136 German Restraint and Order. the ape from his primeval world, so the criminal German rabble must vanish from Europe!" Compare to this the calmness, the dignity, the deep compassion which the entire German nation displays towards its wounded enemies. V. The responsibility and the blame for all these atrocities and all this destruction must be placed at the doors of the French, English and Belgian authorities. For the most part these things happened with the knowledge and even the consent of the police. At the very least the police have rendered themselves culpable by not taking the proper steps for protecting the defenseless Germans and are responsible for all that these people suffered. The conditions upon which peace is to be concluded must make provision for damages for all those acts of havoc that took place 8 to 10 days before the war, and subsequently. Let us for a moment compare these bestial and wanton perversities with the few noisy incidents which occurred before the declaration of war at Berlin and Munich. In the latter city, I regret to say, a few windows in a café were broken and several foreigners were forced to seek the protection of the police, though they had in nowise been injured. But these excesses of the crowd, which were condemned by the entire German press, are mere child's play in comparison with such heinous cruelties as those in question,—even though the foreign press ventured to describe them as cruel excesses. We have in part been witnesses of these incidents and are able to confirm in the most conscientious manner all that has been stated. There are numerous and reliable witnesses. Since German public opinion as an undivided whole stood opposed to these passionate demonstrations of the crowd, all such excesses disappeared from the very day of the declaration of war. The sober dignity and seriousness of the German people gave ample assurance that no subject of an enemy state would suffer molestation. In substantiation of this I would merely like to recall that a large number of British subjects (45) left Berlin as late as
German Restraint and Order. 137 the end of September. They sent the following letter to the "Vossische Zeitung:" "Pray permit us herewith to express our heartiest thanks to the railway and police officials for the trouble which they have taken on our account, and for the friendly and chivalrous treatment which we have received from them. We should like to say that our joy in returning home is only clouded by the thought of the many dear and good friends whom we must leave behind. Let us further declare that it is our intention to do our utmost to spread the truth in England as to the real position of things." 1 Countless formal notices and announcements by neutrals —Scandinavians, Roumanians, and Americans,—as well as the Berlin representatives of the press of the entire world, have been preserved in Berlin, exposing the lies of the London press and its accomplices in Rome, Turin, New York, etc. with respect to alleged atrocities. Of course this occurred only after public opinion had already been prejudiced to the disadvantage of Germany. We gladly concede that after the first outbreaks in England, the Germans there were apparently left fairly unmolested until October—so far as the insane fear of Zeppelins and spies permitted the English to leave them alone. Towards the middle of October "pogroms" against harmless German waiters and other German subjects began to take place—actions which the respectable portion of the English press stigmatized as a dis^ grace for the entire nation. The degraded and vulgar "Evening News" was the chief and most violent inciter of the uneducated mob against helpless German employees, in fact thisHarmsworth organ has well merited the title of "gutter sheet" along with the nauseous and despicable "Daily Express." I am constantly forced to declare : Where do those preachers 1 According to the "Frankfurter Zeitung," the committee of the 600 Russian citizens who were allowed to leave Leipzig in October for their native land, published a message of thanks which contained the following words: "All the authorities have shown the nicest appreciation of our position, so that we have received still further proofs of the height to which German civilization has attained. We shall do our utmost to see that the facts of our excellent treatment and the great-heartedness of the German people shall be made known abroad."