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plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

the state of diversit y

the state of diversit y taBLe 1.1 Comparison between the collections maintained by avrdC and the CGiar centres in 1995 and 2008 Centre a 1995 (no.) 2008 (no.) Change (%) Genera species accessions Genera species accessions Genera species accessions AVRDC 63 209 43 205 160 403 56 522 154 93 31 CIAT 161 906 58 667 129 872 64 446 -20 -4 10 CIMMYT 12 47 136 259 12 48 173 571 0 2 27 CIP 9 175 13 418 11 250 15 046 22 43 12 ICARDA 34 444 109 223 86 570 132 793 153 28 22 ICRAF 3 4 1 005 3 6 1 785 0 50 78 ICRISAT 16 164 113 143 16 180 118 882 0 10 5 IITA 72 155 36 947 72 158 27 596 0 2 -25 ILRI 358 1 359 13 470 388 6 18 763 0 28 39 INIBAP/Bioversity 2 21 1 050 2 1 746 1 207 0 10 15 IRRI 11 37 83 485 11 23 109 161 0 5 31 WARDA 1 5 17 440 1 39 21 527 0 20 23 total 494 2 813 627 312 612 3 446 741 319 24 23 18 Sources: Individual genebanks; System-wide Information Network for Genetic Resources (SINGER) Web site 2008; WIEWS 1996, 1995 data for IITA and ICRAF are from SINGER CD 1997. Undetermined genera were not counted. a World Vegetable Centre (former Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, AVRDC); Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT); Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT); Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP); International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA); International Centre for Research in Agroforestry [now the World Agroforestry Centre] (ICRAF); International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT); International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA); International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI); International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, (INIBAP); International Rice Research Institute (IRRI); West African Rice Development Association [now the Africa Rice Centre - AfricaRice] (WARDA). 5

TABLE 1.2 Comparison between the collections maintained by selected national genebanks in 1995 and 2008a 6 CHAPTER 1 Country Genebank 1995 (no.) 2008 (no.) Change (%) Genera b Species Accessions Genera Species Accessions Genera Species Accessions Brazil CENARGEN 136 312 40 514 212 670 107 246 56 115 165 Canada PGRC 237 1 028 100 522 257 1 166 106 280 8 13 6 China ICGR-CAAS - - 358 963 - - 391 919 - - 9 Czech 34 96 14 495 30 175 15 421 -12 82 6 Republic RICP Ecuador INIAP/DENAREF 207 499 10 835 272 662 17 830 31 33 65 Ethiopia IBC 71 74 46 322 151 324 67 554 113 338 46 Germany IPK Gatersleben c 633 2 513 147 436 801 3 049 148 128 27 21 0 Hungary ABI 238 742 37 969 294 915 45 321 24 23 19 India NBPGR 73 177 154 533 723 1 495 366 333 890 745 137 Japan NIAS - - 202 581 341 1 409 243 463 - - 20 THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S PGRFA Kenya KARI-NGBK 140 291 35 017 855 2 350 48 777 511 708 39 NGB d 88 188 24 241 129 319 28 007 47 70 16 Nordic Countries VIR 262 1 840 328 727 256 2 025 322 238 -2 10 -2 Russian Federation Netherlands CGN 30 147 17 349 36 311 24 076 20 112 39 Turkey AARI 317 1 941 32 122 545 2 692 54 523 72 39 70 United NPGS States of America e 1 582 8 474 411 246 2 128 11 815 508 994 35 39 24 Average 289 1 309 140 205 502 2 098 178 294 74 60 27

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