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<strong>An</strong><br />

ORTHODOX CATECHISM<br />

Being the Sum of<br />

Christian Religion<br />

Contained in the Law and Gospel.<br />

With NKJV Proof Texts and<br />

Scripture Index<br />

By: Hercules Collins<br />

(1646/7-1702)<br />

PARTICULAR BAPTIST<br />

HERITAGE BOOKS<br />

Knightstown, Indiana


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

Originally Published: <strong>1680</strong><br />

PBHB edition: 2022<br />

Particular Baptist Heritage Books<br />

7346 S. Grant City Rd.<br />

Knightstown, IN 46148<br />

email: info@particularbaptistbooks.com<br />

website: www.ParticularBaptistBooks.com<br />

General Editor: D.W. Barger<br />

Copy Editors: A.J. Hammaker & T.R. McCann-<br />

Barnes<br />

ISBN: 978-1-64127-021-2<br />

Book cloth – Hardcover - NKJV<br />

Scripture taken from the New King James<br />

Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson.<br />

Used by permission. All rights reserved.<br />

Cataloging data:<br />

1. Baptists – Great Britain – History<br />

2. Particular Baptists – England<br />

Printed and bound in the U.S.A by<br />

MissionBookmakers.com


CONTENTS<br />

Publisher’s Note ................................................. v<br />

Original Preface ................................................ vii<br />

Q. 1-11. Of Man’s Misery .............................. 1<br />

Q. 12-24. Of Man’s Redemption................ 13<br />

Q. 25-27. God the Father ............................ 28<br />

Q. 28-51. God the Son ................................ 34<br />

Q. 52-63. God the Holy Spirit .................... 60<br />

Q. 64-67. The Sacraments ........................... 74<br />

Q. 68-78. Baptism ......................................... 78<br />

Q. 79-82. Laying on of Hands .................... 95<br />

Q. 83-94. The Lord’s Supper .................... 105<br />

Q. 95-100. Of Man’s Thankfulness ......... 127<br />

Q. 101-137. The Law of God ................... 134<br />

Q. 138-152. Prayer ...................................... 173<br />

<strong>An</strong> Appendix Concerning the<br />

Ordinance of Singing ................................. 195<br />

The Apostles’ Creed ...................................... 217<br />

The Nicene Creed .......................................... 219<br />

The Athanasian Creed ................................... 221<br />

Scripture Index ............................................... 225<br />

iii


PUBLISHER’S NOTE:<br />

It is hoped that our books will serve to reintroduce<br />

many of today’s Baptists to the<br />

literary heritage of their notable and largely<br />

forgotten forefathers, the Particular Baptists.<br />

Particular Baptists were individuals who<br />

embraced the historic Calvinistic doctrine of<br />

salvation (the term “Particular” denoting their<br />

commitment to particular redemption); that is,<br />

Christ’s sacrificial death upon the cross atoned<br />

for the sins of His church alone and no others.<br />

Their written works were both theologically<br />

driven and spiritually rooted. Such works not<br />

only offered the reader penetrating insights<br />

into God’s word but also a deep sense of<br />

devotion to Christ.<br />

As a publishing guideline, our editors strive<br />

to provide the reader with an unabridged,<br />

accurate word-for-word republication of the<br />

original. This includes original spellings,<br />

punctuations, sentence structure, etc. We<br />

believe this approach allows the original<br />

author(s) to speak for themselves while<br />

v


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

providing the reader with a faithful<br />

representation of their work.<br />

For clarity, we wish to inform our readers<br />

that our publishing of an author does not entail<br />

a complete endorsement by Particular Baptist<br />

Heritage Books of every doctrinal point held<br />

by any specific author.<br />

Among our goals with such republications is<br />

