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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Second-Generation

Second-Generation Biofuels Potential No assessment of lignocellulosic biomass was identified during this survey. Considering PNG’s agricultural and forestry industries a significant waste material could be available for ethanol production. These include logging, oil-palm and coconut residues, as well as sugar cane bagasse. Biomass Resource Assessment Capabilities Although some of the products mentioned below are not direct examples of biomass resource assessments, they are indicators of existing capabilities - methods, tools, scientific knowledge and data - that could be applied to future resource assessment projects. Leading agencies and institutions providing expertise in agriculture and forestry include the National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), Department of Agriculture and Livestock (DAL), PNG Forest Authority (PNGFA), Forest Industries Association (FIA), and PNG University of Technology (Department of Agriculture and Department of Forestry). Geospatial techniques (GIS and RS) have been used by the University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG) and NARI in various projects. The UPNG Remote Sensing Center (in conjunction with the Australian National University) recently released a report on the state of forests in PNG (UPNG/ANU 2008). The study used satellite images and GIS to illustrate the loss in forest cover between 1972 and 2002 (Figure 25). It found that at current rates, 53% of forest is at risk of being destroyed by 2021. The study also found that even in conservation areas, trees have been logged or cut down by local subsistence farmers unabated. Papua New Guinea has the world's third-largest tropical forest but it was being cleared or degraded at a rate of 362,000 hectares (895,000 acres) a year. UPNG also developed a Resource Information System (PNGRIS), which is a computer-based inventory of PNG natural resources, land-use, and population information. The system provides a series of maps and data on climate, elevation, relief, geology, soil, population and inundation, useful for natural resource planning, development, and conservation. The Land Use Section in DAL uses PNGRIS in combination with other data to develop crop suitability maps. Additionally, NARI uses GIS to map crop production, land use, and socio-economic information related to farming systems. 87

Source: UPNG/ANU, 2008 Figure 25. Estimating Area of Deforestation in Papua New Guinea Data Availability. The survey didn’t find any agricultural and forestry statistics by domestic agencies in electronic format. In most cases, this type of information is provided by FAO and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) at an economy-wide level via their Web sites. The Forest Authority (PNGFA) is the government body responsible for monitoring and 88

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