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plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

FRUCTUS Association

FRUCTUS Association Suisse pour la Sauvegarde du Patrimoine Fruitier (Switzerland) GBREMR East Malling Research (United Kingdom) GBWS Germplasm Bank of Wild Species (China) GCDT Global Crop Diversity Trust GCP Generation Challenge Programme GEF Global Environment Facility GEN Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Services GEVES Unité Expérimentale de Sophia-Antipolis, Groupe d’Étude et de Sophia-Antiopolis contrôle des Variétés et des Semences (France) GFAR Global Forum on Agricultural Research GIPB Global Partnership Initiative for Plant Breeding Capacity Building GIS Geographic Information System GM Genetically modified GMO Genetically modified organisms GMZ Gene Management Zones GPA Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture GPRI Genetic Resources Policy Initiative of Biodiversity International GPS Global Positioning Systems GRENEWECA Genetic Resources Network for West and Central Africa GRI Genetic Resources Institute (Azerbaijan) GRIN Germplasm Resources Information Network GSC Guyana Sugar Corporation, Breeding and Selection Department GSLY C.M. Rick Tomato Genetics Resource Centre (United States) GSPC Global Strategy for Plant Conservation GTZ Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (Germany) HBROD Potato Research Institute Havlickuv Brod Ltd. (Czech Republic) HIV/AIDS Human immunodeficiency virus/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome HOLOVOU Research and Breeding Institute of Pomology, Holovousy Ltd. (Czech Republic) HRC, MARDI Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute HRI-DA/THA Horticultural Research Institute, Department of Agriculture (Thailand) 357

HRIGRU Horticultural Research International, University of Warwick, Genetic Resources Unit (United Kingdom) HSCRI Horticulture and Subtropical Crops Research Institute (Azerbaijan) IAC Instituto Agronómico de Campinas (Brazil) IAO Istituto Agronomico per l’Oltremare (Italy) IAPAR Instituto Agronomico do Paraná (Brazil) IARC International Agricultural Research Centre IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute IBC Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (Ethiopia) IBERS-GRU Institute of Biological, Environmental & Rural Sciences, Genetic Resources Unit, Aberystwyth University (United Kingdom) IBN-DLO Institute for Forestry and Nature Research (Netherlands) IBONE Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste, Universidad Nacional de Nordeste, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (Argentina) IBOT Jardim Botânico de São Paulo (Brazil) IBPGR International Board for Plant Genetic Resources ICA/REGION 1 Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria Tibaitata (Colombia) ICA/REGION 5 Centro de Investigación El Mira, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario El Mira (Colombia) ICA/REGION 5 Centro de Investigaciones de Palmira, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario Palmira (Colombia) ICABIOGRAD Indonesian Centre for Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources Research and Development ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research ICARDA International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas ICBA International Centre for Biosaline Agriculture ICCI-TELAVUN Lieberman Germplasm Bank, Institute for Cereal Crops Improvement, Tel-Aviv University (Israel) ICCO International Cocoa Organization ICCPT Fundul Research Institute for Cereals and Technical Plants Fundulea (Romania) ICG Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore ICGN International Coffee Genome Network ICGR-CAAS Institute of Crop Germplasm Resources, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences ICGT International Cocoa Genebank (Trinidad and Tobago) ICPP Pitesti Fruit Growing Research Institute Maracineni-Arges (Romania) ICRAF International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (now the World Agroforestry Centre) 358

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    The Second Report on THE STATE OF T

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    The designations employed and the p

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    I hope and trust that the informati

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    2.4 Global challenges to in situ co

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    5.5 Changes since the first State o

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    Appendix 2 Major germplasm collecti

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    3.2 Holders of the six largest ex s

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    The CGRFA requested that the SoWPGR

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    Chapter 7 - Access to plant genetic

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    Executive summary �his report des

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    documentation and characterization

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    Given the high level of interdepend

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    Chapter 1 The state of diversity CH

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    CHAPTER 1 1.2.1 Changes in the stat

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    TABLE 1.2 Comparison between the co

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    CHAPTER 1 in national agricultural

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    FIGURE 1.1 Global priority genetic

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    12 CHAPTER 1 AFRICA • Benin Molec

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    14 CHAPTER 1 NEAR EAST effective at

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    CHAPTER 1 comparisons, or use the i

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    18 CHAPTER 1 FIGURE 1.3 Interdepend

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    TABLE 1.4 (continued) Indicators of

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    CHAPTER 1 even national, germplasm

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    24 CHAPTER 1 9 Hammer, K. 2003. A p

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    26 CHAPTER 1 X. & Li, Z. 2006. Gene

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 2.1

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT (ba

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT the

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT TAB

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT TAB

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT com

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT on

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT has

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 12

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 53

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    THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT Max

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION 3

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION F

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION t

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION T

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION T

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION U

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION T

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION u

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION l

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION A

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION p

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION T

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION C

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION N

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION t

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    THE STATE OF EX SITU CONSERVATION 1

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    Chapter 4 The state of use CHAPTER

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    96 CHAPTER 4 very similar (approxim

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    98 CHAPTER 4 including rice, maize

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    CHAPTER 4 In the United States of A

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    CHAPTER 4 biosafety monitoring and

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    CHAPTER 4 improvement. While the fi

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    CHAPTER 4 exchange of material and

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    CHAPTER 4 4.7.4 Cooperation and lin

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    CHAPTER 4 seed legislation to meet

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    CHAPTER 4 A number of countries 36

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    CHAPTER 4 Different plants are rich

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    CHAPTER 4 breeding activities over

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    118 CHAPTER 4 16 Op cit. Endnote 8.

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    Chapter 5 The state of national pro

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    CHAPTER 5 national system based on

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    CHAPTER 5 involvement vary from the

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    CHAPTER 5 of Bolivia, for example,

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    CHAPTER 5 In some countries includi

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    CHAPTER 5 Africa, Burkina Faso, Cam

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    CHAPTER 5 Box 5.2 India’s Protect

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    CHAPTER 5 the adoption of national

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    138 CHAPTER 5 10 Available at: http

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    Chapter 6 The state of regional and

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    CHAPTER 6 a) those that focus on co

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    146 CHAPTER 6 PGRN has continued to

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    CHAPTER 6 • the Regional Cooperat

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    CHAPTER 6 and African countries for

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    CHAPTER 6 few years, the CGIAR Syst

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    CHAPTER 6 • ICBA: 64 ICBA was est

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    CHAPTER 6 Varieties. Central Americ

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    CHAPTER 6 the first SoW report was

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    160 CHAPTER 6 12 Available at: www.

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    Chapter 7 Access to Plant Genetic R

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    CHAPTER 7 Box 7.1 Benefit-sharing u

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    CHAPTER 7 laws, regulations and con

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    170 CHAPTER 7 THE SECOND REPORT ON

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    CHAPTER 7 has been adapted to incor

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    CHAPTER 7 changes after the initial

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    CHAPTER 7 regional workshops on Far

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    178 CHAPTER 7 20 Experience of the

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    Annex 2 Regional distribution of co

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    EUROPE 214 ANNEX 2 ASIA AND THE PAC

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    Appendix 4 State of diversity of ma

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