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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

applied disciplines may

applied disciplines may have the potential to contribute through expertise in biology, physics, chemistry, and geospatial technologies. References 1. BIOCAP Canada Foundation, Susan M. Wood and David B. Layzell, A Canadian Biomass Inventory: Feedstocks for a Bio-based Economy, 2003, http://www.biocap.ca/images/pdfs/BIOCAP_Biomass_Inventory.pdf 2. Bradley, D., Climate Change Solutions, Canada Biomass-Bioenergy Report, May 2006, Ontario, Canada, http://www.climatechangesolutions.net/pdf/canada_country2006.pdf 3. Bradley, D., Climate Change Solutions, Canada – Sustainable Forest Biomass Supply Chains, October 2007, Ontario, Canada, http://www.canbio.ca/documents/publications/sustainableforestsupplychainsoct192007.p df 4. BW McCloy & Associates and Climate Change Solutions, Estimated Production, Consumption and Surplus Mill Wood Residues in Canada - 2004, A National Report for Natural Resources Canada and Forest Products Association of Canada, November 2005, http://www.climatechangesolutions.net/pdf/mill_residue2005.pdf 5. Canada’s National Statistical Agency, Census of Agriculture, retrieved April 2008, http://www.statcan.ca/english/agcensus2006/aboutmenu.htm 6. Canadian Agri-Food Research Council (CARC) and BIOCAP Canada, An Assessment of the Opportunities and Challenges of a Bio-Based Economy for Agriculture and Food Research in Canada, 2003, http://www.biocap.ca/files/Position_Paper_OCBBE.pdf 7. Canadian Canola Growers Association (CCGA), Presentation to Agri-Energy Opportunities in Manitoba, April 18, 2006 8. Canadian Forest Service, retrieved April 2008, http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/subsite/canfi/home 9. Department of Natural Resources, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, retrieved in April 2008, http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/forestry/programs/inv_plan.stm 10. International Energy Agency (IEA), Country energy statistics, Oil in Canada, 2005, http://www.iea.org/Textbase/country/index.asp 11. Stumborg, M. et al., Agricultural Biomass Resources in Canada, presented at 2004 ASAE Annual Meeting, Ottawa Canada, August 2004 12. Stumborg, M. et al., Biomass Inventory and Mapping Analysis Tool (BIMAT), presentation at the Fifth APEC Biofuels Task Force meeting, Golden, Colorado, USA, October 7-9, 2008 13. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Biofuels in Canada, GAIN Report 2007, http://www.fas.usda.gov/gainfiles/200708/146292128.pdf 35

Chile Economy-Wide, Provincial and Local Biofuels Resource Assessments First-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: Chile produces corn, wheat, and sugar beet, all of which could be used as feedstock for ethanol production. However, given the limited land available in Chile and the current need to import significant quantities of food, second-generation biofuels, particularly from forestry resources, appear to be more promising. If the equivalent of 20% of Chile’s current starch and sugar crops production could be made available for biofuel production, for example through increase in crop yields over time, it would yield about 0.26 m 3 of ethanol or 0.12 Mt gasoline equivalent. This would be enough to replace 6% of Chile’s 2005 gasoline consumption and 1.2% of its 2005 crude oil imports. Biodiesel: The Ministry of Agriculture, Office of Agrarian Studies and Policies (ODEPA), completed a study in January 2007 looking at available feedstock for biodiesel production. The project estimated that about 44,500 m 3 (39.2 kt) of biodiesel could be produced from rapeseed and maravilla, and about 52,338 m 3 (46.1 kt) from animal fat. This is a nationwide study with no finer geography represented, and it is based on statistical analysis of reported information. If 20% of Chile’s current vegetable oil production, as well as all waste oils and fats, could be used for biofuels, it would yield about 54,000 tonnes of biodiesel per annum. This could replace 1.7% of Chile’s current diesel consumption or 0.5% of its crude oil imports. Second-Generation Biofuels Potential A study by the National Energy Commission (Comisión Nacional de Energía), Instituto Forestal (INFOR), and GTZ evaluated the primary mill residues at regional, provincial, and municipal levels in some cases for 2005 (CNE/INFOR/GTZ 2007). Data for this study was provided by INFOR, which collects it via surveys of sawmills. In addition to statistical analysis, the project uses GIS to map the residues available in each region, as shown in the example in Figure 12. The study concluded that about 5.5 million m 3 or 3.25 Mt of primary mill residues were available 36

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