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WHO ARE THE HUNS?

WHO ARE THE HUNS?

260 English Business

260 English Business Morals. Enemy," has the following contents, which in lieu of the original, we retranslate from the German version: x "The Proclamation of August 5th, which refers to trading with the enemy, and paragraph 2 of the Proclamation of August 12th, as well as all official publications which serve as elucidation thereof, are hereby cancelled. In place of the former the following proclamation is to be regarded as in force. In this the term "enemy country" designates the territories of the German Empire and the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary together with all their colonies and the dependencies thereof. In this proclamation the term "enemy" designates every person or society of every nationality which is situated in the enemy country or does business there. Not included in the above are persons of enemy nationality who do not reside in an enemy country nor carry on business there. With regard to corporations only those which happen to be incorporated in an enemy country will be regarded as of the enemy. The following proscriptions enter into force: 1. To pay a sum of money to the enemy or for his use. 2. To pay a sum of money to an enemy for a debt or to> give surety for his benefit. 3. To participate in drafting a cheque in favor of an enemy, or in accepting or paying same, or to present same for payment or to deal in any other way with negotiable papers. 4. To deal with a negotiable paper belonging to the enemy, to accept it or to pay it. This law will not be regarded as violated by those who in this case are able to prove their good faith. 5. To conclude any new business with the enemy in stocks, shares and other securities or to terminate current negotiations in such papers. 6. To conclude with the enemy or in his favor, any new marine, life, fire or other policies or insurance contracts, or to assume any insurance or other risk which by 1 See in sequence the "Trading with the Enemy Acts" of September 18th, 1914, the 27th of November, 1914, the nth of January, 1915, as well as the English Proclamation of March 15th, 1915, regarding measures to be taken with respect to German wares.

English Business Morals. 261 means of a policy or other insurance contract (inclusive of retro-active insurance) is calculated to render valid those entered into or agreed to before the war in favor of the enemy—it is forbidden to accept such or to permit them to be realized. 7. Directly or indirectly to import goods and wares to an enemy country or for an enemy's use or need, or to export them from the country—either by roundabout ways, or to deal with goods destined for an enemy or an enemy country or such as come from thence. 8. For British vessels to enter a port or other place in an enemy country or to enter into communication with same. 9. To make a mercantile, financial or other agreement with the enemy or in his favor. 10. To conclude business with an enemy against which the Crown Council has emitted a proscription, as proclaimed by a Secretary of the State,—even though this be permitted by law, or by a present proclamation or other decree. Express attention is hereby called to the fact that whosoever, either directly or indirectly, trespasses against this law, is guilty of a crime and will be punished accordingly." See further details in the original German edition, page 367. What then, may be said to be law in England? The answer to that may be comprised in a few words : Any agreements which have been concluded during the war between the nationals of belligerent states are, according to this law, absolutely invalid. Even after the restoration of peace no legal claims based upon these contracts can be made before an English court of law. In contrast to this it may be said that contracts concluded before the war remain valid, though no legal action respecting them may be taken during the war, and the obligations of Englishmen under these agreements may not be carried out during the course of the war. Should a British subject endeavor to do this, he would be guilty of treason. This last regulation is to some degree suspended when the carrying-out of the contracts is possible only during the course of the war, either by the nature of the contract or by reason

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    • Copyright 1915 by Georg Reimer

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    IV A Foreword. most brilliant judic

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    VI A Foreword. to do. And I hold th

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    CONTENTS. PART ONE. Page: Rules and

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    PART ONE. Rules and Regulations of

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 3 in fav

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 5 "Gentl

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 7 cellor

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. •9 its

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 11 We th

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 13 nothi

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 15 that

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 17 Belgi

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 19 Grey

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 21 but o

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 23 Omega

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 25 i "Ne

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 27 the d

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 29 "Thro

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 31 "From

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 33 which

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 35 Imper

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 37 3. Th

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 39 divis

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 41 Evide

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 43 There

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 45 subst

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    Mobilization and the Morality of Na

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    Violation of Congo Acts. Colonial W

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    Violation of Congo Acts. Colonial W

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    Violation of Congo Acts. Colonial W

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    Violation of Congo Acts. Colonial W

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    The Employment of Barbarous and War

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    The Employment of Barbarous and War

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    Violation of the Neutral Suez Canal

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    Violation of the Neutral Suez Canal

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    Violation of the Neutral Suez Canal

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    Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. "

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    Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. 6

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    Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. 7

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    Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. 7

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 75 empi

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 77' aga

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 79 to m

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 81 inte

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    Treatment of Diplomatic Representat

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    Treatment of Diplomatic Representat

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 87 l

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 89 5

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 91 u

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 93 a

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 95 t

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 97 s

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 99 t

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 101

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 103

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 105

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    German Treatment of Prisoners and W

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    German Treatment of Prisoners and W

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. I

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    French Outrages. 131 to the ground

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    English Outrages. 133 Boer concentr

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    The Frenzy of France. 135 made a st

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    German Restraint and Order. 137 the

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 139 wa

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 141 An

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 143 fr

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    Atrocities of Allied Troops. 145 ha

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    Atrocities of Allied Troops. 147 I

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    Atrocities of Allied Troops. 149 ve

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    Slaughter of Prisoners. 151 which m

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    Compulsory Treason. 153 the Frenchm

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 155 this

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 157 serva

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 159 their

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Pogroms and Other Russian Atrocitie

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    Pogroms and Other Russian Atrocitie

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    CHAPTER XIV. 173- The German Admini

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    German Administration in Belgium. 1

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    German Administration in Belgium. 1

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    Private Property in War. 179 perty,

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 181 t

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 183 c

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 185 p

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Ruses of War and Official Lies. 197

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    Ruses of War and Official Lies. 199

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    Ruses of War and Official Lies. 201

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    The Destruction of Telegraph Cables

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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  • Page 241 and 242: CHAPTER XXI. 229 A Few Remarks upon
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  • Page 251 and 252: German Refutations and Investigatio
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  • Page 309 and 310: The North Sea as a Zone of War. 297
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    American "Neutrality." 311 its weak

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    American "Neutrality." 313 IL i. Th

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    American "Neutrality." 315. knows t

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    American "Neutrality." 317 III. In

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    American "Neutrality." 319 Prussian

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    The Americans and Ourselves. 321 pa

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    The Americans and Ourselves. 323 wi

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    The Monroe Doctrine and Neutrality.

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 327 for t

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 329 of Lo

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 331 misus

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 333 right

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 335 proce

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 337 cease

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 339, the

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 341 accre

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 343 of co

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 345 consi

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 347 "Germ

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 349 of in

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 351 IV. T

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 353 or wh

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 355 misun

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 357 VI. I

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 359

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 361

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 363

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 365

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    CHAPTER XXXI. 367 Aggravation of th

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    The Case of the ' Lusitania." 369 t

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    The Case of the "Lusitania." 371 we

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    The Case of the "Lusitania." 373 "T

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    The Case of the "Lusitania." 375 mi

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange ôf German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Italy's Betrayal of her Allies. 393

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    Italy's Betrayal of her Allies. 395

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    Italy's Betrayal of her Allies. 397

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    CHAPTER XXXII. A Final Political Su

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    A Final Political Survey. 401 arran

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    A Final Political Survey. 403 For t

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    A Final Political Survey. 405 This