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Psychological and Family Factors Associated with Suicidal ... - UdG

Psychological and Family Factors Associated with Suicidal ... - UdG

Psychological and Family Factors Associated with Suicidal ... -

The Spanish Journal of Psychology Copyright 2002 by The Spanish Journal of Psychology 2002, Vol. 5, No. 1, 20-28 1138-7416 Psychological and Family Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation in Pre-Adolescents Ferran Viñas1, Josepa Canals2, Mª Eugenia Gras1, Claudia Ros3, and Edelmira Domènech-Llaberia3 1University of Girona 2Rovira i Virgili University 3Autonomous University of Barcelona To assess the psychological and family factors associated with suicidal ideation in preadolescent children, we studied a sample of 361 students, average age 9 years old. Two groups were formed, on the basis of the presence (n = 34) or absence (n = 44) of suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation was assessed with the Children’s Depression Inventory and the Children’s Depression Rating Scale-Revised. Depression, hopelessness, self-esteem, and perceived family environment were compared in both the suicidal ideation and the control groups. Students with suicidal ideation generally presented greater depressive symptoms and hopelessness, and lower self-esteem and family expressiveness, although there were differences both between sexes, and when the variable depression was controlled. Identifying these risk factors in pre-adolescents may have an impact on prevention of suicidal behavior at higher risk ages. Key words: suicidal ideation, children, depression, hopelessness, self-esteem and perceived family environment Con el objetivo de evaluar factores psicológicos y familiares asociados a la ideación suicida en niños prepúberes, se ha utilizado una muestra de 361 escolares con una edad media de 9 años, a partir de la cual se han constituido 2 grupos en función de la presencia (n = 34) o ausencia de ideación suicida (n = 44). La ideación suicida se ha evaluado con el Children’s Depression Inventory y la Children’s Depression Rating Scale Revised. La depresión, la desesperanza, la autoestima y la percepción del clima familiar se han comparado en el grupo con ideación suicida y el grupo control. Los alumnos con ideación suicida presentan en general mayor sintomatología depresiva, mayor desesperanza y menor autoestima y expresividad familiar, aunque existen diferencias según sexo y depresión. La identificación de estos factores de riesgo en prepúberes puede ser importante en la prevención de la conducta suicida en edades de mayor vulnerabilidad. Palabras clave: ideación suicida, niños, depresión, desesperanza, autoestima, ambiente familiar percibido Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Dr. Ferran Viñas Poch, Dto. de Psicología, Universitat de Girona. Plaça Sant Domènech, 9. 17071- Girona (Spain). E-mail: ferran.vinas@udg.es 20

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