to provide modern readers convenient access<br />

to Baptist primary sources for the purpose of<br />

(a) building up Christ’s church in spirit and<br />

truth and (b) continuing the work of Baptist<br />

historiography.<br />

It is our humble opinion that among the<br />

many pressing needs of Baptist churches today<br />

is the need to recover and preserve their literary<br />

heritage.<br />

As a small publisher, we heavily depend upon<br />

your generosity to help cover the costs<br />

associated with placing these historic and<br />

valuable works into a lasting format.<br />

Would you then, please prayerfully consider<br />

becoming a printing partner?<br />

To do so, visit our website at<br />

www.ParticularBaptistBooks.com<br />

vi


ORIGINAL PREFACE<br />

Unto the Church of Christ, who upon<br />

confession of faith have been baptized,<br />

meeting in Old-Gravel-Lane London, grace,<br />

mercy, and peace be multiplied unto you, and<br />

the good will of him which dwelt in the bush<br />

be with your spirits, Amen.<br />

Dearly Beloved,<br />

Forasmuch as there is but a small time<br />

allotted unto any of us in this world, and not<br />

knowing but my staff standeth next the door<br />

ready to depart, I am desirous in this respect so<br />

to bestow my precious and present time in my<br />

Lord’s business, as I may not return to Him<br />

with my talent wrapped up in a napkin, but may<br />

leave behind me some poor token and<br />

testimony of my love and duty towards Him,<br />

and His blessed spouse, the church.<br />

<strong>An</strong>d forasmuch as the day we live in is very<br />

gloomy and dark; full of error and heresy,<br />

which spreads more and more (through the<br />

indefatigable endeavors of the maintainers of<br />

vii


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

it) like an overflowing leprosy, and eateth as<br />

doth a canker.<br />

Also considering it is a day of great<br />

declension in love to God and one to another<br />

also from those gospel truths, the least of<br />

which is more worth than our lives: all which<br />

may give God just cause to say to England’s<br />

professors, as once to Israel, “What iniquity<br />

have your fathers found in Me that they are<br />

gone away far from Me?” As if God should say,<br />

“Am I not the same as ever in power,<br />

goodness, faithfulness? Is not my Word and<br />

Ordinances the same, yea my promises and<br />

heaven the same now as ever?”<br />

Now that you may not be shaken, shattered,<br />

and carried away with every wind and blast,<br />

every puff and breath of error and heresy; also<br />

that you may be the better established,<br />

strengthened, and settled on that sure Rock<br />

and Foundation of salvation, Christ’s merits, in<br />

opposition to the poor imperfect works of an<br />

impotent creature; also settled on the<br />

foundation of Church constitution, on which<br />

you are already built, through the grace of God<br />

viii


Original Preface<br />

which stirred you up to search the divine<br />

Oracle, and Rule of divine service, as Ezra and<br />

Nehemiah searched into the particular parts of<br />

God’s worship, by which means they came to<br />

the practice of that almost lost ordinance of<br />

God, the Feast of Tabernacles, which for many<br />

years was not practiced after the due order,<br />

though a general notion was retained about it.<br />

I say, under these considerations, I have in<br />

charitable regard to your souls, presented you<br />

with this small (but I am bold to say) sound<br />

piece of divinity, which may not unfitly be<br />

styled an abridgement, or epitome of law and<br />

gospel, suited to everyone’s capacity in God’s<br />

house: here is milk for babes, and meat for<br />

strong men. It may not unfitly be compared to<br />

the waters of the sanctuary, where some may<br />

go up to the ankles, others to the knees, others<br />

to the loins, and they are deep enough for<br />

