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plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

THE STATE OF EX SITU

THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION 15 Gómez-Campo, C. 2007. A guide to efficient long-term seed preservation. Monographs ETSIA, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid 170: 1-17. 16 Global strategy for the ex situ conservation and use of barley germplasm. 2008. Available at: http://www. croptrust.org/documents/web/Barley_Strategy_ FINAL_27Oct08.pdf 17 Available at: www.croptrust.org 18 Koury, C., Laliberté, B. & Guarino, L. 2009. Trends and constraints in ex situ conservation of plant genetic resources: A review of global crop and regional conservation strategies. Available at: http://www.croptrust.org/documents/WebPDF/ Crop%20and%20Regional%20Conservation%20 Strategies%20Review.pdf 19 NISM on PGRFA from 47 countries and based on replies from 240 genebanks. Available at: www. pgrfa.org/gpa 20 CIMMYT. 2007. Global strategy for the ex situ conservation with enhanced access to wheat, rye and triticale genetic resources. Available at: http://www. croptrust.org/documents/web/Wheat-Strategy- FINAL-20Sep07.pdf 21 115 stakeholders from 32 countries reportedly store ex situ holdings information in MS Excel (NISM databases). Available at: www.pgrfa.org/gpa 22 Available at: http://singer.cgiar.org/ 23 Ethiopia and SADC countries. 24 Available at: http://www.ars-grin.gov/ 25 Available at: http://pgrc3.agr.gc.ca/search_grincarecherche_rirgc_e.html 26 Available html at: http://www.nias.affrc.go.jp/index_e. 27 Available at: http://genebank.rda.go.kr/ 28 Available at: http://www2.dpi.qld.gov.au/extra/asp/ auspgris/ 28 Available at: http://www.agresearch.co.nz/seeds/ default.aspx 30 Available at: http://www.crop.cri.nz/home/research/ plants/genebank.php 31 Available at: http//: www.ecpgr.cgiar.org/Networks/ NCG 32 Genebank system developed by the NordGen. Available at: http://tor.ngb.se/sesto/ 33 Available at: http://www.pgrfa.org/gpa/aze 34 Available at: http://www.fao.org/hortivar 35 Information for the wheat collection held at CIMMYT is not available. 36 Country reports: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Chile, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, India, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam and Zambia. 37 Available at: http://www.pgrfa.org/gpa/eth and http://www.pgrfa.org/gpa/mli 38 Available at: http://www.pgrfa.org/gpa/gha 39 Available at: http://www.pgrfa.org/gpa/cub 40 Information from BGCI’s global databases (PlantSearch – a database of plants in cultivation in botanical gardens and GardenSearch – a database of botanical gardens worldwide). Available at: www. bgci.org 89

90 CHAPTER 3 41 BGCI. 2009. Available at: http://www.bgci.org/ garden_search.php 42 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). 2002. GSPC. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada. 43 Further information available at: www.ensconet.eu 44 Information from BGCI’s PlantSearch database. 45 Sharrock, S. & Wuse Jackson, D. 2008. The role of botanical gardens in the conservation of crop wild relatives. In: Maxted, N., Ford-Lloyd, B.V., Kell, S.P., Iriondo, J.M., Dulloo, M.E. & Turok, J. (Eds.). Crop wild relative conservation and use. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kindgom. THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S PGRFA 46 Data correct as at March 2009. 47 Available at: www.plantcol.be/index.php 48 Available at: www.biologie.uni-ulm.de/systax/ 49 Available at: www.nationale-plantencollectie.nl/ 50 Available at: www.PlantCollections.org 51 Further information available at: http://epic.kew.org/ index.htm 52 Further information available at: www.bgci.org/ resources/abs/a

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    The Second Report on THE STATE OF T

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    The designations employed and the p

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    I hope and trust that the informati

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    2.4 Global challenges to in situ co

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    5.5 Changes since the first State o

