5 years ago

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Table 31. Wood

Table 31. Wood and Crop Residues Available in Viet Nam, 2002 Source: Nguyen Le Truong, Tran Quang Cu, 2004; TJ – Terajoule (10 12 J) Dedicated energy crops (particularly elephant grass) are also seen as an opportunity in Viet Nam. Pilot elephant grass plantations have been set up in Dongthap province (67 ha), BacKan (100 ha), and TuyenQuang (200 ha). Viet Nam is also exploring the opportunity to produce ethanol from seaweed. Biodiesel: The Institute of Applied Materials & Science and Institute of Tropical Biology in HCMC is researching the biodiesel production from rubber seed oil and other oil-bearing crops (jatropha). The Department of Agriculture & Rural Development has a jatropha trial plantation of 5,000 ha. Eco-Carbone has identified four regions in Viet Nam for jatropha development, and will partner with local farmers and communities for a minimum of 30,000 ha. Regional and Local Biomass Resource Potential VAST estimated the main agricultural residues available in Viet Nam by region as illustrated in Table 32. No finer analysis of biomass resources (by province or municipality) was identified during this survey. 135

Source: Tran Dinh Man, 2007 Table 32. Main Agricultural Residues Available by Region in Viet Nam, 2006 Biomass Resource Assessment Capabilities Although no detailed biomass resource assessments were identified at the time of this survey, it appears that Viet Nam has capabilities to improve the quality of existing analyses. The Institute of Biotechnology and Institute of Environmental Technology at the Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) are the main agencies involved in biomass resource assessment. Several other entities provide expertise in agriculture and forestry such as the Faculty of Forestry, Nong Lam University (formerly University of Agriculture and Forestry), the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV), Institute of Agricultural Technologies and Science, and Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD). Geospatial Technologies. The General Statistics Office (GSO) of Viet Nam and FAO jointly published an Agricultural Atlas of Vietnam in 2007. The atlas is the first product in Viet Nam to illustrate agricultural statistics in a spatial format. It used GIS to analyze and map a variety of 2001 Census variables related to agriculture and forestry in Viet Nam at commune level. The atlas’s broad range of agricultural statistics is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the geography of agricultural production in rural Viet Nam. Figure 36 illustrates an example of the series of maps presented in the atlas. 136

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