others to swim in. Here you are not only taught<br />

to be good Christians, but good moralists; the<br />

lack of which among them that have the leaves<br />

and lamps of profession (as ‘tis to be feared<br />

such have little more) is of a heart-breaking<br />

ix


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

consideration to many that desire to walk with<br />

God.<br />

Now albeit here may be many things which<br />

some of you may know already, yet unto such<br />

those things I hope will be as acceptable as St.<br />

Peter’s epistles were to the scattered saints,<br />

though they knew much of the matter before;<br />

yet I dare say here is something which may be<br />

for information as well as establishment to the<br />

most knowing among you.<br />

I have not undertaken to present you with<br />

new notions or principles, hoping an Athenian<br />

spirit is in none of you, but do believe that an<br />

old Gospel (to you that have tasted the<br />

sweetness of it) will be more acceptable than a<br />

new, though published by an angel from<br />

heaven.<br />

In what I have written you will see I agree<br />

with the most orthodox divines in the<br />

fundamental principles and articles of the<br />

Christian faith, and also have industriously<br />

expressed them in the same words, which have<br />

on the like occasion been spoken, only<br />

differing in some things about Church<br />

x


Original Preface<br />

constitution, wherein I have taken a little pains<br />

to shew you the true form of God’s house, with<br />

the coming in thereof, and the going out<br />

thereof: but I hope my zeal in this will not be<br />

misinterpreted by any that truly fear God. That<br />

God whom we serve is very jealous of his<br />

worship; and forasmuch as by his Providence<br />

the law of His house hath been preserved and<br />

continued to us, we look upon it as our duty in<br />

our generation to be searching out the mind of<br />

God in His holy oracle, as Ezra and Nehemiah<br />

did the Feast of Tabernacles, and to reform<br />

what is amiss, as Hezekiah, who took a great<br />

deal of pains to cleanse the house of God, and<br />

set all things in order, that were out of order,<br />

particularly caused the people to keep the<br />

Passover according to the institution: for it had<br />

not, saith the text, been of a long time kept in<br />

such sort as it was written; and albeit the pure<br />

institutions of Christ were not for some<br />

hundreds of years practiced according to the<br />

due order, or very little through the<br />

innovations of <strong>An</strong>tichrist; and as circumcision<br />

for about forty years was unpracticed in the<br />

wilderness, yet as Joshua puts this duty in<br />

xi


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

practice as soon as God signified his mind in<br />

that particular, so we having our judgements<br />

informed about the true way of worship, do<br />

not dare to stifle the light God hath given us.<br />

Now albeit there are some differences<br />

between many godly divines and us in Church<br />

constitution, yet inasmuch as those things are<br />

not the essence of Christianity, but that we do<br />

agree in the fundamental doctrine thereof,<br />

there is sufficient ground to lay aside all<br />

bitterness and prejudice, and labor to maintain<br />

a spirit of love each to other, knowing we shall<br />

never see all alike here. We find in the primitive<br />

times that the Baptism of Christ was not<br />

universally known, witness the ignorance of<br />

Apollos that eminent disciple and minister,<br />

which knew only the Baptism of John. <strong>An</strong>d if<br />

God shall enlighten any into any truth, which<br />

they shall stifle for base and unwarrantable<br />

ends, know that ‘tis God must judge, and not<br />

man. <strong>An</strong>d wherein we cannot concur, let us<br />

leave that to the coming of Christ Jesus, as they<br />

did their difficult cases in the Church of old<br />

