ce magazine november issue 2022

You also want an ePaper? Increase the reach of your titles

YUMPU automatically turns print PDFs into web optimized ePapers that Google loves.



Thanks to all who contributed to CE<br />

Magazine. Have an article you would like<br />

contribute? You can mail it to:<br />

CE, P.O. Box 8619<br />

Michigan City In 46360<br />

Or E-Mail it to<br />

computerease@juno.com<br />

CE Magazine is part of OtherSide Ministries © all rights<br />

reserved<br />

Founder & Chief Editor<br />

Peter Nadal<br />

Editor<br />

Pamela Kennoy<br />

Art & Design<br />

Peter Nadal<br />

Our Writers<br />

Rodrigo Esperanza<br />

Nomar Shaw<br />

Diane G<br />

In our Vol. 4 November <strong>2022</strong> Issue 11<br />

5 Hey Pete! Fall Foliage: Tips For Taking<br />

Great Fall Photos<br />

10 Biz Cards board!! Hey its free<br />


12 5 Ways Technology Can Make Thanksgiving<br />

Better<br />

15 4G is Coming to the Moon<br />

17 A Do-It-Yourself Basic PC Repair Resour<strong>ce</strong><br />

Guide<br />

20 Windows 10 Vs Windows 8 Vs Windows 7:<br />

What's The Differen<strong>ce</strong>?<br />

31 Thanksgiving from all of us<br />

Outside Sour<strong>ce</strong>s On This Month <strong>issue</strong><br />

John Huegel / CMIT / Tegan Jones<br />

Gordon Kelly<br />

Front Cover done by Peter Nadal<br />

and back cover!<br />

Colored by Alex Lim<br />

Original Computer-Ease logo ©<br />

Michigan City, In<br />

3<br />

Vol 4 November <strong>2022</strong> <strong>issue</strong> 11

From Pete’s Desk<br />

Like every year, nature gives us a show of all the<br />

shades of colors from the trees to bushes and cold<br />

rain for you to have some hot chocolate (aaah or a<br />

wine cooler) while seating on your cozy chair in<br />

front of a ni<strong>ce</strong> firepla<strong>ce</strong> looking at flames dancing<br />

for you. Our Halloween edition, for those of you who did not see it, was based on<br />

gore and like always here at CE Magazine or CEM we have fun creating spook,<br />

horror and some of the best gory makeup we have seen this year., oh, and short<br />

story of AR-BAR from Egypt, written by yours truly.<br />

The front cover is Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, a monument for all veterans and<br />

if you want more on raising the Flag on Iwo Jima then click on WIKIPEDIA. On<br />

―Hey Pete‖ great pictures of Pinterest.com, with a very easy learning with all the<br />

tips. So go to this site, just look it over and study the adjustment with your<br />

camera… Have fun!<br />

Note- Some links don‘t work or taken off …<br />

Nick stopped by the CEM offi<strong>ce</strong> and asked me if I would re run the ad from last<br />

year and naturally I said yes, we sat down and Nick poured some holiday cheer (I<br />

have no idea what‘s in that bottle) had few laughs and he got up, walked to the door<br />

waved at me and in a puff of smoke he was gone.<br />

Be safe and wear your mask if need to.<br />

Have a great Thanksgiving….<br />



You may know one, Nick did!<br />

Note says: “Dear Veteran, You are cordially invited for a great Thanksgiving dinner at my house and it<br />

starts at 6pm. Bring your appetite, your neighbor ...Nick” the photo is real!<br />

At the request of Nick here at CE Magazine we were more than happy to repeat this ad<br />


How do you do that?<br />

How-to take great pictures with the expertise of John Huegel, a<br />

very easy learning with all the tips he wrote. To go the web site,<br />

click on the link just below… Have fun!<br />

Fall Foliage: Tips For Taking Great Fall Photos<br />

1. Use Indirect Light<br />

Try to avoid bright sunny days, which tend to increase the contrast and brightness<br />

of the colors. Instead, go for partial or full shade. Shooting on overcast or rainy<br />

days can emphasize the earth tones and the depth of color of fall trees and leaves.<br />

Raindrops on fresh fallen leaves deepen the colors and create great patterns of light.<br />


Photo by Yasunari( 康 就 ) Nakamura( 中 村 ); ISO 200, f/2.4, 1/40-second exposure.<br />

2. See Close and Far<br />

While you may be spellbound by a mountain covered in colored leaves, your<br />

camera may not capture the full detail. Try to get some detail of individual leaves or<br />

trees in the foreground.<br />

3. Compose for Impact<br />

Foliage is usually an emphasis on color, but you can also capture shapes, lines, and<br />

patterns through close-ups of leaves and other items.<br />

To keep the image dynamic, consider the rule of thirds, where your object of<br />

interest is not in the <strong>ce</strong>nter, but pla<strong>ce</strong>d at an intersection of imaginary vertical and<br />

horizontal lines which split the viewfinder into thirds in both directions.<br />

