40 The Neutrality of Belgium, based upon its alleged knowledge of the intention of Germany to invade Belgium. But it had never made the slightest attempt to make like preparations for the eventuality of an Anglo- French invasion of Belgium nor to discuss this matter with the German Government or with the proper military authorities in Germany, although it was well aware of the intentions of the Entente Powers in this connection—as proved by the material found. , The Belgian Government had already made up its mind to join the enemies of Germany and to make common cause with them. Since the system of vilification in vogue among our enemies compels them simply to lie away the existence of inconvenient facts, the Imperial Government has seen fit to publish facsimile copies of the documents in question and to bring them to the knowledge of the governments of the Neutral States." 1 : The document bears in a large bold hand the inscription "Convention Anglo-Beige." To say that all this was discussed and prepared for the event of an invasion on the part of Germany is to offer an objection of the most naive sort. The text of the paper, especially the part containing the observations of the English military attaché, is a direct contradiction of this statement. The Documents and Proofs Substantiating the Belgian Betrayal. These increase constantly in number and furnish the most damning evidence in an absolutely incontrovertible fashion. i. On the ist of December, 1914, the "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" published the following official communication : 1 A great controversy still rages about this highly-important document. Its existence is extremely unpleasant for England. Even Sir Edward Grey is forced to descend from his position of proud inaccessibility. Under the date of the 28th of January Wolff's Bureau officially repudiates the falsity of the representations made by the English Press Bureau in London. See the "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" of the 28th of January 1915, also the English White Book, No. 105 with three appendices, also the letters exchanged between Paul Cambon and Sir Edward Grey on the 22nd and 23rd of November, 1912.
The Neutrality of Belgium. 41 Evidence accumulates that England in conjunction with Belgium had, during times of peace, made the most complete preparations for war against Germany, not only in a diplomatic but also in a military way. Our troops recently seized a number of secret military hand-books descriptive of roads and rivers in Belgium and published by the British War Office. These bore the title: BELGIUM. ROAD AND RIVER AND BILLETING REPORTS, Prepared by the General Staff, War Office. Four volumes of this hand-book lie before us. Of these Volume I was printed in 1912, Volume II in 1913, Volume III (in two parts) and Volume IV in 1914. They bear the imprint "Confidential," and the inscription, "This book is the property of H. B. M. Government and is intended for the personal information of , who is personally responsible for its safe custody. The contents are to be disclosed only to authorized persons." These hand-books contain the most minute descriptions of the country with a special view to military reconnaisance. For instance, in Volume I, page 130, the highroad Nieuport— Dixmuiden—Ypres—Menin—Tourcoing—Tournai is discussed. The exact distances are given, as well as the most thorough details with regard to the network of connecting roads as to grades, bridges, cross-roads, telephone and telegraph connections, railway stations, including the length of the platforms and approaches, small gauge railways, oil-tanks, etc. It is invariably indicated whether the entire or only a part of the population speaks French. As an example the tactical observations with regard to Dixmuiden are given verbally on page 151 : "Dixmuiden would be difficult to capture from the north or south. The best position for defence towards the south would be west of the road and as far as the road of the railway embankment ; east of the road there is a row of small hillocks. West of the road the Une of fire is good for 1500 yards, to the east the outlook is hindered by trees. Two battalions would suffice for occupation." (retraits.) It should be remarked, by the way, that the towers of