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plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

THE CONTRIBUTION OF

THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD SECURITY AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT 41 Lipper, L. & Cooper, D. 2009. Managing plant genetic resources for sustainable use in food and agriculture: balancing the benefits in the field. In: Kontoleon, A., Pascual, U. and Smale, M. (eds). Agrobiodiversity, conservation and economic development. Routledge, New York. pp. 27-39. 42 For example. Griliches, A. 1957. Hybrid corn: An exploration in the economics of technological change. Econometrica, 25(4): 501-522. 43 Horna, J. D., Smale, M. & von Oppen, M. 2007. Farmer willingness to pay for seed-related information: rice varieties in Nigeria and Benin. Environment and Development Economics, 12: 799–825. 44 Edmeades, S., Smale, M. & Renkow, M., 2003. Variety choice and attribute trade-offs in household production models: The case of bananas in Uganda, Framework for Implementing Biosafety: Linking Policy Capacity and Regulation. ISNAR-FAO Decision Support Toolbox for Biosafety Implementation. Available at: http://www.isnar.cgiar.org/ibs/ biosafety/indexNienhof, A. 2004. The significance of diversification for rural livelihood systems. Food Policy, 29: 321-338. 45 Nienhof, A. 2004. The significance of diversification for rural livelihood systems. Food Policy, 29: 321-338 46 Winters, P., Davis, B., Carletto, G., Covarrubias, K., Quinones, E., Zezza, A., Stamoulis, K., Bonomi, G. & Di Giuseppe, S. 2009. A Cross Country Comparison of Rural Income Generating Activities. World Development. 47 Sperling, L. & Cooper, D. 2004. Understanding Seed Systems and Strengthening Seed Security: A Background Paper. In: Sperling, L., Cooper, D. & Osborne, T. (eds.). Report of the Workshop on Effective and Sustainable Seed Relief Activities, 26-28 May 2003. FAO. Rome, Italy. pp. 7-33. 48 FAO-ESA. 2009. Using markets to promote the sustainable utilization of crop genetic resources. Available at: http://www.fao.org/economic/esa/ seed2d/projects2/marketsseedsdiversity/en/ 49 Available at: http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation/ isfp/en 201

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    The Second Report on THE STATE OF T

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    The designations employed and the p

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    I hope and trust that the informati

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    2.4 Global challenges to in situ co

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    5.5 Changes since the first State o

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    Appendix 2 Major germplasm collecti

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    3.2 Holders of the six largest ex s

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    The CGRFA requested that the SoWPGR

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    Chapter 7 - Access to plant genetic

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    Executive summary �his report des

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    documentation and characterization

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    Given the high level of interdepend

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    Chapter 1 The state of diversity CH

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    CHAPTER 1 1.2.1 Changes in the stat

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    TABLE 1.2 Comparison between the co

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    CHAPTER 1 in national agricultural

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    FIGURE 1.1 Global priority genetic

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    12 CHAPTER 1 AFRICA • Benin Molec

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    14 CHAPTER 1 NEAR EAST effective at

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    CHAPTER 1 comparisons, or use the i

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    18 CHAPTER 1 FIGURE 1.3 Interdepend

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    TABLE 1.4 (continued) Indicators of

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    CHAPTER 1 even national, germplasm

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    24 CHAPTER 1 9 Hammer, K. 2003. A p

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    26 CHAPTER 1 X. & Li, Z. 2006. Gene

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 2.1

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT (ba

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT the

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT TAB

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT TAB

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT on

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT has

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 12

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 53

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT Max

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION 3

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION F

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION T

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION U

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION T

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION u

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION p

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION T

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION C

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION N

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION t

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION 1

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    Chapter 4 The state of use CHAPTER

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    96 CHAPTER 4 very similar (approxim

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    98 CHAPTER 4 including rice, maize

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    CHAPTER 4 In the United States of A

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    CHAPTER 4 biosafety monitoring and

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    CHAPTER 4 improvement. While the fi

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    CHAPTER 4 exchange of material and

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    CHAPTER 4 4.7.4 Cooperation and lin

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    CHAPTER 4 seed legislation to meet

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    CHAPTER 4 A number of countries 36

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    CHAPTER 4 Different plants are rich

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    CHAPTER 4 breeding activities over

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    118 CHAPTER 4 16 Op cit. Endnote 8.

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    Chapter 5 The state of national pro

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    CHAPTER 5 national system based on

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    CHAPTER 5 involvement vary from the

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    CHAPTER 5 of Bolivia, for example,

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    CHAPTER 5 In some countries includi

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    CHAPTER 5 Africa, Burkina Faso, Cam

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    CHAPTER 5 Box 5.2 India’s Protect

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    CHAPTER 5 the adoption of national

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    138 CHAPTER 5 10 Available at: http

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    Chapter 6 The state of regional and

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    CHAPTER 6 a) those that focus on co

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    146 CHAPTER 6 PGRN has continued to

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    CHAPTER 6 • the Regional Cooperat

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  • Page 230: Annex 1 List of countries that prov
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  • Page 240 and 241: REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF COUNTRIES
  • Page 244: Appendix 1 Status by country of nat
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  • Page 249 and 250: AFRICA SOUTHERN AFRICA 222 APPENDIX
  • Page 251 and 252: AFRICA INDIAN OCEAN ISLANDS 224 APP
  • Page 253 and 254: AMERICAS CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO
  • Page 255 and 256: AMERICAS CARIBBEAN (continued) 228
  • Page 257 and 258: ASIA AND THE PACIFIC SOUTHEAST ASIA
  • Page 259 and 260: ASIA AND THE PACIFIC PACIFIC 232 AP
  • Page 261 and 262: EUROPE WESTERN EUROPE 234 APPENDIX
  • Page 263 and 264: EUROPE EASTERN EUROPE 236 APPENDIX
  • Page 265 and 266: NEAR EAST WEST ASIA 238 APPENDIX 1
  • Page 268: Appendix 2 Major germplasm collecti
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    252 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    254 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    256 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    258 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    260 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    262 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    264 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    266 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    268 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    270 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    272 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    274 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    276 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    278 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    280 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    282 APPENDIX 2 TABLE A2 Germplasm c

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    Appendix 3 The state-of-the-art: me

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    APPENDIX 3 both the generation and

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    APPENDIX 3 of progeny from mutation

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    APPENDIX 3 For instance, DArT marke

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    APPENDIX 3 Trinidad and Tobago, ove

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    APPENDIX 3 Cartagena Protocol on Bi

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    APPENDIX 3 of mitigating factors in

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    300 APPENDIX 3 Schrader, J., Segerm

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    302 APPENDIX 3 Henry, R. 2006. DNA

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MIN

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    Abbreviations and acronyms AARI Aeg

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    CARDI Caribbean Agricultural Resear

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    CRAGXPP Département de Lutte Biolo

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    FRUCTUS Association Suisse pour la

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    ICRISAT International Crops Researc

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    INRENARE Instituto Nacional de Recu

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    MHRP Main Highlands Research Progra

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    PhilRice Philippine Rice Research I

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    SCAPP Scientific Centre of Agricult

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    UNCED United Nations Conference on

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    Plant genetic resources provide a b

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