4. Control the Focus<br />

A wide open f-stop (low number, e.g. f/2) will sharpen the item in focus but will<br />

blur much of the background. This is good for close-up shots of leaves and people.<br />

Point-and-shoot camera users can choose the ―portrait‖ setting to achieve this<br />

effect. A small f-stop (large number, e.g. f/11) will put more of the background in<br />

focus, but will also lower the shutter speed and be more sus<strong>ce</strong>ptible to blur from<br />

camera shake or object movement. Often the ―landscape‖ setting on a point-andshoot<br />

will set these preferen<strong>ce</strong>s.<br />

5. Balan<strong>ce</strong> the Brightness<br />

If you have people in your image, you may need a touch of fill flash to lessen the<br />

―raccoon eyes‖ and give them a bit of brightness compared to the background. Try<br />

to balan<strong>ce</strong> the brightness of their fa<strong>ce</strong>s and the background foliage so that you don‘t<br />

have one underexposed and the other too bright. If you pla<strong>ce</strong> your subjects just at<br />

the edge of a wooded area, their fa<strong>ce</strong>s will be lit more than the trees behind them,<br />

creating a focal point of interest.<br />


Photo by Chris Murphy; ISO 100, f/7.1, 1/125-second exposure.<br />

6. Know the White Balan<strong>ce</strong><br />

If you can‘t set a custom white balan<strong>ce</strong>, you may want to try the ―shade‖ setting.<br />

Often cameras will get confused with all of that color, and you may end up with<br />

skin tones that are strange.<br />

7. Stabilize the Camera<br />

If your camera settings result in a shutter speed less than 1/100 second, you may<br />

want to stabilize your camera. This can be as simple as setting it on a rigid surfa<strong>ce</strong>,<br />

such as a rock or fen<strong>ce</strong> post, or bring a monopod or tripod. Monopods make great<br />

hiking poles! And don‘t hold your point-and-shoot out at arm‘s length and expect to<br />

get a crisp shot.<br />

8. Go for High Quality<br />

Normally I recommend higher ISO (sensitivity) for shady or darker s<strong>ce</strong>nes, but in<br />

this case I recommend to keep the ISO low to capture all of the detail of the colors<br />

and leaves. Higher ISO often brings with it noise, and you want to limit that. Try for<br />

ISO 100–200 if you can.<br />


9. Don’t Forget the Fruit<br />

This is a great time to get some shots of fall fruit stands. Baskets of apples, squash,<br />

and grapes are great studies. So are pumpkins, haystacks, and corn. Take some time<br />

to appreciate the color and fall bounty. Mums and other fall flowers are in full<br />

bloom, as well. These images make great icons of the season.<br />

Photo by liz west; ISO 640, f/18.0, 1/80-second exposure.<br />

10. Finish Creatively<br />

Even though there‘s lots of color, try finishing some photos in black and white<br />

and/or sepia to emphasize lines and shape. Play around with brightness, contrast,<br />

and saturation to provide more depth and interest. Consider printing and framing<br />

some images or making up some note cards to give as gifts.<br />

To summarize, you‘ll want high quality, stable shots, good lighting and<br />

composition, creative framing, and good exposure control. Use your eyes and<br />

creative talents, and capture some great fall images!<br />

About the Author: John Huegel is a photographer in the Erie, Pennsylvania area who<br />

specializes in Seniors, Dan<strong>ce</strong> Studio, Families and other groups. He operates a blog for<br />

professional photographers at http://newphotopro.blogspot.com. He is active in many<br />

charitable and volunteer activities in the Erie area<br />

Enjoy yourself and Happy Thanksgiving… from Peter<br />




By Nomar Shaw<br />

Creative Father Makes Crazy Photo Manipulations<br />

with His Three Daughters<br />

This Designer Can Flawlessly Photoshop 5-6<br />

Different Photos into One perfect Composite<br />

Image<br />

Fine Art children portraits with<br />

Photo manipulation and compositing.<br />


5 Ways Technology Can Make Thanksgiving Better<br />

It‘s that time of year again: turkey, mashed potatoes, cranberry sau<strong>ce</strong>, pumpkin pie,<br />

the presen<strong>ce</strong> of friends and family, and a reason to give thanks for all of our good<br />

fortune in the last year.<br />

If there‘s one thing most of us want to NOT think about on Thanksgiving, it‘s<br />

technology. Put the smartphones away, pack up the laptop, and disconnect for one<br />

day, right? Well, technology can actually help to bring us together on this most<br />

