa<strong>ce</strong>Time, or another video<br />

conferencing servi<strong>ce</strong>, don‘t let distan<strong>ce</strong> keep you from telling that absent relative<br />

how much you love and miss them this Thanksgiving.<br />

3. DVR, TiVo, or other video/TV solution.<br />

Everybody wants to watch their own personal Thanksgiving tradition: the Macy‘s<br />

Parade, football games, ―A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving‖… Rather than fighting<br />

over the remote, though, let‘s put technology like DVR, TiVo, or even the<br />

streaming servi<strong>ce</strong> that can dial up Aunt Martha‘s favorite show in an instant to use.<br />

Don‘t like watching TV? Use that giant screen to let everyone display family<br />

pictures from throughout the year (Note: one tech-wise family member required).<br />

4. The electric carving knife.<br />

Doesn‘t sound very technologically involved — but ask anyone who‘s had to cut up<br />

a turkey the old-fashioned way whether they‘d prefer a semi-sharp blade or an<br />

electric carving knife come dinner time on Thursday. This time-saver and<br />

frustration-minimizer is the ultimate in basic Thanksgiving technology.<br />

5. Tech support from the goodness of our hearts.<br />

Let‘s fa<strong>ce</strong> it: our technologically disinclined relatives will always need a hand with<br />

their computer, smartphone, or digital camera. We know how frustrating it can be to<br />

help them learn the ins and outs of their devi<strong>ce</strong>, but this Thanksgiving, remember<br />

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that we do it because we love them — and they love us right back when we can<br />

finally figure out how to turn the darn thing on.<br />

BONUS TIP:<br />

If you‘re a Black Friday aficionado, remember that lining up at 12:01 AM isn‘t the<br />

only way to get a good deal. Websites and apps that catalog operating hours, sales,<br />

and other information proliferate. And you can always stay home and relax by<br />

shopping online, as well.<br />

This Thanksgiving, don‘t let technology ruin your day. Instead, put the best<br />

attributes of the digital age to work to make the holiday even more meaningful.<br />

Most of all, remember to give thanks for the friends beside us, the food before us,<br />

and the love between us. Happy Thanksgiving from all of us at CMIT Solutions!<br />

CE Magazine public servi<strong>ce</strong><br />

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4G is Coming to the Moon<br />

Tegan Jones<br />

Published over a year ago: October 19, 2020 at 11:50 am -Filed to:4g<br />

Image: Getty Credit: Earth image from NASA https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/79790/city-lights-ofasia-and-australia<br />

Over the past few years there‘s been talk of installing an LTE network on the moon.<br />

Now, thanks to a contract between NASA and Nokia, 4G moon connectivity is<br />

closer to becoming a reality.<br />

4G Moon Connectivity<br />

NASA has announ<strong>ce</strong>d it is giving Nokia $US14.1 million (which is just why of $20<br />

million in Aussie dollars) to build a 4G LTE network that will work on the moon.<br />

The purpose of the network is for more reliable communication between astronauts<br />

while on the moon.<br />

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This funding is just a small part of Project Artemis, NASA‘s $US370 million<br />

attempt to land on the moon in 2024.<br />

―With NASA funding, Nokia will look at how terrestrial technology could be<br />

modified for the lunar environment to support reliable, high-rate communications,‖<br />

NASA Associate Administrator James Reuter said to United Press International.<br />

―The system would also extend to spa<strong>ce</strong>craft,‖ Reuter said. ―With NASA funding,<br />

Nokia will look at how terrestrial technology could be modified for the lunar<br />

environment to support reliable, high-rate communications.‖<br />

What‘s also interesting about this is the plans for it to be 4G, despite the launch<br />

being four years from now. Maybe it will pivot to 5G?<br />

It ain’t the first attempt<br />

We first learned about a 4G moon network back in 2017. German company<br />

PTScientists was planning on the first ever privately-funded trip to the moon using<br />

a Spa<strong>ce</strong>X Falcon 9 rocket. Part of the purpose of this trip was to study an Apollo 17<br />

rover that was left on the moon back in 1972.<br />

At the time, Nokia and Vodafone announ<strong>ce</strong>d a joining of for<strong>ce</strong>s to help transmit<br />

video of the rover through an LTE network.<br />

―The 4G network will enable the Audi lunar quattro rovers to communicate and<br />

transfer scientific data and HD video while they carefully approach and study<br />

