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Capturing the Zeitgeist Native German Loanwords in ... - Skemman

Capturing the Zeitgeist Native German Loanwords in ... - Skemman

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42 Þorsteinn Hjaltason 81. doodle / doudle v To play on the bagpipe Music 32 251 3 82. doppelgänger / n An apparition or double Miscellany 18 152 4 doppelganger of a living person (COED). 83. Drang (nach Osten) n The imperialistic foreign policy of G. to expand into eastern Europe. Politics 5 3 3 84. dreikanter n An angular, faceted pebble the surface of which has been cut by wind-blown sand. Geol. 1 0 3 85. dummkopf n A stupid person or blockhead. Miscellany 1 14 3 86. durchmusterung n Certain extensive catalogues of stars specifying their magnitude and approximate position. Astronomy 0 3 2 87. echt a Authentic, genuine. Miscellany 3 10 3 88. edelweiss n An Alpine plant. Bot. 6 23 4 89. einfühlung n Empathy. Psych. 0 4 3 90. einkorn n An inferior species of wheat (OED). Bot. 0 1 4 91. Einsatz n Entrance of an orchestral part. Music 1 8 1 92. Einsatzgruppe n Special SS units (COCA). Politics 0 12 93. Einstellung n A pronounced tendency to respond in a certain way to a particular stimulus. Med. 1 1 1 94. ergriffen a (Deeply) moved. Music 0 1 1 95. Erlebnis n A conscious, ‘livedthrough’ experience (OED). Philos. 0 4 1 96. ersatz n Substitute or imitation. Miscellany 30 340 4 97. Ewigweibliche n (The) eternal feminine. Lit. 0 1 2 98. Fach / fach n Branch of knowledge, field of interest. Miscellany 0 1 3 99. Fahrvergnügen n Pleasure in driving a car. Transp. 0 6 1 100. Fallstreifen n Wisps of water / ice particles falling out of a cloud but evaporating before reaching the earth’s surface as precipitation. Meteor. 0 1 1 101. Fasching n Carnival. Theol. 0 6 3 102. fastland n Mainland. Geol. 0 1 3 103. fastnacht / fasnacht n A cake of yeastleavened dough traditionally eaten on Shrove Tuesday. Theol. 0 1 3 104. feldgrau n Field grey, the regulation colour of German infantryman’s uniform. Mil. 1 0 3 105. feldspar / feldspath n Mineral. 82 100 4

106. felsenmeer n An expanse of angular rock fragments usu. above mountain timberline. 107. fest n A festive (or formal) gathering. 43 Þorsteinn Hjaltason Geol. 1 1 3 Miscellany 7 802 4 108. Festschrift n A collection of writings published in honour of a scholar (COED). Miscellany 6 46 4 109. Festung Europa n Hitler’s fortification of Europe. Miscellany 0 3 3 110. Filz n Shoddiness. Politics 0 1 2 111. fingerspitzengefühl n Sure instinct, flair Miscellany 1 1 (Knapp). 112. flak n Antiaircraft artillery. Mil. 175 649 4 113. Flammenwerfer n Flamethrower. Mil. 1 0 4 114. flimmer n Mastigoneme. Biol. 0 1 3 115. flügelhorn n A brass bugle similar to Music 6 12 4 the saxhorn. 116. foehn / föhn n A warm dry south wind that flows down the valleys in the Alps. 117. Fraktur n A German-style black- 118. frankfurter / frankforter letter text type. n A seasoned smoked sausage made of beef and pork (COED). 119. frass n Larva excrements or refuse produced by boring insects. 120. frau / Frau n A title equivalent to Mrs. 121. fräulein / Fräulein n A young, unmarried girl 122. fugleman /f(l)ugelman or woman. n A soldier especially expert and well drilled, formerly placed in front of a regiment or company as an example or model to the others in their exercises. Meteor. 0 2 4 Printing 0 152 4 Food 78 11 4 Entomology 4 16 3 Miscellany 216 240 4 Miscellany 23 60 4 Mil. 1 0 4 123. Führer / führer n Guide; Adolf Hitler. Politics 2 28 4 124. Führerbunker n Hitler’s bunker. Politics 0 3 1 125. Galgenhumor / galgenhumor n Gallows humour. Miscellany 0 1 3 126. Gastarbeiter n Guest worker. Industry 0 11 3 127. gasthaus n A German inn or tavern. Travel 19 13 3 128. gasthof n A German hotel. Travel 39 4 3 129. gau n One of 20 party districts into which the National Socialists divided Germany and Austria. Politics 2 0 3 130. gauleiter n A Nazi district leader. Politics 12 11 4 131. Gedankenexperiment n Thought experiment. Philos. 0 6 3 132. gegenschein / Gegenschein n Counterglow. Astronomy 0 11 4

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