American of holidays, provided it‘s put to good use instead of as a distraction from<br />

family time.<br />

Here are 5 ways to put technology to work for you this Thanksgiving, all of which<br />

will hopefully result in a more relaxing holiday:<br />


1. Cooking and meal planning apps.<br />

Sure, Grandma put out a delicious spread for 15 people without relying on so much<br />

as a recipe. But in this digital day and age, doesn‘t it make more sense to utilize<br />

technology when you‘re prepping and cooking for three days straight? From<br />

shopping and planning list apps like Clear+ to recipe clearinghouses like Butterball<br />

Cookbook Plus to menu assistants like Snapguide to project management sorters<br />

like KitchenPad Timer to interactive scales and high-tech thermometers, the app<br />

store can be your best (and cheapest) friend as you prepare for Thursday‘s feast.<br />

2. Skype, Fa<strong>ce</strong>Time, or other video calling servi<strong>ce</strong>s.<br />

Far away from your loved ones? Good thing Internet-based video calling is easy,<br />

cheap, and everywhere. Whether you prefer Skype, Fa<strong>ce</strong>Time, or another video<br />

conferencing servi<strong>ce</strong>, don‘t let distan<strong>ce</strong> keep you from telling that absent relative<br />

how much you love and miss them this Thanksgiving.<br />

3. DVR, TiVo, or other video/TV solution.<br />

Everybody wants to watch their own personal Thanksgiving tradition: the Macy‘s<br />

Parade, football games, ―A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving‖… Rather than fighting<br />

over the remote, though, let‘s put technology like DVR, TiVo, or even the<br />

streaming servi<strong>ce</strong> that can dial up Aunt Martha‘s favorite show in an instant to use.<br />

Don‘t like watching TV? Use that giant screen to let everyone display family<br />

pictures from throughout the year (Note: one tech-wise family member required).<br />

4. The electric carving knife.<br />

Doesn‘t sound very technologically involved — but ask anyone who‘s had to cut up<br />

a turkey the old-fashioned way whether they‘d prefer a semi-sharp blade or an<br />

electric carving knife come dinner time on Thursday. This time-saver and<br />

frustration-minimizer is the ultimate in basic Thanksgiving technology.<br />

5. Tech support from the goodness of our hearts.<br />

Let‘s fa<strong>ce</strong> it: our technologically disinclined relatives will always need a hand with<br />

their computer, smartphone, or digital camera. We know how frustrating it can be to<br />

help them learn the ins and outs of their devi<strong>ce</strong>, but this Thanksgiving, remember<br />


that we do it because we love them — and they love us right back when we can<br />

finally figure out how to turn the darn thing on.<br />

BONUS TIP:<br />

If you‘re a Black Friday aficionado, remember that lining up at 12:01 AM isn‘t the<br />

only way to get a good deal. Websites and apps that catalog operating hours, sales,<br />

and other information proliferate. And you can always stay home and relax by<br />

shopping online, as well.<br />

This Thanksgiving, don‘t let technology ruin your day. Instead, put the best<br />

attributes of the digital age to work to make the holiday even more meaningful.<br />

Most of all, remember to give thanks for the friends beside us, the food before us,<br />

and the love between us. Happy Thanksgiving from all of us at CMIT Solutions!<br />

CE Magazine public servi<strong>ce</strong><br />


4G is Coming to the Moon<br />

Tegan Jones<br />

Published over a year ago: October 19, 2020 at 11:50 am -Filed to:4g<br />

Image: Getty Credit: Earth image from NASA https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/79790/city-lights-ofasia-and-australia<br />

Over the past few years there‘s been talk of installing an LTE network on the moon.<br />

Now, thanks to a contract between NASA and Nokia, 4G moon connectivity is<br />

closer to becoming a reality.<br />

4G Moon Connectivity<br />

NASA has announ<strong>ce</strong>d it is giving Nokia $US14.1 million (which is just why of $20<br />

million in Aussie dollars) to build a 4G LTE network that will work on the moon.<br />

The purpose of the network is for more reliable communication between astronauts<br />

while on the moon.<br />


This funding is just a small part of Project Artemis, NASA‘s $US370 million<br />

attempt to land on the moon in 2024.<br />

―With NASA funding, Nokia will look at how terrestrial technology could be<br />

modified for the lunar environment to support reliable, high-rate communications,‖<br />

NASA Associate Administrator James Reuter said to United Press International.<br />

―The system would also extend to spa<strong>ce</strong>craft,‖ Reuter said. ―With NASA funding,<br />