NASA‘s Apollo 17 lunar roving vehicle that was used by the last astronauts to walk<br />

on the Moon,‖ Nokia said at the time.<br />

In the end, that trip never eventuated, but clearly the dream for 4G on the moon has<br />

not died. When NASA returns to the moon it seems like it will be taking mobile<br />

connectivity with it.<br />

More From Gizmodo Australia<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Amazon Boss Jeff Bezos Wants To Send Packages To The Moon Now<br />

After 7 Months, NASA Reminds Voyager 2 Probe That Earth Is Still Here<br />

Water on the Moon: Research Unveils Its Type and Abundan<strong>ce</strong><br />

NASA’s Big Moon News: There’s Water All Over the Pla<strong>ce</strong><br />

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A Do-It-Yourself Basic PC Repair Resour<strong>ce</strong> Guide<br />

Basic computer maintenan<strong>ce</strong> and repair can be done easily at home. Some common<br />

problems are random error messages, computer being too slow, blue screen, frozen screen,<br />

and automatic rebooting. It’s a common miscon<strong>ce</strong>ption that repairing a computer requires a<br />

lot of expertise. In actuality, any common person can servi<strong>ce</strong> simple computer problems.<br />

There are numerous sites on the Internet that provide support for computers repairs. These<br />

sites contain step-by-step detailed instructions so it’s not hard to repair some of the more<br />

complicated problems. For any problem, just use a search engine and type in the problem.<br />

After that, you will learn the severity of the computer problem and determine if it can be<br />

repaired easily.<br />

The obvious benefit of repairing the PC is the cost advantage. You save the amount you pay<br />

to servi<strong>ce</strong> person and also get any parts or software to be repla<strong>ce</strong>d at a lower rate. You can<br />

save hundreds of dollars by fixing the problem on your own. Another advantage is the time<br />

taken to get the PC up and running. Servi<strong>ce</strong> personnel can take their own sweet time to<br />

come and repair it. Even servi<strong>ce</strong> <strong>ce</strong>nters may take a couple of days to servi<strong>ce</strong> the system<br />

while you can get it done in matter of hours!<br />

One common problem is when a blue screen appears and the PC does not work at all. In this<br />

case, you will have to restart the computer as there is no other option. This is called a STOP<br />

error and it can be fixed by using the appropriate STOP code. These codes can be found<br />

online quite easily. Depending on the error, the user can choose the best one and resolve<br />

the problem. By learning how to solve these basic PC problems, the user can avoid bigger<br />

and more difficult problems down the line.<br />

Check the computer and identify the problem. In some instan<strong>ce</strong>s, all it takes is to restart the<br />

computer. If this does not work, check the antivirus and spyware software to see if they are<br />

updated. Restart the computer in safe mode and type the F8 key which displays the boot<br />

screen. Run virus scans to check for virus <strong>issue</strong>s. If the screen does not appear, you may<br />

need to call in a professional. A scan disk or defrag check can also be done to check for<br />

errors and mostly these steps would solve the problem on your PC.<br />

Most of the common computer problems are a result of poor maintenan<strong>ce</strong> but most people<br />

can repair their computer by themselves even if they are not too tech savvy. A logical person<br />

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with ability to follow instructions can repair a computer. If you are still not sure, it’s best to<br />

seek professional help.<br />

For more information on basic PC repair, check out these resour<strong>ce</strong>s. Note Some work or<br />

don’t !<br />

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<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

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Troubleshooting Tips: Offers a list of links to help users troubleshoot their computer.<br />

