244 German Refutations and Investigations. divert its own burden of guilt, by means of lying aspersions, on to the shoulders of the German army." A most valuable and comprehensive memorial deals with the attack at Louvain. No man lives to-day who will not, after a judicial examination of this evidence, concede that it furnishes the most convincing proof of the base and cowardly franc-tireur attack made by the inhabitants of Louvain. A sketch plan accompanies the report and this shows that not even one-sixth of the town has been destroyed by fire. The monstrous calumnies of which the so-called Belgian Committee of Investigation made itself guilty, are established by a variety of proofs. The slight weight which the Commission itself places upon the tales dished up to it, tales which it circulated without exercising the slightest criticism, is made plain by the story of the execution of Bishop Coenraets and Father Schmidt—in the fifth report. The report itself speaks of the executions as "alleged"—and then proceeds to add the fable that the unwilling spectators of this (alleged!) scene were forced to express their approval by clapping their hands. It would be difficult to go to worse extremes than to serve up hastily-collected stuff of this sort for the mere sake of creating a sensation-—and absolutely shutting one's eyes to all considerations of truth and justice. It must be known—and this is a fact of which the Belgian Government doubtlessly had a far better and earlier knowledge than the German—that M. Coenraets is at this very moment living in the best of health at the home of Dr. Toels at Tirlen in Holland. The German Government, in all that refers to the case of Louvain, has been guided by the desire to serve two ends in its investigation of the facts—to defend its honor which has been aspersed by reckless accusations, and to serve the interests of common humanity which have been so grievously abused by the attitude of the Belgian Government and the people it succeeded in deluding. Another memorial records the facts in connection with a very similar attack made at Aerschot in Belgium—as well as- "fresh evidence of the untruthfulness of the French Government" with regard to the case of a non-commissioned officer named
German Refutations and Investigations. 245 Frank who revealed upon oath, confirmed by several other witnesses, the shameful behavior to which the French had subjected the German wounded—a particularly tragic case! It is a sad document of human civilization—and we recommend it with all our heart to all who shout most loudly in "neutral foreign countries." The entire official evidence is worthy of the closest study. The enormous amount of evidence collected by the other commission—that for ascertaining instances of acts of violence towards German civilians in enemy countries—has, to be sure, a still more devastating effect, if that be possible, upon our conceptions of civilization. A complete, authorized transcript of this has also been placed at my disposal by the courtesy of the government. How I long to spread the full knowledge of its contents through all the neutral lands! These pages shame the reader, they make him shudder to the very roots of his being. Such a vast access of cruelty, of breaches of international law, of heartless cynicism perpetrated upon unfortunate civilians who were guilty of no other fault than that they happened to be of German extraction, degrades the spirit of man, debases it to profundities of shame. Let modern civilization hide its face. The greatest, the most "cultured" nations commit abominations that would disgrace the negro hordes in the basin of the Congo. They trample underfoot compacts and fundamental rights of humanity—written and unwritten laws of old-established justice—the beast that dwells in the peofles has been let loose! And it is being goaded unto an added fury by the present governments of France and England—for they persist in lashing it to a maniacal frenzy—and in accusing the German people and its army of deeds which are committed wholesale by their own soldiery.