until there did arise a priest with Urim and<br />

xii


Original Preface<br />

Thummim, that might certainly inform them of<br />

the mind of God thereabout.<br />

I have proposed three Creeds to your<br />

consideration, which ought thoroughly to be<br />

believed and embraced by all those that would<br />

be accounted Christians, viz. the Nicene Creed,<br />

Athanasius his Creed, and the Creed<br />

commonly called the Apostles’. The last of<br />

which contains the sum of the gospel; which is<br />

industriously opened and explained; and I<br />

beseech you do not slight it because of its form,<br />

nor antiquity, nor because supposed to be<br />

composed by men; neither because some that<br />

hold it, maintain some errors, or whose<br />

conversation may not be correspondent to<br />

such fundamental principles of salvation; but<br />

take this for a perpetual rule, that whatever is<br />

good in any, owned by any, whatever error or<br />

vice it may be mixed withal, the good must not<br />

be rejected for the error or evil’s sake, but<br />

owned, commended, and accepted. Here is<br />

also in the close of the book a brief, but full<br />

exposition of that prayer Christ taught His<br />

disciples. Also the Decalogue, or Ten<br />

Commandments, unfolded.<br />

xiii


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

Now forasmuch as I have taken a great deal<br />

of pains in gathering these broken fragments<br />

together for your utility and profit, I hope you<br />

will take a little pains to read it, and more to<br />

live it; and I pray do it seriously and<br />

observingly. Read it humbly and frequently,<br />

read it with prayer and meditation, then am I<br />

sure thou art a true Christian wilt love it more<br />

and more. <strong>An</strong>d as you love your own souls,<br />

love your children’s, and declare it in praying<br />

for them, as Job did for his, and instructing<br />

them as Abraham did his; also winning them to<br />

good by good example. <strong>An</strong>d that this book may<br />

be advantage to youth as well as others, it is<br />

catechistically handled for their more easy<br />

learning the principles of Christian religion,<br />

that so they being seasoned with the true<br />

Articles of Christian faith, may not so easily be<br />

tainted with the sentiments of men of corrupt<br />

minds in time of temptation. <strong>An</strong>d it is heartily<br />

desired that parents, especially professing ones,<br />

were more concerned for the everlasting<br />

welfare of their children, as David was for<br />

Solomon, when he charged him near his death<br />

to keep the Commandments and Judgements<br />

xiv


Original Preface<br />

of God above all. <strong>An</strong>d if parents would but<br />

conscientiously read those divine Oracles<br />

which hold forth their duty to their children, it<br />

would doubtless be to them of great advantage.<br />

As for this that I have presented to public<br />

view, I beg the reader’s kind indulgence as to<br />

the faults escaped therein. <strong>An</strong>d for those whom<br />

the Lord hath committed to my charge, that<br />

the eternal God may be your Refuge, and<br />

underneath you everlasting Arms; that grace<br />

may be opened to your hearts, and your hearts<br />

to grace; that the blessing of the God of<br />

Abraham, Isaac and Jacob may be upon you,<br />

and the eternal Spirit may be with you, shall be<br />

the prayer of your unworthy brother, but more<br />

unworthy pastor,<br />

H.C.<br />

xv


A N<br />

<strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong>:<br />

Being the Sum of<br />

Christian Religion,<br />

Contained in the Law and Gospel<br />

Published<br />

For preventing the Canker and<br />

Poison of Heresy and Error.<br />

By H. Collins.<br />

Search the Scriptures. John 14:39<br />

The Words that I have spoken, the same<br />

shall judge you in the last day. John 12:48.<br />

LONDON,<br />

Printed in the Year, <strong>1680</strong>.