Nokia will look at how terrestrial technology could be modified for the lunar<br />

environment to support reliable, high-rate communications.‖<br />

What‘s also interesting about this is the plans for it to be 4G, despite the launch<br />

being four years from now. Maybe it will pivot to 5G?<br />

It ain’t the first attempt<br />

We first learned about a 4G moon network back in 2017. German company<br />

PTScientists was planning on the first ever privately-funded trip to the moon using<br />

a Spa<strong>ce</strong>X Falcon 9 rocket. Part of the purpose of this trip was to study an Apollo 17<br />

rover that was left on the moon back in 1972.<br />

At the time, Nokia and Vodafone announ<strong>ce</strong>d a joining of for<strong>ce</strong>s to help transmit<br />

video of the rover through an LTE network.<br />

―The 4G network will enable the Audi lunar quattro rovers to communicate and<br />

transfer scientific data and HD video while they carefully approach and study<br />

NASA‘s Apollo 17 lunar roving vehicle that was used by the last astronauts to walk<br />

on the Moon,‖ Nokia said at the time.<br />

In the end, that trip never eventuated, but clearly the dream for 4G on the moon has<br />

not died. When NASA returns to the moon it seems like it will be taking mobile<br />

connectivity with it.<br />

More From Gizmodo Australia<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Amazon Boss Jeff Bezos Wants To Send Packages To The Moon Now<br />

After 7 Months, NASA Reminds Voyager 2 Probe That Earth Is Still Here<br />

Water on the Moon: Research Unveils Its Type and Abundan<strong>ce</strong><br />

NASA’s Big Moon News: There’s Water All Over the Pla<strong>ce</strong><br />


A Do-It-Yourself Basic PC Repair Resour<strong>ce</strong> Guide<br />

Basic computer maintenan<strong>ce</strong> and repair can be done easily at home. Some common<br />

problems are random error messages, computer being too slow, blue screen, frozen screen,<br />

and automatic rebooting. It’s a common miscon<strong>ce</strong>ption that repairing a computer requires a<br />

lot of expertise. In actuality, any common person can servi<strong>ce</strong> simple computer problems.<br />

There are numerous sites on the Internet that provide support for computers repairs. These<br />

sites contain step-by-step detailed instructions so it’s not hard to repair some of the more<br />

complicated problems. For any problem, just use a search engine and type in the problem.<br />

After that, you will learn the severity of the computer problem and determine if it can be<br />

repaired easily.<br />

The obvious benefit of repairing the PC is the cost advantage. You save the amount you pay<br />

to servi<strong>ce</strong> person and also get any parts or software to be repla<strong>ce</strong>d at a lower rate. You can<br />

save hundreds of dollars by fixing the problem on your own. Another advantage is the time<br />

taken to get the PC up and running. Servi<strong>ce</strong> personnel can take their own sweet time to<br />

come and repair it. Even servi<strong>ce</strong> <strong>ce</strong>nters may take a couple of days to servi<strong>ce</strong> the system<br />

while you can get it done in matter of hours!<br />

One common problem is when a blue screen appears and the PC does not work at all. In this<br />

case, you will have to restart the computer as there is no other option. This is called a STOP<br />

error and it can be fixed by using the appropriate STOP code. These codes can be found<br />

online quite easily. Depending on the error, the user can choose the best one and resolve<br />

the problem. By learning how to solve these basic PC problems, the user can avoid bigger<br />

and more difficult problems down the line.<br />

Check the computer and identify the problem. In some instan<strong>ce</strong>s, all it takes is to restart the<br />

computer. If this does not work, check the antivirus and spyware software to see if they are<br />

updated. Restart the computer in safe mode and type the F8 key which displays the boot<br />

screen. Run virus scans to check for virus <strong>issue</strong>s. If the screen does not appear, you may<br />

need to call in a professional. A scan disk or defrag check can also be done to check for<br />

errors and mostly these steps would solve the problem on your PC.<br />

Most of the common computer problems are a result of poor maintenan<strong>ce</strong> but most people<br />

can repair their computer by themselves even if they are not too tech savvy. A logical person<br />


with ability to follow instructions can repair a computer. If you are still not sure, it’s best to<br />

seek professional help.<br />

For more information on basic PC repair, check out these resour<strong>ce</strong>s. Note Some work or<br />

don’t !<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Troubleshooting Tips: Offers a list of links to help users troubleshoot their computer.<br />

PC Troubleshooting Manual: The page provides tips on computer troubleshooting and<br />

repair.<br />

Dead Computer: Learn how to get it working again.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> & Repair: A tutorial that offers basic computer maintenan<strong>ce</strong> and repair.<br />

Slow Computer: Step-by-step instructions on how to speed up the computer.<br />

Upgrade Hard Drive: The site provides a step-by-step tutorial on how to upgrade a<br />

MacBook hard drive.<br />

No Sound in Windows: This tutorial shows how to solve sound problems in Windows.<br />

Replacing Sound Card: The site offers a detailed tutorial on changing a sound card.<br />

