5 years ago

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

3. International Energy

3. International Energy Agency (IEA), Country energy statistics, Oil in Indonesia, 2005. 4. Legowo, E., et al., Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, presentation at the USDA Global Conference on Agricultural Biofuels, Minnesota, USA, August 2007, 5. Regional Data Exchange System (RDES), FAO, Metadata for National Agricultural Statistics – Indonesia, 2006, 6. 7. Priyanto, U. and Ridlo, R., Agricultural and Wood Waste Potentials and Utilization in Indonesia, Center of Energy Resource Development Technology, Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (AAAT), presentation at the Fourth Biomass Asia Workshop, November 2007, Malaysia 8. Wirawan, S.S., Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (AAAT), Energy Generation Opportunities from Palm Oil Mills in Indonesia, presentation at the Fourth Biomass Asia Workshop, November 2007, Malaysia, 9. ZREU (Zentrum fur rationell Energieanwendung und Umwelt GmbH), Biomass in Indonesia-Business Guide, 2000 57

Japan Economy-Wide Biofuels Resource Assessments This survey identified several biomass resource assessments in Japan. All of them are at an economy-wide level, although statistics are available at prefecture and, in some cases, municipal level. Japan appears to have very good geospatial capabilities to assess the resources at a finer level. It is possible that such assessments exist, but are inaccessible due to language or status constraints. The assessments are based on statistical analysis of reported information. First-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: Japan’s potential for production of ethanol from conventional agricultural crops is extremely limited. Even if 20% of Japan’s current starch and sugar crop production could be spared for biofuels, it would only yield about 0.75 hm 3 of ethanol or 0.36 Mt gasoline equivalent. Such a volume of ethanol would displace just 0.8% of Japan’s current gasoline consumption and 0.2% of its crude oil imports. Biodiesel: Japan produces a small amount of oil crops, and biodiesel is produced from used cooking oil in limited quantity. Table 12 illustrates the amount of waste oil and fats generated in 2000, which totaled some 0.5 Mt. If 20% of Japan’s current vegetable oil production were devoted to biofuels, it would yield less than 0.3 Mt of biodiesel. Together with the waste oil and fats, this would provide less than 0.8 Mt of biodiesel. This amount would replace just 2.8% of the economy’s diesel consumption and 0.4% of its crude oil imports. Table 12. Quantity of Waste Oil and Fats Generated in Japan Source: Minami, E., and Saka, S., (2005); a - Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), 2000; CF - conversion factor of the wastes from (1) number of the population, and (2, 3) oil supply; b - Estimated assuming that the population of Japan is about 130,000,000. 58

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