PC Troubleshooting Manual: The page provides tips on computer troubleshooting and<br />

repair.<br />

Dead Computer: Learn how to get it working again.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> & Repair: A tutorial that offers basic computer maintenan<strong>ce</strong> and repair.<br />

Slow Computer: Step-by-step instructions on how to speed up the computer.<br />

Upgrade Hard Drive: The site provides a step-by-step tutorial on how to upgrade a<br />

MacBook hard drive.<br />

No Sound in Windows: This tutorial shows how to solve sound problems in Windows.<br />

Replacing Sound Card: The site offers a detailed tutorial on changing a sound card.<br />

Bad Memory: The guide shows how to diagnose bad memory on the PC.<br />

Basic Diagnosis: The page provides instructions on diagnosing a computer.<br />

5 Questions: Essential questions to ask to find out what’s wrong with the computer.<br />

Computer Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> & Repair: A full tutorial to help users solve simple computer<br />

problems.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> Checklist: Use this checklist to find out if everything’s working well.<br />

Making Computers Run Better: The page offers some advi<strong>ce</strong> on how to make the<br />

computer run better.<br />

Improve Speed: A detailed tutorial on speeding up the PC.<br />

Basic Computer Tutorial: Learn about some of the basic con<strong>ce</strong>pts of computing.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> Pro<strong>ce</strong>dures: Follow these pro<strong>ce</strong>dures to maintain your computer.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> Tips: The page provides 10 essential tips to a healthy computer.<br />

Preventive Maintenan<strong>ce</strong>: A collection of tutorials to help maintain a working PC.<br />

Recommended Pro<strong>ce</strong>dures: Learn these maintenan<strong>ce</strong> pro<strong>ce</strong>dures to prevent<br />

computer problems.<br />

Routine Maintenan<strong>ce</strong>: The site offers some routine maintenan<strong>ce</strong> tips to keep the PC<br />

healthy.<br />

Improve Performan<strong>ce</strong>: Follow these steps to get the most out of the PC.<br />

Better PC Performan<strong>ce</strong>: The page offers five ways to improve a computer’s<br />

performan<strong>ce</strong>.<br />

Basic Computer Terminology: A pla<strong>ce</strong> to find descriptions on many computer terms.<br />

Computer Basics: The University of Chicago offers a list of basic computer terms.<br />

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The Journey Inside: Intel presents a series of 35 online lessons for you to learn about<br />

computers.<br />

Geek Squad: The site offers a variety of PC repair servi<strong>ce</strong>s.<br />

Boston Computing Network: Provides computer repair servi<strong>ce</strong>s for Apple Macintosh,<br />

laptops, networking servi<strong>ce</strong>s, and more.<br />

On-Site PC Servi<strong>ce</strong>s: The site offers all types of computer repair servi<strong>ce</strong>s for<br />

residential as well as commercial purposes.<br />

Computer Repair Pri<strong>ce</strong> List: The page offers information on the cost of PC repairs<br />

For more information on this web site click this LINK !<br />

CE Magazine public servi<strong>ce</strong><br />

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Aug 2, 2015, 09:30am EDT<br />

Windows 10 Vs Windows 8 Vs Windows 7: What's<br />

The Differen<strong>ce</strong>?<br />

Gordon Kelly<br />

Senior Contributor<br />

Consumer Tech<br />

I write about technology's biggest companies<br />

Windows 10 launched on July 29th and has already been downloaded over 14<br />

million times. But why? Microsoft ‘s decision to make Windows 10 free plays a big<br />

part (especially given warnings to wait) but it is also just the tip of the i<strong>ce</strong>berg.<br />

So let‘s weigh up the main differen<strong>ce</strong>s between Windows 10, Windows 7 and<br />

