Future Public Spaces

ISBN 978-3-98612-001-6

ISBN 978-3-98612-001-6


You also want an ePaper? Increase the reach of your titles

YUMPU automatically turns print PDFs into web optimized ePapers that Google loves.

<strong>Future</strong><br />

Urban Design in Times of Crisis<br />

<strong>Public</strong><br />

<strong>Spaces</strong><br />

Eds.<br />

Roland Krebs<br />

Stefan Mayr

Prefaces<br />

<strong>Public</strong> Space is a Fundamental Human Right ◉ Luisa Bravo<br />

Participatory Planning is Key to Truly Transforming<br />

Urban <strong>Spaces</strong> ◉ Horacio Terraza<br />

Real-life Laboratories for Urban Development ◉ Anselmo Cani<br />

6<br />

9<br />

11<br />

Prologue<br />

14<br />

Challenging <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong>: Dhaka, Maputo and Santo Domingo<br />

Dhaka, Bangladesh<br />

Maputo, Mozambique<br />

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic<br />

Addressing the Challenges—from the Local Perspective in Dhaka,<br />

Maputo and Santo Domingo ◉ Interview with Sheikh Md. Rezwan,<br />

Shila de Morais and Sharina Espinal<br />

24<br />

25<br />

32<br />

39<br />

47<br />

Resilient <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong>—Seven Topics Leading the Way<br />

