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Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment ... - NREL

controlling the wood-

controlling the wood- and forest-based industries and the management of forest resources. NARI is responsible for collection and maintenance of agricultural statistics. However, no data is provided via NARI and FA Web sites. Without this information, the survey found it difficult to assess data-collection methods and frequency, as well as geographic scale. References 1. Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Accessed March 2008, http://www.agriculture.gov.pg/ 2. FAO, Selected indicators of food and agriculture development in Asia-Pacific region 1992-2002, October 2003, http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/AD452E/ad452e00.HTM 3. Forest Authority (PNGFA), Accessed March 2008, http://www.forestry.gov.pg/ 4. Forest Industries Association, Accessed march 2008, http://www.fiapng.com/ 5. National Agricultural Information System (NAIS), Accessed March 2008, http://www.pngnais.org/wysiwyg/view_page.php?id=13 6. National Agricultural Research Institute, Accessed March 2008, http://www.nari.org.pg/ 7. National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea, Accessed April 2008, http://www.nso.gov.pg/ 8. Pacific Magazine, Ramu Sugar - Cattle Trade Doing Well, May 2003, http://www.pacificmagazine.net/issue/2003/05/01/ramu-sugar-cattle-trade-doing-well 9. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Data Provided by Index Mundi, Accessed March 2008, http://indexmundi.com/ 10. University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG), Remote Sensing Center, Accessed April 2008, http://gis.mortonblacketer.com.au/upngis/ 11. University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG), Papua New Guinea Resource Information System Handbook, Third Edition, June 2008, http://gis.mortonblacketer.com.au/upngis/Downloads/PNGRIS%20Handbook%203rd%2 0Edition.pdf 12. University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG) and Australian National University(ANU), The State of Forests of Papua New Guinea: Mapping the extent and condition of forest cover and measuring the drivers of forest change in the period 1972-2002, June 2008, http://www.scienceinpublic.com/State%20of%20Forests%20of%20PNG_embargo%20ve rsion.pdf 89

Peru Economy-Wide Biofuels Resource Assessments First-Generation Biofuels Potential Ethanol: Peru has a number of crops that can be used for ethanol production, including sugar cane, grain sorghum, corn, cassava, potatoes, and rice. The economy is particularly competitive in sugar cane, boasting the highest yield per hectare in the world. According to the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG), the Peruvian sugar cane industry in 2006 produced 110 tonnes per ha compared to just 85 tonnes per ha in Brazil. Sugar cane production was 7.2 Mt in 2006, with about 80% going to sugar production. The rest is used for production of alcohol used by the beverage, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries. Sugar cane production in Peru is cultivated in five regions along the coast and 77% of the production is concentrated in the North. The region La Libertad provided 46% of total production in 2006, followed by Lambayeque (23%), Lima (22%), Ancash (8%), and Arequipa (1%). Potential for expanded production of sugar cane and other crops remains to be assessed. If 20% of Peru’s current starch and sugar crops production could be spared for biofuels, it would yield about 1 hm 3 of ethanol or 0.48 Mt gasoline equivalent per annum. This volume would be sufficient to replace 62% of Peru’s current gasoline consumption and 10% of its crude oil imports. Biodiesel: A study by the Soluciones Prácticas-ITDG in 2007 evaluated the resource potential for biodiesel in Peru. The study states that there are a variety of raw materials available - vegetable oils, used cooking oil, fish oil, and animal fats; however, there is not sufficient quantity to satisfy a potential industry demand. Peru is a net vegetable oil importer with about 60% in 2002. Primary feedstock for biodiesel production is palm oil. Production is concentrated in the provinces of Ucayali, San Martin, and Loreto. There are 21,200 ha planted with oil palm. Productivity varies between 1.7 and 5.7 tonnes of crude palm oil per ha. According to MINAG, approximately 1.4 million ha are available for capacity expansion. The National Institute of Natural Resources (INRENA) estimated that there are 4.8 million ha available, 510,000 (about 90

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