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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

References 1. Ministry

References 1. Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR), Solid waste management, accessed February 2008, http://app.mewr.gov.sg/web/Contents/Contents.aspx?ContId=680 2. National Climate Change Committee, accessed February 2008, http://www.nccc.gov.sg/renewables/biomass.shtm 3. National Environmental Agency (NEA), accessed February 2008, http://app.nea.gov.sg/ 105

Chinese Taipei Economy-Wide Biofuels Resource Assessments First-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: Crops in Chinese Taipei have the largest share of total agricultural production, about 45.81%, followed by livestock (31.33%), fishery (22.72%), and forestry (0.14%). Rice is the most valuable crop in the economy, with more than 1.56 Mt produced in 2006 from 263,000 ha of land. Sweet potato is next on the list with about 235,000 tonnes. The production of corn (83,000 tonnes), grain sorghum (5,000 tonnes), wheat, and cassava is relatively small. Chinese Taipei imports large quantities of wheat, corn, and cassava for domestic food consumption and it exports very small amount of the crops it produces. Chinese Taipei was formerly one of the world's leading sugar exporters. In the 1950s and 1960s, more than 100,000 hectares of land were dedicated to sugar cane production, with more than 1 Mt of sugar produced annually. However, increasing labor costs and steadily declining prices during the following decades dealt a heavy blow to the industry. By 2006, only 10,390 hectares were under cultivation (GIO 2008). If the equivalent of 20% of Chinese Taipei’s current starch crops production were devoted to biofuels owing to increased yields over time, about 0.08 hm 3 of ethanol (39,000 tonnes gasoline equivalent). This volume would only be enough to replace 0.5% of Chinese Taipei’s current gasoline consumption and 0.1% of its crude oil imports. Biodiesel: Chinese Taipei produces small amount of vegetable oils (soybeans, peanuts, and sesame, in particular), thus it relies on imports to satisfy domestic consumption. A study on biodiesel potential in Chinese Taipei (Tsai 2007) estimated the amount of vegetable oil, used cooking oil, and animal fat available in 2000 at about 608,000 tonnes: vegetable oil (mostly soybean) – 419,000 tonnes, used cooking oil – 140,000 tonnes, and animal fat (lard) – 49,200 tonnes. Used cooking oil will be the main feedstock for the planned biodiesel production facilities in Chinese Taipei. 106

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