Preview: Spring 2023 ZEKE Magazine

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2023 VOL.9/NO.1 $15 US



Published by Social Documentary Network

Preview Edition





Photos by Nicola Ókin Frioli


Piatsaw was the first man, and God, of

the Sapara mythology who prophesied

the end of the culture of his people.

This documentary tells the story of the

resistance that the Indigenous people

of the Ecuadorian Amazon have

waged against extractive companies

that threaten their territories through

continuous concessions and contamination

caused by Texaco during its

presence in the country. In 1964, Texaco

(now Chevron), arrived in Ecuador with a

concession of 1.5 million hectares in the

provinces of Sucumbíos and Orellana. At

that time, they were extracting oil from

450,000 hectares. The oil giant admitted

in court to having dumped 19 billion

gallons of crude

oil and harmful

A Document on the Resistance of the Native

chemicals directly

into unlined

rivers and pools

in a particularly biodiverse region of the

Ecuadorian rainforest over decades. The

health and future of the inhabitants were

affected by contaminants present in the

soil and groundwater, quantities exceeding

permissible levels in Ecuador.

Following the events that indelibly

marked the future of many families,

the Native peoples of the Ecuadorian

Amazon applied different defense methodologies

against mining, oil companies,

and the government. Armed confrontations,

national strikes and their presence

in the courts were the strategies that the

Indigenous nationalities used to stop the

loss and destruction of their territories as

they consider their environment part of

their body and plants and animals are the

other members of their society.

2 / ZEKE SPRING 2023

Peoples of Ecuadorian Amazon Against Extractivism

Indigenous women in protest,

confronting police in Quito.

December 2016.


A Kichwa woman looks into the window

of a light aircraft that has landed

in the community of Morete in Sapara

territory. Morete, like other communities

within this territory, can only be reached

by air and the arrival of a plane is a

special event.

The Sapara are the ancestral owners

of the largest Indigenous territory in the

Ecuadorian jungle. It is estimated that

only 573 Sapara Indians now live in a

territory of more than 3,100 hectares of

primary rainforest.

Today, the Kichwa communities and

some settlers also live in this territory

and consider oil extraction as a solution

to their economic instability without

considering the environmental impact,

destruction and contamination that it

would cause in their surroundings.

4 / ZEKE SPRING 2023







Photos by Cinzia



The targeting of women’s bodies

in times of war, but also in times

of peace, has come to light as a

systematic strategy that has been

used by different actors in many

different contexts worldwide. This

project has analyzed the condition of

Eritrean and Tigrinya women who moved

across the borders of three countries

geopolitically linked to one another:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Sudan. From 2017

to 2019, the work has documented

Eritrean women fleeing from one of the

most repressive regimes in the world

and seeking refuge in Ethiopia. From

November 2020, following the invasion

of Tigray (Ethiopia) by the Ethiopian

Federal Army supported by the Eritrean

military forces and Amhara militia, the

project’s focus has broadened to include

also the Tigrinya women, who joined

Eritrean women in their escape from

Ethiopia to Sudan. In Tigray, the Eritrean

army used sexual violence as a weapon

of war against both Eritrean and Tigrinya

women: to punish those fleeing their

country in the former case, and as an act

of extermination in the latter. The bodies

of women became a battlefield on which

there are no sides.

6 / ZEKE SPRING 2023

Yohanna, 22, lies next to her mother

after having a kidney removed

following being shot in her abdomen

at the border in Shambuko, Eritrea.

The Eritrean police wanted to send

her mother home after two years of

detention due to her unstable health

condition. Yohanna’s mother had been

imprisoned for not providing information

about her husband’s whereabouts,

even if she had lost all contacts with

him, once he had fled to Jerusalem

in 2015. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

October 31, 2017.



Mustafa Bilge Satkın

Drowned History | Turkey

Aye is the youngest member of a family of eight children, and

she has to work at harvest time like all family members. In the

past, these people were able to do irrigated farming on their

land near the Tigris River. Now the farmers are forbidden to

use the water in the dam. Drought caused a decrease in the

amount of grain in the region.

8 / ZEKE SPRING 2023

The construction of the

Ilısu Dam in Turkey had

devastating impacts on

the local community and

environment in the Dicle Valley,

a 100 km-long area along the

Tigris River. The project resulted in

the displacement of over 10,000

people, most of whom are Kurdish

and Arabic, and the submergence

of 198 villages, including the

ancient city of Hasankeyf, one of

the world’s oldest continuously

inhabited settlements.

