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History - Alpine Journal

History - Alpine Journal

222 THE ALPINE JOURNAL

222 THE ALPINE JOURNAL 2006 Epilogue Harrer and Aufschnaiter resided in Lhasa until 1950 when China invaded and annexed Tibet. Aufschnaiter later worked for the governments of Nepal and India plus the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the U.N. in Kathmandu. At his life's end he returned to Austria, dying aged 73 in Innsbruck in October 1973. Harrer wrote his famous book and in 1953 lectured at the Royal Festival Hall, London, where he received a letter from his former Camp Commandant, Colonel Williams, which Harrer read out: 'As commander of your prison camp in India I had to take the blame for your successful escape, from headquarters in New Delhi. Not only that, but adding insult to injury, tonight I even had to pay to listen to you as to how you did it.' Harrer devoted much energy campaigning for the Tibetan cause. All internees were repatriated, most landing in Hamburg in January 1946 wearing tropical kit. In 2004, Treipl recollected how they were cruelly forced to stand outdoors for hours in extreme cold by a Czech division of the British army - it was months before he could walk properly again. Kopp, an engineer, returned to India in 1948 to work on a dam project at Bhakra and again met Aufschnaiter in New Delhi. He went trekking in Tibet in 1954, a land that fascinated him. He moved to Ontario, Canada, to run a motor business and died there in the mid 1980s. Sattler was also transferred to Deoli where the Maharaja of Bundi was building a summer palace - he employed Sattler in his profession as an architect. He was repatriated to Germany and returned to work in Jakarta in 1949; he died in Germany in 1985. Treipl returned to Austria where he ran hotels with his wife and sold agricultural machinery. In 2006, aged 89, he was living in his native Salzburg where his father had been one-time Castle Commander. Magener and von Have, re-interned in Japan by the Americans, were returned to Germany 18 months after the war to be interned yet again. Magener joked how he would have got home much earlier had he stayed in camp. He later built up the export business of the German multinational BASF, becoming their Chief Financial Officer. An anglophile, he lived in London in the 1950s and died in Heidelberg in 2000, just short of 90. Heins von Have returned to Hamburg in 1948, where his family had been for generations, to join 'Johs. Rieckermann' a trading company set up for him in his absence by his father. In 1949 he established 'Panobra' to trade with Brazil and Japan, plus 'Heins von Have Co.' in 1967 to trade with Indonesia. All three companies still exist. He frequently travelled to Japan and Indonesia, was a member of many German institutions and became president of the East Asiatic Association of Hamburg. He died in 1985 aged 78. Dr Ludwig 'Lutz' Chicken returned to South Tyrol, Italy, where for many years he ran his own medical practice; he published his autobiography in 2003 (see Book Reviews, p367). In 2006 aged 90, he was happily retired. Finally, Bruno Treipl put the author in contact with fellow internee Peter Schiimmer, aged 94. He had been working in India for Klockner Humboldt Deutz on diesel

PRISONERS OF THE RAJ 223 engines. He had escaped with Schmaderer in May 1943. Their first plan had been to do a 'wire job' using a homemade ladder but their plans were betrayed. One day they were delegated to clean up the cemetery at a far end of the camp where they told the sentry that they needed to urinate in the bushes - it was not noticed until evening that they had absconded. For the next two days they hid in a cave in a nearby gorge where they had cached supplies, before heading north. After three weeks they were recaptured near Badrinath, one march short of the Tibetan border. For a second joint escape attempt Schiimmer had planned to run into the jungle with Schmaderer when the group of 22 persistent escapers were due to be transported to Deoli. However, a Colonel Hunt, while searching his baggage found a book on Central India, which much interested him and he struck up a conversation with Schiimmer. Meanwhile, fearing excess delay, Schmaderer ran for it. Schiimmer was prevented from following as he was suddenly surrounded by six soldiers pointing guns at his sides. He made no further escape attempts. He later worked in India, East Pakistan and Iraq before retiring to his native Cologne, where in 2004 he concluded that it was 'far better for us all to have been interned than to die a pointless death in a stupid war'. He died in autumn 2005. It would be September 1947 before all Dehra Dun's internees were repatriated. BIBLIOGRAPHY Published in London unless stated: Peter Aufschnaiter, 'Diamir Side of Nanga Parbat, Reconnaissance 1939', Himalayan Journal 14, 110-115, 1947. - 'Escape to Lhasa 1944-1945', Himalayan Journa114, 116-120, 1947. Martin Brauen (ed), Peter Auftchnaiter's Eight Years in Tibet, Orchid Press, Bangkok, Thailand,2002. Lutz Chicken, 'Nanga Parbat Reconnaissance 1939', Himalayan Journal 14,53-58,1947. - Durchs Jahrhundert. Mein Leben als Arzt und Bergsteiger, Edition Raetia, Bozen, Italy, 2003. Ernst Grob, Ludwig Schmaderer and Herbert Paidar, Zwischen Kantsch und Tibet. F Bruckmann, Munich, Germany, 1940. Heinrich Harrer, Seven Years in Tibet, Rupert Hart-Davis, 1953. - Mein Leben. Ullstein, Munich, Germany, 2002. Anderl Heckmair, My Life, Eiger North Face, Grandes Jorasses, and other adventures. Baton Wicks, 2002 Hans Kopp, Himalayan Shuttlecock. Hutchinson, 1957. Rolf Magener, Our Chances Were Zero. Leo Cooper / Pen & Sword Books, Barnsley, 2001. (Originally Prisoners' Bluff. Rupert Hart-Davis, 1954.)

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