to Integrated Urban Development<br />

Planning from Below ◉ Theresa König, Emma Gisinger,<br />

Lucia Nogales, Mariana Alegre, Ariela de Oliveira, Roland Krebs<br />

Gender-sensitive Planning ◉ Miligros Hurtig, Ana Falu, Viviana<br />

Herrera, Ariela de Oliveira, Roland Krebs<br />

Transitioning to Inclusive Mobility ◉ Theresa König, Katharina<br />

Höftberger, Viviana Herrera, Ariela de Oliveira, Roland Krebs<br />

Activating the Local Economy ◉ Emma Gisinger, Marcella Arruda,<br />

Viviana Herrera, Ariela de Oliveira, Roland Krebs<br />

Climate Change Adaptation ◉ Sunday Abuje, Viviana Herrera,<br />

Ariela de Oliveira, Roland Krebs<br />

Closing the Housing Gap ◉ Viviana Herrera, Daniela Sanjines,<br />

David Kostenwein, Sara Márquez Martín, Gorka Solana,<br />

Ariela de Oliveira, Roland Krebs<br />

Responsive City Administration ◉ Ariela de Oliveira,<br />

Emma Gisinger, Roland Krebs<br />

64<br />

70<br />

82<br />

93<br />

104<br />

115<br />

126<br />

138<br />


Contextualizing Participatory Urban Design—Learning from<br />

Asia, Africa and Latin America<br />

Dhaka Experiences—Academic Partnership in Urban<br />

Development ◉ Shayer Ghafur<br />

Transformative Kathmandu—Placemaking as an Innovative<br />

Approach to Respond to Urban Dynamics ◉ Niharika Mathema<br />

The Post-conflict City—Rebuilding Through Participation<br />

in the Context of Syrian Cities ◉ Ghada Rifai<br />

The Heart of the Community—<strong>Public</strong> Participation in Parks<br />

in Johannesburg ◉ Interview with Ayanda Roji<br />

The Community Architecture Experience Through the Lens<br />

of Bangladeshi “Community Architects” ◉ Interview with<br />

Suhailey Farzana, Mahmuda Alam, Rubaiya Nasrin, Emerald<br />

Upoma Baidya and Khondaker Hasibul Kabir<br />

Planning and the Informal City—Experiences from<br />

Cape Town ◉ Marcela Guerrero Casas and Dustin Kramer<br />

Collaborative Placemaking in Times of Political Disruption<br />

and Health Crisis—the Case of Khartoum City ◉ Rahma Ali<br />

Children’s Urbanism—Bottom-up Approaches from Another<br />

Perspective in Mozambique ◉ Interview with Elena Sentieri<br />

Co-Imagining Environmental Urbanism—La Fábrica de Cultura<br />

and the Carnival Ecosystem in Colombia ◉ Hubert Klumpner,<br />

Diego Ceresuela-Wiesmann, Alejandro Restrepo Montoya<br />

Exploratory Urban Walks—Reflections on Inclusive <strong>Public</strong><br />

Space on the Move ◉ Shaolin Nicole Saint Hilaire Jong<br />

Negociaciones Urbanas—Urban Production on the Periphery<br />

of Bogotá ◉ Interview with Ana López Ortego<br />

MapaNica—Community Mapping toward more Integrated<br />

Urban Mobility in Managua, Nicaragua ◉ Interview with<br />

Rodrigo Rodríguez<br />

Urban Planning Through the Gender-Lens—Lessons Learned<br />

from the City of Vienna ◉ Interview with Eva Kail<br />

Negotiating Spatial Justice—Reflections on Urban Cinema as<br />

Civic Space ◉ Marlene Rutzendorfer<br />

Urban Games—Gaming as Innovative Contribution to a More<br />

Inclusive Urban Development Process ◉ Eszter Tóth<br />

154<br />

155<br />

161<br />

167<br />

173<br />

179<br />

185<br />

191<br />

197<br />

203<br />

209<br />

215<br />

221<br />

227<br />

233<br />

239<br />


Dhaka Dreams—Co-creating New <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong> for All<br />

(Not) Arriving in Dhaka<br />

A Special Place of Hope: Shahjahanpur Jheel<br />

<strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong> for the Local Community<br />

“Emerging Topics” and the Local Flavor<br />

First Encounter with Hopes and Aspirations<br />

The Dhaka Urban Design Lab<br />

The Role of the Environment in Architecture and<br />

Urban Design ◉ Interview with Nahas Khalil<br />

We Need to Involve Universities in Everyday Municipal<br />

Challenges ◉ Interview with Ismat Hossain<br />

Co-creation in Practice<br />

The Potentials of Participation and Co-creation in Practice<br />

for Dhaka’s Urban Development ◉ Interview with Tanya Karim<br />

A Dream Comes True—a Visioning-storytelling<br />

Transforming the Urban Strategy into Designs<br />

248<br />

265<br />

266<br />

274<br />

275<br />

280<br />

284<br />

286<br />

291<br />

293<br />

310<br />

312<br />

313<br />

Urban Maputo—New Centralities in Twenty Informal<br />

Neighborhoods around the Formal City<br />

Arriving to Maputo<br />

Preparing to Co-create <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong> in Twenty Neighborhoods<br />

“Emerging Topics” as Starting Points<br />

Selection of Strategic <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong> to be Transformed<br />

into Centralities<br />

Tailoring the Toolbox for Dialogue-oriented Urban Design to Maputo<br />

The Maputo Urban Lab<br />

Approaches to <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong> in Maputo ◉ Interview with João Silva<br />

Supporting Local Development with Austrian Students ◉<br />

Interview with Sigi Atteneder<br />

From Data to Building a Design Strategy<br />

Sports in the <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong> of Maputo ◉ Interview with<br />

Edmundo Roque Ribeiro<br />

An Active Mobility Network to Improve Access to Jobs<br />

Make it Sustainable for the <strong>Future</strong><br />

350<br />

367<br />

368<br />

369<br />

372<br />

380<br />

391<br />

395<br />

402<br />

406<br />

411<br />

416<br />

416<br />


Laboratorio Santo Domingo—Green Urban Corridors and<br />

Residual <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong><br />

Designing the City of the Eternal Summer<br />

The Local Spirit of District 3<br />

Important Topics that Emerged during the Research Phase<br />

Master Class in Urban Design<br />

Academic Participation in the Laboratorio Santo<br />

Domingo ◉ Interview with Victoria De Láncer<br />

How Easy is it to Transfer Knowledge? ◉ Interview with Sina<br />

del Rosario and Winston von Engel<br />

Co-Creating a New Urban Avenue in Barcelona Metropoltian<br />

Area ◉ Interview with Judith Recio and Anna Majoral<br />

Now, the Laboratorio Santo Domingo May Start<br />

The Dominican Toolbox of Design<br />

A New Urban Avenue and Inclusive Green Corridor<br />

New Centralities as Game Changers<br />

Transform Residual <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong> into New Parks<br />

