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plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

plant genetic resources for food and agriculture - FAO

THE STATE OF IN SITU

THE STATE OF IN SITU MANAGEMENT 12 IUCN. 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org 13 Op cit. Endnote 3. 14 Available at: http://www.bgci.org/plant_search.php 15 Kell, S.P., Knüpffer, H., Jury, S.L., Maxted, N. & Ford-Lloyd, B.V. 2005. Catalogue of crop wild relatives for Europe and the Mediterranean. University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. Available online via the PGR Forum Crop Wild Relative Information System (CWRIS) at: http://www. pgrforum.org/cwris/cwris.asp) and on CD-ROM. 16 Available at: http://www.bioversityinternational. org/networks/ecpgr/Contacts/ecpgr_PGR_NI_ insonfarm_FP.asp 17 Country reports: Albania, Armenia, Bangladesh, Cook Islands, Cyprus, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Namibia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. 18 Country reports: Armenia, Ethiopia, India, Malaysia, Namibia, Portugal, Thailand and Zambia. 19 Country reports: Cook Islands, Ghana, Malaysia, Oman, Sri Lanka and Thailand. 20 Country reports: Azerbaijan, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam. 21 Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Report. 2008 provides a regional analysis of the trends in protected areas. 22 Available at: http://www.cbd.int/countries/profile. shtml?country=mg#thematic 23 World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), a joint project between UNEP and IUCN, managed and hosted by UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), 31 January 2009. Please contact protectedareas@unep-wcmc.org for more information. 24 Stolton, S., Maxted, N., Ford-Lloyd, B., Kell, S.P. & Dudley, N. 2006. Food stores: using protected areas to secure crop genetic diversity. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 25 Laguna, E. 2004. The plant micro-reserve initiative in the Valencian Community (Spain) and its use to conserve populations of crop wild relatives. Crop Wild Relative, 2: 10-13; Meilleur, B.A. & Hodgkin, T. 2004. In situ conservation of crop wild relatives. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13: 663-684. 26 Heywood, V.H. & Dulloo, M.E. 2005. In situ conservation of wild plant species, a critical global review of good practices. Technical Bulletin No. 11. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) Rome; Op cit. Endnotes 3 and 25. 27 Op cit. Endnote 25. 28 Country reports: Armenia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), China, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Madagascar, Mauritius, Paraguay and Sri Lanka. 29 Country reports: Armenia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Costa Rica, Israel, Madagascar, Sri Lanka and Turkey 30 Country reports: Armenia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Madagascar, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom and Uzbekistan. 31 Country reports: Guatemala and Mexico. 32 Country reports: Armenia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Israel, Madagascar, Mexico, Sri Lanka and Uzbekistan. 33 Op cit. Endnote 25. 34 Gole, T.W., Denich, M., Teketay, D. & Vlek, P.L.G. 2002. Human impacts on the Coffea arabica genepool in Ethiopia and the need for its in situ conservation. In: Engels, J.M.M., Ramanatha Rao, V., Brown, A. & 47