Windows 8. There are a large number of pros but also some significant cons,<br />

including a few potential deal breakers.<br />

1. What Makes Windows 10 Worth The Upgrade<br />

Cost - While some Windows 7 and Windows 8 users will not get Windows 10 free,<br />

for the vast majority there is no cost to upgrading whatsoever. On paper this is a<br />

great deal because Windows 10 is not cheap and ‗Windows 10 Home‘ and<br />

‗Windows 10 Pro‘ editions retail for $119 and $199 respectively.<br />

By contrast Windows 7 and Windows 8 have not been made free by Microsoft<br />

following Windows 10‘s release and the company has no plans to make them so.<br />

Consequently even if you revert back to Windows 7 or Windows 8 in time, it would<br />

seem to make sense to take your free Windows 10 upgrade while it lasts.<br />

Longer Support -Another key reason for getting the latest edition of Windows is<br />

Microsoft will support it for longer than both Windows 7 and Windows 8. The<br />

Windows Lifecycle page (screen grab below) breaks this down into two sections:<br />

Mainstream Support and Extended Support.<br />

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Mainstream Support is the deadline for adding new features and functionality which<br />

makes it less crucial, but Extended Support is when Microsoft will stop supporting<br />

the platform with security updates. As you will see Windows 10 gives five more<br />

years Extended Support over Windows 7 and two more years over Windows 8:<br />

Windows Lifecycles - Image credit Microsoft<br />

Flexibility and Universal Apps -Where Microsoft deserves a lot of credit with<br />

Windows 10 is its ambition because the OS will run across all future Microsoft<br />

devi<strong>ce</strong>s from desktops and laptops, to hybrids, tablets and smartphones.<br />

The biggest benefits of this are:<br />

1. Apps in the new Windows Store will run on any devi<strong>ce</strong> which means a single<br />

version of Angry Birds works everywhere.<br />

2. Microsoft‘s ‗Continuum‘ feature allows you to potentially connect a phone or<br />

tablet to a monitor and keyboard and use it like a PC. Yes Windows 10 really<br />

does run through every devi<strong>ce</strong> and the user interfa<strong>ce</strong> can adapt to its<br />

environment - be that phone, tablet or PC and touch, mouse or keyboard<br />

interaction.<br />

Read more- Windows 10: Should You Upgrade?<br />

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Gaming -Windows 10 brings with it DirectX 12 and for serious gamers this is a<br />

must have. Initial reports suggested DX12 would bring a 30-40% performan<strong>ce</strong> gain<br />

over DX11 and whereas the reality is closer to 10-20% that‘s still money for old<br />

rope. Windows 7 and Windows 8 will never get ac<strong>ce</strong>ss to DX12.<br />

In addition Windows 10 supports streaming games from an Xbox One. Controllers<br />

for the Xbox One are compatible with Windows 10 PCs and you can be playing The<br />

Witcher 3 on your desktop or laptop in minutes. Best of all, Xbox One streaming is<br />

fast and responsive and again it will not come to Windows 7 or Windows 8 at a<br />

later date.<br />

Windows 10 is the single operating system working across all Microsoft desktops, laptops, tablets and phones<br />

Search / Cortana - Windows 8 offers fairly de<strong>ce</strong>nt online search baked into its<br />

controversial Start Screen and Windows 7 only offers local searches (what is on the<br />

computer itself), Windows 10 easily trumps them both.<br />

The secret to its suc<strong>ce</strong>ss is Cortana, a voi<strong>ce</strong> assistant ported over from Windows<br />

Phone and whose name comes from the Halo video game franchise. Like Siri on<br />

iOS and Google Voi<strong>ce</strong> Search on Android, Cortana can respond to voi<strong>ce</strong> commands<br />

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and perform everything from quick Internet searches to core tasks around Windows<br />

10 like opening a new email, creating calendar entries and much more.<br />

Cortana isn‘t perfect, but she/it works pretty well out the gate and will only get<br />

better with time.<br />

Edge Browser and Virtual Desktops - I‘ve listed these both together as they are<br />

catch up features. The Edge browser (which is still feature limited at launch) is<br />

