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5 years ago

COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE

COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE

an inter-local agreement

an inter-local agreement among local governments, and their work is not limited to a specific area, rather comprehensive. Their functions have been expanded to cover a wide range of activities and interests from the project reviews to regional studies dealing with regional issues such as housing, environment, and hurricane. The board meeting usually reviews local comprehensive plans and Development of Regional Impacts as well as various programs of its own. In this meeting, a number of technical and regional information are interacting among members. Thus, RPC plays like an information hub to provide various information regarding local comprehensive amendment plans, even though regulating power rest on Department of Community Affairs. In addition, the coordinating nature of RPC among local issues may make regional interests stick together. Research Questions and Significance of the Study Research Questions Addressing the current research problems, this dissertation attempts to answer several research questions regarding local land use policy and policy change. As I discussed earlier, the extant research on local land use policy change has been limited to partial and incomplete explanations. This dissertation constructs a more comprehensive model built on the Institutional Analysis and Development framework to understand fully the old question of why communities change their land use policy differently. In addition, through the comprehensive model, several important questions will be addressed: • How does political institutions with configuration of other rules influence on local land use policy change? • How do administrative capacity influence land use policy? • How does political turmoil at the leadership influence on local land use policy change? • How do informal institutions matter in local land use policy? • Are the influences of social and economic forces on land use policy moderated by institutions as well as additive? 13

• Is Institutional Analysis and Development framework useful for other policy areas and at different levels? Significance of the Research This study has academic and practical significance. First, the Deterministic view, Property Rights Model, Interest Group Model, and Political Economist View have only partially explained phenomena of the local land use policy change. By integrating these models and constructing a more comprehensive explanation, this study brings sharper theory and better understanding to the study of local land use policy. Second, the influence of institutions has been limited to formal institutions. Adding informal institutions in the framework may provide more consistent impact of institutions on local land use policy change. Third, using dynamic interaction terms in the framework proves how institutions matter on community interests as well as additive influence of institutions on policy outcome. Finally and practically, this study may provide some clues about the solutions to environmental preservation and efficient growth management practices. Formal institutions matter since it shape incentives and constraints on policy actors. However, those institutions need much of transaction costs to be established and changed. Informal institutions, even though it is not constructed easily, play roles to reduce transaction costs of addressing problems and distributional conflicts, and provide and more efficient way to local administration of growth management. Organization of the Dissertation The dissertation consists of Five Chapters. In the First Chapter, I already explained existing research problems, research questions, and significance of the research. With this, Chapter One explains the information about Florida growth management, the structure of comprehensive plans, the process of comprehensive planning process, and the role of Regional Planning Councils. Chapter Two starts with the definition and scope of institutions, which should be discussed in advance to further conduct policy analysis. Then, it describes the Institutional Analysis and Development 14

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