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Patient Care Ergonomics Resource Guide: Safe Patient Handling ...

Patient Care Ergonomics Resource Guide: Safe Patient Handling ...

Patient

Patient Assessment, Care Planning & Algorithms Department of Veterans Affairs • Plan lift and communicate with staff and patient. • Work together, including actions of more than one caregiver as well as the patient. • Have the right equipment available, in good working order, and conveniently located. Key Assessment Criteria • �Ability of the patient to provide assistance. • �Ability of the patient to bear weight. • �Upper extremity strength of the patient. • �Ability of the patient to cooperate and follow instructions. • �Patient height and weight. • �Special circumstances likely to affect transfer or repositioning tasks, such as abdominal wounds, contractures, or presence of tubes, etc. • �Specific physician orders or physical therapy recommendations that relate to transferring or repositioning patients. (For example, a patient with a knee or hip replacement may need a specific order or recommendation to maintain the correct angle of hip or knee flexion during transfer.) �Care Plan Considerations • Type of task to be completed, e.g., transferring, repositioning, ambulating, or toileting. • Type of equipment or assistive devices needed. • �Number of caregivers needed to complete the task safely. Process for Using Assessment and Planning Criteria The specific process for assessment and care planning may vary by facility, patient population, or level of care. However, key elements need to be considered and integrated into the assessment and care planning process for safe patient handling and movement. • Who completes the assessment? • How often assessment is completed. • Communication plan. • Updating/revising the plan as needed. 70

Patient Assessment, Care Planning & Algorithms Department of Veterans Affairs Attachment 5-1 Assessment Criteria and Care Plan for Safe Patient Handling a nd Movement I. Patient’s Level of Assistance: _____ Independent —Patient performs task safely, with or without staff assistance, with or without assistive devices. _____ Partial Assist —Patient requires no more help than stand-by, cueing, or coaxing, or caregiver is required to lift no more than 35 lbs. of a patient’s weight. _____Dependent—Patient requires nurse to lift more than 35 lbs. of the patient’s weight, or is unpredictable in the amount of assistance offered. In this case, assistive devices should be used. An assessment should be made prior to each task if the patient has varying level of ability to assist due to medical reasons, fatigue, medications, etc. When in doubt, assume the patient cannot assist with the transfer/repositioning. II. Weight Bearing Capability III. Bi-Lateral Upper Extremity Strength _____ Full _____ Yes _____ Partial _____ No _____ None IV. Patient’s level of cooperation and comprehension: _____ Cooperative — may need prompting; able to follow simple commands. _____ Unpredictable or varies (patient whose behavior changes frequently should be considered as “unpredictable”), not cooperative, or unable to follow simple commands. V. Weight: _________ Height: ___________ Body Mass Index (BMI) [needed if patient’s weight is over 300]¹:___________ If BMI exceeds 50, institute Bariatric Algorithms The presence of the following conditions are likely to affect the transfer/repositioning process and should be considered when identifying equipment and technique needed to move the patient. VI. Check applicable conditions likely to affect transfer/repositioning techniques. _____ Hip/Knee Replacements _____ Postural Hypotension _____ Amputation _____ History of Falls _____ Severe Osteoporosis _____ Urinary/Fecal Stoma _____ Paralysis/Paresis _____ Splints/Traction _____ Contractures/Spasms _____ Unstable Spine _____ Fractures _____ Tubes (IV, Chest, etc.) _____ Severe Edema _____ Severe Pain, Discomfort _____ Respiratory/Cardiac Compromise _____ Very Fragile Skin _____ Wounds Affecting Transfer/Positioning Comments:________________________________________________________________________________________ VII. Care Plan: Algorithm Task 1 Transfer To and From: Bed to Chair, Chair To Toilet, Chair to Chair, or Car to Chair. 2 Lateral Transfer To and From: Bed to Stretcher, Trolley. 3 Transfer To and From: Chair to Stretcher, or Chair to Exam Table. 4 Reposition in Bed: Side-to-Side, Up in Bed. 5 Reposition in Chair: Wheelchair and Dependency Chair. 6 Transfer Patient Up from the Floor Bariatric 1 Bariatric Transfer To and From: Bed to Chair, Chair to Toilet, or Chair to Chair Bariatric 2 Bariatric Lateral Transfer To and From: Bed to Stretcher or Trolley Bariatric 3 Bariatric Reposition in Bed: Side-to-Side, Up in Bed Bariatric 4 Bariatric Reposition in Chair: Wheelchair, Chair or Dependency Chair Bariatric 5 Patient Handling Tasks Requiring Access to Body Parts Bariatric 6 Bariatric Transporting (Stretcher) Bariatric 7 Bariatric Toileting Tasks Equipment/ Assistive Device Sling Type (circle choice): Seated_____ Seated (Amputation)_____ Standing_____ Supine_____ Ambulation_____ Limb Support_____ Sling Size: _____________ Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________ ¹If patient’s weight is over 300 pounds, the BMI is needed. For Online BMI table and calculator see: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/bmi_tbl.htm 71 # Staff

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