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COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE

COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE

Large scale amendments

Large scale amendments include the land use greater than 10 acres 46 while small scale amendments involve less than 10 acres of land use change. Large scale amendments are subject to review by DCA. Through the review process, various agencies are interacting. Especially, Department of Environmental Protection and Water Management District focus on environmental impacts when they review an amendment. Also, as Rooy (2004) argues, the review process is an environmental impact analysis, which make developers and landowners be serious regarding environmental issues. However, small scale amendments are exempt from review and require only one public hearing. Thus, small scale amendments could be what developers and landowners use strategically to increase their benefits. In addition, planning staff at DCA maintain that while large scale amendments are initiated by both developers and local officials, small scale amendments are mostly developer driven. In interviews for the NSF study of land use decision making, DCA administrators were asked what the best single indicator was of whether a communities land use decision were “developer driven.” The response was the ratio of large to small scale amendments. 47 I operationalized this measure so that larger values of the ratio reflect the proenvironmental dimension. As the table 3 shows, among the total amendment years for large scale, 2516 (69.2%) amendment year did not provide amendment. One or more large scale amendments were submitted in 1102 (30.8%) of the 3618 amendment years that I observed from 1997 through 2005. About 27% of the large scale amendments observed one or two amendments in a year. The total number of large amendments in this period is 1603. For the small scale amendments, the maximum number of amendments was 55. 2628 (72.6%) out of 3618 amendment years did not provide any amendments in this period while 990 (27.4) amendment years provide one or more small scale amendments. As the table 4 shows, the total number of small scale amendments offered in this period is 3053. 46 Section 163.3187 F.S. However, many local governments add another rule that says land use amendments to residential area that has 10 acres or less with a density of more than 10 dwelling units per acre. 47 Interview with Charles Gautier at Florida DCA, September 2004 conducted by Lubell and Feiock. 61

Table 4. Small Scale Amendments for Future Land Use Map Small Scale Frequency Percent Number of Amendments 0 2628 72.6 0 1 417 11.5 417 2 178 4.9 356 3 133 3.6 399 4 74 2.0 296 5 45 1.2 225 6 44 1.2 264 7 25 0.7 175 8 20 0.5 160 9 16 0.4 144 10 7 0.2 70 11 2 0.05 22 12 8 0.2 96 14 3 0.08 42 16 1 0.03 16 17 3 0.08 51 18 1 0.03 18 19 2 0.05 38 20 1 0.03 20 21 2 0.05 42 23 1 0.03 23 27 1 0.03 27 29 1 0.03 29 32 1 0.03 32 36 1 0.03 36 55 1 0.03 55 3618 100.0 3053 I calculated this by dividing the number of large scale amendments by the number of small scale amendments. There are cases of numerator (small scale amendments) being zero. Thus, when small scale amendment was not offered while large scale amendment was offered, the ratio is estimated by 100% and vice versa. As the descriptive statistics table (table 6) shows, the minimum value of the ratio is 0, which means that no large scale amendments offered while one or more small scale amendments were offered. This reflects the maximum of pro-developmental (or minimum of pro-environmental) dimension. The maximum value is 100.00, which reflects the maximum of proenvironmental dimension. 62

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