450<br />

467<br />

467<br />

472<br />

480<br />

482<br />

485<br />

489<br />

493<br />

500<br />

514<br />

515<br />

515<br />

Co-creative Design Toolbox<br />

Introduction to Participatory Urban Design<br />

Participatory Planning Process<br />

Planning a Participatory Session<br />

Guiding Questions for Each Phase<br />

Checklist for Planning a Participatory Session<br />

Combining and Adapting Tools<br />

How to Use the Toolbox: A Guide<br />

Tools for Local Assessment and Scoping<br />

Tools for Vision and Goals<br />

Tools for Action Planning<br />

Tools for Feedback and Evaluation<br />

550<br />

551<br />

554<br />

557<br />

560<br />

562<br />

564<br />

568<br />

571<br />

587<br />

604<br />

620<br />

Epilogue<br />

Interview with Mohammad Sirajul Islam,<br />

Nadia Sultanegy and Jesús D’Alessandro<br />

636<br />

637<br />

About the Editors<br />

Contributors to this Book<br />

Project Teams<br />

Imprint<br />

644<br />

645<br />

653<br />

656<br />


Dhaka<br />


Dhaka Dreams—<br />

Co-creating New <strong>Public</strong><br />

<strong>Spaces</strong> for All<br />

Shahjahanpur Jheel is a green oasis located in a dense, residential,<br />

middle to low-income neighborhood of Dhaka just<br />

to the northwest of the Central Railway Station. Together<br />

with the community, superwien co-created an urban vision<br />

of the jheel to develop a new green centrality in Dhaka. The<br />

plan, for the area of around 3.5 hectares, incorporates most<br />

of the ideas and wishes formulated by the community and<br />

seeks to reconcile conflicting interests wherever possible.<br />

The most important element that was mentioned by all<br />

stakeholder groups was a continuous walkway around the<br />

jheel. Other design elements that were widely called for<br />

include: more greenery, public toilets, a children’s playground,<br />

additional pedestrian bridges across the jheel, and<br />

seating facilities.

(Not) Arriving in Dhaka<br />

One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Dhaka can be imagined as<br />

a crowded, busy place defined by waterbodies. People travel by foot, bus, car or<br />

one of the many colorful rickshaws that are the city’s favorite mode of transportation.<br />

Vendors sell their goods at every corner: fruits and vegetables, fish and<br />

eggs, tin cans or fabrics of every imaginable pattern. The smell of their goods<br />

mixes with the noise of the hustle in the streets, enriching the manifold images<br />

with yet another layer of sensory stimulation.<br />

Sadly, we could only imagine all of this. Owing to travel restrictions during<br />

the pandemic in 2021 and early 2022, our international team was not able to visit<br />

this magical place. A city that has been shaped by migration and galloping population<br />

growth did not receive us as a temporary addition to its crowd of inhabitants.<br />

Luckily enough, we had a brilliant local team in place that would represent<br />

superwien on the ground and meet every challenge along the way.<br />

We knew that we needed the best team for this task. They should be our<br />

ears and eyes in Dhaka, there should be a seamless understanding between the<br />

local and international team. Our friend Ivan Kucina, architecture professor at<br />

Dessau Institute of Architecture in Germany, recommended speaking to one of<br />

his former students, Sadia Mounata, a Bangladesh-based architect and lecturer<br />

at Daffodil International University in Dhaka. She was on a study leave in Germany<br />

at that time. She introduced us to our future project manager: Ar. Sheikh Md.<br />

Rezwan. Together with him, we founded our interdisciplinary team, composed of<br />

architects, urban designers, social anthropologists, and a geographer: Amran<br />

Hasan, Azka Eshita, Bandhan Dhar, Humayun Kabir, and Javed Kaiser. All fulfilled<br />

the requirements for conducting a truly integrated participatory urban design<br />

process. Sadia joined the group, working from Germany. It could not have been<br />

more thrilling having such a team, comprised of experts with many years of experience<br />

both in the academic and practical field, as well as young, enthusiastic<br />

professionals who would bring in fresh ideas and could relate to the exceptionally<br />

young population of the city. An academic partnership was established with the<br />

