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Capturing the Zeitgeist Native German Loanwords in ... - Skemman

Capturing the Zeitgeist Native German Loanwords in ... - Skemman

Contents List of tables

Contents List of tables ................................................................................................................. v Abbreviations .............................................................................................................. vi 1 Introduction ............................................................................................................... 1 2 The historical relation between German and English ............................................... 2 3 English Vocabulary ................................................................................................... 4 3.1 The Term Loanword .......................................................................................... 4 3.2 The origin of English vocabulary ...................................................................... 5 3.3 German Loanwords ............................................................................................ 7 4. Pfeffer/Cannon's dictionary of German Loanwords in English ............................... 9 4.1 Introduction:....................................................................................................... 9 4.2 My selection ..................................................................................................... 12 5. The corpora ............................................................................................................ 13 5.1 Corpus Linguistics ........................................................................................... 13 5.2 The British National Corpus (BNC) ................................................................ 14 5.3 The Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) ............................. 14 5.4 Searching the Corpora ..................................................................................... 15 6. Native German Loanwords in English ................................................................... 15 6.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................... 15 6.2 All Words ......................................................................................................... 16 6.3 The semantic fields .......................................................................................... 17 6.4 The words that do not occur in either corpus ................................................... 20 6.5 The words that were found in either corpus .................................................... 22 6.5.1 Frequency .................................................................................................. 23 7 Conclusion .............................................................................................................. 27 8. Works cited ............................................................................................................ 29 9. Appendix ................................................................................................................ 32 iv

List of tables Table 1: All 1,288 native German Loanwords found ................................................ 16 Table 2: Distribution of Word Classes for all 1,288 German Loanwords ................. 17 Table 3: The 20 most frequent Semantic Fields of all 1,288 words .......................... 18 Table 4: The 20 most frequent Semantic Fields of the non-occurring ...................... 21 Table 5: The Degree of acculturation of those non-occurring ................................... 21 Table 6: The 10 most frequent Semantic Fields of all 537 occurring words ............. 22 Table 7: The Degree of acculturation of those occurring .......................................... 22 Table 8: The 50 most frequent words in both BNC and COCA ................................ 23 Table 9: The 50 most frequent words in BNC ........................................................... 24 Table 10: The 50 most frequent words in COCA ...................................................... 25 v

Turkish migrants and native Germans compared - IMISCOE Cross ...