5 years ago

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Source: Feregrino, 2007

Source: Feregrino, 2007 Figure 21. Suitable Areas for Biodiesel Feedstock Production in Mexico Second-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: A study sponsored by the National Forest Commission (CONAFOR) and the National Association of Solar Energy (ANES) estimated the amount of logging, primary mill, and crop residues (CONAFOR/ANES 2006) in Mexico. This is a nationwide study based on statistical analysis of reported information in 2001 – 2003. Crop residues evaluated in this analysis include those from sugar cane, rice, corn, wheat, grain sorghum, barley, and beans production. Total residues are estimated at 74.5 Mt per year (Table 21), which could generate 22 hm 3 of ethanol or 10.7 Mt gasoline equivalent. Mexico consumed about 27.7 Mt of gasoline in 2005, so secondgeneration ethanol could displace about 39% of its gasoline consumption. Table 21. Lignocellulosic Biomass Potential in Mexico Feedstock Quantity (million tonnes/year) Logging Residues 2 Primary Mill Residues 1.5 Crop Residues 71 Total 74.5 Source: CONAFOR, 2006 75

Biodiesel: A potential biodiesel feedstock considered in Mexico is jatropha. Jatropha is still in the very early stage of development and efforts appear to be focused on small scale plantations. Regional and Local Biofuels Resource Assessments The Institute of Electrical Investigations (IIE) estimated and mapped the biomass resources available by Basic Geostatistical Area (BGA). These are territorial divisions, smaller than the municipalities, developed by the National Institute for Statistics and Geography (INEGI) to collect statistics. The study assessed the amount of residues available in each BGA using cropto-residue ratio as well as their energy potential in GJ (Figure 22). The following six crops are considered: beans, corn, wheat, rice, barley, grain sorghum, and sugar cane. IIE has also estimated and mapped animal manure by BGA and its energy potential. Source: IIE, 2008 Figure 22. Energy Potential of Crop Residues in Mexico 76

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