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plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

THE STATE OF REGIONAL

THE STATE OF REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION TABLE 6.1 Regional multicrop plant genetic resources networks around the world Institution responsible for coordination Network title (acronym) Umbrella regional research association or forum Region Subregions included (all or part) Africa East Africa, Madagascar The East African Plant Genetic Resources Network (EAPGREN) ASARECA ASARECA Africa West Africa, Central Africa Genetic Resources Network for West and Central Africa CORAF/WECARD Bioversity International (GRENEWECA) Africa Southern Africa, SADC Plant Genetic Resources Network (SADC-PGRN) SADC SPGRC Madagascar, Mauritius Americas South America The Andean Network on Plant Genetic Resources (REDARFIT) PROCIANDINO INIA-Peru (2009) Americas Central America Mesoamerican Network on Plant Genetic Resources (REMERFI) SICTA SICTA Americas Caribbean The Caribbean Plant Genetic Resources Network (CAPGERNET) PROCICARIBE CARDI Americas North America The Plant Genetic Resources Network for North America PROCINORTE IICA (NORGEN) Americas South America The Plant Genetic Resources Network for the Southern Cone PROCISUR INIA-Uruguay (2009) (REGENSUR) Americas South America The Amazonian Network for Plant Genetic Resources PROCITROPICOS PROCITROPICOS (TROPIGEN) Asia and the Pacific East Asia Regional Network for Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic APAARI Bioversity International Resources in East Asia (EA-PGR) Asia and the Pacific Pacific The Pacific Agricultural Plant Genetic Resources Network SPC SPC (PAPGREN) Asia and the Pacific South Asia South Asia Network on Plant Genetic Resources (SANPGR) APAARI Bioversity International Asia and the Pacific Southeast Asia Regional Cooperation in South East Asia for PGR (RECSEA-PGR) APAARI Bioversity International Europe Europe European Cooperative Programme for Genetic Resources Bioversity International (ECPGR) Europe Nordic region The Nordic Genetic Resources Centre (NordGen) Nordic Council of NordGen Ministers Europe Southeast Europe South East European Development Network on Plant Genetic Swedish Biodiversity Resources (SeedNet) Centre Near East Central Asia and Caucasus The Central Asian and Caucasus Network on Plant Genetic CACAARI Bioversity International Resources (CACN-PGR) Near East West Asia and Southeast Asia West Asia and North Africa Genetic Resources Network AARINENA ICARDA (WANANET)* *Now defunct, a new PGRFA network is being established by AARINENA 145

146 CHAPTER 6 PGRN has continued to grow since the publication of the first SoW report. Its membership has risen to 14 countries and the SADC SPGRC, which now comes under the responsibility of SADC-FANR, provides coordination. Major activities over the past decade have included the further development of the central base collection, capacity building in member countries and the development of a documentation and information system on the ex situ holdings of member countries. It has also established several working groups, and a regional conservation strategy, developed under the GCDT initiative, has been published. Americas The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) has established a system of subregional networks to promote collaboration in agricultural research and technology development throughout the Americas. Currently these are: Programa Cooperativa de Innovación Tecnológica Agropecuaria para la Región Andina (PROCIANDINO) (Andes), Agricultural Science and Technology Networking System (PROCICARIBE) (Caribbean), Cooperative Program in Agricultural Research and Technology (PROCINORTE) (North America), Cooperative Programme for the Technological Development of the Agrofood and Agro-industry in the Southern Cone (PROCISUR), Programma Cooperativo de Investigación y Transferencia de Tecnología para los Trópicos Suramericans (PROCITROPICOS) and the Sistema de Integracion Centroamericana de Tecnologia Agricola (SICTA). They provide an umbrella for the six subregional networks on PGRFA described below and listed in Table 6.1: REDARFIT, CAPGERNET, NORGEN, Plant Genetic Resources Network for the Southern Cone (REGENSUR), TOPIGEN and Mesoamerican Network on Plant Genetic Resources (REMERFI) respectively. While many of these PGRFA networks were established prior to the publication of the first SoW report, recent years have seen relatively little major progress due to resource constraints as pointed out in the Costa Rica country report. However, new networks were established for the Caribbean (CAPGERNET) in 1998 and for North America (NORGEN) in 1999. An THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S PGRFA important development at the regional level has been the creation of the Regional Forum for Agricultural Research and Technology Development (FORAGRO): 6 Established in 1997, FORAGRO has a secretariat housed at IICA in Costa Rica. It serves all countries of the Americas and seeks to promote dialogue and cooperation in agricultural research. Its membership includes the PROCIs as well as representatives from NARS, NGOs, the private sector and others. PGRFA is an important thematic area of FORAGRO, which played a lead role in developing the PGRFA conservation strategy for the Americas under the GCDT initiative. • the Caribbean Plant Genetic Resources Network (CAPGERNET): Established in 1998, CAPGERNET consists of 28 Caribbean countries and receives technical support from the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), IICA, Centre technique de coopération agricole et rurale (CTA) and Bioversity International. Activities have included capacity building, preparing PGRFA inventories, developing an information system and germplasm exchange. It held a workshop in May 2007 in Trinidad and Tobago as an input to the regional PGRFA conservation strategy. It is also coordinating the regeneration of collections of beans in Cuba, cassava in Guyana, yams in Guadeloupe and sweet potato in Trinidad and Tobago; • the Plant Genetic Resources Network for North America (NORGEN): Operating under the aegis of PROCINORTE, Canada, Mexico and the United States of America are focusing collectively through NORGEN on information exchange, training, collecting bean wild relatives in Mexico and implementing research projects in collaboration with other networks. NORGEN has provided support to several developing countries to enable scientists and technicians to participate in meetings and training courses in North America; the Andean Network on Plant Genetic Resources (REDARFIT): 7 The Andean network involves five countries 8 and operates under the aegis of PROCIANDINO. Major activities carried out since the first SoW report was published have included (i) workshops on PGRFA management; (ii) training courses on cherimoya, GIS and characterization, risk management and

