5 years ago

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL


Biomass Resource Assessment Capabilities In China, biomass resource assessments have been completed by university researchers and the Energy Research Institute (ERI), a department of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). In some cases, these assessments were developed with technical support from foreign agencies and institutions predominately in the United States, Japan, Canada, and Australia. University Expertise. Any university with agricultural and forestry departments, or chemical and engineering departments with biomass orientation, would be able to provide knowledge and expertise in the biomass field and contribute to resource assessment efforts. Likewise, geography, GIS, RS, and informational technology departments would offer expertise in geospatial science. Often, agricultural and forestry programs offer geospatial studies as part of the curriculum to provide awareness of GIS and RS as useful research tools. The survey identified two institutions that have been heavily involved in biomass resource assessment activities in the past. These are the Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). CAF’s Research Institute of Forest Resource Information Techniques is one of China’s leading scientific institutions, especially in the field of GIS, RS, and theoretical modeling in forest resources management - including the development of growth models of forest stands and quantitative evaluation techniques of forest-management activities. Two other research institutes – the Research Institute of Forestry (RIF) and the Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection (RIFEEP) - provide research related to plant science, forest management, ecology, protection, monitoring, etc. More information on CAF and its research institutes is available at CAS’s institutes and laboratories involved in biomass resource assessment include: Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research; Laboratory of Biomass Energy - Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion; Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology - Institute of Botany; and Laboratory of Remote Sensing Information Science - Institute of Remote Sensing Application. There are other institutions that have been involved in biomass resource assessments, which are listed below: • School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou • Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou • College of Forest Resources and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing • Department of Resource and Environmental Science, Chongqing University, Chongqing 45

• College of Resource and Environment Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai • Agronomy Department, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, Shandong Province • Shandong Academy of Sciences, Ji’nan, Shandong Province • Department of Ecology, College of Environmental Sciences, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing • Ecology Program, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, Heilongjiang • College of Life Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing • Thermal Energy Research Institute, Tianjin University, Tianjin • International Institute for Earth System Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing • College of Resources and Environmental Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing • College of Engineering, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing • Institute of Agricultural Remote Sensing & Information Application, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou Geospatial technologies - RS and GIS - have not been widely used for resource assessments in China, although many universities appear to have the capabilities. Remote sensing and GIS have been used to estimate crop residues, net primary productivity (NPP) 4 of forests, forest density, and change in forest density. Geospatial techniques will be used in China’s second economy-wide land survey to obtain upto-date and accurate land data for policy making. The survey will be completed by October 2009. China conducted its first economy-wide land survey in 1996 but, given the substantial changes that have taken place in urban and rural areas, the data collected 11 years ago are now out of date. The purpose of the 1996 nationwide survey was to gather systematic countylevel data on the types, area, and location of land use as well as information on land ownership. The survey was primarily based on the reading, verification, classification, and measurement of different land use from the most recent aerial photos, satellite images, and maps available. The second land use survey will use advanced geospatial technologies and GIS. It will build an electronic database for the survey findings and determine statistical and monitoring methods to track changes in land resources and a system to update the information on a regular basis. The 4 Net primary productivity (NPP) is defined as the net flux of carbon from the atmosphere into green plants per unit time. 46

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