Department of Architecture at the Daffodil International University, the most<br />

reliable partner.<br />

Extraordinary times call for extraordinary measures and thus the very<br />

first meeting with the team was conducted from everyone’s home. However, the<br />

team quickly bonded over the common situation, discussing the Covid-19 crisis<br />

and its urban implications. There was a shared understanding of the importance<br />

of public space and walkability in the city, not only to face pandemic-related<br />

problems but, also, many challenges that cities are generally confronted with<br />

265<br />

Dhaka Dreams

today. It was agreed that a city should be built to meet human needs and foster<br />

sustainable development. The first professional dialog thus set solid ground for<br />

the fruitful collaboration that would develop in the following months.<br />

A Special Place of Hope: Shahjahanpur Jheel<br />

Jheel is the Bengali word for lake and refers to the many ponds, interrupted river<br />

tributaries, and surfacing parts of channels that characterize the urban fabric of<br />

Dhaka. Over time, the waterbodies of the city have dwindled through underground<br />

channeling or simple land filling. Today, Dhaka is crisscrossed by underground<br />

and above-ground waterbodies, as well as dam systems to stem recurring<br />

floods. The remaining jheels constitute valuable open spaces in the cityscape and<br />

have a high potential to develop into attractive recreational areas—as demonstrated<br />

by the well-known cases of Hatir Jheel and Dhanmondi Lake.<br />

The World Bank is currently working with the Government of Bangladesh<br />

on the Dhaka Metropolitan Transformation Platform, a long-term, multi-sector<br />

program that aims to transform Dhaka into a more livable and competitive city.<br />

In this context, the Dhaka City Neighborhood Upgrading Project serves as a starting<br />

point with a focus on public spaces in the administrative area of the Dhaka<br />

South City Corporation (DSCC). In a thorough pre-study for the project, urban<br />

design guidelines were developed, and several regeneration sub-projects were<br />

proposed. Out of these, the World Bank—in consultation with DSCC and superwien—selected<br />

the Shahjahanpur Jheel area as our planning site.<br />

Shahjahanpur Jheel is a green oasis located in a dense, residential, middle<br />

to low-income neighborhood of Dhaka just to the northwest of Dhaka’s Central<br />

Railway Station. The area is delimited by the railway tracks and a six-lane road<br />

to the north and east, respectively. A massive flyover cuts off the southeastern<br />

edge of the neighborhood. The physical separation of the place endows it with an<br />

introverted character and a special neighborhood feeling. The three to seven-story<br />

buildings around the jheel are mostly mixed-use buildings with commercial<br />

functions on the ground floors (shops, departmental stores, private doctors’ practices,<br />

salons, laundries, etc.) and apartments on the upper floors.<br />

The neighborhood is extremely compact, one of the densest areas in Dhaka<br />

in terms of population. We observed that seven-story buildings have hardly any<br />

air between them, and wondered how such buildings can actually be constructed.<br />

Today, around 90,000 people live on a single square kilometer; in comparison,<br />

Vienna’s densest area, the 15th district, houses around 15,000 people per square<br />

