34 The Neutrality of Belgium. Deeds alone have any influence over these arrogant gentry. They have even the power of compelling them to act with naked egotism in every dealing with their allies. One may, however, be thankful to the "Times" that it explained on the 12th of October that neutrality was a fatal gift to Belgium, and that the English and Belgian General Staffs (not only those of 1906, 1911, but those of 1914) could discuss military preparations only by means of a violation of Belgian neutrality. That secret arrangements had in fact taken place and agreements been entered into and that these alone were sufficient to determine the conclusive breach of Belgium's neutrality, we believe the foregoing to have proved. It is also true that a state of necessity and defence had at the same time forced Germany so to act, as before God and her own rights as well as from the viewpoint of international law, she should and must have acted. 1 The Revelations of the "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" of the 24 th of November, 1914. In a fashion still more drastic than in the publications of the 12th of October, the new revelations which the German 1 The way England and its powerful press regard the neutrality of small states, that is to say, with what lack of consideration the"perfida gens Britonum" deals with this neutrality, is proved in a most forceful manner by the Dutch "Allgemeen Handelsblad" in its sharp protest against an article in the "Saturday Review." In this article it was proposed that England should lease or purchase Zeeland, and give it to the Belgians. This should form the future boundary of Holland, as soon as there was talk of peace. The "Handelsblad" calls the attention of the British Minister at the Hague to the shameful insult offered to a neutral country, which was honestly endeavoring to perforin its duty to all its neighbors, which was holding fast to its neutrality at the greatest cost to itself, and was certainly giving the British shipwrecked sailors and interned men not the slightest ground for complaint regarding the neutrality of Holland. The newspaper then attacks that portion of the article in the "Saturday Review" which declares that in times of war, justice must yield to military law, that this was the right of the stronger, and declares: "When weekly journals, such as the "Saturday Review" talk like the most brutal militarists, we must come to the conclusion that all regard for international law is already shaken to its very centre."
The Neutrality of Belgium. 35 Imperial Government issued just as the first German edition went to press reveal the entire one-sided and fraudulent game played by England and Belgium to use the latter country as a field of operations against Germany. The "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" of the 24th of November, 1914, in a polemical article directed against the replies of the Belgian and English Governments regarding the public revelations of the 12th of October, goes into fuller details, as follows: "As may be seen by the foregoing outlined explanations, the English Government has from the very start refrained from attempting to dispute the established facts presented by the Imperial Government on the 12th of October. It has merely confined itself to an attempt to condone them. It is apparent that the English Government must have convinced itself that a denial of the facts in view of the overwhelming mass of the evidence on hand, would have been perilous as well as purposeless. "The discovery of an English-Belgian military news service, which has in the meantime taken place, as well as the unearthing of war-maps of Belgium, issued from official English sources, offer renewed proofs that a comprehensive military preparation had been embodied in the Anglo-Belgian plan of war against Germany. There are facsimile reproductions of the text of the draft of the report made by General Ducarmé to the Belgian Minister of War on the 10th of April, 1906. This report ought certainly to be known to the Belgian Government, since the Belgian Minister in Berlin, Baron Greindl, especially mentions it in his report upon its contents, dated 23rd of December, 1911. Should the Belgian Government have forgotten the existence of this document, its doubts may be dispelled by the following text of the report which was preserved in the archives of the Belgian Ministry of War in an envelope bearing the inscription: "Convention Anglo-Beige". It reveals the entire discussion carried on between General Ducarmé and Lieutenant- Colonel Barnardiston. 3*