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Miller and Tsang (2011)

Miller and Tsang (2011)

154 K. D.

154 K. D. Miller and E. W. K. Tsang doubt. Both intensive and extensive designs can provide such tests. Identifying and testing causal mechanisms calls for increased use of designs and methods found most frequently elsewhere in the social sciences— such as generating data through laboratory experiments, behavioral simulations, quasi-experiments, case studies, ethnography, or grounded theory building in field settings. Cross-disciplinary collaborations and drawing guidance from the methods literature in other academic fields can facilitate such research designs. Because each of the four steps requires specific research techniques and no researcher is well versed in all these techniques, there is a need for specialization, with different researchers focusing on different steps, and the potential for collaboration as researchers coordinate sequential steps or work together on more than one step. 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