Despite this, the dam was

constructed as part of the state’s

water policies, with little regard

for the consequences it would

have on the local community and

environment. The inhabitants of

villages were forced to abandon

their ancestral homes, sell their

livestock, and move to a hastily

built new town. The process of

moving was emotionally distressing,

as people had to exhume the

graves of their loved ones and

carry their remains to the new

town so future generations could

visit their ancestors.

Top: A suburb near the center of

Sırnak. The Kurdish group, which

came from different places, is

trying to keep their old traditions

alive. They have fun in solidarity

with their local clothes and traditional


Bottom: Elif is a family member

engaged in animal husbandry.

Due to the overheated water that

has become stagnant, his family

is considering giving up livestock

and emigrating to the big city.

Many families cannot get enough

efficiency from agriculture and animal

husbandry due to the negative

conditions created by the dam.


Young To Fight” focuses on the


lives of Ukrainian children since

Russia invaded Ukraine on February

24, 2022. The stories are heartbreaking.

I first arrived a week after the

invasion started. I was thrown into the worst

parts of this conflict. I spent my mornings

at funerals, my afternoons watching fathers

say a tearful goodbye to their families

boarding trains, and my nights in bunkers

listening to the echoes of artillery fire.

I have now spent over five months

documenting this cruel and unnecessary

attack on Ukraine—and democracy. The

landscape of this war changes daily. As

of September 2022, over 1,000 children

had been killed in Ukraine—some have

been tortured and their bodies burned.

Others have sustained injuries from shelling

and are spending birthdays and holidays

in hospitals getting fitted for prosthetics.

Thousands are accepting a new life of living

underground dreaming of a day when they

can go back to school—or just to dance

class. The rest—those who account for the

over five million refugees who were forced

to flee since the war started—are doing

their best to assimilate in places that will

never feel like home.

The beautiful thing about children is the

joy they find in the most unlikely of circumstances.

They embody the Ukrainian spirit

in its purest form. They run, play, and laugh

in the face of the evil that has become their


As they grow older, some of them will

be drafted into the war as young adults.

Some will help raise the siblings that their

parents died to protect and some will never

return to their childhood homes or cities

again. I will continue to photograph their

stories—the ones that capture the innocence

that war destroys. As the world starts to turn

away from the headlines from the war, I ask

that we recognize that the shadows of this

period in history will follow us, reflected

through the eyes and stories of Ukrainian

children as they find a more permanent


Too Young

to Fight

Photos by


Svet Jacqueline

A family takes a train toward Lviv as

violence increases in Eastern Ukraine

on April 25, 2022. The displacement

of over four million refugees has

been recorded since the start of the

Russian invasion.

10 / ZEKE SPRING 2023

ZEKE SPRING 2023/ 11



By Lauren Walsh



and the Question

of Evidence

12 / ZEKE SPRING 2023

Iryna and Viktor Dudnyk weep over

the body of their son Dmytro, 38,

killed in a Russian rocket attack in

Kherson, Ukraine, December 10,

2022. © David Guttenfelder for

New York Times.

ZEKE SPRING 2023/ 13





By Jamel Shabazz

powerHouse, 2022 | 184 pages | $40

Once upon a time before

crack, inner-city communities

were vastly different. Where

now you see drug wars tearing

families apart with violence and

addiction, there were once vibrant

and eclectic neighborhoods filled

to the brim with culture and style.

Thankfully, photojournalist Jamel

Shabazz was on the scene throughout

these decades, working the streets of

New York City, capturing the faces

and places of an era that has long

since disappeared.

Best known as Hip Hop’s finest

fashion photographer for his blockbuster

best-selling monograph, Back in

the Days (powerHouse Books, 2001),

Shabazz revisited his archive and

unearthed an extraordinary collection

of never-before-published documentary

photographs compiled for his third

powerHouse Books release, A Time

Before Crack. This collection serves as

a visual record of the streets of New

York City from the mid-seventies to

the mid-eighties. Shabazz’s distinctive

photographs reveal the families, the

poses, and the players who made this

an extraordinary age, before crack

changed everything.

14 / ZEKE SPRING 2023


By Alessandra Sanguinetti

Mack Books, 2022 | 160 pages | $70

Since 2014, Alessandra

Sanguinetti has been returning

to the small town of Black

River Falls in Wisconsin, creating the

photographs that would become the

stark, black-and-white series Some

Say Ice. The same town is the subject

of Wisconsin Death Trip, a book of

photographs taken by Charles Van

Schaick in the late 1800s documenting

the bleak hardships of the

lives and deaths of its inhabitants.