Q. 1-11. Of Man’s Misery<br />

Q. 1: What is thy only comfort in life and death?<br />

A. That both in soul and body, 1 whether I live<br />

or die, 2 I am not mine own, but belong wholly<br />

unto my most faithful Lord and Savior Jesus<br />

Christ: 3 who by His most precious blood fully<br />

satisfying for all my sins, 4 hath delivered me<br />

from all the power of the Devil, 5 and so<br />

preserveth me, 6 that without the will of my<br />

heavenly Father, not so much as an hair may<br />

fall from my head; 7 yea all things must serve for<br />

my safety: 8 wherefore by His Spirit also he<br />

assureth me of everlasting life, 9 and maketh me<br />

ready and prepared, 10 that henceforth I may<br />

live to Him.<br />

1 1 Cor. 6:19. Or do you not know that your body is<br />

the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you<br />

have from God, and you are not your own?<br />

1 Thess. 5:10. Who died for us, that whether we wake<br />

or sleep, we should live together with Him.<br />

2 Rom. 14:8. For if we live, we live to the Lord; and if<br />

we die, we die to the Lord. Therefore, whether we live<br />

or die, we are the Lord's.<br />

3 1 Cor. 3:23. <strong>An</strong>d you are Christ's, and Christ is God's.<br />

4 1 Pet. 1:18-19. Knowing that you were not redeemed<br />

with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your<br />

21


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers,<br />

but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb<br />

without blemish and without spot. 1 John. 1:7. But if we<br />

walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship<br />

with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son<br />

cleanses us from all sin. 2:2. <strong>An</strong>d He Himself is the<br />

propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also<br />

for the whole world.<br />

5 1 John. 3:8. He who sins is of the devil, for the devil<br />

has sinned from the beginning. For this purpose the Son<br />

of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works<br />

of the devil. Heb. 2:14-15. Inasmuch then as the<br />

children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself<br />

likewise shared in the same, that through death He might<br />

destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the<br />

devil, and release those who through fear of death were<br />

all their lifetime subject to bondage.<br />

6 John 6:39. This is the will of the Father who sent<br />

Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing,<br />

but should raise it up at the last day.<br />

7 Matt. 10:30. But the very hairs of your head are all<br />

numbered. Luke 21:18. But not a hair of your head shall<br />

be lost.<br />

8 Rom. 8:28. <strong>An</strong>d we know that all things work<br />

together for good to those who love God, to those who<br />

are the called according to His purpose.<br />

9 2 Cor. 1:12. For our boasting is this: the testimony<br />

of our conscience that we conducted ourselves in the<br />

world in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly<br />

wisdom but by the grace of God, and more abundantly<br />

22


<strong>An</strong> Appendix Concerning the Ordinance of Singing<br />

toward you. 5:5. Now He who has prepared us for this<br />

very thing is God, who also has given us the Spirit as a<br />

guarantee. Eph. 1:13-14. In Him you also trusted, after<br />

you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation;<br />

in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the<br />

Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our<br />

inheritance until the redemption of the purchased<br />

possession, to the praise of His glory.<br />

10 Rom. 8:24-25. For we were saved in this hope, but<br />

hope that is seen is not hope; for why does one still hope<br />

for what he sees? But if we hope for what we do not see,<br />

we eagerly wait for it with perseverance.<br />

Q. 2: How many things are necessary for thee to know,<br />

that thou enjoying this comfort may live and die<br />

happily?<br />

A. Three. 1 The first, what is the greatness of my<br />

sin and misery. 2 The second, how I am<br />

delivered from all sin and misery. 3 The third,<br />

what thanks I owe unto God for this delivery. 4<br />

1 Luke 24:47. <strong>An</strong>d that repentance and remission of<br />

sins should be preached in His name to all nations,<br />

beginning at Jerusalem. 1 Cor. 6:11. <strong>An</strong>d such were some<br />

of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified,<br />

but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and<br />

by the Spirit of our God. Rom. 8:15. For you did not<br />

receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you<br />

received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out,<br />

23


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

"Abba, Father." Tit. 3:3-8. For we ourselves were also<br />

once foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving various lusts<br />

and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful and<br />

hating one another. But when the kindness and the love<br />

of God our Savior toward man appeared, not by works<br />

of righteousness which we have done, but according to<br />

His mercy He saved us, through the washing of<br />

regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, whom He<br />

poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our<br />

Savior, that having been justified by His grace we should<br />

become heirs according to the hope of eternal life. This<br />

is a faithful saying, and these things I want you to affirm<br />

constantly, that those who have believed in God should<br />

be careful to maintain good works. These things are<br />

good and profitable to men.<br />

2 John 4:41. <strong>An</strong>d many more believed because of His<br />

own word. Rom. 3:22-26. Even the righteousness of<br />

God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who<br />

believe. For there is no difference; for all have sinned<br />

and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely<br />

by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ<br />

Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His<br />

blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness,<br />

because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins<br />

that were previously committed, to demonstrate at the<br />

present time His righteousness, that He might be just<br />

and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.<br />

3 John 17:3. <strong>An</strong>d this is eternal life, that they may<br />

know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom<br />

You have sent.<br />

24


<strong>An</strong> Appendix Concerning the Ordinance of Singing<br />

4 Eph. 5:10. Finding out what is acceptable to the<br />

Lord. 1 Pet. 2:9. But you are a chosen generation, a royal<br />

priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that<br />

you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out<br />

of darkness into His marvelous light. 3:10-12. For "He<br />

who would love life <strong>An</strong>d see good days, Let him refrain<br />

his tongue from evil, <strong>An</strong>d his lips from speaking deceit.<br />

Let him turn away from evil and do good; Let him seek<br />

peace and pursue it. For the eyes of the Lord are on the<br />

righteous, <strong>An</strong>d His ears are open to their prayers; But the<br />