Microsoft‘s attempt to claw back momentum from Chrome. Edge works<br />

significantly faster than Internet Explorer and is only available on Windows 10.<br />

In addition to this Windows 10 finally adds Virtual Desktops like those long seen<br />

on Linux and Mac OS X. These allow users without multi-monitor setups to create<br />

multiple virtual desktops which are handy for splitting usage between work and<br />

leisure, work into projects or whatever you require. It‘s a great feature.<br />

Features<br />

Gallery: Windows 10: Best And Worst New<br />

11 images<br />

View gallery --><br />

Minimum Requirements - Technically Windows 10 doesn‘t win this category, but<br />

in requiring a PC with no greater minimum specifications than both two year old<br />

Windows 8 and five year old Windows 7 Microsoft deserves great credit. Those<br />

specifications:<br />

RAM: 1 gigabyte (GB) for 32-bit or 2GB for 64-bit<br />

Hard disk spa<strong>ce</strong>: 16 GB for 32-bit OS 20GB for 64-bit OS<br />

Graphics card: DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver<br />

Display: 800 x 600<br />

I suspect a major motivator for Microsoft here was that Windows 10 needs to run<br />

smoothly on both phones and tablets as well as PCs. That should make it efficient<br />

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enough to run on most PCs these days, with the ex<strong>ce</strong>ption of some very old<br />

Windows XP machines.<br />

Read more - When 'Free' Windows 10 Becomes Expensive, You Must Know This<br />

Security - While both Windows 7 and Windows 8 do a pretty good job of keeping<br />

users secure, Windows 10 ups its game with several new features. First is ‗Devi<strong>ce</strong><br />

Guard‘ which blocks zero-day attacks by vetting unsigned software programs and<br />

apps. Devi<strong>ce</strong> Guard can also operate virtually so even if it is compromised a remote<br />

version can recognise and neutralise malicious software.<br />

Next is ‗Windows Hello‘ which is enhan<strong>ce</strong>d biometric support designed to redu<strong>ce</strong><br />

relian<strong>ce</strong> on passwords by using your fa<strong>ce</strong>, iris, or fingerprint. You‘ll need hardware<br />

support for this on your devi<strong>ce</strong> (webcam, fingerprint reader, etc) but initial feedback<br />

is it works well and again should improve over the lifetime of Windows 10.<br />

Lastly in Windows 10 Microsoft now delivers security patches outside Windows<br />

Update so they go straight to your computer the moment they are available. In<br />

theory this means Windows 10 computers are always up-to-date which gives<br />

hackers a much harder time, even if there are also some notable downsides.<br />

In fact, while this list may make upgrades to Windows 10 sound like a no brainer,<br />

there are actually serious pitfalls in moving to Microsoft‘s latest OS.<br />

So now here are all the reasons you should stay put on Windows 7 or Windows 8...<br />

2. What Makes It Worth Staying On Windows 7 Or Windows 8<br />

Great as a free pri<strong>ce</strong> tag, longer support, better apps and gaming, searches and<br />

security may sound unfortunately the list where Windows 7 and Windows 8 current<br />

beat out Windows 10 is just as strong.<br />

These are my main con<strong>ce</strong>rns:<br />

Stability - Right now Windows 10 is brand new and it has launched with a<br />

surprisingly large number of bugs which you won‘t find in Windows 7 or Windows<br />

