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Guidelines for cash transfer programming - International Federation ...

Guidelines for cash transfer programming - International Federation ...

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50 International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement Guidelines for cash transfer programming Consider involving village leaders, community elders and/or relevant authorities – and inform them in advance of planned registration activities. Sudden-onset disasters/emergency response Registration and distribution can take place simultaneously to ensure disasteraffected people receive assistance rapidly. Registration data will therefore include: ■ List of recipients (possibly pre-identified by Movement volunteers). ■ Value of the transfer received. ■ Date transfer received. Case study 6 Delivering cash following Bam earthquake through a welfare organization Following a rapid assessment in April 2004, a cash programme was designed to provide financial support to the most vulnerable people affected by the earthquake. The amount distributed allowed families to purchase household items (e.g., refrigerators, air conditioning systems (much needed in Bam), house furniture or other equipment) they needed as they moved into temporary/transitional houses. It targeted female-headed households, orphans, disabled people and the elderly. The government’s welfare organization already supported these vulnerable groups, so working closely with the organization was the most efficient way of reaching the most vulnerable. An independent household identification process within a disrupted, densely populated urban environment would have taken too long and required human resources that were unavailable at that time, and indeed would have involved costs disproportionate to the amount being distributed to households. There is a fine balance between accuracy of targeting, and the time and resources it takes to collect the information. In this case the balance was appropriate, even though it is likely that a small proportion of beneficiaries was not strictly in need of additional relief cash. This small ‘inclusion error’ is not of significant concern to a humanitarian agency with a relief objective. However, an evaluation of the programme found that a small number of families who would have been eligible for the cash support were unintentionally excluded. The welfare organization’s capacity was badly affected by the earthquake and they provided the list of recipients while their caseload was still increasing. 6.5 Registration according to gender Cash transfer programmes that register women increase the likelihood that the wider household will benefit. In many crisis or flight situations, women continue to care for the family and look after wounded combatants and the elderly. But in emergencies, women usually have more difficulty than men in obtaining their humanitarian assistance entitlements. Consider the role of men and women in the household when deciding who will be registered and receive the transfer. Targeting women may not be culturally appropriate in some societies but it may be possible to target women and men together, i.e., both husband and wife are required to sign for the cash transfer. Seek local guidance on the most appropriate approach.

Guidelines for cash transfer programming Implementing cash programmes Table 11. Possible targeting and registration dilemmas and suggested solutions Identifying recipients Dilemma Different ways of defining the household, especially in polygamous societies. Local community structures may identify recipients according to their own group or interest. Difficult to target those drifting in and out of poverty. Difficult to target pastoralist and nomadic communities. Numbers in need fluctuate. Better-off households may be targeted if programme is under pressure to demonstrate beneficial impact on households. Solution Take local guidance from a range of sources (particularly potential recipients). Agree with recipients how a household unit will be defined before beginning distribution. Publicly announce how the programme defines household units. Ensure representative, transparent relief committees. Use a combination of selection committees (community and governmental). Attempt to include minority groups in the selection process. Ensure there is a good awareness of groups that may be excluded. Revise lists at pre-agreed times, e.g., every three months. Allow for a pre-agreed level of flexibility in the lists. Set deadlines for application to the programme. Consider seasonality in programme design. Seek advice from the communities themselves and use participatory approaches. Establish the number of recipients per target area to enable closer monitoring of population fluctuations and flexibility of programme. Ensure appropriate criteria are devised to avoid this. Be transparent about the limits of the programme. Combine the cash transfer with other forms of assistance and with government support services to reach the most vulnerable. Targeting and registration A.6 51

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