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    Appendix 2 Major germplasm collecti

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    3.2 Holders of the six largest ex s

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    The CGRFA requested that the SoWPGR

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    Chapter 7 - Access to plant genetic

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    Executive summary �his report des

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    documentation and characterization

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    Given the high level of interdepend

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    Chapter 1 The state of diversity CH

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    CHAPTER 1 1.2.1 Changes in the stat

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    TABLE 1.2 Comparison between the co

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    CHAPTER 1 in national agricultural

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    FIGURE 1.1 Global priority genetic

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    12 CHAPTER 1 AFRICA • Benin Molec

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    14 CHAPTER 1 NEAR EAST effective at

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    CHAPTER 1 comparisons, or use the i

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    18 CHAPTER 1 FIGURE 1.3 Interdepend

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    TABLE 1.4 (continued) Indicators of

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    CHAPTER 1 even national, germplasm

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    24 CHAPTER 1 9 Hammer, K. 2003. A p

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    26 CHAPTER 1 X. & Li, Z. 2006. Gene

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 2.1

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT (ba

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT the

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT TAB

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    Chapter 6 The state of regional and

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    CHAPTER 6 a) those that focus on co

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    146 CHAPTER 6 PGRN has continued to

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    CHAPTER 6 • the Regional Cooperat

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    CHAPTER 6 and African countries for

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    CHAPTER 6 few years, the CGIAR Syst

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    CHAPTER 6 • ICBA: 64 ICBA was est

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    CHAPTER 6 Varieties. Central Americ

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    CHAPTER 6 the first SoW report was

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    160 CHAPTER 6 12 Available at: www.

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    Chapter 7 Access to Plant Genetic R

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    CHAPTER 7 Box 7.1 Benefit-sharing u

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    CHAPTER 7 laws, regulations and con

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    170 CHAPTER 7 THE SECOND REPORT ON

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    CHAPTER 7 has been adapted to incor

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    CHAPTER 7 changes after the initial

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    CHAPTER 7 regional workshops on Far

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    178 CHAPTER 7 20 Experience of the

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    Annex 2 Regional distribution of co

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    EUROPE 214 ANNEX 2 ASIA AND THE PAC

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    Appendix 4 State of diversity of ma

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    APPENDIX 4 some country reports. 6

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    APPENDIX 4 option for perennial tax

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    APPENDIX 4 (wild one-grain wheat, T

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    APPENDIX 4 regeneration of existing

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    APPENDIX 4 An operational comprehen

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    APPENDIX 4 FIGURE A4.2 Global yield

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    APPENDIX 4 actively contribute to t

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    APPENDIX 4 Role of crop in sustaina

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    APPENDIX 4 and Myanmar (3 percent).

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    APPENDIX 4 progenitor is the wild s

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    appendiX 4 Ex situ conservation sta

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    APPENDIX 4 Documentation, character

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    APPENDIX 4 The two global chickpea

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    APPENDIX 4 in collections, absence

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    APPENDIX 4 FIGURE A4.5 Global yield

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    338 APPENDIX 4 are also conserved.

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    340 APPENDIX 4 WebPDF/Crop percent2

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    342 APPENDIX 4 90 Op cit. Endnote 2

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    344 APPENDIX 4 159 GCDT. 2007. Glob

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    346 APPENDIX 4 217 Op cit. Endnote

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    348 APPENDIX 4 291 Op cit. Endnote

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    350 APPENDIX 4 366 Ibid. Endnote 35

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    BAAFS Beijing Academy of Agricultur

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    CN Centre Néerlandais (Côte d’I

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    DTRUFC División of Tropical Resear

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    HRIGRU Horticultural Research Inter

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    INIA CARI Centro Regional de Invest

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    IVM Institute of Grape and Wine «M

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    NISM National Information Sharing M

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    REHOVOT Department of Field and Veg

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    SRI Sugar Crop Research Institute,

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    WCMC World Conservation Monitoring

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