8. Among these are disappearing icons from the taskbar, Start Menu lock-ups,<br />

Windows Store download bugs, copy and paste errors, problems with audio and<br />

more.<br />

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In fact Microsoft is about to release a massive one gigabyte download of bug fixes,<br />

which gives you an idea of the scale. The trouble is such numerous patches always<br />

bring new bugs of their own. Consequently this isn‘t so much a reason never to<br />

upgrade to Windows 10, but a good reason not to upgrade to Windows 10 right<br />

now.<br />

By contrast Windows 7 and Windows 8 (despite the latter‘s bumpy start) are pretty<br />

much rock solid these days.<br />

Mandatory Updates - Windows 10 may be more secure and up-to-date because of<br />

this, but Microsoft‘s decision to for<strong>ce</strong> updates upon users also has significant<br />

downsides. This has included automatically installing a broken graphics driver<br />

which crashed displays, a security patch which crashed Windows Explorer and<br />

more.<br />

By contrast Windows 8 and Windows 7 make all updates optional and you‘re<br />

alerted to install them. I believe the ideal solution lies halfway between the two:<br />

make all updates automatic by default, but give users the option to stop or delay any<br />

update categories or individual updates they like. Right now this lack of flexibility<br />

makes Windows 10 a deal breaker for some.<br />

Read more - Windows 10 Automatic Updates Causing Serious New Problems<br />

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Windows Update's Nvidia driver update clashes with Nvidia's own GeFor<strong>ce</strong> Experien<strong>ce</strong> update software leading to<br />

system instability and these contradictory notifications - Image credit Paul Monckton<br />

Brutal Enfor<strong>ce</strong>ment Policies - Of course mandatory updates have led to many<br />

users devising elabourate ways to sidestep Windows 10 patches, but there‘s little<br />

point in this. Microsoft requires users to ac<strong>ce</strong>pt these terms in its Windows 10<br />

EULA (end user li<strong>ce</strong>n<strong>ce</strong> agreement) and security updates now sidestep Windows<br />

Update and are installed to all versions of Windows 10 without warning.<br />

Meanwhile driver and feature updates through Windows Update can be delayed up<br />

to one month by Windows 10 Home users (the vast majority of consumers) and<br />

eight months by Windows 10 Pro customers (most businesses), but after that time<br />

Microsoft will cut off the next round of updates (including security patches) from<br />

users until they ac<strong>ce</strong>pt the previous ones.<br />

Windows 7 and Windows 8 have had similar policies for major updates in the past<br />

(Servi<strong>ce</strong> Packs in Windows 7, and the Windows 8.1 update) but a user doesn‘t fa<strong>ce</strong><br />

a ticking clock for every single update - big or small - as with Windows 10.<br />

Interestingly Microsoft re<strong>ce</strong>ntly released a tool for uninstalling bad updates on<br />

Windows 10 which suggests its stan<strong>ce</strong> may be softening, but the tool only works<br />

after updates are installed which isn‘t much use if a bad one stops your PC from<br />

booting.<br />

Privacy -If the enfor<strong>ce</strong>ment policies were tough, however, they have nothing on the<br />

privacy violations Microsoft requests in the Windows 10 EULA. A notable section<br />

reads:<br />

―We will ac<strong>ce</strong>ss, disclose and preserve personal data, including your content (such<br />

as the content of your emails, other private communications or files in private<br />

folders), when we have a good faith belief that doing so is ne<strong>ce</strong>ssary.‖<br />

Needless to say ―ne<strong>ce</strong>ssary‖ is a crucial qualifier and this should mean Microsoft<br />

won‘t violate your privacy for no reason, but that all comes down to trust - and<br />

there‘s not a great deal of that going around in a post-Snowden world.<br />

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Windows 10 is a smart mix of the new and the familiar<br />

Ease of Use - In fairness Windows 7 is so ubiquitous that Windows 10 was never<br />

going to be more intuitive to use than its much loved forebear. That said Windows<br />

10 is more intuitive than Windows 8 and much of that comes down to the return of<br />

the Start Menu. Consequently Windows 10 is a great blend of the advan<strong>ce</strong>ments of<br />

Windows 8 and the familiarity of Windows 7, but sight of Windows 8 elements<br />

