Views
5 years ago

Patient Care Ergonomics Resource Guide: Safe Patient Handling ...

Patient Care Ergonomics Resource Guide: Safe Patient Handling ...

Patient

Patient Care Ergonomics Resource Guide: Safe Patient Handling & Movement Department of Veterans Affairs •= Reduce direct costs by ____%. •= Decrease nursing turnover by ____%. •= Decrease musculoskeletal discomfort in patient care providers by ____%. Opportunities to improve quality of care through ergonomics programs also exist. For example, the following patient benefits can be realized: •= Increase patient comfort, security, and dignity during lifts and transfers. •= Enhance patient safety during transfers as evidenced by decrease in patient falls, skin tears, or abrasions. •= Promote patient mobility and independence. •= Enhance toileting outcomes and decrease incontinence. •= Improve quality of life for patients. Lastly, ergonomic programs can address several organizational goals, including: •= Become an employer of choice (e.g., improve recruitment, retention, safety, and satisfaction of staff). •= Enhance regulatory compliance. •= Improve staff efficiency. ��Ergonomic Systems Approach Before beginning the actual implementation of an ergonomics systems approach, an appropriate foundation must be laid in order for the program to have a chance to succeed. The key to effective back injury prevention programs is the use of Ergonomic-based approaches that analyze job tasks and identify prominent risk factors with the purpose of changing unacceptable job demands. Ergonomic approaches are used to: 1) Design jobs and job tasks to fit people rather than expecting people to adapt to poor work designs. 2) Achieve a proper match between the worker and their job by understanding and incorporating the limits of people. 3) Take into account that when job demands exceed the limits of workers, there are problems. Manual patient handling tasks are intrinsically unsafe because they are beyond the capabilities of the general work force; therefore, traditional injury prevention programs based primarily on training and attempts to modify behavior of workers have not demonstrated widespread success. 18

Ergonomic Workplace Assessments of Nursing Environments Department of Veterans Affairs As with any program within an organizational structure, top management must be committed to the implementation of an ergonomics-based systems approach aimed at the prevention of back injuries. Without this support, chances for success will be limited. Some managers may be very well aware of the problems with musculoskeletal injuries within their organizations, and others may not be aware of the magnitude of the problem or may have the issue low on their list of priorities. Next, the personnel who will work on this problem within the organization must be identified. In a large organization, it may be assigned to an appropriate operational unit. In a smaller organization, a committee or task force may be organized to work on the problem. With this groundwork in place, the organization is now prepared to embark on the implementation of an ergonomics based system. A summary of the ergonomic environment assessment protocol for patient care units can be found in Figure 3-1. Each step will be described. Step 1 Collect Baseline Injury Data Step 9 Monitor Results Evaluate Program Continuously Improve Safety Figure 3-1: Overview of Ergonomic Workplace Assessment Protocol for Patient Care Environments Step 2 Identify High- Risk Units Step 7 Formulate Recommendations Step 8 Implement Recommendations Involve End Users in Selecting Equipment 19 Step 3 Obtain Pre-Site Visit Data Step 6 Risk Analysis Step 4 Identify High Risk Tasks Step 5 Conduct Team Site Visit at each High Risk Unit