face of the Lord is against those who do evil."<br />

Rom. 6:11-13. Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to<br />

be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus<br />

our Lord. Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal<br />

body, that you should obey it in its lusts. <strong>An</strong>d do not<br />

present your members as instruments of<br />

unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as<br />

being alive from the dead, and your members as<br />

instruments of righteousness to God. Matt. 5:16. Let<br />

your light so shine before men, that they may see your<br />

good works and glorify your Father in heaven.<br />

Tit. 2:11-12. For the grace of God that brings salvation<br />

has appeared to all men, teaching us that, denying<br />

ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly,<br />

righteously, and godly in the present age.<br />

Q. 3: Whence knowest thou thy misery?<br />

A. Out of the law of God. 1<br />

25


<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

1 Rom. 3:20. Therefore by the deeds of the law no<br />

flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the<br />

knowledge of sin. 7:5. For when we were in the flesh,<br />

the sinful passions which were aroused by the law were<br />

at work in our members to bear fruit to death. 13. Has<br />

then what is good become death to me? Certainly not!<br />

But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in<br />

me through what is good, so that sin through the<br />

commandment might become exceedingly sinful. 5:20.<br />

Moreover the law entered that the offense might<br />

abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much<br />

more.<br />

Q. 4: What doth the law of God require of us?<br />

A. That which doth Christ summarily teach us,<br />

Matt. 22:37-40. Thou shalt love the Lord thy<br />

God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul,<br />

and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. 1<br />

This is the first and the great commandment,<br />

and the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love<br />

thy neighbor as thyself. On these two<br />

commandments hang the whole Law and the<br />

prophets.<br />

1 Luke 10:27. So he answered and said, " 'You shall<br />

love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your<br />

soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,' and<br />

'your neighbor as yourself.' "<br />

26


<strong>An</strong> Appendix Concerning the Ordinance of Singing<br />

Q. 5: Art thou able to keep all these things perfectly?<br />

A. No truly: 1 for by nature I am prone to the<br />

hatred of God, and of my neighbors. 2<br />

1 Rom. 3:10. As it is written: "There is none righteous,<br />

no, not one. 23. For all have sinned and fall short of the<br />

glory of God. 1 John 1:8. If we say that we have no sin,<br />

we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.<br />

2 Rom. 8:7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against<br />

God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed<br />

can be. Eph. 2:3. Among whom also we all once<br />

conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling<br />

the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by<br />

nature children of wrath, just as the others. Tit. 3:3. For<br />

we ourselves were also once foolish, disobedient,<br />

deceived, serving various lusts and pleasures, living in<br />

malice and envy, hateful and hating one another.<br />

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<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

Q. 6: Did God then make man so wicked and<br />

perverse?<br />

A. Not so, 1 but rather He made him good, and<br />

to His own image, 2 that is, endued with true<br />

righteousness and holiness, that he might<br />

rightly know God his Creator, and heartily love<br />

Him, and live with Him blessed forever, and<br />

that to praise and magnify Him. 3<br />

1 Gen. 1:31. Then God saw everything that He had<br />

made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and<br />

the morning were the sixth day.<br />

2 Gen. 1:26-27. Then God said, "Let Us make man in<br />

Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have<br />

dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the<br />

air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every<br />

creeping thing that creeps on the earth." So God created<br />

man in His own image; in the image of God He created<br />

him; male and female He created them.<br />

3 2 Cor. 3:18. But we all, with unveiled face, beholding<br />

as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being<br />

transformed into the same image from glory to glory,<br />

just as by the Spirit of the Lord. Col. 3:10. <strong>An</strong>d have put<br />

on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according<br />

to the image of Him who created him. Eph. 4:24. <strong>An</strong>d<br />

that you put on the new man which was created<br />

according to God, in true righteousness and holiness.<br />

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<strong>An</strong> Appendix Concerning the Ordinance of Singing<br />

Q. 7: Whence then ariseth the wickedness of man’s<br />

nature?<br />

A. From the fall and disobedience of our first<br />

parents, Adam and Eve: 1 hence is our nature so<br />

corrupt, that we are all conceived and born in<br />

sin. 2<br />

1 Rom. 5:12. Therefore, just as through one man sin<br />

entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death<br />

spread to all men, because all sinned. 18-19. Therefore,<br />

as through one man's offense judgment came to all men,<br />

resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's<br />

righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in<br />

justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience<br />

many were made sinners, so also by one Man's<br />

obedience many will be made righteous.<br />

2 Ps. 51:5. Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity,<br />

<strong>An</strong>d in sin my mother conceived me. Gen. 5:3. <strong>An</strong>d<br />

Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a<br />

son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him<br />

Seth.<br />

Q. 8: Are we so corrupt that we are not at all apt to do<br />

well, and are prone to all evil?<br />

A. Indeed we are, except we are regenerated by<br />

the Holy Ghost. 1<br />

1 John 3:5. Jesus answered, "Most assuredly, I say to<br />

you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot<br />

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<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

enter the kingdom of God." Gen. 6:5. Then the LORD<br />

saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth,<br />

and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only<br />

evil continually. Job 14:4. Who can bring a clean thing<br />

out of an unclean? No one! 15:16. How much less man,<br />

who is abominable and filthy, Who drinks iniquity like<br />

water! Isa. 53:6. All we like sheep have gone astray; We<br />

have turned, every one, to his own way; <strong>An</strong>d the LORD<br />

has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.<br />

FINIS.<br />

30


THE APOSTLES’ CREED<br />

I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker<br />

of heaven and earth;<br />

<strong>An</strong>d in Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son,<br />

our Lord;<br />

Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born<br />

of the Virgin Mary;<br />

Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified,<br />

dead and buried;<br />

He descended into hell;<br />

The third day He rose again from the dead;<br />

He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right<br />

hand of God the Father Almighty;<br />

From thence He shall come to judge the<br />

quick and the dead;<br />

I believe in the Holy Ghost;<br />

I believe an holy catholic church; the<br />

communion of saints;<br />

The forgiveness of sins;<br />

The resurrection of the body;<br />

<strong>An</strong>d the life everlasting. Amen.<br />

32


THE NICENE CREED<br />

I believe in one God, the Father Almighty,<br />

Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things<br />

visible and invisible.<br />

<strong>An</strong>d in one Lord Jesus Christ, the onlybegotten<br />

Son of God, begotten of the Father<br />

before all worlds; God of God, Light of Light,<br />

very God of very God; begotten, not made,<br />

being of one substance with the Father, by<br />

whom all things were made.<br />

Who, for us men and for our salvation, came<br />

down from heaven, and was incarnate by the<br />

Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made<br />

man; and was crucified also for us under<br />

Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and<br />

the third day He rose again, according to the<br />

Scriptures; and ascended into heaven, and sits<br />

on the right hand of the Father; and He shall<br />

come again, with glory, to judge both the quick<br />

and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no<br />

end.<br />

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<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

<strong>An</strong>d I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord<br />

and Giver of Life; who proceeds from the<br />

Father and the Son; who with the Father and<br />

the Son together is worshipped and glorified;<br />

who spoke by the prophets.<br />

<strong>An</strong>d I believe one holy catholic and apostolic<br />

Church. I acknowledge one baptism for the<br />

remission of sins; and I look for the<br />

resurrection of the dead, and the life of the<br />

world to come. Amen.<br />

35


THE ATHANASIAN CREED<br />

Whosoever will be saved, before all things it<br />

is necessary that he hold the catholic faith;<br />

Which faith except everyone do keep whole<br />

and undefiled, without doubt he shall perish<br />

everlastingly.<br />

<strong>An</strong>d the catholic faith is this: that we worship<br />

one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity;<br />

Neither confounding the Persons nor dividing<br />

the substance.<br />

For there is one Person of the Father,<br />

another of the Son, and another of the Holy<br />

Spirit.<br />

But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son,<br />

and of the Holy Spirit is all one, the glory equal,<br />

the majesty coeternal.<br />

Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and<br />

such is the Holy Spirit.<br />

The Father uncreated, the Son uncreated,<br />

and the Holy Spirit uncreated. The Father<br />

incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible,<br />

and the Holy Spirit incomprehensible. The<br />

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<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy<br />

Spirit eternal.<br />

<strong>An</strong>d yet they are not three eternals, but one<br />

eternal. As also there are not three uncreated<br />

nor three incomprehensibles, but one<br />

uncreated and one incomprehensible.<br />

So likewise, the Father is almighty, the Son is<br />

almighty, and the Holy Spirit is almighty. <strong>An</strong>d<br />

yet they are not three almighties, but one<br />

almighty.<br />

So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the<br />

Holy Spirit is God; <strong>An</strong>d yet they are not three<br />

Gods, but one God.<br />

So likewise, the Father is Lord, the Son Lord,<br />

and the Holy Spirit Lord; <strong>An</strong>d yet they are not<br />

three Lords, but one Lord. For like as we are<br />

compelled by the Christian verity to<br />

acknowledge every Person by himself to be<br />

God and Lord; So are we forbidden by the<br />

catholic religion to say, there are three Gods or<br />

three Lords.<br />

The Father is made of none, neither created<br />

nor begotten. The Son is of the Father alone;<br />

not made nor created, but begotten. The Holy<br />

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<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

