5 years ago

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

10%) of

10%) of which are in non-forested areas. However, there is the emergence of concerns regarding the social and environmental impacts of expanding oil palm plantations in regions of high biodiversity. Other feedstocks available in Peru include used cooking oil and fish oil. Used cooking oil could have interesting niche applications and environmental benefits; however, logistics of collection would be daunting. Peru is a large producer and exporter of fish oil, but there is little experience in using this oil as biodiesel feedstock worldwide. There is a program to promote planting of canola on 20,000-200,000 ha in the Peruvian highlands. Table 25 summarizes the resources available for biodiesel production in Peru. If 20% of Peru’s current palm oil production, as well as all waste oils and fats, were used for biofuels, it would yield about 303,000 tonnes of biodiesel per annum. This amount would replace 14% of Peru’s current diesel consumption and 6% of its crude oil imports. Table 25. Biodiesel Resources in Peru, 2005 Resource Second-Generation Biofuels Potential Quantity (tonnes per year) Palm oil 48,000 Used cooking oil 3,680 Fish oil 290,000 Total 341,680 Source: Castro, 2007 No assessment of lignocellulosic biomass was identified during this survey. Potential materials for ethanol production include sugar cane bagasse, crop residues, logging, and oil-palm residues. There are several plantation trails of jatropha in San Martin (Tarapoto) and Amazonas (Bagua Chica). 91

Biomass Resource Assessment Capabilities Peru appears to have good capabilities to conduct a detailed level of biomass resource assessments. Leading agencies with knowledgeable staff in agriculture and forestry are the MINAG and INRENA. These two institutions have been using GIS to map crop and forest resources. Additionally, INRENA has been using RS for forest monitoring. Figure 26 illustrates a geospatial tool developed by MINAG showing land use. Source: MINAG, 2008 Figure 26. Atlas of Agricultural Lands in Peru MINAG collects and provides monthly and annual statistics on crop production; acreages; and yield at an economy-wide, regional, provincial, and district level. Data is collected via sample paper and field surveys. INRENA manages forest resources and provides forest and timber product statistics annually at a regional level. References 1. Castro, P., Opciones para la producción y uso del biodiésel en el Perú, Soluciones Prácticas – ITDG, August 2007 2. National Institute of Natural Resources (INRENA), Accessed April 2008, 92

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