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Flower development of Lilium longiflorum - The Lilium information ...

Flower development of Lilium longiflorum - The Lilium information ...

Chapter 1 Although the

Chapter 1 Although the festiva natural lily mutant arose too late for detailed molecular investigation here, we speculate on the possible mechanisms underlying such phenotype in chapter six, as well as referring to a double, agamous-like lily mutant. In chapter seven, we raise the possibility of using the VIGS system to functionally analyse MADS-box genes, including those belonging to the flower development model. A general presentation of the system, including its mechanisms, and our preliminary results using a lily gene in Nicotiana benthamiana are also included in this chapter. In the last chapter of this thesis we present a general discussion of our data, some hypotheses and the perspectives for future investigation on lily flower development. REFERENCES Alvarez-Buylla ER, Liljegren SJ, Pelaz S, Gold SE, Burgeff C, Ditta GS, Vergara-Silva F, Yanofsky MF (2000) MADS-box gene evolution beyond flowers: expression in pollen, endosperm, guard cells, roots and trichomes. Plant J 24: 457-466 Alvarez-Buylla ER, Pelaz S, Liljegren SJ, Gold SE, Burgeff C, Ditta GS (2000b) An ancestral MADS-box gene duplication occurred before the divergence of plants and animals. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 5328-5333 Allwood EG, Anthony RG, Smertenko AP, Reichelt S, Drobak BK, Doonan JH, Weeds AG, Hussey PJ (2002) Regulation of the pollen-specific actin-depolymerizing factor LIADF1. Plant Cell 14: 2915-2927 Ambrose BA, Lerner DR, Ciceri P, Padilla CM, Yanofsky MF, Schmidt RJ (2000) Molecular and genetic analysis of the Silky1 gene reveal conservation in floral organ specification between eudicots and monocots. Mol Cell 5: 569-579 Angenent GC, Colombo L (1996) Molecular control of ovule development. Trends Plant Sci 1: 228-232 Angenent GC, Franken J, Busscher M, van Dijken A, van Went JL, Dons HJM, van Tunen AJ (1995) A novel class of MADS-box genes is involved in ovule development in Petunia. Plant Cell 7: 1569-1582 Aswath C, Nhut DT, Bui VL (2001) Lilium. In: Parthasarathy VA, Bose TK, Das P (Ed.) Biotechnology of Horticultural Crops, vol. 3, Naya Prokash, Calcutta, p.133-168 Baulcombe DC (2002) An RNA microcosm. Science 297: 2002-2003 Baulcombe DC (1999) Fast forward genetics based on virus-induced gene silencing. Curr Opin Plant Biol 2: 109-113 Bowman JL, Smyth DR, Meyerowitz EM (1991) Genetic interactions among floral homeotic genes of Arabidopsis. Dev 112: 1-20 Burton RA, Gibeaut DM, Bacic A, Findlay K, Roberts K, Hamilton A, Baulcombe DC, Fincher GB (2000) Virus-induced silencing of a plant cellulose synthase gene. Plant Cell 12: 691-705 10

Introduction Causier B, Kieffer M, Davies B (2002) MADS-box genes reach maturity. Science 296: 275- 276 Coen ES, Meyerowitz EM (1991) The war of the whorls: genetic interactions controlling flower development. Nature 353: 31-37 Colombo L, Franken J, Koetje E, van Went J, Dons HJ, Angenent GC, van Tunen AJ (1995) The Petunia MADS-box gene FBP11 determines ovule identity. Plant Cell 7: 1859- 1868 Favaro R, Immink RGH, Ferioli V, Bernasconi B, Byzova M, Angenent GC, Kater M, Colombo L (2002) Ovule-specific MADS-box proteins have conserved protein-protein interactions in monocot and dicot plants. Mol Genet Genomics 268: 152-159 Goethe JW von (1790) Versuch die Metamorphose der Pflanzen zu erklären. Gotha, Germany: CW Ettinger. Gosselé V, Fache I, Meulewaeter F, Cornelissen M, Metzlaff M (2002) SVISS - a novel transient gene silencing system for gene function discovery and validation in tobacco plants. Plant J 32: 859-866 Goto K, Meyerowitz EM (1994) Function and regulation of the Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene PISTILLATA. Gene Develop 8: 1548-1560 Hayes TE, Sengupta P, Cochran BH (1988) The human c-fos serum response factor and the yeast factor GRM/PRTF have related DNA-binding specificities. Genes Dev 2: 1713-1722 Holzberg S, Brosio P, Gross C, Pogue G (2002) Barley stripe mosaic virus-induced gene silencing in a monocot plant. Plant J 30: 315-327 Honma T, Goto K (2001) Complexes of MADS-box proteins are sufficient to convert leaves into floral organs. Nature 409: 525-529 Hsu H-F, Yang C-H (2002) An orchid (Oncidium Gower Ramsey) AP3-like MADS gene regulates floral formation and initiation. Plant Cell Physiol 43: 1198-1209 Immink RGH, Angenent GC (2002) Transcription factors do it together: the hows and whys of studying protein-protein interactions. Trend Plant Sci 7: 531-534 Immink RGH, Hannapel DJ, Ferrario S, Busscher M, Franken J, Campagne MML, Angenent GC (1999) A petunia MADS box gene involved in the transition from vegetative to reproductive development. Dev 126: 5117-5126 Kapoor M, Tsuda S, Tanaka Y, Mayama T, Okuyama Y, Tsuchimoto S, Takatsuji H (2002) Role of petunia pMADS3 in determination of floral organ and meristem identity, as revealed by its loss of function. Plant J 32: 115-127 Kanno T, Naito S, Shimamoto K (2000) Post-transcriptional gene silencing in cultured rice cells. Plant Cell Physiol 41: 321-326 Kanno A, Saeki H, Kameya T, Saedler H, Theissen G (2003) Heterotopic expression of class B floral homeotic genes supports a modified ABC model for tulip (Tulipa gesneriana). Plant Mol Biol 52: 831-841 Kim SR, Kim YH, An GH (1993) Molecular cloning and characterization of antherpreferential cDNA encoding a putative actin-depolymerizing factor. Plant Mol Biol 21: 39- 45 Ko CW, Yang CY, Wang CS (2002) A desiccation-induced transcript in lily (Lilium longiflorum) pollen. J Plant Physiol 159: 765-772 Köhler C, Hennig L, Spillane C, Pien S, Gruissem W, Grossniklaus U (2003) The Polycomb-group protein MEDEA regulates seed development by controlling expression of the MADS-box gene PHERES1. Gene Dev 17: 1540-1553 11

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