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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Abbreviations

Abbreviations and Acronyms APEC - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation BTF – Biofuels Task Force (APEC) CRP - conservation reserve program ETBE - ethyl tertiary butyl ether FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization GIS – geographic information system GPS – global positioning system MTBE - methyl tertiary butyl ether MSW - municipal solid waste NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory (of the U.S. Department of Energy) PNG - Papua New Guinea RS – remote sensing R&D - research and development SVO - straight vegetable oil Units of Measure dam 3 – cubic decameter or 1,000 m 3 or 10 6 L, described in some sources as a ML (Megaliter) EJ – Exajoule (10 18 joule) Gg – Gigagram (1,000 tonnes) ha – hectare hm 3 – cubic hectometer or 1,000,000 m 3 or 10 9 L, described in some sources as a GL (Gigaliter) kt – kilotonne (1,000 tonnes) L – liter (decimeter or dm 3 ) m 3 – cubic meter Mt – Megatonne (10 6 tonnes) MW – Megawatt Odt – oven dry ton = bone dry ton Tg – Teragram, a unit of mass = 1 Megatonne TJ – Terajoule (10 12 J) Tonne - metric ton vi

TOE - tonne of oil equivalent, the amount of energy released by burning one tonne of crude oil, approximately 42 GJ (Gigajoule = 10 9 J); Mtoe – Million TOE Conversions 1 metric ton of wood = 1.4 cubic meters (solid wood) 1 metric ton of ethanol = 1,265 liters; average ethanol density: 0.79 g/cm 3 (= tonne/m 3 ) 1 metric ton of biodiesel = 1,136 liters; average biodiesel density: 0.88 g/cm 3 (= tonne/m 3 ) 1 metric ton of gasoline = 1,356 liters; average gasoline density: 0.73 g/cm 3 (= tonne/m 3 ) 1 metric ton of diesel = 1,177 liters; average diesel density: 0.85 g/cm 3 (= tonne/m 3 ) 1 metric ton of lignocellulosic biomass yields approximately 300 liters of ethanol 1 metric ton of grains yield approximately 360 liters of ethanol Glossary of Plant Names Chinese pistachio (Pistacia Chinensis) Chinese tallow tree (Sapium Sebiferum) Corn (Zea Mays) commonly known as maize Indian mustard (Brassica Juncea) Jatropha (Jatropha Curcas) Maravilla (Flourensia Thurifera) Miscanthus (a genus of about 15 species, e.g. Miscanthus Sinensis and Miscanthus giganteus) Pongam (Pongamia Pinnata) also known as Karanj Rapeseed (Brassica Napus) also known as Canola in the United States and Canada vii

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