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Forest Restoration in Landscapes

Forest Restoration in Landscapes

62 K. Brown 3.3.

62 K. Brown 3.3. Consensus Building Workshops Different stakeholders may be brought together in workshops to negotiate trade-offs and agree on management strategies. A range of conflict resolution and consensus building techniques can be used, including visioning and scenarios, as well as ranking and voting on criteria and scenarios. 3.4. Multicriteria Analysis Multicriteria analysis is a decision-support tool that can be used in a sophisticated and data intensive way or, in deliberative workshops, as a means to help stakeholders take a step back from concentrating on outcome to assess what criteria should guide decisions. Rather than discussing the outcomes of management, this forces people to look at why and how decisions should be made rather than on the impacts of the decisions. This aids a more consensusbased approach to negotiations. 3.5. Extended Cost-Benefit Analyses A range of evaluation techniques can be used to draw attention to the nonmonetary and noneconomic impacts of different management options and to learn about how different stakeholders value the multiple functions of resources. Again it can help to validate and build confidence in stakeholders by recognising their priorities and values. 3.6. Scenario-Building A useful way to discuss different options without them being directly linked to interests of specific stakeholders is to define scenarios or coherent, internally consistent, and plausible descriptions of the future.These must be believable and understandable to all stakeholders and must be linked to specific changes. Discussing and evaluating scenarios are a way of talking about management options without having to argue against one person’s project or strategy, and therefore can be useful for building consensus. 95 4. Future Needs Evaluating and negotiating trade-offs is rarely part of conservation projects, let alone restoration ones. Much more practical experience is needed in negotiating trade-offs when looking at restoring forest functions in a landscape. This is particularly the case when considering limited resources and the urgency of some restoration needs. In other words, how does one balance a truly participatory trade-off analysis with urgent needs to restore habitat for a threatened species? Capacity needs to be created among conservationists to engage stakeholders in constructive trade-off discussions and to deal with the outcomes of these. References Aldrich, M., Belokurov, A., Bowling, J., et al. 2003. Integrating Forest Protection, Management and Restoration at a Landscape Scale, WWF, Gland, Switzerland. Brown, K., Tompkins, E., and Adger, W.N. 2002. Making Waves: Integrating Coastal Conservation and Development. Earthscan, London. Brown, K. 2004. Trade-off Analysis for Integrated Conservation and Development. In: Mc Shane, T., and Wells, M.P., eds. Getting Biodiversity Projects to Work. Columbia University Press, New York. Franks, P., and Blomley, T. 2004. Fitting ICD into a Project Framework: A CARE Perspective. In: Mc Shane, T., and Wells, M.P., eds. Getting Biodiversity Projects to Work. Columbia University Press, New York. Mc Shane, T., and Wells, M.P. 2004. Getting Biodiversity Projects to Work. Colombia University Press, New York. Sayer, J., Elliott, C., and Maginnis, S. 2003. Protect, manage and restore: conserving forests in multifunctional landscapes. Paper prepared for the World Forestry Congress, Quebec, Canada, September. Sheng, F. (No date.) Wants, Needs and Rights: Economic Instruments and Biodiversity Conservation, a dialogue. WWF, Gland, Switzerland. 95 Brown et al, 2002.

Part B Key Preparatory Steps Toward Restoring Forests Within a Landscape Context Section IV Overview of the Planning Process

Forest Landscape Restoration - IUCN