kilometer.<br />

266 Dhaka Dreams

Points of Interest<br />

Culture and Service<br />

Housing<br />

Educational<br />

Cemetery<br />

Hospital<br />

Settlements<br />

Water<br />

Green<br />

Hazipara Playfield<br />

Chowdhuripara<br />

Shishu Park<br />

Riazbag<br />

Cemetery<br />

Khilgaon<br />

Colony Jame<br />

Mosque<br />

Khilgaon Govt. School<br />

Khilgaon Community Center<br />

Khilgaon Malibag<br />

Community Center<br />

Abudharr Ghifari<br />

College<br />

Khilgaon Govt. College<br />

Shahjahanpur Jheel<br />

Jheel Mosque<br />

Bagicha Mosque<br />

Khilgaon Model<br />

University and College<br />

Malibagh Flyover<br />

Khilgaon Flyover<br />

Rajarbagh Police School<br />

Government Housing Colony<br />

Rajarbagh Police Lines<br />

Shahjahanpur<br />

Familial Graveyard<br />

Liberation War<br />

Museum of<br />

Bangladesh<br />

Police<br />

Railway Officers Club<br />

Motijheel Govt. School<br />

Rajarbag<br />

Police<br />

Hospital<br />

Railway Hospital<br />

Kamlapur Railway<br />

Station<br />

267 Points of interest around the Shahjahanpur Jheel.<br />

0 100 200 0 m100

268 Dhaka Dreams

269 Heavily polluted water of Shahjahanpur Jheel.

The Role of the Environment in Architecture and<br />

Urban Design<br />

We interviewed Nahas Khalil, a renowned architect in Dhaka<br />

who headed the jury of the Shahjahanpur Jheel Development<br />

student competition, about the role of nature in this project.<br />

Dhaka is a special place; it is crowded and has a humid environment. For you,<br />

what is the role of nature in our work as architects?<br />

Nahas: Priority for green open spaces must be placed on a par with housing,<br />

if not above it. Dhaka is densely packed over a huge area, and is progressively<br />

expanding at its seams, which results in one township running into the other<br />

at the cost of beautiful outskirts—a lush landscape that, fortunately, the country<br />

is part of. Also, the city needs more regularly spaced open spaces to avoid the<br />

heat island effect. Green open spaces must have waterbodies, not only as a pleasant,<br />

comfortable and eco-friendly feature, but also to act as retention ponds to<br />

mitigate the effects of flooding, temporary inundation, and water logging. Bangladesh<br />

is a delta that receives heavy precipitation most of the year. The rainwater<br />

from the Himalayas flows through this delta into the ocean. Since traffic is a<br />

major deterrent for movement of its citizens, the quality of life of the average<br />

citizen of Dhaka can be hugely improved by ensuring access to open spaces at<br />

the neighborhood level. Whatever we already have must be made full use of. Also,<br />

we must ensure that the quality of these spaces evolves out of the priority of<br />

needs of the neighborhood — and not pre-conceived borrowed images. Children,<br />

women, and teenage girls must be given priority owing to the complete lack of<br />

safe facilities available to these groups.<br />

286 Dhaka Dreams

When you see pictures of the polluted jheel, what comes to your mind? What<br />

is your vision for such a place?<br />

Nahas: Very often, for such newly emerging hugely populous cities, city<br />

leaders are occupied with the efforts of desperately grappling with the rapid and<br />

ever-growing problems of just making the city work. Troubleshooting comes before<br />

planning priorities. Very little time is used for urban planning that fits the<br />

needs of the people and that determines the shape and quality of public spaces.<br />

Quick, unthinking, and copy-pasting of ideas and images from more “developed”<br />

cities are the only options left for those visualizing the transformation of how<br />

spaces should be. While choosing a path to reach the right mix of what public<br />

spaces will logically constitute a Bangladeshi urban space may take years of sincere,<br />

well-meant trial and error, I feel that it is not very difficult to “see” the path<br />

that should not be taken or be avoided. It is not difficult if the decision maker puts<br />

in a sincere effort to discard any preconceived images that have, subconsciously,<br />

crept in very easily in the minds of individuals, even of thinking designers, in the<br />

globalized world we live in.<br />

Students from five universities worked on the site. How do younger generations<br />

deal with this kind of project?<br />

Nahas: There is a tremendous amount of enthusiasm among the designers,<br />

particularly the young, to use this new wealth to make quality of life better.<br />

