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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

9. Statistics New

9. Statistics New Zealand, Accessed May 2008, http://www.stats.govt.nz/ 10. USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service, New Zealand Bio-Fuels Policy, Production and Market Potential, February 2007, http://www.fas.usda.gov/gainfiles/200702/146280233.pdf 85

Papua New Guinea Economy-Wide Biofuels Resource Assessments First-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: Papua New Guinea (PNG) produces small amounts of sugar cane. Ramu Sugar Ltd (RSL) is a registered private enterprise, the only PNG company specializing in sugar cane production. Sugar cane is grown on 8,500 ha, with production at more than 500,000 tonnes in 2002 (NAIS 2006). The main by-product of the RSL sugar mill is molasses. About 12% of total output is sold locally, primarily as cattle feed. The balance of about 15,000 tonnes per year is pumped to the distillery adjacent to the sugar mill for conversion into alcohol. In 1995, the distillery was upgraded from producing industrial grade alcohol to producing potable grade alcohol. The bulk of the annual production of more than 2 million liters of potable alcohol is exported (Pacific Magazine 2003). If 20% of PNG’s sugar cane production is used for biofuels, it would yield about 0.06 hm 3 of ethanol per year (29,000 tonnes gasoline equivalent). This volume would displace 6.6% of the economy’s crude oil import. Biodiesel: There is no information on biodiesel production and consumption in PNG. However, there is a widespread use of straight vegetable oil (SVO) or mixture of SVO and petro-diesel. Domestic biodiesel feedstocks include palm and coconut oil. Oil palm has been a widely cultivated cash crop since the 1960s, and today it is the economy's leading agricultural export. PNG is the world's sixth-largest producer and the third-largest exporter of palm oil, behind Malaysia and Indonesia. Crude palm oil (CPO) production in 2007 was 380,000 tonnes, almost entirely for export. The coconut oil industry is relatively small (about 60,000 tonnes in 2007), of which 43,000 tonnes or 73% was exported (USDA 2008). If 20% of PNG’s current vegetable oil production is used for biofuels, it would yield about 82,000 tonnes of biodiesel. This volume would replace 48% of the economy’s current diesel consumption and 19% of crude oil import. 86

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