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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

the 22 nd Asian

the 22 nd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, Singapore, November 2001, http://www.crisp.nus.edu.sg/~acrs2001/pdf/276HAMZA.PDF 6. Husain, Z., et al. (2003), “Analysis of biomass-residue-based cogeneration system in palm oil mills”, Biomass & Bioenergy, 24: 117-124 7. International Energy Agency (IEA), Country energy statistics, Oil in Malaysia, 2005. http://www.iea.org/Textbase/country/index.asp 8. Kong, H., W., Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Current Status of Biomass Utilization in Malaysia, abstract submitted at the Biomass-Asia Workshop, Tokyo, Japan, January 2005, http://www.biomass-asiaworkshop.jp/biomassws/01workshop/material/Hoi%20Why%20Kong-word.pdf 9. Koh, M., P., Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Desk Study on National Wood fuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis, Kuala Lumpur, April 2002, http://www.rwedp.org/acrobat/Malaysia_ECFPP.pdf 10. Koh, M., P. and Hoi, W., K. (2003), “Sustainable biomass production for energy in Malaysia”, Biomass & Bioenergy, 25: 517-520 11. Pusat Tenaga Malaysia (PTM), Accessed in April 2008, http://www.ptm.org.my/ 12. Rahman, A., A., Pusat Tenaga Malaysia (PTM), Biomass for Energy Generation in Malaysia, presentation at Biomass-Asia Workshop, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia, November 2007, http://www.biomass-asiaworkshop.jp/presentation_files/03_Anuar.pdf 71

Mexico Economy-Wide Biofuels Resource Assessments First-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: Mexico grows several crops that could be used as feedstock for ethanol production, including grain sorghum, corn, wheat, and sugar cane. However, sugar cane is considered the most feasible feedstock due to the opportunity for co-locating ethanol refineries with existing sugar mills. Also, Mexico is a sugar exporter, while it imports large amounts of the other crops mentioned above. A study by the Energy Secretariat (SENER), the Inter-American Development Bank (BID), and the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) in 2006 analyzed the potential of the main crops in Mexico for ethanol production, concluding that three of them (corn, grain sorghum, and sugar cane) could be considered. These crops today use a significant area, as seen in Table 18. Table 18. Areas and Production for Select Crops in Mexico, 2004 Source: SENER-BID-GTZ, 2006; (1) – 2003/04 The study also illustrates the approximate areas needed to support ethanol production in three scenarios: Scenario 1: Substitute MTBE with ETBE as oxygenate in gasoline Scenario 2: Total replacement of ethers with ethanol at 5.7% Scenario 3: Ethanol 10% blend becomes the standard gasoline in Mexico Two crops (sugar cane and sugar beets) would require less than 1 million ha to produce enough ethanol for 10% of gasoline substitution (Scenario 3). This seems to be within the possibilities today, because agriculture uses only 21.8 million ha (2003) out of about 30 million ha “available” area; and pasture land (27.7 million ha) in some regions (South-Southeast) could be partly used 72

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