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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

assessing

assessing and monitoring agricultural and forest residues. The atlas and its underlying data are available to the public via the Internet, but only in Korean. Table 16 notes that agricultural residues in Korea amount to about 11.8 Mt. Additionally, about 1.3 Mt of logging residues are generated annually (Park S. et al 1993), thus second generation feedstock in Korea amounts to about 13.1 Mt. This amount could produce 3.9 hm 3 of ethanol or 1.9 Mt gasoline equivalent. Such a volume of ethanol could displace 27% of current gasoline consumption and 1.7% of current crude oil imports in Korea. Source: Park S. et al., KIER 1993 Table 16. Agricultural Residues in Korea Biodiesel: The Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) is researching the potential for growing winter canola domestically as a biodiesel feedstock. The coastal regions were identified as suitable for production of this crop (Figure 20) and about 300,000–500,000 ha were estimated to be available for planting. Expected canola production would be between 0.45 Mt and 0.75 M t per year. These amounts could displace an additional 3% to 5% of the economy’s current diesel consumption and an extra 0.3% to 0.5% of crude imports. 65

Source: KIER, 2006 Figure 20. Areas Suitable for Winter Canola in Korea Biomass Resource Assessment Capabilities KIER appears to be the main institution involved in biomass resource assessment activities. A few other organizations are involved in agricultural or forestry research so may have the potential to contribute to resource assessment efforts. These include the National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Korea Forest Service, Korea Forest Research Institute, and Korea Rural Economic Institute. Several universities have been involved in research related to forestry monitoring and assessment using remote sensing and GIS. These include Kyungil University, Chungbuk National University, Kyungpook National University, Ewha Womans University, Seoul National University, and Korea University. The Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO) provides statistical information on agriculture and forestry. The data is collected via surveys with questionnaires prepared and sent out to farmers. KNSO has been conducting agricultural and forestry surveys every five years since 1960. 66

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