Bad Memory: The guide shows how to diagnose bad memory on the PC.<br />

Basic Diagnosis: The page provides instructions on diagnosing a computer.<br />

5 Questions: Essential questions to ask to find out what’s wrong with the computer.<br />

Computer Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> & Repair: A full tutorial to help users solve simple computer<br />

problems.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> Checklist: Use this checklist to find out if everything’s working well.<br />

Making Computers Run Better: The page offers some advi<strong>ce</strong> on how to make the<br />

computer run better.<br />

Improve Speed: A detailed tutorial on speeding up the PC.<br />

Basic Computer Tutorial: Learn about some of the basic con<strong>ce</strong>pts of computing.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> Pro<strong>ce</strong>dures: Follow these pro<strong>ce</strong>dures to maintain your computer.<br />

Maintenan<strong>ce</strong> Tips: The page provides 10 essential tips to a healthy computer.<br />

Preventive Maintenan<strong>ce</strong>: A collection of tutorials to help maintain a working PC.<br />

Recommended Pro<strong>ce</strong>dures: Learn these maintenan<strong>ce</strong> pro<strong>ce</strong>dures to prevent<br />

computer problems.<br />

Routine Maintenan<strong>ce</strong>: The site offers some routine maintenan<strong>ce</strong> tips to keep the PC<br />

healthy.<br />

Improve Performan<strong>ce</strong>: Follow these steps to get the most out of the PC.<br />

Better PC Performan<strong>ce</strong>: The page offers five ways to improve a computer’s<br />

performan<strong>ce</strong>.<br />

Basic Computer Terminology: A pla<strong>ce</strong> to find descriptions on many computer terms.<br />

Computer Basics: The University of Chicago offers a list of basic computer terms.<br />


The Journey Inside: Intel presents a series of 35 online lessons for you to learn about<br />

computers.<br />

Geek Squad: The site offers a variety of PC repair servi<strong>ce</strong>s.<br />

Boston Computing Network: Provides computer repair servi<strong>ce</strong>s for Apple Macintosh,<br />

laptops, networking servi<strong>ce</strong>s, and more.<br />

On-Site PC Servi<strong>ce</strong>s: The site offers all types of computer repair servi<strong>ce</strong>s for<br />

residential as well as commercial purposes.<br />

Computer Repair Pri<strong>ce</strong> List: The page offers information on the cost of PC repairs<br />

For more information on this web site click this LINK !<br />

CE Magazine public servi<strong>ce</strong><br />


Aug 2, 2015, 09:30am EDT<br />

Windows 10 Vs Windows 8 Vs Windows 7: What's<br />

The Differen<strong>ce</strong>?<br />

Gordon Kelly<br />

Senior Contributor<br />

Consumer Tech<br />

I write about technology's biggest companies<br />

Windows 10 launched on July 29th and has already been downloaded over 14<br />

million times. But why? Microsoft ‘s decision to make Windows 10 free plays a big<br />

part (especially given warnings to wait) but it is also just the tip of the i<strong>ce</strong>berg.<br />

So let‘s weigh up the main differen<strong>ce</strong>s between Windows 10, Windows 7 and<br />

Windows 8. There are a large number of pros but also some significant cons,<br />

including a few potential deal breakers.<br />

1. What Makes Windows 10 Worth The Upgrade<br />

Cost - While some Windows 7 and Windows 8 users will not get Windows 10 free,<br />

for the vast majority there is no cost to upgrading whatsoever. On paper this is a<br />

great deal because Windows 10 is not cheap and ‗Windows 10 Home‘ and<br />

‗Windows 10 Pro‘ editions retail for $119 and $199 respectively.<br />

By contrast Windows 7 and Windows 8 have not been made free by Microsoft<br />

following Windows 10‘s release and the company has no plans to make them so.<br />

Consequently even if you revert back to Windows 7 or Windows 8 in time, it would<br />

seem to make sense to take your free Windows 10 upgrade while it lasts.<br />

Longer Support -Another key reason for getting the latest edition of Windows is<br />

Microsoft will support it for longer than both Windows 7 and Windows 8. The<br />

Windows Lifecycle page (screen grab below) breaks this down into two sections:<br />

Mainstream Support and Extended Support.<br />


Mainstream Support is the deadline for adding new features and functionality which<br />

makes it less crucial, but Extended Support is when Microsoft will stop supporting<br />

the platform with security updates. As you will see Windows 10 gives five more<br />

years Extended Support over Windows 7 and two more years over Windows 8:<br />

Windows Lifecycles - Image credit Microsoft<br />

Flexibility and Universal Apps -Where Microsoft deserves a lot of credit with<br />

Windows 10 is its ambition because the OS will run across all future Microsoft<br />

devi<strong>ce</strong>s from desktops and laptops, to hybrids, tablets and smartphones.<br />