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    The Second Report on THE STATE OF T

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    2.4 Global challenges to in situ co

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    Appendix 2 Major germplasm collecti

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    3.2 Holders of the six largest ex s

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    The CGRFA requested that the SoWPGR

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    Chapter 7 - Access to plant genetic

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    Executive summary �his report des

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    documentation and characterization

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    Given the high level of interdepend

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    Chapter 1 The state of diversity CH

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    CHAPTER 1 1.2.1 Changes in the stat

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    TABLE 1.2 Comparison between the co

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    CHAPTER 1 in national agricultural

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    FIGURE 1.1 Global priority genetic

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    14 CHAPTER 1 NEAR EAST effective at

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    CHAPTER 1 comparisons, or use the i

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    18 CHAPTER 1 FIGURE 1.3 Interdepend

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    TABLE 1.4 (continued) Indicators of

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    CHAPTER 1 even national, germplasm

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    24 CHAPTER 1 9 Hammer, K. 2003. A p

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    26 CHAPTER 1 X. & Li, Z. 2006. Gene

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 2.1

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT (ba

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT the

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT Max

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION 3

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION C

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION N

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION t

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION 1

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    Chapter 4 The state of use CHAPTER

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    Annex 2 Regional distribution of co

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    EUROPE 214 ANNEX 2 ASIA AND THE PAC

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    Appendix 4 State of diversity of ma

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    APPENDIX 4 some country reports. 6

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    APPENDIX 4 option for perennial tax

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    APPENDIX 4 (wild one-grain wheat, T

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    APPENDIX 4 regeneration of existing

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    APPENDIX 4 An operational comprehen

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    APPENDIX 4 FIGURE A4.2 Global yield

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    APPENDIX 4 actively contribute to t

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    APPENDIX 4 Role of crop in sustaina

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    APPENDIX 4 and Myanmar (3 percent).

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    APPENDIX 4 progenitor is the wild s

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    appendiX 4 Ex situ conservation sta

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    APPENDIX 4 Documentation, character

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    APPENDIX 4 The two global chickpea

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    APPENDIX 4 in collections, absence

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    APPENDIX 4 FIGURE A4.5 Global yield

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    338 APPENDIX 4 are also conserved.

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    340 APPENDIX 4 WebPDF/Crop percent2

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    342 APPENDIX 4 90 Op cit. Endnote 2

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    344 APPENDIX 4 159 GCDT. 2007. Glob

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    346 APPENDIX 4 217 Op cit. Endnote

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    348 APPENDIX 4 291 Op cit. Endnote

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    350 APPENDIX 4 366 Ibid. Endnote 35

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    BAAFS Beijing Academy of Agricultur

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    CN Centre Néerlandais (Côte d’I

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    DTRUFC División of Tropical Resear

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    HRIGRU Horticultural Research Inter

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    INIA CARI Centro Regional de Invest

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    IVM Institute of Grape and Wine «M

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    NISM National Information Sharing M

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    REHOVOT Department of Field and Veg

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    SRI Sugar Crop Research Institute,

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    WCMC World Conservation Monitoring

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