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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

3. Inter-American

3. Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), A Blueprint for Green Energy in the Americas, 2007, http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=945758 4. International Energy Agency (IEA), Country energy statistics, Oil in Peru, 2005, http://www.iea.org/Textbase/country/index.asp 5. Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG), Major Crops Production, Accessed April 2008, http://www.portalagrario.gob.pe/download/pdf/especiales/dinamica/III_Agricola.pdf 6. Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG), Geographic Information Systems, Accessed April 2008, http://www.portalagrario.gob.pe/sistema_informacion.shtml 7. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Data Provided by Index Mundi, Accessed March 2008, http://indexmundi.com/ 93

The Philippines Economy-Wide and Regional Biofuels Resource Assessments First-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: In the Philippines, sugar cane is considered a primary feedstock for ethanol production. The government sees it as the most reliable feedstock due to its well-established farming technologies and the highest yield per hectare compared to other feedstock (corn, cassava, and sweet sorghum). Sugarcane production in the Philippines is expected to increase to meet the requirements of the Biofuels Act. At present, the sugar industry can only supply 79% of the needs of the 5% ethanol blend. So the current area of 344,700 ha devoted to sugar cane would have to expand to meet ethanol demand. To produce 120,000 litres of ethanol daily, sugar cane plantations need 7,000 to 8,000 ha aside from the 10 to 20 ha for each ethanolprocessing plant. The Sugar Regulatory Administration (SRA) has already identified 237,748 ha of new sugar fields, mostly in Mindanao, that can be tapped to produce fuel ethanol (Bulatlat 2007). Additional ethanol feedstocks considered in the Philippines are sweet sorghum and cassava. A study completed by the Department of Agriculture- Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR) and International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences (ISSAAS) in 2007 evaluated the potential of sweet sorghum for ethanol production in the Philippines. It concluded that the crop is comparable with other types of feedstock in terms of yield, bioethanol productivity, and cost. The ethanol yield of sweet sorghum per hectare is comparable with corn and cassava but lower than sugar cane. However, in terms of bioethanol productivity (the ethanol yield per ton of feedstock), sweet sorghum is the most productive with a production of 425 liters/ha (50 liters per ton from stalk and 375 liters per ton from grains). The study also states that sweet sorghum is cost- competitive compared to molasses, corn, and cassava; and also with sugar cane for caneextracted alcohol, but not for grain-extracted alcohol. Cassava has long been cultivated in the Philippines, planted predominantly in Mindanao (Bukidnon) and Eastern Visayas. The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) reports very low yields, around 8 tonnes per ha per year. Tests done at the Leyte State University in Baybay, 94

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