Spirit is of the Father and of the Son; neither<br />

made, nor, created, nor begotten, but<br />

proceeding.<br />

So, there is one Father, not three Fathers;<br />

one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Spirit, not<br />

three Holy Spirits.<br />

<strong>An</strong>d in this Trinity none is afore or after<br />

another; none is greater or less than another.<br />

But the whole three Persons are coeternal,<br />

and coequal. So that in all things, as aforesaid,<br />

the Unity in Trinity and the Trinity in Unity is<br />

to be worshipped. He therefore that will be<br />

saved, must thus think of the Trinity.<br />

Furthermore, it is necessary to everlasting<br />

salvation, that we also believe rightly the<br />

incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.<br />

For the right faith is that we believe and<br />

confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of<br />

God, is God and man.<br />

God of the substance of the Father, begotten<br />

before the worlds; and man of substance of His<br />

mother, born in the world.<br />

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<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

Perfect God and perfect man, of a reasonable<br />

soul and human flesh subsisting. Equal to the<br />

Father as touching His Godhead, and inferior<br />

to the Father as touching His manhood.<br />

Who, although He is God and man, yet He is<br />

not two, but one Christ. One, not by<br />

conversion of the Godhead into flesh, but by<br />

taking of that manhood into God. One<br />

altogether, not by confusion of substance, but<br />

by unity of Person.<br />

For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one<br />

man, so God and man is one Christ; Who<br />

suffered for our salvation, descended into hell,<br />

rose again the third day from the dead; He<br />

ascended into heaven, He sits on the right hand<br />

of the Father, God, Almighty; From thence He<br />

shall come to judge the quick and the dead.<br />

At whose coming all men shall rise again with<br />

their bodies; and shall give an account of their<br />

own works. <strong>An</strong>d they that have done good<br />

shall go into life everlasting and they that have<br />

done evil into everlasting fire.<br />

This is the catholic faith, which except a man<br />

believe faithfully he cannot be saved.<br />

39


SCRIPTURE INDEX<br />

Genesis<br />

1:1-2 ....................... 25.1<br />

1:2 ........................... 52.1<br />

1:26-27 ..................... 6.2<br />

1:31 ........................... 6.1<br />

2:17 ......................... 39.1<br />

3:15 ......................... 19.1<br />

5:3 ............................. 7.2<br />

6:5 ............................. 8.1<br />

9:6 ..............123.1, 123.4<br />

9:25 ....................... 121.2<br />

12:6-7 ..................... 73.9<br />

13:15-17 ................. 73.9<br />

15:16, 18 ................ 73.9<br />

17:8-11 ................... 73.9<br />

17:9-12 ................... 72.1<br />

17:10 ....................... 86.3<br />

17:11 ....................... 65.1<br />

17:19, 21 ................ 73.5<br />

21:10 ....................... 73.5<br />

21:24, 31 .............. 116.2<br />

22:18 ....................... 19.2<br />

49:10-11 ................. 19.2<br />

Exodus<br />

12:26-27, 43, 48 .... 86.3<br />

13:9 ............... 85.3, 86.3<br />

15 ..... APPX. 25, 28, 32<br />

15:1 ............... APPX. 10<br />

15:21 ............. APPX. 15<br />

20:2 ....................... 104.1<br />

20:3-17 ................. 101.1<br />

20:5 ............... 11.2, 12.1<br />

20:7 ......................... 12.1<br />

20:17 ..................... 134.1<br />

21:14 ..................... 123.4<br />

21:17 ..................... 121.1<br />

22:18 ....................... 19.2<br />

23:5 ....................... 125.4<br />

23:7 ......................... 12.1<br />

23:24 ..................... 111.1<br />

24:8 ............... 85.2, 86.3<br />

34:5-7 ................... 145.2<br />

34:6 ......................... 11.1<br />

34:13-14, 17 ......... 111.1<br />

34:28 ..................... 102.1<br />

Leviticus<br />

5:1 ......................... 115.1<br />

6:25 ......................... 65.1<br />

9:24 ......................... 71.2<br />

10:16 ....................... 71.2<br />

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<strong>An</strong> <strong>Orthodox</strong> <strong>Catechism</strong><br />

41

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