The biggest benefits of this are:<br />

1. Apps in the new Windows Store will run on any devi<strong>ce</strong> which means a single<br />

version of Angry Birds works everywhere.<br />

2. Microsoft‘s ‗Continuum‘ feature allows you to potentially connect a phone or<br />

tablet to a monitor and keyboard and use it like a PC. Yes Windows 10 really<br />

does run through every devi<strong>ce</strong> and the user interfa<strong>ce</strong> can adapt to its<br />

environment - be that phone, tablet or PC and touch, mouse or keyboard<br />

interaction.<br />

Read more- Windows 10: Should You Upgrade?<br />


Gaming -Windows 10 brings with it DirectX 12 and for serious gamers this is a<br />

must have. Initial reports suggested DX12 would bring a 30-40% performan<strong>ce</strong> gain<br />

over DX11 and whereas the reality is closer to 10-20% that‘s still money for old<br />

rope. Windows 7 and Windows 8 will never get ac<strong>ce</strong>ss to DX12.<br />

In addition Windows 10 supports streaming games from an Xbox One. Controllers<br />

for the Xbox One are compatible with Windows 10 PCs and you can be playing The<br />

Witcher 3 on your desktop or laptop in minutes. Best of all, Xbox One streaming is<br />

fast and responsive and again it will not come to Windows 7 or Windows 8 at a<br />

later date.<br />

Windows 10 is the single operating system working across all Microsoft desktops, laptops, tablets and phones<br />

Search / Cortana - Windows 8 offers fairly de<strong>ce</strong>nt online search baked into its<br />

controversial Start Screen and Windows 7 only offers local searches (what is on the<br />

computer itself), Windows 10 easily trumps them both.<br />

The secret to its suc<strong>ce</strong>ss is Cortana, a voi<strong>ce</strong> assistant ported over from Windows<br />

Phone and whose name comes from the Halo video game franchise. Like Siri on<br />

iOS and Google Voi<strong>ce</strong> Search on Android, Cortana can respond to voi<strong>ce</strong> commands<br />


and perform everything from quick Internet searches to core tasks around Windows<br />

10 like opening a new email, creating calendar entries and much more.<br />

Cortana isn‘t perfect, but she/it works pretty well out the gate and will only get<br />

better with time.<br />

Edge Browser and Virtual Desktops - I‘ve listed these both together as they are<br />

catch up features. The Edge browser (which is still feature limited at launch) is<br />

Microsoft‘s attempt to claw back momentum from Chrome. Edge works<br />

significantly faster than Internet Explorer and is only available on Windows 10.<br />

In addition to this Windows 10 finally adds Virtual Desktops like those long seen<br />

on Linux and Mac OS X. These allow users without multi-monitor setups to create<br />

multiple virtual desktops which are handy for splitting usage between work and<br />

leisure, work into projects or whatever you require. It‘s a great feature.<br />

Features<br />

Gallery: Windows 10: Best And Worst New<br />

11 images<br />

View gallery --><br />

Minimum Requirements - Technically Windows 10 doesn‘t win this category, but<br />

in requiring a PC with no greater minimum specifications than both two year old<br />

Windows 8 and five year old Windows 7 Microsoft deserves great credit. Those<br />

specifications:<br />

RAM: 1 gigabyte (GB) for 32-bit or 2GB for 64-bit<br />

Hard disk spa<strong>ce</strong>: 16 GB for 32-bit OS 20GB for 64-bit OS<br />

Graphics card: DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver<br />

Display: 800 x 600<br />

I suspect a major motivator for Microsoft here was that Windows 10 needs to run<br />

smoothly on both phones and tablets as well as PCs. That should make it efficient<br />


enough to run on most PCs these days, with the ex<strong>ce</strong>ption of some very old<br />

Windows XP machines.<br />

Read more - When 'Free' Windows 10 Becomes Expensive, You Must Know This<br />

Security - While both Windows 7 and Windows 8 do a pretty good job of keeping<br />

users secure, Windows 10 ups its game with several new features. First is ‗Devi<strong>ce</strong><br />

Guard‘ which blocks zero-day attacks by vetting unsigned software programs and<br />

apps. Devi<strong>ce</strong> Guard can also operate virtually so even if it is compromised a remote<br />

version can recognise and neutralise malicious software.<br />

Next is ‗Windows Hello‘ which is enhan<strong>ce</strong>d biometric support designed to redu<strong>ce</strong><br />

relian<strong>ce</strong> on passwords by using your fa<strong>ce</strong>, iris, or fingerprint. You‘ll need hardware<br />

support for this on your devi<strong>ce</strong> (webcam, fingerprint reader, etc) but initial feedback<br />

is it works well and again should improve over the lifetime of Windows 10.<br />

Lastly in Windows 10 Microsoft now delivers security patches outside Windows<br />

