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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Leading agencies

Leading agencies providing agricultural and forestry expertise include the Department of Agriculture and Royal Forestry Department. Several universities also have been involved in assessing biomass resources such as the Faculty of Forestry at the Kasetsart University, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Industrial Biotechnology at the Prince of Songkla University, and Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment at King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi. As with other economies, a university or college with relevant programs would offer expertise in the field. Geospatial Capabilities. In addition to the example illustrated earlier, GIS and RS have been used by the Department of Agriculture to assist in the differentiation of major agricultural crops, estimation of crop acreage, and yield forecasting. Moreover, remotely sensed data have been effectively used in assessment of damage on crops resulting from severe weather such as drought and flood. The Royal Forest Department uses RS and GIS in combination with sample ground surveys to assess existing forest land, and identify shifting cultivation and watershed areas, as well as areas of cut forest. Modeling. Researchers at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Prince of Songkla University, in collaboration with Kyoto University have developed mathematical models to determine the fuel cost and optimum capacity of rubber wood-fired power plants based on fuel availability. Further, the models were integrated with GIS to locate the appropriate sites and sizes of the power plants (Krukanont and Prasertsan 2004). The Department of Agriculture and the Royal Forest Department also have been using advanced modeling techniques to assess and forecast crop and forest productivity. Data Availability. The Office of Agricultural Economics (OAE) is the prime office responsible for collection and dissemination of agricultural statistics. It collects data on crop area planted, harvested, production, and yield annually at an economy-wide and provincial level. OAE uses several methods for data collection including sample paper and ground surveys, face-to-face interviews, statistical models, and geospatial techniques. Various methods for data collection are also used by the Royal Forest Department, which provides forestry statistics at a national, regional, and provincial level annually. 113

References 1. Chanthunyagarn, S. et al., Bioenergy Atlas of Agricultural Residues in Thailand, Presented at Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE), Hua Hin, Thailand, December 2004, http://www.energy-based.nrct.go.th/Article/Ts­ 3%20bioenergy%20atlas%20of%20agricultural%20residues%20in%20thailand.pdf 2. Krukanont, P. and Prasertsan, S., (2004), “Geographical distribution of biomass and potential sites of rubber wood !red power plants in Southern Thailand”, Biomass and Bioenergy (26): 47-59 3. Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC), Potential Crops for Ethanol Production in Thailand, Poster presented at the Second Biomass Asia Workshop, Bangkok, Thailand, December 2005, http://www.biomass-asiaworkshop.jp/biomassws/02workshop/reports/20051213PP03-10p.jpg 4. Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC), Potential Crops for Biodiesel in Thailand, Poster presented at the Second Biomass Asia Workshop, Bangkok, Thailand, December 2005, http://www.biomass-asiaworkshop.jp/biomassws/02workshop/reports/20051213PP03-11p.jpg 5. Office of Agricultural Economics (OAE), Accessed May 2008, http://www.oae.go.th/statistic/yearbook/2002-03/indexe.html 6. Ongsomwang, S., Royal Forest Department, Remote Sensing and GIS Activities in Thailand, 2000, http://geoinformatics.sut.ac.th/sut/vichagan/tepin/REMOTE%20SENSING%20AND%20 GIS%20ACTIVITIES%20IN%20THAILAND.pdf 7. Pletka, R., Biomass-Based Power Generation and Co-generation Within Small Rural Industries of Thailand, 2001, http://www.nrbp.org/papers/037.pdf 8. Regional Data Exchange System (RDES), FAO, Metadata for National Agricultural Statistics – Thailand, 2006, http://faorap-apcas.org/rdes/PPT/thailand_metadata.pdf 9. Sajjakulnukit, B., et al. (2005), “Assessment of sustainable energy potential of nonplantation biomass resources in Thailand”, Biomass and Bioenergy (29): 214–224. 10. Sabhasri, S., et al., Remote Sensing Activities in Thailand, Presented at the First Asian Conference on Remote Sensing at the National Research Council of Thailand, Bangkok, November 1980, http://www.aars-acrs.org/acrs/proceeding/ACRS1980/Papers/NR80­ 1.htm 11. Suwannakhanthi, N., Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Overview for Thailand’s Renewable Energy focusing on Biomass Energy, August 2004, http://www.dtn.moc.go.th/dtn/tradeinfo/file/files_1/Thailand_Biomass.pdf 12. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Biofuels in Thailand, GAIN Report, 2007, http://www.fas.usda.gov/gainfiles/200706/146291285.pdf 13. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Data Provided by Index Mundi, Accessed March 2008, http://indexmundi.com/ 114

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