We have seen the tip of that iceberg in the work of uninitiated students. It is very<br />

important to open up this dialogue, in as open-ended a manner as feasible, particularly<br />

with very young professionals. The seeds of thoughts sown into these<br />

young minds of today will mature and grow to provide the next generation with a<br />

more focused direction. In time, if we are fortunate to have a run of such an unbroken<br />

cumulative thought process, encompassing a few generations, we should<br />

be able to look back and say: “Ah! This is a Bangladeshi City!” It will be complete<br />

with a quality of life that its people are well-contended with. ◐<br />

287 Dhaka Dreams

Training sessions<br />

The training sessions on the second and third days of the Urban Design Lab targeted<br />

representatives of DSCC, the DSM team, and academic staff of the participating<br />

universities. Some 25 to 30 people participated actively in each two-hour<br />

session. The aim of the training sessions was to transfer hands-on knowledge<br />

about urban design participatory tools and actively apply some of these tools to<br />

the Shahjahanpur Jheel case.<br />

During the first session, we gave a short introduction to participatory urban<br />

design and to twenty-four participatory tools for the four stages of the design<br />

process: local assessment, visioning & definition of objectives, action planning &<br />

design, and validation & feedback. After that, three of the tools were applied and<br />

tested by workshop participants: Cartography of Social Perception, Stakeholder<br />

Mapping, and Goals Grid Analysis. The training session concluded with a joint<br />

discussion on the use of the tested tools. During the second training session, the<br />

tested tools included Case Studies Discussion, Integral Scenarios, and Role Play.<br />

The general feedback on the use of the tools was very positive. At the same time,<br />

the consultant’s team collected new ideas and expert opinions about the development<br />

of Shahjahanpur Jheel through the activities.<br />

Bio swale<br />

Cycling<br />

lane<br />

Walking<br />

pavement<br />

Recycled water bottle<br />

green fence<br />

Cycling<br />

lane<br />

Walking<br />

pavement<br />

Phytoremedation<br />

green terrace<br />

Amphitheatre<br />

Fully permeable green<br />

Car lane<br />

Bio swale<br />

Walking<br />

pavement<br />

Phytoremedation<br />

green terrace<br />

288 Dhaka Dreams

Student competition<br />

The third component of the Urban Design Lab was a student competition for the<br />

design of public space around Shahjahanpur Jheel. The students were provided<br />

with the following documents: a competition brief; results of the participatory<br />

process and spatial analysis of Phase 1 of the Participatory Urban Design Consultancy;<br />

a photo and video documentation of the site; and digital plans and 3D<br />

models of the surroundings of the jheel. Registration for the competition was<br />

open to students from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology,<br />

University of Asia Pacific, American International University, Daffodil International<br />

University, and North South University. In total, 92 students registered for<br />

the Urban Design Lab and student competition. After four days of work, 24 teams<br />

submitted their designs to the jury.<br />

The jury was headed by Nahas Ahmed Khalil, the renowned Bangladeshi<br />

architect, and an international expert panel, including: the Project Director of<br />

DCNUP, Sirajul Islam; World Bank urban development specialist Ishita Alam Abonee;<br />

architect and advisor to the World Bank Markus Tomaselli (from the Technical<br />

University of Vienna); and superwien. The jury reviewed the submissions<br />

and selected one winner, two runners-up, and an honorable mention. The winning<br />

Boat deck<br />

Bio swale<br />

Fully permeable green<br />

Car lane<br />

Ghat<br />

swimming and fishing<br />

289<br />

“Rewind>>Forward”: the winning project of the student competition in the Dhaka Urban<br />

Lab, by Ahmad Abdul Wasi, Amit Krishna Sarker and Mohammad Mashuk Ul Alam.

project—entitled “Rewind>>Forward”—was designed by Ahmad Abdul Wasi, Amit<br />

Krishna Sarker, and Mohammad Mashuk Ul Alam, all architecture students at the<br />

Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. The design entry describes<br />

the project as follows: “Our design explores the idea of retaining the identity<br />

of the Shahjahanpur Jheel area through the regeneration and the preservation<br />

of the ecological footprint of the jheel and ensure its maintenance and<br />

longevity through people’s participation. The regeneration is not only limited to<br />

the beautification of the edge but also aims to turn more people towards the jheel,<br />

focusing on the socio-economic and infrastructural upgrading of the area while<br />

keeping their needs in mind.”<br />

The main idea of the winning team was to create a green jheel district with<br />

quality public spaces that are accessible to all, and with a clear priority for pedestrians.<br />

This project thus told it all; the way to move forward was already there<br />

and fully reflected the urban strategy that we had developed earlier. We were<br />

surprised about the quality of the work submitted, and by the fact that they managed<br />

to work together virtually, and achieve a very nice design after only four days.<br />

