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Forest Restoration in Landscapes

Forest Restoration in Landscapes

Note from the Editors

Note from the Editors This book has been designed to help readers understand how forest restoration can be integrated with other aspects of conservation and development in landscapes. Parts A, B, and C introduce the elements for planning and implementing restoration on a broad scale, including a range of social, political, and economic considerations that will influence and that will be influenced by any large-scale restoration effort. Part D focusses on more specific issues, including restoration in different forest habitats and for different reasons. While we believe that successful restoration generally needs to be planned on a large scale, it will probably be implemented in one or more sites within a landscape, and the book similarly starts with very broad-scale considerations and then focusses increasingly on actions that can be taken at the site. Parts A, B, and C thus provide what could be seen as the foundations, and part D provides some much more specific tools and considerations that are applicable in different situations. We recommend that you read the relevant chapters in part D once you have read all of parts A, B, and C. The final part (part E) discusses some of the lessons learned to date from practical experiences and recommendations for future work related to forest restoration on a large scale. Each chapter starts with an introduction to the issue, illustrating it with a series of brief thumbnail examples, showing, where appropriate, both good and bad practice. Some useful tools are then listed followed by a brief description of future work required and finally and importantly a set of references. We cover a vast subject here and each chapter is as a result kept deliberately short, we can only introduce many of the techniques described but have provided detailed sources for those who wish to follow up specific issues in greater detail. The book includes contributions from a large number of authors. Although we have all been writing within the framework of forest landscape restoration, there are inevitably different nuances in how this should be interpreted and applied. What follows is a set of experienced opinions rather than a rigid blueprint. We will in turn very much appreciate hearing feedback, criticism, and experience from users. ix

Acknowledgements The editors would like to thank Mark Aldrich, James Aronson, Chris Elliott, Chris Hails, and Pedro Regato for their emphatic and very welcome support throughout the conception and production of this book. On behalf of WWF International we would also like to thank the 70 authors who donated their expertise, for no payment and under what must have often been a frustratingly tight timetable, to help produce such a comprehensive review of this rapidly emerging field. The following people have kindly reviewed different sections and chapters and provided us with valuable feedback: Chris Elliott (WWF International), Louise Holloway, Jack Hurd (the Nature Conservancy), Val Kapos (U.N. Environment Programme–World Conservation Monitoring Centre), John Parrotta (U.S. Forest Service), Duncan Pollard (WWF International), Fulai Sheng (Conservation International), P.J. Stephenson (WWF International), and Colin Tingle (NR Group). A special thank you is due to Tom McShane for taking the time to read and comment on the whole manuscript. Nelda Geninazzi played an essential role in helping to organise the various editorial meetings, and Katrin Schikorr deserves special mention for helping the editors with references. The authors would like to specifically thank the following people for contributing in some form or another to their respective chapters: José María Rey Benayas, André Rocha Ferretti, Karen Holl, Ramdan Lahouati, N. Lassettre, Stewart Maginnis, Hal Mooney, Guy Preston, Mohamed Raggabi, Peter Schei, and Kristin Svavarsdottir. The authors would also like to thank the following agencies and/or institutions for support in projects that have made it possible for them to write their respective chapters: European Life Environment programme “Water and Forest,” French Research Ministry, French National Forest Office (ONF) and Water Agency (Agence RMC), the European Commission (EC) (for the project Biodiversity Conservation, Restoration and Sustainable Use in Fragmented Forest Landscapes (BIOCORES), the Long-Term xi

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