Update so they go straight to your computer the moment they are available. In<br />

theory this means Windows 10 computers are always up-to-date which gives<br />

hackers a much harder time, even if there are also some notable downsides.<br />

In fact, while this list may make upgrades to Windows 10 sound like a no brainer,<br />

there are actually serious pitfalls in moving to Microsoft‘s latest OS.<br />

So now here are all the reasons you should stay put on Windows 7 or Windows 8...<br />

2. What Makes It Worth Staying On Windows 7 Or Windows 8<br />

Great as a free pri<strong>ce</strong> tag, longer support, better apps and gaming, searches and<br />

security may sound unfortunately the list where Windows 7 and Windows 8 current<br />

beat out Windows 10 is just as strong.<br />

These are my main con<strong>ce</strong>rns:<br />

Stability - Right now Windows 10 is brand new and it has launched with a<br />

surprisingly large number of bugs which you won‘t find in Windows 7 or Windows<br />

8. Among these are disappearing icons from the taskbar, Start Menu lock-ups,<br />

Windows Store download bugs, copy and paste errors, problems with audio and<br />

more.<br />


In fact Microsoft is about to release a massive one gigabyte download of bug fixes,<br />

which gives you an idea of the scale. The trouble is such numerous patches always<br />

bring new bugs of their own. Consequently this isn‘t so much a reason never to<br />

upgrade to Windows 10, but a good reason not to upgrade to Windows 10 right<br />

now.<br />

By contrast Windows 7 and Windows 8 (despite the latter‘s bumpy start) are pretty<br />

much rock solid these days.<br />

Mandatory Updates - Windows 10 may be more secure and up-to-date because of<br />

this, but Microsoft‘s decision to for<strong>ce</strong> updates upon users also has significant<br />

downsides. This has included automatically installing a broken graphics driver<br />

which crashed displays, a security patch which crashed Windows Explorer and<br />

more.<br />

By contrast Windows 8 and Windows 7 make all updates optional and you‘re<br />

alerted to install them. I believe the ideal solution lies halfway between the two:<br />

make all updates automatic by default, but give users the option to stop or delay any<br />

update categories or individual updates they like. Right now this lack of flexibility<br />

makes Windows 10 a deal breaker for some.<br />

Read more - Windows 10 Automatic Updates Causing Serious New Problems<br />


Windows Update's Nvidia driver update clashes with Nvidia's own GeFor<strong>ce</strong> Experien<strong>ce</strong> update software leading to<br />

system instability and these contradictory notifications - Image credit Paul Monckton<br />

Brutal Enfor<strong>ce</strong>ment Policies - Of course mandatory updates have led to many<br />

users devising elabourate ways to sidestep Windows 10 patches, but there‘s little<br />

point in this. Microsoft requires users to ac<strong>ce</strong>pt these terms in its Windows 10<br />

EULA (end user li<strong>ce</strong>n<strong>ce</strong> agreement) and security updates now sidestep Windows<br />

Update and are installed to all versions of Windows 10 without warning.<br />

Meanwhile driver and feature updates through Windows Update can be delayed up<br />

to one month by Windows 10 Home users (the vast majority of consumers) and<br />

eight months by Windows 10 Pro customers (most businesses), but after that time<br />

Microsoft will cut off the next round of updates (including security patches) from<br />

users until they ac<strong>ce</strong>pt the previous ones.<br />

Windows 7 and Windows 8 have had similar policies for major updates in the past<br />

(Servi<strong>ce</strong> Packs in Windows 7, and the Windows 8.1 update) but a user doesn‘t fa<strong>ce</strong><br />

a ticking clock for every single update - big or small - as with Windows 10.<br />

Interestingly Microsoft re<strong>ce</strong>ntly released a tool for uninstalling bad updates on<br />

Windows 10 which suggests its stan<strong>ce</strong> may be softening, but the tool only works<br />

after updates are installed which isn‘t much use if a bad one stops your PC from<br />

booting.<br />

Privacy -If the enfor<strong>ce</strong>ment policies were tough, however, they have nothing on the<br />

privacy violations Microsoft requests in the Windows 10 EULA. A notable section<br />

reads:<br />

―We will ac<strong>ce</strong>ss, disclose and preserve personal data, including your content (such<br />

as the content of your emails, other private communications or files in private<br />

folders), when we have a good faith belief that doing so is ne<strong>ce</strong>ssary.‖<br />