We announced the winners on the last day of the Urban Design Lab. They received<br />

a copy of our Urban Design Lab Handbook (published in 2019), and we invited<br />

them and the runners-up to join our team for the next few months, so they continued<br />

to work with us in paid internships. All competition entries were of great<br />

quality, and brought inspiration and new ideas to the project. ◐<br />

290 Dhaka Dreams

Co-creative Design<br />

Toolbox<br />

Thanks to the experience of working with diverse communities<br />

and actors that interact with various levels of governance—<br />

gained in Dhaka, Maputo, and Santo Domingo—we were able<br />

to establish a comprehensive co-creation toolbox. We realized<br />

that today many governments, private and public sector<br />

organizations, institutions, individual architects, non-profit<br />

organizations, and other urban actors are willing to promote<br />

their cities in a more attentive way and identify the needs<br />

of local communities. However, they often do not know how<br />

to do it. The How? issue leaves a huge gap between their desire<br />

and its fulfilment, and drives them to use the same old tools—<br />

designed from a top-down technocratic perspective.

With this toolbox, we wish to present the lessons learned and the tools we have<br />

used over the years in an easy-to-read manual. This knowledge was produced<br />

along a journey that involved working together with professionals and municipalities<br />

around the world—starting in Latin America with our Urban Design Labs and<br />

moving on to other places on other continents. The aims of the Urban Design Lab<br />

have remained the same, namely, to facilitate and encourage the progress of the<br />

participatory urban design process. We hope it will be useful to all architects and<br />

urban planners, decision makers, technical staff of public authorities, and professionals<br />

committed to building more equitable and sustainable cities. The toolbox<br />

offers a methodological package and a pragmatic approach to participatory design<br />

and planning.<br />

This “box set” is a source of ideas as well as tools, which are not meant to<br />

be reproduced to the letter, but are designed in such a way that practitioners can<br />

play with them, experiment, and adjust them to local needs, as well as create new<br />

ones, alter old ones, and combine them with each other. In this way, tools that<br />

were developed as strategies to be used at the analysis stage can also be used<br />

fruitfully at other stages of the planning process. Sometimes, it is just a matter of<br />

modifying the questions to obtain other answers.<br />

The tips and suggestions that you will find in this toolbox range from tool<br />

descriptions, past experiences, suggestions on the number of participants, and<br />

possible adaptations, from materials to consider and more. This valuable information<br />

will help you develop meaningful workshop sessions for specific community<br />

groups.<br />

Introduction to Participatory Urban Design<br />

Let us start from the beginning. What does participatory urban design mean?<br />

Participatory urban design is understood as a tool to activate people into a planning<br />

process, inform them, and involve them in the creation of ideas. It is all about<br />

motivating communities during the design of urban public spaces, streetscapes,<br />

and neighborhoods. An inclusive planning process is much more than planning<br />

responding to people’s needs, for it enables the population to take a central role<br />

during the development of a project. The integration of locals into all the relevant<br />

phases of the design process is key if we are to achieve many positive outcomes<br />

and amplify the social and cultural benefits of a specific project. But why is this?<br />

There are many reasons why, nowadays, it is commonly accepted that urban<br />

regeneration projects should include participatory bodies. For example, if funding<br />

is available to improve the architectural and landscape features of a park, the planner<br />

might propose a park based on his or her own criteria and expertise or, instead,<br />

551 Co-creative Design Toolbox

choose to launch a community process to understand the uses and needs of the<br />

various groups that give meaning to the park. Indeed, local people are the beneficiaries<br />

and users of projects located in public space. By creating room for participation,<br />

the process will encompass the manifold expectations that people may<br />

have about a space. At the same time, it will open up avenues for reflection among<br />

various groups about their roles as active agents of their public spaces. Thus, it<br />

can promote citizen empowerment, bolster community links and networks, and<br />

strengthen the bond that local people have established with their own cities.<br />

