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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Biomass

Biomass Resource Assessment Capabilities Japan appears to have advanced modeling and geospatial capabilities; however, no analysis of biomass resources using these methods was identified during this survey. MAFF has been using mathematical modeling to estimate crop yield and predict production. The Forestry Agency has been promoting the use of GIS/GPS as efficient tools for collecting, recording, and updating data to the prefectural governments. GIS and RS have also been used by several universities to support research activities. Academic institutions that have been involved in analyses of agricultural and forestry resources include: • Department of Mechanical System Engineering, School of Engineering, Hiroshima University • Department of Forest Science and Resources, College of Bio-resource Sciences, Nihon University, Fujisawa • School of Agriculture, Kyoto University • Natural Resources and Energy Division, Mizuho Information & Research Institute Inc., Tokyo • Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute • Biomass Recycle Research Laboratory, National Institute of Advanced and Industrial Science and Technology, Hiroshima • Biomass Technology Research Laboratory, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Chugoku • Research Institute of Energy Utilization, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Ibaraki • Global Warming Research Department, Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc., Tokyo • Technical Institute, Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd, Hyogo • Socioeconomic Research Center, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo • Seikei University, Fukuoka • Ehime University, Matsuyama 61

Institutions with geospatial capabilities include: • Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo • Center for Environment Remote Sensing (CEReS), Chiba University • Japanese Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC), Tokyo • Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo • National Institute for Rural Engineering Data Availability. MAFF (http://www.maff.go.jp/) is in charge of Japan’s agricultural and forestry statistics. It provides annual data on crop acreages and production, livestock, and forestry products by prefecture and, in some cases, municipality. The agricultural data is collected through direct interviews with farm owners. Due to the different climate and types of agriculture among Hokkaido, Okinawa, and the other prefectures, three sets of farm household questionnaires were used, in the simplified and detailed format, reporting different items (FAO 2000). The Forestry Agency established the Forest Resources Monitoring System in 1999 to monitor changes in quality and quantity of forests in Japan. Under the system, data are collected on about 15,700 permanent monitoring plots, 10,500 of which are located in private forests and the rest in national forests. The plots have been chosen systematically on 4km x 4km grid points covering forests throughout Japan. The system is designed so that data is collected on about 3,100 plots (or one-fifth of the total number of plots) annually with each plot visited every 5 years in rotation (Imaizumi 2001). References 1. Imaizumi, Y., Data and Information Collection for Sustainable Forest Management in Japan, Forestry Agency, November 2001, http://www.rinya.maff.go.jp/mar/Mr.%20Imaizumi%20Paper.pdf 2. International Energy Agency (IEA), Country energy statistics, Oil in Japan, 2005. http://www.iea.org/Textbase/country/index.asp 3. Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ), Japan’s Ethanol Introduction and Outstanding Issues, October 2007, http://eneken.ieej.or.jp/en/data/pdf/403.pdf 4. FAO, Japan - Agricultural Census 2000 – Main Results, http://www.fao.org/es/ESS/census/wcares/Japan_2000.pdf 5. Matsumura, Y., et al. (2005-A), “The Scale of Biomass Production in Japan”, Biomass & Bioenergy, 29: 321-330 6. Matsumura, Y., et al. (2005-B), “Amount, availability, and potential use of rice straw (agricultural residue) biomass as an energy resource in Japan”, Biomass & Bioenergy, 29: 347-354 62

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