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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

If 20%

If 20% of Chinese Taipei’s current soybean oil production, as well as all waste oils and fats, were refined into biofuels, it would yield about 0.27 Mt of biodiesel per annum. This amount would replace 7.3% of the economy’s current diesel consumption and 0.5% of its crude oil imports. Second-Generation Biofuels Potential Lignocellulosic biomass available in Chinese Taipei includes crop, forest, and wood-processing residues. A study by Tsai et al. in 2004 assessed the crop residues (rice straw, rice husk, corn con, corn stover, and groundnut shells) available during 1990-2000. The study estimated that there were about 1.9 Mt of crop residues available in 2000 (mostly rice straw). This amount would yield about 0.57 hm 3 of ethanol or 0.28 Mt gasoline equivalent – enough to displace just 3.5% of the economy’s current gasoline consumption and 0.5% of its crude oil imports. No estimates on logging or wood-processing residues were identified during this survey. According to the Forestry Bureau, forestland occupied about 2 million ha, about 59% of the total island area (3.6 million ha). The total forest volume of the island is 359 million m 3 . The average forest volume per hectare is 287 m 3 for conifers, 119 m 3 for hardwoods, and 254 m 3 for mixed forests. Biomass Resource Assessment Capabilities Although no detailed biomass resource assessment was found for Chinese Taipei, the economy appears to have good capabilities to conduct this type of analyses. Leading agencies providing expertise in agriculture and forestry are the Agricultural Research Institute and Forest Research Institute. Several universities also have been involved in analyzing biomass resources. They include: • Department of Forestry, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung • School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei • Department of Environmental Engineering and Science, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan 107

Geospatial Techniques. The Center for Space and Remote Sensing Research at the National Central University provides expertise in geospatial technologies. Researchers at the Department of Resource and Environment Studies-Leader University have used GIS to estimate and map areas suitable for growing sugar cane. GIS is also used by the Forestry Bureau to map forest resources, soils, land use, and other parameters for their analysis, as illustrated in Figure 29. Source: Forestry Bureau, 2005 Figure 29. Map of Timber Volume of National Forest in Chinese Taipei 108

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