48 CHAPTER 2 Jackson, M. (Eds.) Managing Plant Genetic Diversity. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom, and IPGRI, Rome. pp. 237–247. 35 Azurdia, C. 2004. Priorización de la diversidad biológica de Guatemala en riesgo potencial por la introducción y manipulación de organismos vivos modificados. Consejo Nacional de Areas Protegidas, (CONAP), Guatemala. Documento técnico No. 14 (03-2004). 107 pp; Azurdia, C. 2005. Phaseolus en Guatemala: especies silvestres, genética de poblaciones, diversidad molecular y conservación in situ. En La agrobiodiversidad y su conservación in situ: CONAP (editor). Un reto para el desarrollo sostenible. Guatemala. pp. 35-78. 36 Country reports: Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam. 37 Country report: India. 38 Hanelt, P. 1997. European wild relatives of Prunus fruit crops. In: Valdés, B., Heywood, V.H., Raimondo, F.M. and Zohary D. (Eds.) Conservation of the Wild Relatives of European Cultivated Plants. Bocconea, 7: 401–408. 39 Zohary, D. 1997. Wild apples and pears. In: Valdés, B., Heywood, V.H., Raimondo, F.M. and Zohary, D. (Eds.) Conservation of the Wild Relatives of European Cultivated Plants. Bocconea, 7: 409–416. 40 Available at: www.pgrforum.org 41 Ford-Lloyd, B., Kell, S.P. & Maxted, N. 2006. Crop wild relatives: a vital resource for securing our future. Seed News, 46: 9; Iriondo, J., Maxted, N. & Dulloo, M.E. (Eds.) 2008. Conserving Plant Genetic Diversity in Protected Areas. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 212 pp. 42 Op cit. Endnote 25. 43 Jarvis, A., Ferguson, M.E., Williams, D.E., Guarino, L., Jones, P.G., Stalker, H.T., Valls, J.F.M., THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S PGRFA Pittman, R.N., Simpson, C.E. & Bramel, P. 2003. Biogeography of wild Arachis: assessing conservation status and setting future priorities. Crop Science, 43(3): 1100–1108. 44 Putz, F.E., Redford, K.H., Robinson, J.G., Fimbel, R. & Blate, G. 2000. Biodiversity conservation in the context of tropical forest management. The World Bank Environment Department, Biodiversity Series – Impact Studies Paper 75. Washington DC. The World Bank. 45 Op cit. Endnotes 3 and 25. 46 Maxted, N. & Kell, S.P. 2007. Plant genetic resources of grassland and forage species. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Background paper 40. June 2007. Rome. 47 Laguna, E. 1999. The plant micro-reserves programme in the region of Valencia, Spain. In: Synge, H., Ackroyd, J. (Eds.) Second European Conference on the Conservation of Wild Plants. Proceedings Planta Europea 1998, pp. 181-185. The Swedish Threatened Species Unit and Plantlife, Uppsala and London. Serra, L., Perez-Rovira, P., Deltoro, V.I., Fabregat, C., Laguna, E. & Perez-Botella, J. 2004. Distribution, status and conservation of rare relict plant species in the Valencian community. Bocconea, 16(2): 857-863. 48 Country report: Switzerland. 49 Op cit. Endnote 3. 50 Available at: www.schutzaecker.de 51 Al-Atawneh, N., Amri, A., Assi, R. & Maxted, N. 2008. Management plans for promoting in situ conservation of local agrobiodiversity in the west Asia centre of plant diversity. In: Maxted, N., Ford- Lloyd, V., Kell, S.P., Iriondo, J., Dulloo, E. & Turok, J. (Eds.) Crop wild relative conservation and use. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom. pp. 38-361. 52 Op cit. Endnote 3.

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    CHAPTER 4 Different plants are rich

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    160 CHAPTER 6 12 Available at: www.

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    Chapter 7 Access to Plant Genetic R

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    THE CONTRIBUTION OF PGRFA TO FOOD S

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    LIST OF COUNTRIES THAT PROVIDED INF

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    Annex 2 Regional distribution of co

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    EUROPE 214 ANNEX 2 ASIA AND THE PAC

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    STATUS BY COUNTRY OF NATIONAL LEGIS

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    MAJOR GERMPLASM COLLECTIONS BY CROP

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    THE STATE-OF-THE-ART: METHODOLOGIES

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    Appendix 4 State of diversity of ma

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    APPENDIX 4 some country reports. 6

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    APPENDIX 4 option for perennial tax

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    APPENDIX 4 An operational comprehen

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    APPENDIX 4 FIGURE A4.2 Global yield

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    APPENDIX 4 Role of crop in sustaina

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    APPENDIX 4 and Myanmar (3 percent).

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    APPENDIX 4 progenitor is the wild s

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    appendiX 4 Ex situ conservation sta

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    APPENDIX 4 Documentation, character

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    APPENDIX 4 The two global chickpea

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    APPENDIX 4 in collections, absence

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    APPENDIX 4 FIGURE A4.5 Global yield

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    338 APPENDIX 4 are also conserved.

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    340 APPENDIX 4 WebPDF/Crop percent2

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    342 APPENDIX 4 90 Op cit. Endnote 2

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    344 APPENDIX 4 159 GCDT. 2007. Glob

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    350 APPENDIX 4 366 Ibid. Endnote 35

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    BAAFS Beijing Academy of Agricultur

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    CN Centre Néerlandais (Côte d’I

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    DTRUFC División of Tropical Resear

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    INIA CARI Centro Regional de Invest

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    IVM Institute of Grape and Wine «M

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    NISM National Information Sharing M

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    REHOVOT Department of Field and Veg

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    SRI Sugar Crop Research Institute,

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    WCMC World Conservation Monitoring

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