The participation of locals raises the community’s awareness of the importance<br />

and benefits of space regeneration as well as of other social and economic<br />

aspects. It also facilitates the identification and participation of a variety<br />

of community groups, including those who are often not visible in standard planning<br />

processes. Approaching a wide range of people brings meaningful results for<br />

local groups. In addition, the participatory urban design process promotes a<br />

sense of ownership and belonging within local communities, resulting in the longterm<br />

success of the intervention.<br />

Bearing the importance of participatory planning processes in mind, a<br />

number of tools have been successfully developed and used, promoting creative<br />

ways to include the local community and identify their perceptions, needs, and<br />

ideas during the various project phases. These tools make it easier for the planning<br />

team to approach the community and allow the development of meaningful<br />

workshop sessions, with activities directed toward diverse stakeholder groups.<br />

By discovering and taking into consideration the knowledge and perceptions<br />

of the future users themselves, one can identify their real needs and wishes,<br />

as well as encourage them to actively participate in the development of a new<br />

space. This can increase satisfaction and, thus, the quality of life in the area, and<br />

it also provides an opportunity to detect local allies who are willing to contribute—an<br />

important resource from which planners can draw and learn.<br />

552 Co-creative Design Toolbox

553 Co-creative Design Toolbox

Imprint<br />

Lead Research and Designs<br />

Roland Krebs & Stefan Mayr<br />

Research Team “Challenging <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong>”<br />

Katharina Höftberger, Theresa König & Viviana<br />

Herrera<br />

Research Team “Resilient <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong>”<br />

Katharina Höftberger, Theresa König, Milagros<br />

Hurtig, Ariela de Oliveira, Emma Gisinger &<br />

Viviana Herrera<br />

Research Team “Toolbox”<br />

Roland Krebs, Theresa König, Katharina<br />

Höftberger, Lisa Kongas, Milagros Hurtig &<br />

Shaolin Nicole Saint Hilaire Jong<br />

Consultants Toolbox<br />

Tamara Zivadinovic, Eszter Toth &<br />

Gerhard Köhle<br />

Interviews<br />

Milagros Hurtig, Ariela de Oliveira Viviana<br />

Herrera, Roland Krebs, Theresa König &<br />

Katharina Höftberger<br />

Curators of Webinars “Resilient <strong>Public</strong> <strong>Spaces</strong>”<br />

Milagros Hurtig & Roland Krebs<br />

Transcription of Webinars<br />

Emma Gisinger & Viviana Herrera<br />

Cartography<br />

Dejan Çoba & Aknur Zhussip<br />

Translations<br />

Ariela de Oliveira & Viviana Herrera<br />

Drone pictures Maputo<br />

Ricardo Rosão<br />

Video Production<br />

Hubert Marz & Susana Ojeda Lopez<br />

Book Design<br />

Manuel Radde<br />

Layout, Typesetting<br />

Ariela de Olivera, Theresa König & Daniel Wally<br />

Illustrations<br />

LWZ<br />

Cover<br />

Manuel Radde & LWZ<br />

Copy-Editing<br />

Roxanne Powell<br />

Special thanks to<br />

Harald Waiglein, Elisabeth Gruber,<br />

Verena Hagg, Horacio Terraza, Maria Camila<br />

Quintero Garzón & Carina Lakovits.<br />

© 2023 by jovis Verlag GmbH<br />

Texts by kind permission of the authors.<br />

Photos superwien or otherwise indicated.<br />

Pictures by kind permission of the<br />

photographers/holders of the picture rights.<br />

All rights reserved.<br />

Printed in the European Union.<br />

Bibliographic information published by the<br />

Deutsche Nationalbibliothek.<br />

The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this<br />

publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie.<br />

Detailed bibliographic data are available<br />

on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de.<br />

jovis Verlag GmbH<br />

Lützowstraße 33<br />

10785 Berlin<br />

www.jovis.de<br />

jovis books are available worldwide in select<br />

bookstores. Please contact your nearest<br />

bookseller or visit www.jovis.de for information<br />

concerning your local distribution.<br />

This research project was made possible with<br />

the generous support of the Austrian Ministry<br />

of Finance (BMF).<br />

ISBN 978-3-98612-001-6

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!