Sanguinetti first came across this

book as a child and the experience

is engraved into her memory as her

first reckoning with mortality. Van

Schaick’s work inspired her to explore

the strange relationship of photography

and death, ultimately leading

to her own photographic project on

Black River Falls.

The austere, sculptural scenes and

ambiguous, uneasy portraits that make

up Some Say Ice depict a place almost

outside of time. Presented unadorned

by text or explication, the photographs

Alessandra Sanguinetti, from Some Say Ice (MACK, 2022). Courtesy of the

artist and MACK.

are touched with the spirit of the gothic

as well as the unmistakable tenderness

familiar from Sanguinetti’s 2003 series

The Adventures of Guille and Belinda.

By bringing undercurrents of doubt

and darkness to the surface of her

images, Sanguinetti alludes to things

absent or invisible, playing on atmospheres

both real and imagined, as

well as the ghostly possibility of undoing

death through the act of photography.

With its title inspired by Robert

Frost’s famous poem equivocating on

how best one’s inevitable death might

be met, Some Say Ice is a humane

look at the melancholic realities underpinning

our lives as seen with glacial

clarity by one of the world’s foremost



By Rita Leistner

Dewi Lewis, 2021 | 256 pages | $55

In her early years, Rita Leistner

planted over half a million trees

in an attempt to save her beloved

forests. She spent the next twenty

years working as an award-winning

documentary photographer and

photojournalist, primarily in war

zones. In 2016, she returned to

the vast swathes of Canadian land

cleared by logging, living with and

documenting a community of 100

tree planters in the planting camps of

Coast Range Contracting.

Leistner spent four years creating

heroic and uncanny portraits of the

hardworking planters, the physical

toll of their sacrifice, and the precious

landscapes they tend. In addition to the

book, this project resulted in large-scale

works that are now in major collections

in Canada as well as the awardwinning

documentary film Forest for the

Trees (2021).


By Sarah Stacke

Kehrer, 2023 | 256 pages | $55

Love from Manenberg looks at

life in Manenberg, South Africa,

in particular the experiences of

women and their children. The work

makes room for complex narratives

pushed aside by the media and shows

the ways families look to the future

and carry the joy, grief, and everyday

realities of life in a community

plagued by gang violence. Through

fortitude and faith, they persevere

and prosper.

Stacke first photographed

Manenberg, a neighborhood of

Cape Town, in June 2011. For over a

decade, the women of the Lottering,

Pietersen, and Adams families shared

their lives, showing the texture, unity,

and comfort of Manenberg – their

home. The title of the book reflects the

love these women embody, but also

describes the relationships Stacke has

formed with them. They have become

a part of the fabric of each other’s




By Laia Abril

Dewi Lewis, 2022

228 pages | $50

On Rape is a visualization of

the origin of gender-based

stereotypes and myths, as

well as the failing structures of law

and order, that continue to perpetuate

rape culture. Abril explores why the

structure of justice and law enforcement

are not only failing survivors but

actually encouraging perpetrators by

preserving particular power dynamics

and social norms. To avoid feeding

the systemic victim-blaming society,

Abril switches the visual narrative from

the survivors to the institutions, allowing

her the opportunity to address

transgenerational trauma and social

accountability. Her book interweaves

compiled testimonies, political proclamations,

historical archives, popular

and traditional beliefs, as well as

society’s structural failures to deal

with sexual violence. On Rape is the

second chapter of Laia Abril’s longterm

project A History of Misogyny,

a visual compilation of historical and

contemporary comparisons of the systemic

control of women in the world.


By Christo Geoghegan

DAP, 2023 | 424 pages | $55

“Shawi” is a term used in

Balsapuerto, a deeply isolated

district of Peru, to define

Indigenous persons who are skilled

in the use of ethnomedicine and its

botanical as well as spiritual components.

In 2011, over the course

of 10 months, 14 Indigenous Shawi

healers were brutally murdered for the

region’s ultimate crime: witchcraft. The

most perplexing aspect of this story is

not the modern-day witchhunt, but the

bizarre conspiracy theories around the

killing spree.

Christo Geoghegan’s Witch Hunt is

a fascinating investigation into these

murders. This real-world horror story

unfolds through photographs, original

artwork, interviews, police records, and

other archival materials. His haunting

color portraits bring the community

characters in this stunning account to

life. As you turn the pages through this

collection of evidence, the truth behind

the murdered and their perpetrators

becomes as mysterious as the alleged

witchcraft itself.

ZEKE SPRING 2023/ 15

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