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Guidelines for cash transfer programming - International Federation ...

Guidelines for cash transfer programming - International Federation ...

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64 International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement Guidelines for cash transfer programming Remember it may be necessary to crosscheck information. If, for example, recipients say they have bought more fruit or meat, check if this is possible with fruit-stall owners and butchers. ■ Monitor markets on a weekly basis, noting the quantity, quality, prices and expiry dates of goods available and/or typical purchases, types of goods purchased, problems in restocking goods and, for voucher programmes, treatment of recipients while shopping, attempts at fraud and any problems that traders have in being paid by the implementing organization. ■ Monitor market supply chains (to better understand how markets are supplied and detect the risk of any disruptions which may affect the programme). ■ Ensure that price changes are not wrongly attributed to the programme (they may be caused by government-imposed curfews/restrictions of movement). Examples of indicators for cash-based transfer monitoring 12 ■ Indicators need to link to the programme objective; they will, therefore, vary from programme to programme. ■ Develop indicators according to the information that is needed. ■ Do not just monitor information that is easy to collect. Table 12. Process and impact indicators Key questions for monitoring process (how the transfer was delivered) Key questions for monitoring impact (what change has there been for the recipient?) 12 Harvey (2007), op.cit. ■ Did the intended recipients receive the transfer? ■ Did the recipients/suppliers receive the correct sums of money? ■ Was the payment made on time? ■ Were the recipients and other stakeholders satisfied with the process and methods of implementation? ■ What other assistance are recipients receiving? ■ Types of recipient. ■ What was the cash transfer used for? ■ What did people purchase? ■ Were the items that households wanted to buy available in the market? ■ How have sources of food and income changed? ■ How have coping strategies changed? ■ How much has income and expenditure changed since the start of the cash programme? N.B. Expenditure patterns may not have changed (especially in short-term projects) if people have used the cash transfer to pay off debt. ■ Have there been any changes in consumption patterns? ■ Who controls the money? ■ Alternative interventions: would recipients have preferred another form of cash transfer, food aid, in-kind assistance, income generation projects, etc.?

Guidelines for cash transfer programming Implementing cash programmes 8.2 Evaluation Purpose of an evaluation Evaluations are the systematic and impartial examination of programmes and are intended to draw lessons and improve future practice and policy as well as enhance accountability. To ensure that lessons are learned from implementing different forms of cash transfer, all such programmes should incorporate an evaluation. The evaluation should include a household survey, including collection of qualitative and quantitative data,* to ascertain programme impact. It is useful for future programme design and implementation if evaluators are experienced in programme design and management. Basic principles of evaluating cash transfer programmes ■ Include the recipient and non-recipient community in the evaluation. ■ Employ independent evaluators who understand the context. A number of questions asked during the monitoring process (see Table 12) are also relevant during the evaluation. Table 13 outlines additional questions that should be employed during evaluations. Table 13. Suggested evaluation questions 13 Key questions Methods/Indicators Process and design ■ Was cash delivered safely and spent safely? ■ Were any security issues reported as a result of the distribution itself or increased cash on the market? ■ Were any recipients disadvantaged by the transfer system chosen? ■ Was targeting effective? ■ Was there any abuse of cash by agency staff, local elites or authorities involved in targeting or distribution? ■ Interviews, focus group discussions, * analysis of any security incidents. ■ Accessibility of transfer mechanism. ■ Distance to distribution point. ■ Focus on potential discrimination against particular groups in the transfer mechanism. ■ Did recipients meet targeting criteria? ■ Were people who met the criteria excluded? ■ Make comparisons with targeting in other interventions (if possible). ■ Interviews, focus group discussions (ideally by an independent body). * The definition of terms followed by an asterisk can be found in the glossary (see page 4). 13 Ibid. Monitoring and evaluation of cash transfer programmes A.8 65

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