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WHO ARE THE HUNS?

WHO ARE THE HUNS?

384 Exchange of

384 Exchange of German-American Notes. placed at a disadvantage by it—England which meanly and sneeringly rejected all proposals of mediation made by the United States. England, by reason of her mode of conducting her mercantile war and by reason of her proclaiming the North Sea as a zone of war, is alone responsible for all the consequences that have ensued. Germany, as we have seen in the foregoing, has expressed her willingness to give up this method of warfare if England would consent to give up her illegal "paper blockade" and contraband campaign. Here again the United States made application to the wrong party with their proffers of mediation. So far these have availed nothing and it is not likely that they will ever avail anything. England can be forced to budge only by force, by the "old system"—to adopt Mr. Bryan's phrase, and not by argument—or the "new system." Therefore, if the government of the United States would procure for its citizens the right of travelling freely upon the merchant ships of all nations without endangering their lives, let it first resort to force in order to prevent England from committing the most outrageous of all breaches of neutrality-—the misuse of other nations' flags—or from resorting to the use of auxiliary cruisers for the transportation of passengers. Precisely at the psychological moment Dr. Wehberg properly reminds us in the "Kôlnische Zeitung," of the following disquisition of the English delegate to the Hague Conference of 1907. "The English representative, Lord Reay, a member of the Privy Council and former President of the Institute of International Law, declared as follows;—his opinions constitute an important justification on the part of England for our entire procedure: "Ships which render such services, bestow a hostile support upon the belligerent, which his opponent cannot consider as permissible. They are through this subject to all the consequences entailed by the position of a regular belligerent. It is not a simple mercantile enterprise which is here in question, but an interference in the operations of war. The ships which undertake this supply service are unconditionally subject to the orders of the regular authorities of the belligerents. Their

Exchange of German-American Notes. 385 warlike character is indisputable, since they participate actively in the operations of war. The shipping companies which in this manner place their vessels at the disposal of one of the belligerents, thereby expose themselves to all the dangers which threaten the warships of that belligerent to whom they give hostile support. Were one to regard their action as legal, it would merely result in a prolongation of the war and an extension of the field of operations. The acceptance of the English proposal would on the contrary lead to an increased protection for the neutrals and a limitation of the fighting forces to the means commanded by the belligerents themselves." (Protocol of the Conference, Volume II, page 847 et seq.) {retranslation) To sum up: Germany, in view of the British procedure, could not act otherwise than she did—and she stands thereby upon the basis of international law. The chief question contained in the note may be stated as the following:—whether it is reconciliable with the principles of humanity to torpedo a passenger ship when this offers no resistance or when it seeks to evade search and inquiry through flight? This is, without doubt, the crux of the note, for it is a question which closely touches the very essence of warfare by submarine. The justification of submarine warfare is thereby attacked in its very principles. In other words nothing less is demanded than that the old principles of cruiser warfare should be applied to the new forms of warfare of the submersible boat. This, as is well-known, is impossible, without completely paralyzing submarine action, since the submarine lacks the means whereby it would be able to carry on an examination of a suspicious vessel—such as is possible to a cruiser with heavy guns and a crew of many hundreds of men. It is difficult to say at present just how Germany could answer this question save by declining to accede to its postulates—unless England likewise definitely suspends her provocative system of freebooting. Germany cannot afford to forego her right of insisting Millier, Who are the Huns? 25

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    • Copyright 1915 by Georg Reimer

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    IV A Foreword. most brilliant judic

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    VI A Foreword. to do. And I hold th

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    CONTENTS. PART ONE. Page: Rules and

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    PART ONE. Rules and Regulations of

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 3 in fav

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 5 "Gentl

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 11 We th

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 15 that

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 17 Belgi

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 19 Grey

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 21 but o

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 23 Omega

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 25 i "Ne

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 27 the d

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 29 "Thro

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 31 "From

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 33 which

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 35 Imper

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 37 3. Th

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 39 divis

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 41 Evide

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 43 There

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 45 subst

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    Violation of Congo Acts. Colonial W

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    Violation of Congo Acts. Colonial W

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    Violation of Congo Acts. Colonial W

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    The Employment of Barbarous and War

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    The Employment of Barbarous and War

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    Violation of the Neutral Suez Canal

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    Violation of the Neutral Suez Canal

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    Violation of the Neutral Suez Canal

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    Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. "

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    Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. 7

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 75 empi

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 77' aga

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 79 to m

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    The Use of Dum-Dum Bullets. 81 inte

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    Treatment of Diplomatic Representat

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    Treatment of Diplomatic Representat

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    Violations of Red Cross Rules. 87 l

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    German Treatment of Prisoners and W

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    German Treatment of Prisoners and W

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. I

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    French Outrages. 131 to the ground

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    English Outrages. 133 Boer concentr

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    The Frenzy of France. 135 made a st

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    German Restraint and Order. 137 the

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 139 wa

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 141 An

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 143 fr

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    Slaughter of Prisoners. 151 which m

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    Compulsory Treason. 153 the Frenchm

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 155 this

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 157 serva

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 159 their

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Pogroms and Other Russian Atrocitie

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    Pogroms and Other Russian Atrocitie

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    CHAPTER XIV. 173- The German Admini

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    German Administration in Belgium. 1

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    German Administration in Belgium. 1

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    Private Property in War. 179 perty,

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 181 t

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 183 c

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Ruses of War and Official Lies. 197

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    The Destruction of Telegraph Cables

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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    + Add. — Subtract The Triple Ente

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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    CHAPTER XXI. 229 A Few Remarks upon

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    Art and Warfare. 247 by the French

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    Art and Warfare. 249 On the 28th of

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    Art and Warfare. 251 pressly forbid

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    Bombardments by Aeroplanes. 253 the

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    Bombardments by Aeroplanes. 255 the

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    Bombardments by Aeroplanes. 257 bee

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    English Business Morals. 259 Contin

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    English Business Morals. 261 means

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    English Business Morals. 263 While

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    Economie War in the English Colonie

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    Economie War in the English Colonie

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    Violations of Neutral States. 269 w

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    Violations of Neutral States. 271 A

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    PART TWO. Questions of Legality in

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    England, Naval Laws and Ourselves.

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    England, Naval Laws and Ourselves.

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    England, Naval Laws and Ourselves.

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    Starvation as a Weapon. 281 take pl

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 283

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 285

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 287

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 289

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 291

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 293

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 295

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    The North Sea as a Zone of War. 297

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    The North Sea as a Zone of War. 299

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    American "Neutrality." 301 logical

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    American "Neutrality." 303 press (f

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    American "Neutrality." 305 of to-da

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    American "Neutrality." 307 •natio

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    American "Neutrality." 309 We are,

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    American "Neutrality." 311 its weak

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    American "Neutrality." 313 IL i. Th

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    American "Neutrality." 315. knows t

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    American "Neutrality." 317 III. In

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    American "Neutrality." 319 Prussian

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    The Americans and Ourselves. 321 pa

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    The Americans and Ourselves. 323 wi

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    The Monroe Doctrine and Neutrality.

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 327 for t

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 329 of Lo

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 331 misus

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  • Page 405 and 406: Italy's Betrayal of her Allies. 393
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