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plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

STATE OF DIVERSITY OF

STATE OF DIVERSITY OF MAJOR AND MINOR CROPS 125 Op cit. Endnote 112. 126 Op cit. Endnote 23. 127 Op cit. Endnote 112. 128 Op cit. Endnote 23. 129 Op cit. Endnote 112. 130 CIAT Cassava Research Program Synthesis, http:// www.ciat.cgiar.org/AboutUs/Documents/synthesis_ cassava_program.pdf 131 Op cit. Endnote 112. 132 Op cit. Endnote 112. 133 Op cit. Endnote 28. 134 Op cit.Endonte 28. 135 Demonstrated by FAOSTAT data summarized in a factsheet “The global potato economy” available at the Web site for the International Year of the Potato 2008: http://www.potato2008.org/en/potato/IYP-3en. pdf 136 GCDT. 2006. Global strategy for the ex situ conservation of potato. Global Crop Diversity Trust. Rome, Italy. http://www.croptrust.org/documents/ web/Potato-Strategy-FINAL-30Jan07.pdf 137 CIP (Ed.). 2006. Catálogo de variedades de papa nativa de Huancavelica - Perú. Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP) and Federación Departamental de Comunidades Campesinas de Huancavelica (FEDECCH). Lima, Perú. 138 De Haan, S. 2009. Potato diversity at height: Multiple dimensions of farmer-driven in situ conservation in the Andes. PhD thesis. Wageningen University. Wageningen, Netherlands. 139 Terrazas, F. & Cadima. X. 2008. Catálogo etnobotánico de papas nativas: Tradición y cultura de los ayllus del Norte Potosí y Oruro. Fundación PROINPA. Cochabamba, Bolivia (Plurinational State of). 140 Op cit. Endnote 34. 141 Op cit. Endnote 136. 142 Country report: Chile. 143 Op cit. Endnote 138. 144 Zimmerer, K.S. 1991. Labor shortages and crop diversity in the southern Peruvian sierra. The Geographical Review, 82(4):414-432. 145 Jarvis, A., Jane, A. & Hijmans, R.J. 2008. The effect of climate change on crop wild relatives. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 126(1-2):13-23. 146 Op cit. Endnote 23. 147 Op cit. Endnote 136. 148 Op cit. Endnote 136. 149 Op cit. Endnote 136. 150 Op cit. Endnote 23. 151 Op cit. Endnote 136. 152 Op cit. Endnote 136. 153 Op cit. Endnote 136. 154 Op cit. Endnote 23. 155 Op cit. Endnote 136. 156 Op cit. Endnote 136. 157 Op cit. Endnote 23. 158 Op cit. Endnote 28. 343

344 APPENDIX 4 159 GCDT. 2007. Global strategy for ex situ conservation of sweet potato genetic resources. Global Crop Diversity Trust. Rome, Italy. http://www.croptrust. org/documents/web/SweetPotato-Strategy-FINAL- 12Dec07.pdf 160 Op cit. Endnote 34. 161 Op cit. Endnote 34. 162 Op cit. Endnote 159. 163 Op cit. Endnote 23. 164 Op cit. Endnote 23. 165 Op cit. Endnote 159. 166 Op cit. Endnote 23. 167 Op cit. Endnote 23. 168 Op cit. Endnote 159. 169 Op cit. Endnote 28. 170 Singh, R.J. 2005. Landmark research in grain legumes. p.1-9 in R.J. Singh and P.P. Jauhar (Eds.) Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement: Volume I. Grain Legumes. CRC Press. Boca Raton FL, United States. 171 Singh, S.P. 2002. The common bean and its genetic improvement. p.161-192 in Kang, M.S., (Ed.) Crop Improvement: Challenges in the Twenty-First Century. The Haworth Press. Binghamton NY, United States. 172 Table 3.2 of Chapter 3 and Appendix 2, of this SoWPGR-2. 173 Country report: Costa Rica. 174 Country report: Madagascar. 175 Country report: Namibia. THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S PGRFA 176 Country report: Tajikistan. 177 Op cit. Endnote 28. 178 Lu, B.R. 2004. Conserving biodiversity of soybean gene pool in the biotechnology era. Plant Species Biology, 19:115-125. 179 Op cit. Endnote 34. 180 Op cit. Endnote 1. 181 Feng, C., Chen, P., Cornelious, B., Shi, A. & Zhang, B. 2008. Genetic diversity among popular historical Southern U.S. soybean cultivars using AFLP markers. Journal of Crop Improvement, 22:31-46. 182 Miranda, Z. de F.S., Arias, C.A.A., Prete, C.E.C., Kiihl, R.A.de S., de Almeida, L.A., de Toledo, J.F.F. & Destro, D. 2007. Genetic characterization of ninety elite soybean cultivars using coefficient of parentage. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 42:363-369. 183 Op cit. Endnote 178. 184 Chen, Y. & Nelson, R.L. 2005. Relationship between origin and genetic diversity in Chinese soybean germplasm. Crop Science, 45:1645-1652. 185 Li, Y., Guan, R., Liu, Z., Ma, Y., Wang, L., Li, L., Lin, F., Luan, W., Chen, P., Yan, Z., Guan, Y., Zhu, L., Ning, X., Smulders, M.J.M., Li, W., Piao, R., Cui, Y., Yu, Z., Guan, M., Chang, R., Hou, A., Shi, A., Zhong, B., Zhu, S. & Qiu, L. 2008. Genetic structure and diversity of cultivated soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) landraces in China. Theor. Appl Genet., 117:857.71. 186 Country report: China. 187 Op cit. Endnote 28. 188 Op cit. Endnote 28. 189 Stalker, H.T. & Simpson, C.E. 1995. Germplasm resources in Arachis. p.14–53 in H.E. Pattee and

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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