Needless to say ―ne<strong>ce</strong>ssary‖ is a crucial qualifier and this should mean Microsoft<br />

won‘t violate your privacy for no reason, but that all comes down to trust - and<br />

there‘s not a great deal of that going around in a post-Snowden world.<br />


Windows 10 is a smart mix of the new and the familiar<br />

Ease of Use - In fairness Windows 7 is so ubiquitous that Windows 10 was never<br />

going to be more intuitive to use than its much loved forebear. That said Windows<br />

10 is more intuitive than Windows 8 and much of that comes down to the return of<br />

the Start Menu. Consequently Windows 10 is a great blend of the advan<strong>ce</strong>ments of<br />

Windows 8 and the familiarity of Windows 7, but sight of Windows 8 elements<br />

(and there are many) will still be too much for some.<br />

Windows 10 also needs greater consistency across its user interfa<strong>ce</strong> as there is still a<br />

jarring transition between traditional desktop settings like the Control Panel and<br />

settings pushed into the Modern UI. Microsoft really needs to get this sorted out and<br />

it should‘ve been by now.<br />

Lost Features - This won‘t affect too many users, but the fact is Windows 10 does<br />

kill some features Windows 7 and Windows 8 users consider essential.<br />

The big one is Windows Media Center which is a mainstay in some home media<br />

setups, while there‘s also no native DVD playback (Microsoft is reconsidering this),<br />

no desktop gadgets and no floppy drive support. Meanwhile games like Solitaire<br />

have been removed and are now ad supported from the Windows Store with<br />

payment required to remove them.<br />

Read more - Windows 10 Upgrades Explained: Who Gets It Free?<br />

Broadband Hog - While Windows 10‘s mandatory update policy has split opinions,<br />

a far less widely reported <strong>issue</strong> is also taking pla<strong>ce</strong>: the new OS uses a peer-to-peer<br />


(p2p) update distribution system called ‗Windows Update Delivery Optimization‘<br />

(WUDO).<br />

The benefit of WUDO is that on<strong>ce</strong> one Windows 10 devi<strong>ce</strong> has downloaded the<br />

latest updates it will automatically distribute them to other PCs on your network,<br />

saving time. The problem is your PC will also start to share this update with other<br />

PCs around the world that still need it. This takes the pressure off Microsoft‘s<br />

servers but also means Windows 10 will consume more of your bandwidth than<br />

Windows 7 or Windows 8, neither of which do this.<br />

The good news for those on metered connections is this can be changed by going to:<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Settings > Update & Security > the Windows Update section > Advan<strong>ce</strong>d<br />

options<br />

Select PCs on my local network only for WUDO to only be used for your<br />

PCs, or<br />

Switch it off so each PC has to get their own downloads<br />

While the option to disable is ni<strong>ce</strong>, WUDO is another example of where Microsoft<br />

should be more transparent with Windows 10 and let them know upfront what their<br />

devi<strong>ce</strong>s will be doing behind their backs by default.<br />


Windows 7 and 8 users are now prompted to get Windows 10<br />

Bottom Line<br />

Given the way Windows operating systems evolve over their lifecycles, it is<br />

impossible right now to overly praise or damn Windows 10 but we can start<br />

drawing conclusions compared to the differen<strong>ce</strong>s between it and its prede<strong>ce</strong>ssors.<br />

My personal feeling is that Windows 10 is an improvement on both Windows 7 and<br />

Windows 8 and in time it will be considered one of the great Microsoft releases.<br />

That said Windows 10 launches with more bugs than it should and (while Microsoft<br />

has crafted a super OS) it is also the most controlling and invasive version of<br />

Windows the company has ever released and a compromise does need to be found<br />

long term.<br />

All of which means Windows 10 is both the best and most troubling Windows<br />

version I‘ve used. Those determined to be on the cutting edge will upgrade and love<br />

it, but those more wedded to Windows 7 and Windows 8 should wait a little longer.<br />

The Windows 10 free purchase period lasts until July 29th 2016 for eligible users so<br />

there is time to see whether Microsoft can address the differen<strong>ce</strong>s which make<br />

Windows 10 worse than its prede<strong>ce</strong>ssors compared to those that make it shine.<br />

More Windows 10 Coverage<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

<br />

Windows 10: Should You Upgrade?<br />

Microsoft Changes Windows 10 'Free Upgrade' Rules<br />

Windows 10 Upgrades Explained: Who Gets It Free?<br />

Microsoft Makes Windows 10 Upgrades Automatic For Windows 7 And<br />

Windows 8<br />

From CE Magazine:<br />

Want to know more? Click this FORBES WINDOWS link!<br />



From my home and staff to your family, have a great<br />

Thanksgiving and May Pea<strong>ce</strong> dwell in your home.<br />

From:<br />

Peter Nadal, Pam Kennoy, Rodrigo Esperanza,<br />

Nomar Shaw, Diane G and Big Poppa<br />

And<br />

The Nanomites<br />


Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!