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Die Wirksamkeit von Boden

Die Wirksamkeit von Boden

8� IMPLICATIONS OF

8� IMPLICATIONS OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION MEASURES FOR LAND REHABILITATION- A SYNTHESIS ..................................... 121� 8.1� Introduction ................................................................................................... 121� 8.2� Conceptual framework of human-induced land degradation ........................ 121� 8.3� Role of soil and water conservation for degraded land restoration ............... 122� 8.4� Short- and long-term implications of exclosures ........................................... 124� 8.5� Implications of farmland terracing for soil fertility and crop yield ............... 126� 8.6� Implications of SWC-driven LULC change for resource restoration ........... 127� 8.7� NDVI spatio-temporal variation as indicator of degradation/restoration ...... 129� 8.8� Overall implications of SWC for land restoration and livelihoods ............... 130� 9� OVERALL SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS ........................................ 132� 9.1� General summary ........................................................................................... 132� 9.2� Overall conclusions ....................................................................................... 135� 9.3� Research and policy implications .................................................................. 137� REFERANCES ............................................................................................................. 140� ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................ 151�

LIST OF ACRONYMS ANOVA Analysis of Variance ANRS-BFED Amhara National Regional State Bureau of Finance and Economic Development ARARI Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute ARDO Agriculture and Rural Development Offices a.s.l. above sea level av. P available Phosphorus CEC Cation Exchange Capacity CSA Central Statistical Authority of Ethiopian Db Bulk density DEM Digital Elevation Model EC Electrical Conductivity EECMY-DASSC Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus Development and Social Services Commission EED Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst (Church Development Service) EFAP Ethiopian Forestry Action Program EHRS Ethiopian Highland Reclamation Study EOC-DICAC Ethiopian Orthodox Church Development and Inter Church Aid Commission FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FFW Food-for-work FRA Global Forest Resource Assessment GCP Ground Control Point GDP Gross Domestic Product GIRDC Generation Integrated Rural Development Consultants GPS Global Positioning System HDF Hierarchical Data Format HSD Honestly Significant Difference KGVDP Kobo-Girana Valley Development Program LP Lower-landscape Position LULC Land-use/land-cover MRT MODIS Re-projection Tool MOA Ministry of Agriculture of Ethiopian MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer MP Middle-landscape Position MSCRS Maybar Soil Conservation Research Site MT Metric Ton NBCBN-RE Nile Basin Capacity Building Network- for River Engineering NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NGO Non-Governmental Organization NMSA National Meteorological Services Agency of Ethiopia NRM Natural Resources Management OC Organic Carbon OM Organic Matter ORDA Organization for Rehabilitation and Development in Amhara PA Peasant Association

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