(and there are many) will still be too much for some.<br />

Windows 10 also needs greater consistency across its user interfa<strong>ce</strong> as there is still a<br />

jarring transition between traditional desktop settings like the Control Panel and<br />

settings pushed into the Modern UI. Microsoft really needs to get this sorted out and<br />

it should‘ve been by now.<br />

Lost Features - This won‘t affect too many users, but the fact is Windows 10 does<br />

kill some features Windows 7 and Windows 8 users consider essential.<br />

The big one is Windows Media Center which is a mainstay in some home media<br />

setups, while there‘s also no native DVD playback (Microsoft is reconsidering this),<br />

no desktop gadgets and no floppy drive support. Meanwhile games like Solitaire<br />

have been removed and are now ad supported from the Windows Store with<br />

payment required to remove them.<br />

Read more - Windows 10 Upgrades Explained: Who Gets It Free?<br />

Broadband Hog - While Windows 10‘s mandatory update policy has split opinions,<br />

a far less widely reported <strong>issue</strong> is also taking pla<strong>ce</strong>: the new OS uses a peer-to-peer<br />

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(p2p) update distribution system called ‗Windows Update Delivery Optimization‘<br />

(WUDO).<br />

The benefit of WUDO is that on<strong>ce</strong> one Windows 10 devi<strong>ce</strong> has downloaded the<br />

latest updates it will automatically distribute them to other PCs on your network,<br />

saving time. The problem is your PC will also start to share this update with other<br />

PCs around the world that still need it. This takes the pressure off Microsoft‘s<br />

servers but also means Windows 10 will consume more of your bandwidth than<br />

Windows 7 or Windows 8, neither of which do this.<br />

The good news for those on metered connections is this can be changed by going to:<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Settings > Update & Security > the Windows Update section > Advan<strong>ce</strong>d<br />

options<br />

Select PCs on my local network only for WUDO to only be used for your<br />

PCs, or<br />

Switch it off so each PC has to get their own downloads<br />

While the option to disable is ni<strong>ce</strong>, WUDO is another example of where Microsoft<br />

should be more transparent with Windows 10 and let them know upfront what their<br />

devi<strong>ce</strong>s will be doing behind their backs by default.<br />

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Windows 7 and 8 users are now prompted to get Windows 10<br />

Bottom Line<br />

Given the way Windows operating systems evolve over their lifecycles, it is<br />

impossible right now to overly praise or damn Windows 10 but we can start<br />

drawing conclusions compared to the differen<strong>ce</strong>s between it and its prede<strong>ce</strong>ssors.<br />

My personal feeling is that Windows 10 is an improvement on both Windows 7 and<br />

Windows 8 and in time it will be considered one of the great Microsoft releases.<br />

That said Windows 10 launches with more bugs than it should and (while Microsoft<br />

has crafted a super OS) it is also the most controlling and invasive version of<br />

Windows the company has ever released and a compromise does need to be found<br />

long term.<br />

All of which means Windows 10 is both the best and most troubling Windows<br />

version I‘ve used. Those determined to be on the cutting edge will upgrade and love<br />

it, but those more wedded to Windows 7 and Windows 8 should wait a little longer.<br />

The Windows 10 free purchase period lasts until July 29th 2016 for eligible users so<br />

there is time to see whether Microsoft can address the differen<strong>ce</strong>s which make<br />

Windows 10 worse than its prede<strong>ce</strong>ssors compared to those that make it shine.<br />

More Windows 10 Coverage<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Windows 10: Should You Upgrade?<br />

Microsoft Changes Windows 10 'Free Upgrade' Rules<br />

Windows 10 Upgrades Explained: Who Gets It Free?<br />

Microsoft Makes Windows 10 Upgrades Automatic For Windows 7 And<br />

Windows 8<br />

From CE Magazine:<br />

Want to know more? Click this FORBES WINDOWS link!<br />

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From my home and staff to your family, have a great<br />

Thanksgiving and May Pea<strong>ce</strong> dwell in your home.<br />

From:<br />

Peter Nadal, Pam Kennoy, Rodrigo Esperanza,<br />

Nomar Shaw, Diane G and Big Poppa<br />

And<br />

The Nanomites<br />

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